Umed Pratap Singh Profile picture
Mar 3, 2023 10 tweets 3 min read Read on X
Smart work is optimizing your time by giving minimum input and extracting maximum output.

Any aspirant who follows this will be immensely benefited.

I will be telling, how to cover polity for #upscprelims smartly, with the help of data.

A powerful thread 🧵👇
Before moving ahead, let me tell you that all the data has been collected by analyzing last 12 years polity questions of #upscprelims.

Just trust me because numbers don't lie.

Let's start.👇
As per my calculation in last 12 years, 173 questions has been asked in polity in #UPSCPrelims. Which accounts to 14-15 questions on average per year. So, polity constitutes almost 1/6th of prelims paper.

Now if this is clear then let's move ahead.

Polity is such a subject which can be mastered by multiple revisions. Multiple means at least 4 to 5 revisions.

But, Laxmikanth is so vast, how can one do revisions so many times? You may ask.

For that let's breakdown Laxmikanth based on PYQs.

6th edition of Laxmikanth has 80 chapters, out of which just 17 chapters constitute almost 80% to 90% of polity questions in #upscprelims.

Revising these 17 chapters multiple times can help you to mark 12 to 13 questions correctly with surety.

Here are those 17 chapters
1)Historical background
11)State legislature
13)Subordinate court
14)Panchayati raj
16)Election commission
17)Finance commission

You can revise these in 2 to 3 days, if notes are made then revision can be done even quickly.

Other 63 chapters make 10 to 15% of questions. You can clearly see that return on investment is way to poor to give your precious time.

Remaining 5% questions are miscellaneous which can not be prepared from any particular source. Hence, to solve these you have to use common sense and micro analyze PYQs. Therefore, do not go on to read PT 365 mindlessly for this.

Instead you can allocate that time for mains preparation or other prelims subject. Trust me it will save you a ton of your time.

According to me this is the smart process to optimize time effectively. If you have any then share yours.

From Monday onwards, I will be talking about economics.

If you connect with what I write, then do like and share with your friends.

Stay tuned 😀

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More from @umedpratapsingh

Apr 13
Why should Bhojpuri and other regional languages be included in the 8th schedule?

It has been 21 years since the last 92nd constitutional amendment act in 2003.

A 🧵 on why constitution needs an amendmentSource: Wikipedia
What is the 8th schedule?

The 8th schedule of the Indian constitution deals with the official languages in India. As of today there are 22 official languages.

Article 344(1) and art 351 of the constitution gives constitutional provision to 8th schedule.

Art 344(1): Appointment of commission by president for the progressive use of Hindi.
Art 351: It shall be the duty of the Union to promote the spread of the Hindi language.

The 8th Schedule was intended to promote the progressive use of Hindi and for the enrichment and promotion of that language.
What are the benefits of a language being included in the 8th schedule?

If a language is included in the 8th schedule then,

-the language can be the medium of instruction in schools and colleges

-It can become the language of the legislature

-It will help in the preservation and promotion of the language so that it gets a greater identity

-In addition, candidates sitting for an examination conducted for public service are entitled to use any of these languages as a medium to answer the paper
Read 9 tweets
Feb 6
Mawsynram and Cherrapunji are the wettest place on planet earth.

You know that, but do you know the reasons behind that?

A detailed explanation!🧵Image
But before knowing that you must know how the monsoon works in india.

Rain in India occurs via two types of monsoon.
a) Southwest monsoon
b) Northeast monsoon
80% of rain in India occurs during the southeast monsoon between June to September. Remaining rain occurs during the northeast monsoon between October to December and that too only on Tamil Nadu and Andhra coasts.Image
Read 11 tweets
Nov 25, 2023
Ever wondered, why seas around the world are named like that?

Red Sea
Named after seasonal blooming of cyanobacteria called Trichodesmium erythraeum that turn water from blue to red near the sea shores.
Though the sea is named red but the colour is blue.
Black sea
As per Greek mythology, sea was harsh and difficult to navigate in ancient times and looked black during heavy storms.
Other theory is this sea has hydrogen sulfide below 200 mt surface that supports microbes that produce black sediments therefore Black sea. Image
Yellow Sea
The numerous rivers that flow into the sea, carrying sediment and nutrients, contribute to its yellowish shade. Image
Read 6 tweets
Nov 9, 2023
Why is international date line zig-zag where as prime meridian is a straight line?

Do they hold any significance?

A 🧵thread
The Prime Meridian is a straight line running from the North Pole to the South Pole, and it serves as the reference point for measuring longitude on the Earth. It's a single fixed line at 0 degrees longitude. Image
Without prime meridian there would be

-No common reference point for time and location
-No standardized system for navigation
-No geographic coordinates
-No global communication and celestial navigation

Prime meridian serves as a reference for time zones.
Read 13 tweets
Oct 9, 2023
Are Nobel prizes really given to the deserving? If no, then what are the problems with the Nobel prize?

A surprising and thought provoking thread 🧵 Image
Nobel prizes are given to people whose work has had the maximum impact on the maximum number of people. The award is typically given 10 to 15 years after the research has been done to understand the efficacy of the work but this has not always been followed.
Problem with the Nobel prize is that they lack transparency, lack diversity, at times trigger criticism & controversy, are sometimes wrongly given, maintain secrecy as details of the selection process are sealed from public view for 50 years and are more conservative in approach.
Read 12 tweets
Oct 7, 2023
I cleared back to back UPSC prelims and here I am sharing how I did (On multiple requests)

It might be helpful to those who
-Are doing full time job
-Don't want to take coaching
-Unable to clear prelims in 2 or 3 attempts

A detailed 🧵on how to be atmanirbhar

For ancient and medieval, relied solely on my 17 pager note that I made out of Tamil Nadu class 11, 12 history textbook.

Was able to revise it before exam in 2 to 3 hours. Image
For art & culture, used Nitin singhania's hand written note and revised it multiple times.

Covered modern history completely from spectrum. Made no notes instead value addition was done in book itself. Image
Read 14 tweets

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