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Everything related to Indian Art and Architecture.
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28 Sep
What does a Hindu Temple means to all hindus ??
(A Thread)

It is a Abode of God / Goddess
A Shrine
A Teertha-Kshetra
A Spiritual Center
A Philosophical School
A Community Center
A Food Donation Center
A Free Shelter for Yatris
A Community School Teaching Ethics.

Cont.
An Art, Music, Dance, Drama School
A Platform for Artists
A Marketplace
An Architectural Marvel
A Masterpiece of Craftsmanship
An Art Gallery
A Museum
A Historic Monument
A Place of Pride
An Employment Guarantee Scheme

Cont.
A temple provided employment for hundreds of people. When one temple was destroyed hundreds of families lost their livelihood. Imagine what the destruction of temples must have done to the artists, shopkeepers, florists ... and their families.
Read 4 tweets
18 Sep
How Europeans treated Native Americans.
(A Thread)

When extermination of Native Americans failed, "civilizing" became the new US policy. This meant that the Indians would become "civilized" - read & deculturalized.
U.S. and Canadian authorities took Native children from their homes and tried to school, and sometimes beat, the Indian out them. Now Native Americans are fighting the theft of language, of culture, and of childhood itself.
The purpose of these Native American boarding schools was to remove Native Americans from their home and cultures in order to change their identities and lifestyles to be like the "white man". Native American children were forced to think and act like the dominant white culture.
Read 7 tweets
17 Sep
Is Abraham Brahma? Or Is Brahma Abraham?
(A Thread)

Have you ever noticed that Abraham and his wife Sarah of the monotheistic Judeo-Christian and Moslem religions are nearly identical in name to Brahma and his wife Saraswati of the Hindu religion? Image
The similarities between the names of Abraham and Brahma have not gone unnoticed. Abraham is said to be the father of the Jews, and Brahma, as the first created being, is often seen as the father of mankind. ImageImage
We might also note that the name of Sarasvati seems to resonate with that of Abraham’s wife, Sarah (each one’s identity as a wife and/or sister). Also, in India, the Sarasvati River includes a tributary known as the Ghaggar. Image
Read 8 tweets
6 Jul
A Beautiful Short Story. Pls do read. ❤️👌

- पुरूष -

"तुम्हारा नियुक्ति पत्र आया है कुसुम! तुम्हारा प्राइमरी स्कूल में चयन हो गया है"
मैं स्तब्ध थी मगर इन्हें विश्वास था। अपने चश्मे के पीछे अपनी खुशियों और संघर्ष को छुपाते हुए इन्होंने नियुक्ति पत्र मेरे हाथों में रख दिया।
मेरी आंखों में भी दो बूंद खुशी के आ गए।
मैं कोई पढ़ी लिखी महिला नहीं थी। बल्कि गाँव की आठवीं फेल अनपढ़ लड़की थी, जिसकी शादी मेरे ताऊ जी ने एक शिक्षित परिवार में धोखे से कर दी थी। ये भी पढ़े लिखे और नौकरी में थे। मेरे ताऊ जी का ये धोखा मुझे रोज ही इस घर में ज़लील करता।

Cont.
मेरी बोली, मेरी अशिक्षा का रोज ही मज़ाक उड़ाया जाता। पढ़ीलिखी छोटी बहू के आने के बाद और भी ज्यादा।
"विमल! तुम इस अनपढ़ को इसके ताऊ जी के यहाँ छोड़ आओ या दो दिनों के लिए गाँव लेकर चले जाओ। कल छोटी बहू के मायके से कुछ लोग आ रहे हैं, तुम्हारे भले के लिए ही कह रही हूँ।

Cont.
Read 7 tweets
5 Jul
A Beautiful Story. Pls do read. ❤️👌

----- चिट्ठी -----

"वो चिट्ठियों का जमाना था। मैं ठहरी अनपढ़... लेकिन बड़ी इच्छा थी कि तेरे दादाजी मुझे चिट्ठी लिखें, अक्सर उनसे कहती जब वो गाँव आते...फिर आखिर एक दिन उन्होंने चिट्ठी भेज ही दी" कहते हुए दादी कहीं खो सी गईंं।

Cont.
"फिर...फिर क्या हुआ?दादी,आपने वो चिट्ठी पढ़ी कैसे?" पोती की उत्सुकता कम नहीं हो रही थी।

"अरे! तब घर से बाहर निकलने की इजाजत न थी हमें...और घर में सास, ससुर, देवर थे.... किसी से कहती तो बेशरम कहलाती। किससे पढ़वाती...बस रोज उलट पलट कर देखती और छुपा कर रख लेती...

Cont.
अब तक न पढ़वाई हमने वो चिट्ठी...बस ऐसे ही तेरे दादाजी से झूठ मूठ कह दिया कि पढ़वा लिया वरना उन्हें बुरा लगता ना"। दादी के स्वर में एक उदासी सी पसरी थी।

"क्या कह रही हो दादी...अब तक नहीं पढ़वाया...बताओ, बताओ कहाँ है वो चिट्ठी, मैं पढ़ देती हूँ" पोती ने आश्चर्य से कहा।

Cont.
Read 7 tweets
11 Jun
काली लड़कियां - (A -- Thread)

काली लड़कियों को किताबों में साँवली लिखा जाता ताकि वे कम काली महसूस हों, साँवली लड़कियों को गोरा बना दिया जाएगा, इस छलावे ने बाज़ार और रिश्तों में उन्हें ख़ूब ठगा ! Image
साँवली लड़कियों को गोरा बना दिया जाएगा, इस छलावे ने बाज़ार और रिश्तों में उन्हें ख़ूब ठगा !

काली लड़कियाँ रिश्तेदारों की आँख में किर’किरी की तरह चुभतीं, उनके रंग का ताना कभी उनकी माँ सुनती, कभी सीधे ख़ुद पर उन्हें उसे झेलना होता। Image
काली लड़कियों के पढ़ने-लिखने-स्वस्थ रहने की चिंता किसी रिश्तेदार को नहीं थी, उनके ब्याह में दुगुना दहेज देना पड़ेगा इस बात से उनका सर दुखता !

जिन काली लड़कियों के घुंघराले बाल थे उनकी तुलना राक्षसों से की गयी.. नीग्रो कहा जाता उन्हें !
- Image
Read 5 tweets
30 May
Significance of Yajna (यज्ञ)
(A Thread)

Yajna (यज्ञ) is the holy offering to pray and please various deities which uses fire as the medium. Fire is one of the elements our body is composed of, so Yagya acts as a link between humans and God. Image
Yagya/Havan should be performed by a qualified priest having good knowledge of Vedas. All the concerning Gods are first appeased with prayers and flowers and then a fire is lit in a Havan pot/Kund. After that continuous chanting of the verse or mantras is done by the Priest. Image
Vedas described Yagya/Yajna a tool to a happy and peaceful life.
It is one of the ways to appease and thank the Almighty for all his blessings. Image
Read 5 tweets
7 May
Who was Anarkali ?? - (A Thread)

For most of us, Anarkali was like Madhubala, as depicted in the epic film, Mughal-e-Azam.

In fact, Anarkali was first mentioned by an English traveller, William Finch, who visited India in 1608 – 11, during Jahangir’s reign.
Another British traveller, Edward Terry, corroborated this story. However, she finds no mention in Abu Fazal’s Akbarnama or Jahangir's autobiography, Tuzuk-e-Jahangiri (Jahangirnama).
Apparently, the lady in question was nick-named Anarkali, as her complexion resembled a pomegranate, although her name was Sharif un-Nissa, also known as Nadira Begum. It appears that she was a dancing girl in Akbar’s court, who caught the Prince’s eye.
Read 10 tweets
2 May
#Ramayana - (A Thread)

The story of Ramayana has been close to my heart since childhood, but watching it in childhood was quite different from seeing it again today. Then only the story could be remembered but the hidden meaning in the story could not be understood. Image
This time we paid more attention to many events like Ma Sita to take every decision by herself independently, whether she goes with Sri Ram in exile or not to come back from Lanka with Hanuman, and then leaving Ayodhya for Sri Ram with her own will and consent. Image
The truth of the ordeal #AgniPariksha and the people becoming selfish in every circumstance that they don't even spared a Maryada Purushottam like Sri Ram. Vibhishan's allegiance to Dharma and Meghnad's & Kumbhakarn's allegiance to his clan. Image
Read 5 tweets
16 Apr
A BEAUTIFUL Story.
Pls Do Read.

When he was 40, the renowned Bohemian writer FRANZ KAFKA (1883–1924), who never married & had no children, was strolling through Steglitz Park in Berlin, when he saw a young girl crying her eyes out because she had lost her favorite doll.

Cont.
She and Kafka looked for the doll without success. Kafka told her to meet him there the next day and they would look again.

The next day, when they still had not found the doll, Kafka gave the girl a letter.
In the letter "written" by the doll that said, “Please do not cry. I have gone on a trip to see the world. I'm going to write to you about my adventures."

Thus began a story that continued to the end of Kafka’s life.

Cont.
Read 6 tweets
15 Apr
The Brooke Swan Car, 1910, Calcutta.
(A Thread)

The Swan Car was a work of art that was the creation of the wealthy Robert Nicholl Matthewson, who lived in Calcutta. It was built by JW Brooke & Co. in Lowestoft, England, to resemble a swan gliding through the water. Image
Brooke made both cars and boats, so the Swan car combined both in one vehicle. Along with the swan head the artisans put lights in the eyes, a swan beak that opens wide to allow the driver to spray steam and clear the street ahead, and a valve in the back that releases whitewash. Image
There is also an exhaust-driven eight-tone Gabriel horn operated by a keyboard from the rear seat. On the tires there are brushes to clean the wheels as it travels.

The car was so distracting as it traveled down the road, that it was banned from the street. Image
Read 4 tweets
13 Apr
The Story of India's First Metallic Postage Stamp
(A Thread)

It was in Jan 1774 India's 1st Gov. Gen., Warren Hastings began to make arrangements for the establishment of India's first Post Office Department. A Post Master General was appointed who took forward the plan ahead. Image
During the administration of Warren Hastings (1774 - 1785) in India, the post office was placed on a better footing than before and steps were taken to make the post available to a limited extent of private communications as well. Image
The 'Copper Ticket', on the other hand, was the first pre-paid token stamp issued from Patna, 1774. This stamp now belongs to Dilip Shah of Jabalpur. This ticket was also known as 'Azimabad Ekanni' & 'Azimabad Duanni'. Image
Read 5 tweets
13 Apr
The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre
(A Thread)

On 13th April 1919 the Jallianwala Bagh massacre was carried out by the infamous Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer .

The Massacre was the result of the Anarchical & Revolutionary Crimes Act of 1919, famously known as the Rowlatt Act.
The Act came into force a month before the massacre. It shocked most Indians who had expected to be rewarded, not punished, for willingly fighting alongside the British in the WW1. The Act allowed political cases to be tried without jury, & imprisonment of suspects without trial.
The Act resulted in furious protests throughout the country. Gandhi started a campaign against Rowlatt Act. There were violent protests that resulted in the burning of the Town Hall and Railway station, disruption of telegraphs and communication system.
Read 9 tweets
31 Mar
The Success of Ramayana & What it meant for all Indians.
(A Thread)

Ramanand Sagar's serial Ramayana comes in the 1st category in the history of television. It was telecast in Doordarshan on 25 Jan 1987. When it first came on TV, no one imagined that it would get so much fame. Image
Ramayana became the 1st serial of TV world, which got the first place in Limca Book Records.
For millions of Indians, life came to a standstill for 45 minutes every Sunday morning.
At 9.30 am, people settled down to watch this epic serial, the greatest hit in Indian TV history. Image
During that sacred three-quarters of an hour it is said the CM of UP, the largest Indian state, refused to take telephone calls.
In Jammu and Kashmir, angry viewers attacked a power station when electricity cuts disrupted the telecast. Image
Read 7 tweets
29 Mar
NAWAB SHUJA-UD-DAULA - THE LAST FIGHTING NAWAB
(A Thread)

Nawab Shuja-ud-Daula was the last "fighting Nawab" of Awadh, having had ample exposure to the art of warfare and statemanship under the tutelage of his able father, Nawab Safdarjang. Image
Shuja remained loyal to the Mughal court and played prominent roles in many battles, notably Third Battle of Panipat & the Battle of Buxar. After his defeat at the hands of the British, he spent the last days of his life in sprucing up Faizabad, the then capital of Awadh. Image
He built a fort, named strangely as "Fort Calcutta" on the banks of the Saryu river. His spacious house, "Dilkusha" was later used by the British narcotics department and came to be known as "Afeem Kothi."

Pic:- Depiction of Faizabad Fort by William Hodges, 1787. Image
Read 5 tweets
21 Mar
The History of Paani Puri.
(A Thread)

When it comes to history, there are 2 different things, one is facts another is the myth. Among these, a folktale has also been added to Paani Puri, we don't know the story is a proven fact or a myth but the story is interesting. Image
It is said that one day Kunti gave plenty of vegetables and a little dough to Draupadi and told her to cook something for the Pandavas. Draupadi made round Puri with the help of flour & filled the vegetables inside them. Pandavas ate & so this was the first model of Pani Puri. Image
And despite these stories, the food historians explains that Paani Puri is not a very old dish. According to them the origin of Pani Puri is found a century ago, somewhere in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. Image
Read 6 tweets
13 Mar
The Bobbery Hunt in Bombay (Mumbai).
(A Thread)

The Bobbery hunt was founded in 1800 in Bombay. It became a popular sporting pastime for the British gentlemen who, with a motley pack of dogs, would hunt Pariah Dogs, Jackals, Hog Deer, Hyenas in the countryside around Bombay. Image
The Hunt used to hold their Meets on Sunday, right outside the front door of the Anglican Cathedral in Bombay, much to the disapproval of Evangelical Christians fresh out from England. Image
These dour Christians approved even less of the heavy drinking & profane & drunken behavior of these sporting Gentlemen at their lavish Hunt Breakfasts following the Hunt, eventually persuading the British Governor of Bombay to ban these Hunts on Sunday. Image
Read 4 tweets
12 Mar
The Story of Mata Vaishno Devi
(A Thread)

In the Treta Yuga, when the earth was overburdened by the tyrannical rule of the demons, the Devi Vaishnavi was created when Uma, Rema, & Vaani decided to combine their energies to rid the earth from doom.
@dharmicverangna @LostTemple7 Image
After destroying the demons that were burdening Mother Earth, Goddess Vaishnavi was requested to reside on Earth, so that she may forever keep all evil at bay. She chose to incarnate as a human, named Vaishnavi. Image
As a child, Vaishnavi was immersed in the devotional service of Lord Vishnu, a habit she carried well into her adulthood. When she was of a marriageable age, she left home to perform intense austerities to please and win Lord Vishnu as her husband. Image
Read 13 tweets
25 Feb
Bhojeshwar: The Story of An Incomplete Temple.
(A Thread)

The brilliance of Indian architecture is often exhibited through the temples built in the ancient times. Sometimes, even an incomplete work still manages to showcase the craftsmanship of the creator.
@LostTemple7
Devoted to Lord Shiva, Bhojeshwar Temple is the well-known religious and historical monument in Madhya Pradesh, India. This Temple houses one of the largest Shiva lingams in the world.
The work on the temple was started by Raja Bhojdev (1010-1055 AD) but the work was never completed. Construction of the temple appears to have come to a very abrupt stop, the evidence of which can be seen all over the site.
Read 6 tweets
9 Jan
The Story of the First Cinema Hall in India.
(A Thread)

The First Cinema Hall in India was built by J.F. Madan in Calcutta in 1907.

Pioneer of Motion Picture theatres in India, built India's first movie theatre in Calcutta "Elphinstons Picture Palace".
@DalrympleWill @hashCalcutta @Go_Movie_Mango @Redhotpedia It was exactly one hundred year ago in 1919 in Calcutta, just after the first World War, he had the vision and the temerity to convert his theatre producing and silent film making business in to India’s first Joint Stock Company for movie making - Madan Theatres Limited.
@DalrympleWill @hashCalcutta @Go_Movie_Mango @Redhotpedia According to the Registrar of Companies, Kolkata, Madan Theatres Ltd was incorporated 100 years ago on 27th September 1919.
Read 7 tweets
28 Dec 19
Subhash Chandra Bose Vs. Indian National Congress
(A Thread)

In the freedom struggle of India, Congress was a large organisation. Subhash Chandra Bose became a strong leader in Congress and he made brave attempts to mould the entire party differently.
#CongressFoundationDay
@RoopaSpeaks @Chandrabosebjp @DalrympleWill @Go_Movie_Mango @Redhotpedia @DelhiTweeter Congress party was always lenient and never in a position to oppose Britishers. Subhash Bose outrightly opposed this behaviour. This opposition was against Gandhi‘s philosophy. Therefore Mahatma Gandhi and other leaders were hurt and since then they opposed him.
@RoopaSpeaks @Chandrabosebjp @DalrympleWill @Go_Movie_Mango @Redhotpedia @DelhiTweeter Congress party had undertaken a mission of opposing his every thought, insulting him and to stifle his high-flying ambitions. In this manoeuvre of congress, many a times he felt suffocated.
Read 8 tweets