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Jan 23 14 tweets 3 min read
“Basic Structure Doctrine a North Star which guides interpretation of Constitution”: CJI DY Chandrachud

Explore the rich legacy of the Indian Constitution with profound quotes from judgements from the #SupremeCourtofIndia & others.

#UPSC #upscprelims

“It’s not a mere legal document,but a Magna Carta of our liberties."
K.T. Moopil Nair v State of Kerala (1961)

•"It’s the supreme law of the land & any law/action in contravention of the Constitution is void."
Kesavananda Bharati v State of Kerala(1973)
•"It guarantees to all citizens of India justice,liberty & equality."
Minerva Mills Ltd v UOI(1980)

•"The Constitution of India is a document that protects the rights of the marginalized & the vulnerable sections of society." Olga Tellis v. Bombay Municipal Corporation (1985)
•It is a document that seeks to promote fraternity among citizens & foster a sense of common national identity."
S. Rangarajan v. P Jagjivan Ram (1989)

•"It is a transformative document & is intended to bring about a social revolution."
Subhash Kumar v. State of Bihar (1991)
•"The Constitution lays the foundation for a secular & democratic republic in India."
S. R. Bommai v UoI(1994)

•“The Constitution is a document that seeks to balance the rights of the individual with the larger public interest."
State of Bihar v Bal Mukund Shah (2012)

•"The Constitution is a document of empowerment,providing equal opportunities to all citizens."
NALSA v. UoI(2014)

•"The Constitution of India is a living organic document,which is capable of growth & expansion."
Puttaswamy v. Union of India (2017)

•"The Constitution of India is a document of social transformation & the rights provided under it are to be read in a broad & liberal manner."
Puttaswamy v. Union of India (2017)
"The Constitution is not a static document but a dynamic one, which must evolve with the changing times."
Navtej Singh Johar v. Union of India (2018)

•"The Constitution of India is not only a legal document but a social document as well."
Joseph Shine v. Union of India (2018)

"The Constitution of India is a document of hope and aspirations, which seeks to build an inclusive society."

Shafin Jahan v. Asokan K.M. (2018)

“The ‘basic structure doctrine’ is a north star which guides & gives a certain direction to the intinterpreters & implementers of the Constitution when the path ahead is convoluted.”

CJI DY Chandrachud
“Amend as you may even the solemn document which the founding fathers/mothers committed to your care for. You know the best needs of your generation, but
the Constitution is a precious heritage. Therefore, you cannot destroy its identity.”

CJI DY Chandrachud
“Law is always grounded in social realities. Just as the House must be in harmony with its environment and then context, so must law and legal ideas become part of the landscape & embody and express our local values.”

CJI DY Chandrachud
“However good a Constitution may be, if those who are implementing it are not good, it will prove to be bad. However, bad a Constitution may be, if those implementing it are good, it will prove to be good”.

Dr. B R Ambedkar
“It is the Constitution of India that is supreme. The Judiciary is not supreme, the Executive is not Supreme, the Parliament is not Supreme. The Constitution of India is supreme.”
Justice Madan Lokur

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More from @Insights_ias

Jan 24
“Justice may have to be blindfolded; it can never be allowed to be blindsided.”

Every woman,married or single is the arbiter of her own body.

Here’s a thread 🧵on the various judgements that have shaped women’s reproductive rights & decisional autonomy:

Reproductive rights are the cornerstone of gender equality and human rights. They include

•access to healthcare
•the right to life,non-discrimination, privacy
•freedom from torture/ill-treatment.

Without these rights, women cannot fully exercise their AUTONOMY and AGENCY
ABC v State of Maharashtra & Anr.

•upheld the Right to Dignity of a 33-week-old pregnant woman

•allowed for the termination of pregnancy citing serious foetal abnormalities

•quashed the recommendation of the medical board that advised against it due to length of pregnancy
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Jan 22
“Beds do not treat people.Doctors, nurses & paramedics are the ones who do it." Dr Devi Shetty

Taking the #UPSC exam?
Here’s a 🧵on the recently released RURAL HEALTH STATISTICS(2021-22).

Save the key terms & statistics to your notes 📝!

A thread 🧵:
Human Resources for Health (HRH):

Health systems require human resources for health (HRH) to ensure HEALTHCARE FOR ALL.

“The stock of all individuals engaged in the promotion, protection or improvement of population health”:WHO

This includes both public & private sectors⬇️
& different domains of health systems, such as
personal curative & preventive care, non-personal public health interventions, disease prevention, health promotion services,etc.

•According to the WHO,HRH scarcity primarily affects low- & lower-middle-income countries like India
Read 19 tweets
Jan 21
“I am what I am,so take me as I am.”-A.Schopenhauer

Here’s a🧵on doctrines/judgements that have shaped LGBTQIA+ rights 🏳️‍🌈

•Societal Morality to Constitutional Morality
•Constitutional Morality vs. Majoritarian Morality
•Transformative/Living Constitution⬇️

A 🧵:


•If a law is drastically unreasonable,capricious,irrational or without adequate determining principle,excessive & disproportionate,it would be manifestly arbitrary.

Eg: Navtej Singh Johar judgement held that Sec 377 was "manifestly arbitrary"

•The Constitution is a living organism & that it must be given life to adapt to changing times and societal attitudes
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Jan 20
Here are a few snippets about GOOD GOVERNANCE from the Union Home Minister’s speech, which will be useful in the #UPSC Mains Exam!

Save the terms, principles & acronyms to your notes 📝!

A thread 🧵:

1.Decentralisation of Development

2.Policy of Sabka Saath,Sabka Vikas aur Sabka Prayaas

3.Continuous improvement in performance based on COMPETITION

4.Improving implementation through the use of TECHNOLOGY
ASPIRATIONAL DISTRICTS were based on 5 basic principles:

1. Health and nutrition
2. Education
3. Agriculture & irrigation
4. Financial Inclusion
5. Basic infrastructure

On these 5 issues,several other issues were set up,on the basis of which HEALTHY COMPETITION was initiated
Read 12 tweets
Jan 19
Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) 2022 was released yesterday.

The national survey sheds light on learning outcomes in schools & is led by the Pratham Foundation.

Here are a few statistics that you can use in the #UPSC Mains Exam!

A thread 🧵:
•Around 7 lakh candidates from 19,060 schools in 616 districts were surveyed to calculate the learning outcomes post-pandemic on school children.

Statistics to remember📝:

•Nearly all (98.4%) students in the age bracket of 6-14 years are now enrolled in schools.
Enrollment rate in 2022 HIGHEST since the introduction of the Right to Education Act in 2009. Eg:

•In 2010: 96.6%
•In 2014: 96.7%
•In 2018: 97.2%
•In 2022: 98.4%
Read 12 tweets
Jan 18
Here are a few terms that link climate change, social justice & human rights! They will be useful in the #UPSC Exam, especially in GS-3!

Save them to your notes 📝!

A thread 🧵:

“Climate change is deeply intertwined with global patterns of inequality.The most vulnerable are often also disproportionately impacted by measures to address climate change.”
World Bank
1. Environmental racism:

•It was African American civil rights leader Benjamin Chavis who coined the term “environmental racism” in 1982.

• He described it as “racial discrimination in environmental policy-making,the enforcement of regulations & laws, ⬇️
Read 11 tweets

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