Rasmus Kleis Nielsen Profile picture
Media/news/journalism researcher, empiricist, occasional contrarian. Director of @risj_oxford and Professor of Political Communication, University of Oxford
Oct 25, 2022 6 tweets 3 min read
Journalists tend to "regard the statement "X said A" as a "fact," even if "A" is false." (See e.g. 'dirty bomb', '102 MPs')

Starting my remarks at #DISINFO2022 on why news media sometimes can end up disseminating disinfo with a quote from Gaye Tuchman journals.uchicago.edu/doi/abs/10.108…  1/6 Beyond inadverdently disseminating disinfo bcs of business-as-usual editorial practices, there are also parts of the media (e.g. some pundits, broadcast hosts) who are parts of what @sobieraj called "outrage industry" - even when working for news media global.oup.com/academic/produ…  2/6
Sep 29, 2022 7 tweets 5 min read
Trust in news: the good, the bad, and the ugly - spoke about @risj_oxford Trust in News Project at #WNMC22

The GOOD news, from publishers' POV, is the "trust gap" between news in general and news on various platforms - news media stand out from just "stuff on the internet" 1/7 BAD news, in already difficult context facing political attacks, competition from platforms, & much more, is that negative perceptions are very widespread. Half or more of survey respondents say they think journalists try to manipulate the public to serve powerful politicians 2/7
Jun 15, 2022 13 tweets 18 min read
2022 Digital News Report out now. A huge effort by an amazing team that I'm proud to be part of.

We cover 46 markets on six continents, accounting for more than half of the world's population.

Full report reutersinstitute.politics.ox.ac.uk/digital-news-r…
Follow #DNR22

And a few highlights in thread 1/9 A growing number of news media willing to embrace digital and able to offer distinct journalism in an incredibly competitive marketplace do well by doing good. But many struggle in an unforgiving winner-takes-most online environment, for example when it comes to subscriptions 2/9
Apr 19, 2022 9 tweets 7 min read
"The Power of Platforms: Shaping Media and Society"

My new OUP book with @sarahsoutlook

Our core argument is that the power of platforms is deeply relational and based on ability to attract end users and partners like publishers

Book here: global.oup.com/academic/produ…
More in🧵 1/9 Platforms do not control the means of production, but the means of connection, and they are powerless without partners

To understand their power we need to understand both reservations partners have and why they often embrace platforms nonetheless, continue to work with them 2/9
Feb 8, 2022 4 tweets 3 min read
Question of what scale+scope of public service media is right, given risk of crowding out, popped up again. For citizens to decide, but research might be useful

@annikasehl et al find "little to no support for the crowding out argument" in 28 markets journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/02… 1/4 For news specifically, @richrdfletcher and I found "no significant negative association between using public service news and paying for online news or expressing a willingness to pay for online news" using survey data from six countries tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.10… 2/4
Oct 8, 2021 15 tweets 10 min read
Will try to read a recently published piece of media/communications research every week and tweet about it on this thread. 2021/2022 principles same as last year (see thread below) - picked this up from @priyalalista and like her hope to broaden my horizons and promote good work. "First, the source of the misleading information was linked to the ruling dispensation ... Second, the target [was] a critic of the government ... Third, the information was legitimised by mainstream media" @NeelanjanSircar writes in penetrating case study theindiaforum.in/article/disinf…
Oct 6, 2021 9 tweets 5 min read
"Mainstream media spreads fake news". Provocative blog post, but important to recognize it summarizes a lot of empirical research by different teams using different methods and often identifying news media as key part of information disorder problems iffy.news/2021/mainstrea… 1/9 Nothing in that research absolves platforms+politicians from their share of responsibility

Still, lots of studies E.g. @_JenAllen "origins of public misinformedness and polarization are more likely to lie in the content of ordinary news [than] fakery" advances.sciencemag.org/content/6/14/e… 2/9
Oct 5, 2021 4 tweets 2 min read
Fighting misinformation in evidence-based ways requires paying attention to both what might be effective, and what the public sees as credible. My talk at @STGEUI et al Fighting Misinformation Online Summit 2021 today here , a few slides in thread 1/4 First, across 20 EU countries covered in our 2021 @risj_oxford Digital News Report, 53% (!) of internet users say they are concerned about what is real and fake when it comes to news on the internet, so very widespread concern. 2/4
Aug 31, 2021 5 tweets 6 min read
Interested in research on misinformation and trust in media? Here some of the work I drew on today -

1) What is mis- and disinformation? @dfreelon and @cfwells wrote this article tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.10… adopting EU HLG report definition offered here tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.10… 1/5 2) Where is misinformation coming from? In addition to platforms such as Facebook, YouTube etc increasingly, scholars focus on intersection between politics and media (see @YBenkler et al) oxford.universitypressscholarship.com/view/10.1093/o… and identity (see @madhavi_reddi et al) doi.org/10.1177/146144… 2/5
Jun 23, 2021 13 tweets 16 min read
2021 Digital News Report out now. So proud to be part of this teamwork

We cover 46 markets that account for more than half of world's population, including six new countries in the Global South

Full report reutersinstitute.politics.ox.ac.uk/digital-news-r…
Follow #DNR21
And a few highlights in thread 1/9 Image Trust in the news has grown, on average, by six percentage points in wake of Coronavirus pandemic.

Across 46 markets, 44% say they trust most news most of the time (back to 2018-levels).

No similar growth for news on e.g social means the "trust gap" with platforms has grown 2/9 Image
Jun 16, 2021 17 tweets 6 min read
Do we need a "New Deal" for journalism? @Forum_InfoD and its chair @cdeloire from @RSF_inter say we do and new report from the Forum looks at policy options - I was honored to chair working group providing input to the report.

Report: informationdemocracy.org/wp-content/upl…

Highlights in🧵1/19 In my foreword, I write "if governments want to do more than talk about the value of journalism, and actually help [those] who are leading on forging new ways forward for the profession and the industry, they will need to step up and take real action" 2/19 rasmuskleisnielsen.net/2021/06/16/les…
Jun 14, 2021 7 tweets 13 min read
June 23, we publish the 2021 @risj_oxford Digital News Report by @nicnewman @richrdfletcher et al, covering 46 markets accounting for more than half of the world's population.

Follow #DNR21 and join one of 6 launch events.

Details in thread and here reutersinstitute.politics.ox.ac.uk/risj-review/di… 1/7 Image 🇪🇺 Wednesday June 23 we'll host a launch event focused on Europe.

A presentation by @nicnewman will be followed by a discussion chaired by @EdWilliamsUK, featuring @khalafroula from @FT, @rlloret from @eldiarioes, @NajaNielsen2 from @BBCNews and @foederlschmid from @SZ 2/7 Image
May 28, 2021 10 tweets 9 min read
What should I watch from the cornucopia that is the #ica21 program? In this thread some things that caught my eye, suggestions welcome.

"Blue Sky Workshop: Reconceptualising Freedom of Expression: Developing an Agenda for Research" w/
@cheriangeorge et al ica2021.cadmore.media/Title/97f91716… The #ica_gcsc panel "International Collaborations Around COVID-19 Research in Africa During a Pandemic: Struggles With Theory and Method" with Radhika Gajjala et al looks interesting ica2021.cadmore.media/Title/29b6af8f…
May 27, 2021 9 tweets 4 min read
#infodemic, one year on. News orgs are the most widely used source of information about coronavirus and have become even more central because-while overall reach has declined compared to earlier in the pandemic-reach of other sources has declined more. reutersinstitute.politics.ox.ac.uk/ongoing-infode… 1/9 Trust in news orgs declined by an average of 8 percentage points and trust in national governments has declined by average of 13pp. In most countries covered, national health authorities, global health authorities, and scientists+doctors+experts remain highly+broadly trusted 2/9
Feb 26, 2021 20 tweets 7 min read
Ask scientists about peer review, and you’ll get… a lot of things. Boundary work (the institution grounds all scholarship), appreciation (collegial quality control=more rigorous work), and many dark sides (ie it's unreliable, unfair, unpaid, unequal, and done by #reviewer2) 1/19 Let me start here-I've internalized the boundary work. I believe in peer review, for all its imperfections. I think it is among things setting science apart. I've also spend lots of time on it, including dealing with 600+ manuscripts as journal editor, based on ~1000 reviews 2/19
Feb 25, 2021 5 tweets 4 min read
US Congress yesterday hosted hearing on disinformation & extremism in the media

Journalists should want to interrogate these issue

As @farai writes as"we are questioning all the systems of society, journalism cannot be too prideful to examine itself" faraic.medium.com/its-bigger-tha… 1/5 One place to start is this (scathing) article: "What is being called our post-truth era [illustrates] the racial amnesia that plagues much of our contemporary post-truth criticism" in light of how e.g. media and politics often represent many minorities doi.org/10.1080/147914… 2/5
Feb 25, 2021 6 tweets 5 min read
Talked democratic creative destruction, filter bubbles, polarization, business of news, and media policy with @EvelynDouek and @QJurecic on the great @lawfareblog podcast - some links to underlying @risj_oxford in thread below

lawfareblog.com/lawfare-podcas… 1/6 Here @dragz and I on “democratic creative destruction” challenging incumbent institutions, creates new ones, and in many ways empower individuals while also leaving both individuals & institutions increasingly dependent on large US-based tech companies cambridge.org/core/books/soc… 2/6
Feb 19, 2021 5 tweets 1 min read
Group discussion w/ @risj_oxford journalist fellows on which discussions are contentious in their newsrooms around 🌍, kicking off from some US journalists feeling dominant viewpoint limits their ability to speak up

Partial list (deep breath) of issues people identify as hard... ..including things that are hard to cover & write about such as

* Religion, esp dominant religious group or historically maligned religious groups
* Migration and refugees, esp in face of majoritarian backlash
* National security, esp in countries where military is very powerful
Feb 19, 2021 14 tweets 5 min read
"How to respond to disinformation while respecting free speech?" - @Commonlaw20 and I wrote submission for @Irenekhan’s UN work on disinformation, drawing on @risj_oxford research and other relevant work. Some key points in thread, full submission here reutersinstitute.politics.ox.ac.uk/risj-review/ho… 1/N There is (a) no conceptual clarity and (b) no substantial agreement on what exactly constitutes disinfo. This is not a philosophical point but defining feature of problems we face. It underlines inherently political nature of determining what does and does not constitute disinfo.
Feb 18, 2021 9 tweets 5 min read
What might it mean that Facebook has restricted publishers and people in Australia from sharing or viewing news content?

Some @risj_oxford research

First, 71% in Australia say they've used FB in the past week, 39% say they've engaged with news on FB digitalnewsreport.org

The 39% who have engaged with news on FB tend to be younger, women, more on the political left

Most access online news in many ways (direct,search,social,etc), but @dragz have run the numbers, and in 2020, 8% of 🇦🇺 internet news users say they ONLY get online news via social 2/9
Feb 17, 2021 4 tweets 2 min read
Major win for #metoo and speaking truth to power: Court finds "journalist Priya Ramani not guilty of criminal defamation in a case filed by former Union minister M.J. Akbar [noting] “right of reputation can’t be protected at the cost of right to dignity.”"
m.thewire.in/article/law/de… Here Priya Ramani's 2017 Vogue article (doesn't name Akbar) "To the Harvey Weinsteins of the world: “We’ll get you all one day.”"