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Apr 13 9 tweets 3 min read
Why should Bhojpuri and other regional languages be included in the 8th schedule?

It has been 21 years since the last 92nd constitutional amendment act in 2003.

A 🧵 on why constitution needs an amendmentSource: Wikipedia What is the 8th schedule?

The 8th schedule of the Indian constitution deals with the official languages in India. As of today there are 22 official languages.

Article 344(1) and art 351 of the constitution gives constitutional provision to 8th schedule.

Art 344(1): Appointment of commission by president for the progressive use of Hindi.
Art 351: It shall be the duty of the Union to promote the spread of the Hindi language.

The 8th Schedule was intended to promote the progressive use of Hindi and for the enrichment and promotion of that language.
Feb 6 11 tweets 4 min read
Mawsynram and Cherrapunji are the wettest place on planet earth.

You know that, but do you know the reasons behind that?

A detailed explanation!🧵Image But before knowing that you must know how the monsoon works in india.

Rain in India occurs via two types of monsoon.
a) Southwest monsoon
b) Northeast monsoon
Nov 25, 2023 6 tweets 2 min read
Ever wondered, why seas around the world are named like that?

Red Sea
Named after seasonal blooming of cyanobacteria called Trichodesmium erythraeum that turn water from blue to red near the sea shores.
Though the sea is named red but the colour is blue.
Image Black sea
As per Greek mythology, sea was harsh and difficult to navigate in ancient times and looked black during heavy storms.
Other theory is this sea has hydrogen sulfide below 200 mt surface that supports microbes that produce black sediments therefore Black sea. Image
Nov 9, 2023 13 tweets 4 min read
Why is international date line zig-zag where as prime meridian is a straight line?

Do they hold any significance?

A 🧵thread The Prime Meridian is a straight line running from the North Pole to the South Pole, and it serves as the reference point for measuring longitude on the Earth. It's a single fixed line at 0 degrees longitude. Image
Oct 9, 2023 12 tweets 3 min read
Are Nobel prizes really given to the deserving? If no, then what are the problems with the Nobel prize?

A surprising and thought provoking thread 🧵 Image Nobel prizes are given to people whose work has had the maximum impact on the maximum number of people. The award is typically given 10 to 15 years after the research has been done to understand the efficacy of the work but this has not always been followed.
Oct 7, 2023 14 tweets 4 min read
I cleared back to back UPSC prelims and here I am sharing how I did (On multiple requests)

It might be helpful to those who
-Are doing full time job
-Don't want to take coaching
-Unable to clear prelims in 2 or 3 attempts

A detailed 🧵on how to be atmanirbhar History

For ancient and medieval, relied solely on my 17 pager note that I made out of Tamil Nadu class 11, 12 history textbook.

Was able to revise it before exam in 2 to 3 hours. Image
May 31, 2023 6 tweets 2 min read
RBI Grade B Quant analysis for phase 1

Upto 2019 the questions were easy to moderate. But in 2021 the level of questions was increased and same was continued in 2022.

For a candidate without proper preparation crossing cutoff post 2021 has become difficult. But if we see previous year papers we get direction of what to practice in quant.

For example, lately appearance of quadratic equation has become more prominent and we can see 3-5 questions.

Other topics that repeat continuously are P&L, CI&SI, ratio & proportion, boats, etc.
May 10, 2023 11 tweets 2 min read
RBI Grade B preparation strategy

What will I cover?
1) Phase I
2) Phase II
3) Coaching needed?
4) Mocks?
5) ROI?

Even if this helps any student in any way to clear RBI grade B then I will consider writing this thread as successful.

A long thread 🧵👇 How to cover prelims?

Phase I consist of 4 sections GK (80), Quant (30), Reasoning (60), English (30)

GK is the make or break section for Phase I. In last 2 years the toughness of this section has increased. If you could get 40 - 50 here then clearing phase I would be easy.
Apr 14, 2023 4 tweets 1 min read
Why all the UPSC aspirants, who have given 1 or 2 serious attempts and are from humble background must consider filling SSC CGL 2023 form?

1) Syllabus & exam format has changed from 2022 and needs no extra preparation. 2) Aptitude, reasoning and english questions are easier than CSAT.
3) Average UPSC aspirant will score higher than SSC aspirant in GK.
4) Vacancies are 7 times of civil services.
5) Clearing this will boost your confidence.
Apr 14, 2023 6 tweets 2 min read
There are various miscellaneous topics that are asked in prelims which are often ignored by aspirants.

I have written about that previously and for your convenience I am attaching the links in this thread.

Follow @umedpratapsingh for upcoming analysis.
Apr 13, 2023 4 tweets 1 min read
Geography topic 1 for #UPSCPrelims


I don't have to emphasize how important it is for prelims.

I have prepared a document of rivers (PYQs) and all important points related to it such as cities present near it, NP it is flowing through, etc.

For reference 👇 Image Could not post all here as document is multi page.

Retweet and follow to get the PDF.

Note: Could only send the pdf after office hours today i.e, after 8 PM.
Mar 23, 2023 5 tweets 2 min read
Here is part II of places in news (India) of last 1.5 year for #UPSCPrelims2023. For Part I check my previous tweet.

I have not included important rivers, NP, WS, wetlands, mangroves, etc. These will be covered in later tweets.

The list 👇 India
1) Khangkhui Mangsor limestone cave – Manipur
2) Krem Liat Prah sandstone cave – Meghalaya
3) Puga valley - Ladakh
4) Arritapati & Meenakshipuram villages – TN
5) Nadabet- Guj
6) O’ valley – Gudalur (Nilgiri, TN)
7) Erra matti dibbalu – Vizag

Mar 22, 2023 6 tweets 2 min read
As told, here's the list of places in news of last 1.5 years for #UPSCPrelims2023.

For better retention search each place on google and see the map. This task will take you approx one hour.

The list 👇 Asia
1) Antakya, Sanliurfa–Turkey
2) Aleppo–Syria
3) Fergana valley–Kyrgystan & Tajikistan border
4) Ream naval base-Cambodia
5) Paktika, Fayzabad-Afghanistan
6) Karakalpastan-Uzbekistan
7) Darvaza crater–Turkmenistan

Mar 11, 2023 9 tweets 2 min read
What is Silicon Valley bank collapse? How is it relevant for civil services?

In the 🧵 we will see
a) What happened at SVB?
b) Terms and topics related to it important for #upscprelims
c) PYQs related to it

Do re-tweet for far reach 👇 (1/9) a) What happened at SVB?

Silicon valley bank accepts deposits and lends money to high-risk startups.

Reasons for collapse 👇 (2/9)
Mar 7, 2023 7 tweets 2 min read
Banking system is an important topic for #upscprelims, especially RBI, schedule commercial banks, credit societies.

In budget, this year gov announced 2516 cr for computerization of PACS and multi state cooperative societies bill was introduced in loksabha in Dec 2022.

👇 Hence, credit societies become very important.

In this 🧵we will see following things.

1) What are PACS?
2) Types of cooperative credit structure?
3) How are PACS helpful to farmers?
4) Need of reforms?

Mar 3, 2023 10 tweets 3 min read
Smart work is optimizing your time by giving minimum input and extracting maximum output.

Any aspirant who follows this will be immensely benefited.

I will be telling, how to cover polity for #upscprelims smartly, with the help of data.

A powerful thread 🧵👇 Before moving ahead, let me tell you that all the data has been collected by analyzing last 12 years polity questions of #upscprelims.

Just trust me because numbers don't lie.

Let's start.👇
Mar 1, 2023 5 tweets 2 min read
Representation of people's act is as important for prelims as it is for mains. But lately #UPSC has shifted it's focus on mains rather than prelims for this topic.

Questions for #UPSCPrelims as well as mains is attached below but before that let us see what is RPA.

🧵 Parliament passed RPA 1950, RPA 1951 and Delimitation act 2002 to provide legal framework for election in India.

RPA 1950 provides for
-Allocation of seats
-Qualification of voters
-Preparation of electoral rolls
-Delimitation of constituencies

Feb 27, 2023 4 tweets 3 min read
Each and every line of President chapter is important. You can not choose to ignore it as most of the questions are easy.

In last 12 years, 9 times question related to president has appeared in #UPSCPrelims.

2012, 2014, 2015, 2017, 2018 (2), 2020, 2022 (2)

Questions links 👇 ImageImageImageImage
Feb 27, 2023 7 tweets 2 min read
Question related to governor has not been asked in last 3 years in #UPSCPrelims. But because of the current developments I feel this year we can see a question related to governor.

In last 12 years, questions were asked in 2014, 2018 and 2019.

Let us see important points 👇 1) No criminal proceedings but only civil proceedings can be taken against him
2) As per constitution, tenure 5 years
3) As per constitution, no grounds for removal
4) No money bill, no demand for grant without his recommendation
Feb 26, 2023 8 tweets 2 min read
It is the first time in the history of India that the post of deputy speaker is vacant for 3 years and 7 months. Hence, topic becomes important

In last 12 years, at 4 instances (2012, 2017, 2018, 2022) questions has been asked about speaker and Dy speaker in #UPSCPrelims

🧵👇 Origin
a) 1919 act: President and deputy president
b) 1935 act: Name changed to speaker and deputy speaker

Art 93: The house shall, as soon as may be choose the two members one after other.
Hence, election is mandatory but no time limit prescribed.
Feb 26, 2023 7 tweets 2 min read
In polity, anti-defection has been asked twice (2014 & 2022) in last 12 years in #UPSCPrelims.

This year as well there has been a lot of news regarding disqualification of legislators.

So let us understand what is disqualification and articles related to it.

A thread 🧵 👇 Art 102 - Disqualification in parliament
Art 191 - Disqualification in state legislature

Disqualification can happen in 3 scenarios
1) As per constitution
2) As per RPA act, 1951
3) As per anti-defection law, 1985

Let us look at each scenario 👇