Two months ago I announced to Twitter that I'd be spending less time Twittering, as work commitments had changed. Some misinterpreted this and thought I'd got a new job - that was not the case.
It was the last gasp of my then job.
I was made redundant at the end of September.
Since the end of the month, I've been less active on here as I take stock and find other things to occupy my time. I have considered whether I should re-intensify my Twittering and possibly start blogging on Brexit but I'm not sure. I'm still in a bit of a limbo with regards work
So I'm not sure what I will be doing over the next couple of months. Perhaps a change of direction. People seem to appreciate the stuff I post on here so maybe there's a future in that somehow. I'm really not sure.
Daniel speaks of "inefficient EU growers". The majority of F&V imported into the UK comes from Spain. Much of it from Almeira where there are vast acres of polytunnels and greenhouses growing fruit and vegetables all year round.
Before they built these greenhouses. It was a desert. In fact, it was where they filmed the Spaghetti Westerns in the 1970s. Now it produces to the equivalent of ~50% of Europe's fruit and veg production.
@DKShrewsbury HI Daniel. I zoomed in on your photo, and couldn't see clearly - but - at this time of year, almost certainly, those lemons are imported from South Africa. They come in on a 0% tariff under the entry price system.
Here's some from Aldi.
@DKShrewsbury And here's some lemons and limes from Sainsbury's. Again the lemons are coming in on a 0% tariff because we have an FTA with South Africa. The limes are from Mexico. They also come in on a 0% tariff, because we have an FTA with Mexico.
@DKShrewsbury These Sainsbury oranges, also from South Africa, also on a 0% tariff because of the FTA with South Africa and the other SADC countries (o Botswana, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia, and Swaziland[Eswatini]).
The wording of this paragraph has changed but it#s still wrong. The "maximum level of tariffs" are the bound tariffs. On July 24 the UK submitted it's MFN tariff schedule to the WTO, That's the rate that will be charged under the MFN principle.
I've covered some in other threads, and they are perhaps worthy of a recap. But in this thread (part 1 of X) I'm going to just cover the first item, beef.
That said there is an egregious error on the list. The tariff on unroasted coffee is for decaf only. It's 0% normally.
Firstly it's worth pointing out, that all countries use tariffs. Protection of agriculture is seen as a food security issue. While there some very high peaks they are often offset by preferences and FTAs. This reduces the EU's trade-weighted applied tariffs significantly.
There are NO tariffs on sugar from ACP and LDC countries.
This graph shows ACP & LDC exports of sugar into the EU over the last few years.
@DCBMEP And this is the same graph but showing where their cane sugar ends up.
Tate & Lyle, the American owned sugar refining corporation, who have a single sugar-refining facility in Silvertown reduced their imports of sugar from the ACP countries, but look where that sugar goes now.
@DCBMEP The American-owned Tate & Lyle have a rival in the UK. It's the British-owned company British Sugar. Their parent company is Associated British Foods (ABF).
Can you see all the 0% for FTA partners and developing countries? I've highlighted a few of the more interesting ones.
There a many more not in the screenshot. I've also highlighted the tariff rate quotas (TRQ) for New Zealand and Uruguay.
@DCBMEP Here are the tariff rate quotas for New Zealand for this year. Only the top three (09013, 092109, 09211) need concern us as 092202 is for beef. You may have noticed the number 092109 on the previous screenshot.
Country X protects a, b, & c and country Y will protect d, e &f. You can't necessarily do a direct comparison on individual items.
@hereburgher@panmisthropist@OwenPaterson When a country is a member of the WTO the have to present their tariffs schedule to WTO. There are two sorts of tariffs that relate to WTO membership. There's the bound tariff and the MFN applied tariff. We'll come to preferential later.
@hereburgher@panmisthropist@OwenPaterson The bound tariff is the the upper limit that a country has legally commuted itself to not exceed. The MFN tariff is the rate actually applied under the GATT Most Favoured Nation rule.
Th MFN rule is the cornerstone of GATT/WTO. It's actually the core part of Article I.
Like me Pavel has eaten Argentinian beef in the UK, so like me was a bit surprised to see Daniel stating that it was banned.
It isn't banned.
@pswidlicki and I had both eaten Argentinian beef in an Argentinian beef restaurant. Coincidentally in the very same restaurant. This one in Battersea where they claim to fly the beef in from Argentina. I'm pretty sure its not the only one though.
@PaulConnew@MrHarryCole Good. Right so under normal WTO/GATT rules a member country can't just say ... oh Bangladesh is poor, so we'll let them off the hook, because its against the rules.
So that's why GSP was suggested by UNCTAD. It allowed a general exception for developing countries ...
@PaulConnew@MrHarryCole By general it means that the favours shown to a developing country must apply fairly to other developing countries in the same development bracket. However each developed nation is allowed some flexibility in how the GSP is designed.
Now the next bit is VERY important.
@PaulConnew@MrHarryCole So now we have to go back to the beginning, and the founding of the EEC and the Treaty of Rome in 1957.
In the original Treatythe colonies of the founding 6 nations were granted associated membership of the EEC with tariff, free quota free access EU markets.