Renée Landell Profile picture
✝️ Caribbeanist. PhD Student @RoyalHolloway funded by @TECHNEDTP. Postcolonial & Ecocritical Caribbean Lit 📚 | Founder: @BeyondMarginsUK . 💫 @BlackinArtsHums
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18 Oct
Enslaved African WOMEN who led revolutionary rebellions in the Caribbean but are less celebrated, forgotten and erased in history.

⚠️TW: mention of suicide, violence & graphic images
Introducing my favourite female figure, largely invisible in history but remembered by her people. Breffu was an Akwamu leader of the 1733 insurrection on St. Jan (now known as St. John) in the Danish Caribbean. Breffu led the longest recorded rebellion in...
North American history. Originally from Ghana, Breffu was captured and sold to the slaver Pieter Krøyer in Coral Bay. Her and the Akwamu people killed him and his family, as well as the Van Stell family, burnt down houses and crops, & took control of most of St. John...
Read 24 tweets
19 Aug
[ A Thread ]

Jamaica/Xaymaca: Before the arrival of enslaved African peoples

(Culture, Identity, History, Memory)
It is believed that around 800 CE the Taíno people (also known as Arawak) were the first inhabitants of the island and therefore the first to experience the violence of European colonialism/terrorism on the island.
The Taíno people named the island 'Xaymaca' meaning "land of wood and water", Taínos were very skilled at fishing, agriculture, hunting and making canoes among other things.
Read 14 tweets
24 Jun
Conversations are being had about the myth of the strong Black woman .

Caused me to think about James Marion-Sims, "the father of gynaecological surgery" who perfected his surgical techniques by operating w/o anesthesia on 
enslaved Black women (1/3)
Many Black women died due to his reckless experimentation. Bodies in mass graves. Once perfected he went to Europe to treat white women (with anesthesia). Black womens bodies were sacrificed for white women. (2/3)
Not much has changed when you consider that Black women are fives times more likely to die in childbirth than white women because of medical racism.

The convos being had abt Strong Black women are centred on emotional pain, but it stems from myths about physical endurance (3/3)
Read 8 tweets
18 Jun
So much engagement & questions, thank you all! 💛 I wanted to spend the most time speaking about Mammy as it's a hot topic right now #AuntJemima

But let me very briefly (1 sentence or 2) tell you about the other three images I'm researching. B4 I tell you about my activism work!
TW: sensitive content/abuse

The Jezebel Stereotype:

Inspired by name-sake in the biblical Book of Kings, Jezebel became the incarnated persona of Black women. It was a myth which legitimised/justified rape & other violent sexual derivaties.
The hyper-sexualisation of Black women by white colonial society, reinforced a racialised binary of womenhood (BW: 'lusty' & 'seductive', WW: 'pious' & 'pure')

This myth supported *false* claims that Black slave women were responsible for the horrific sexual abuse they endured.
Read 10 tweets
18 Jun
The Mammy stereotype.

Mammy is the cheerful and willing house-slave. This cheerfulness is depicted in films/novels, namely the main character #AuntJemima from 'Gone with the Wind.'

The Mammy was created to make people believe that slavery was good & the system benevolent.
Mammy is always depicted as round, dark, and desexualised. These physical traits were used as justification that White men could never want to r*pe Black women - such justification allowed them to get away with it.
Mammy (Mommy) was an image also used to distort Black motherhood.

Black slave children were forcibly removed from their mothers & sold to other white masters. The Mammy initiated the notion that BW were bad mothers to Black children & yet supreme "mothers" to white children.
Read 12 tweets
18 Jun
So today I'll be talking about 4 (of many) anti-black sterotypes/caricatures that were built to degrade the Black body & justify slavery/racism.

These images make up the four chapters of my PhD thesis: The Jezebel, The Mammy, The Mandingo Buck & The Sambo.

*Sensitive content*
#AuntJemima has been trending since yesterday, for the first time in my 1 year on Twitter! The Mammy stereotype is the chapter I am currently writing. I'll be back at 2:30pm to discuss postcolonialism & ecocriticism in Caribbean literature & my research on the Mammy.
Read 6 tweets