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Our goal is to make high-quality concise reviews of orthopedic topics. Check out our past reviews at: https://t.co/FMMTD8Tj3j Founder: @CSMorford
Mar 8 14 tweets 8 min read
An in-depth review of Tibial Pilon Fractures.

If you’re interested in orthopedics, you’ll definitely want to check this review out.

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To view our past reviews, visit:
💻 myorthoreviews.com📱 Image Most tibial pilon fractures result from high-energy axial loading through the talus.

They are also commonly referred to as Tibial Plafond fractures. The tibial plafond is the distal articular surface of the tibia, which gained the name from its French meaning, "ceiling". Image
Feb 25 24 tweets 10 min read
A review of upper extremity Eponym Fractures.

It is important for clinicians to be aware of eponymous fractures as they are commonly used and allow for a succinct description of sometimes complex injuries.

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To view our past reviews, visit:
💻 myorthoreviews.com📱 First off, what is an eponym fracture?

Eponymous: of, relating to, or being the person or thing for whom or which something is named.

Eponym fractures are named based on the first person to describe them (e.g. Holstein-Lewis) or by an activity (e.g. Chauffer's)
Feb 23 16 tweets 8 min read
An in-depth review of Humeral Shaft Fractures.

If you’re interested in orthopedics, you’ll definitely want to check this review out!

🦴⚒️🧵👇

To view our past reviews, check out:
💻 myorthoreviews.com📱 Image The humeral shaft is defined as the area distal to the surgical neck and proximal to the epicondyles.

The commonality of fracture is:
Middle ⅓ > Proximal ⅓ > Distal ⅓ shaft

The deforming forces of humeral shaft fractures usually result in what type of deformity?
Feb 21 17 tweets 9 min read
An in-depth review of ACL injury.

If you're interested in sports medicine, you won't want to miss this one!

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To view our past reviews, check out:
💻 myorthoreviews.com📱 The ACL is the primary restraint to anterior tibial translation and also plays a role in rotary stability

It is composed of two bundles, named based on their tibial insertions:
✯ Anteromedial
✯ Posterolateral

What structure separates the femoral insertions of the two bundles?
Feb 21 16 tweets 8 min read
An in-depth review of Proximal Humerus Fractures.

If you're interested in orthopedics you won't want to miss this one!

🦴⚒️🧵👇

To view our past reviews visit: myorthoreviews.com Proximal humerus fractures are common, accounting for around 5% of all fractures with increasing frequency with age.

They are most common in elderly females and are considered a fragility fracture.

Which nerve is most commonly injured in proximal humerus fractures?
Feb 19 17 tweets 8 min read
An in-depth review of Clavicle Fractures.

If you're interested in orthopedics you won't want to miss this one!

🦴⚒️🧵👇 Clavicle fractures are typically the result of a fall onto the shoulder and are one of the most common fractures in children.

They may also occur from direct trauma, seizures, or a fall onto an outstretched hand (FOOSH).
Feb 18 14 tweets 7 min read
An in-depth review of intertrochanteric and subtrochanteric hip fractures.

If you're interested in orthopedics you won't want to miss this one!

🦴⚒️🧵👇 Basicervical femoral neck, intertrochanteric (IT), and subtrochanteric (ST) hip fractures are different from femoral neck fractures in that they are extracapsular.

Extracapsular fractures, unlike intracapsular femoral neck fx, have a low likelihood of blood supply disruption/AVN
Feb 18 20 tweets 9 min read
An in-depth review of Ankle Fractures.

If you're interested in orthopedics you'll definitely want to check this review out!

🦴⚒️🧵👇 The ankle is a complex hinge joint comprised of the tibial plafond, talar dome, and distal fibula.

Ankle fractures most commonly occur in elderly females, with roughly 70% being isolated malleolar, 20% being bimalleolar, and 5-10% being trimalleolar. (1)
Feb 16 13 tweets 6 min read
An in-depth review of Terrible Triad Injuries.

If you're interested in orthopedics you won't want to miss this one!

1/12 Terrible triad injuries are complex posterior elbow dislocations associated with coronoid and radial head fractures as well as capsular and ligamentous injuries.
Feb 14 11 tweets 6 min read
An in-depth review of pediatric femoral shaft fractures.

If you're interested in orthopedics or pediatrics you'll definitely want to check this review out!

1/10 Pediatric femoral shaft (PFS) fractures constitute a small portion of pediatric fractures roughly 1-2% with a bimodal age distribution

Most common causes:
✯ Toddlers: falls
✯ Teenage/adolescent: MVA
Feb 13 14 tweets 8 min read
An in-depth review of metacarpal fractures.

If you're interested in orthopedics you'll definitely want to check this review out!

What is an eponym for this fracture? Image This patient is presenting with an intraarticular fx of the 5th metacarpal base.

This fracture is similar to a Bennett's fx (an intraarticular fx of the 1st metacarpal base).

This fracture goes by a few eponyms: a reverse bennett, baby bennett, or mirrored bennett. Image
Feb 12 12 tweets 6 min read
An in-depth review of Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis (SCFE).

If you're interested in orthopedics or pediatrics you'll definitely want to check this review out!

1/ Image SCFE’s are an adolescent hip pathology with an average age of onset of 11-12.

The diagnosis may be initially missed because the patient may present with thigh or knee pain.
Feb 7 13 tweets 6 min read
An in-depth review of Distal Humerus Fractures.

If you're interested in orthopedics you'll definitely want to check this review out.

1/12 Image The distal humerus is composed of two columns, a medial and lateral column that are connected by the trochlea forming a triangular shape.

The distal humerus has:
40-45° anterior angulation
3-8° internal rotation
4-8° valgus Image
Feb 5 18 tweets 7 min read
An in-depth review of Distal Radius Fractures.

If you're interested in orthopedics, you'll definitely want to check this review out.

1/15 Image Distal radius (DR) fractures have a bimodal age distribution. “accounting for around 25% of fractures in the pediatric population and up to 18% of all fractures in the elderly age group.” (2)

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Oct 6, 2021 15 tweets 6 min read
A review of patellar maltracking and lateral retinacular releases in primary TKA.

1/ Image Patellar maltracking is the most common complication of primary TKA.

The dynamic forces affecting patellar tracking are represented by the Q-angle, formed by a line from the ASIS to the patella and from the tibial tubercle to the patella. A normal Q-angle is between 12-20°.

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Sep 21, 2020 16 tweets 6 min read
Meniscus injury: a complete review.

1/15
@MedTweetorials @RosenelliEM
#MedEd #OrthoTwitter #Tweetorials The meniscus function is two-fold. It increases stability by deepening the tibial surface and it aids in force transmission by increasing the contact area to spread force over a larger surface area. The meniscus is responsible for 50% of load transmission across the knee. (1)

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Aug 4, 2020 11 tweets 4 min read
Septic arthritis: a review

1/10 Septic arthritis is generally monoarticular and involves either the knee or hip. The hip is more commonly affected in children whereas the knee is in adults. Early intervention is imperative for preserving the affected joint.

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Jul 6, 2020 15 tweets 5 min read
Where art thou osteoclasts?
A review of osteopetrosis.

1/12 Image Osteopetrosis is a disease that results from defective osteoclast function. Failed bone resorption leads to dense bone that may cause fracture, bone marrow encroachment, or skull foramen narrowing.

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