Excited for the next session of the #Indigenous History Conference today! Starting shortly.
Next up is "Historical Trauma: The Wounds that Won't Heal" with Gkisedtanamoogk, Mishi Lesser, and Dawn Neptune @DawnNeptuneDNA. @Plymouth_400 #indigenoushistory
Gkisedtanamoogk begins: We'll be looking at the efforts of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission dealing with trauma of residential schools.
Dawn Neptune Adams @DawnNeptuneDNA : Spent childhood from 4yo-18yo in foster care. Is now back home with her tribe and relearning traditions, dealing with intergenerational trauma.
Mishy Lesser: Part of the Upstander Project that made Dawnland and Dear Georgina upstanderproject.org/georgina.
Lesser: Indigenous children were stolen and forcibly sent to boarding schools or foster homes in order to sever them from culture, community, and kin. Hundreds of thousands have this story. Settler colonialism's violence causes a legacy of intergenerational trauma.
Gkisedtanamoogk: Reflecting on the short film, Dear Georgina, that we just viewed. How do we heal our traumas? The wound keeps being reopened. You don't get over that until the Earth and relatives have a sense of healing as well.
Gkisedtanamoogk: We are more than the events that scarred us. During the TRC, dealt with realities of genocide, forcible removal of children. Current nation-state policies are based on genocide. Denial and ongoing trauma is persistent violence.
Gkisedtanamoogk: We need to embrace one another and the land, we must find each other in all this, and acknowledge each other, open our hearts, move in a way we know we should in our hearts and souls, we must conclude we are family with all life around us and we will heal.
Adams: Gave a statement at TRC but worried about opening the wound and deal with it. Felt dread in giving a public statement. Did it though so that it doesn't happen to other children. We have to think about the intergenerational trauma.
Adams: Was asked to be in Dawnland film but hesitated because was scared to be seen. Being invisible kept her safer as a child. Realizes thru healing process she doesn't need to drag this defense mechanism into her adulthood.
Adams: "I will never be done with the healing process but I've had a good start with it." @DawnNeptuneDNA
Lesser: Gkisedtanamoogk refers to "the view from the boat", where you didn't know there was a view from the shore. As kids we are only taught one perspective.
Lesser: Dawn has been healing herself among community. When children are taken from their communities, it's genocide. It cuts across the histories of all Indigenous peoples of this world. Learn their stories in order to be of better service to all.
Gkisedtanamoogk: Check the -ologies and -isms, because they only work for a small portion of the population. There must be a better way than what they've been confronted by. Find what fits into the Indigenous framework of respect and caring for the world around us.
Gkisedtanamoogk: Direct parallels can be drawn between how we treat people and how we treat the land and animals. We must break the dangerous patterns of violence and minimalization of nature and communities.
Adams: Reconciliation can't be achieved when the behavior continues. We can look back at settler colonial history, and there's a pattern of stealing our relatives. It is still happening today.
Adams: Maine-Wabanaki Reach is the org that worked for the TRC. mainewabanakireach.org Reconstruction is now the term used, instead of reconciliation. They are still doing amazing work in this area.
Lesser: Gkisedtanamoogk refers to reconciliation is the long road, way beyond our lifetimes. Reparations may be a step on the road to reconciliation for some. But the land is crucial here as well.
Lesser: The taking of the children is directly related to the taking of the land. Can only understand the former when examining the latter. How can you reconcile without giving back the land?
Lesser: Legislation has been introduced to create a national TRC. But the work also has to happen at the local level. Non-Natives must confront reality as occupiers. What does it mean to become neighbors with legitimacy?
Gkisedtanamoogk: Real reconciliation means sharing the land. People excuse the violence because it was government-sanctioned. The real reconciliation begins with all people where we are. We cannot depend on governments. We must embrace one another in this process.
Lesser: Dawnland and Dear Georgina should be required viewing for social workers and educators, especially non-Native ones. Non-Natives were taught in a white supremacist educational system. The social work system is white supremacist and must be transformed.
Gkisedtanamoogk: Example of checking in with -ologies and -isms: we have a lot of Indigenous social workers and educators and professionals coming up who are regularly confronted with oppression and violence. What nation on earth has treaties with its citizens??
Gkisedtanamoogk: Why is it necessary for government to extend reach into Native communities? They have no legal right to do this. Why are Indigenous peoples never consulted? Why do governments never get consent? We must reimagine all of these methods.
Adams CORRECTION: Restoration is the word instead of reconciliation, not reconstruction.
Adams: White middle class values imposed on Indigenous peoples throughout history. Unfairly judged against these standards. Profit is often the incentive for violence, stealing relatives, land, etc. Simulation as intent and profit as motive.
Adams: For-profit detention centers (concentration camps) along the imaginary line called the border, are examples of this. People are fleeing the southern countries to the US because of oppressive and violent policies and situations the US government created.
Gkisedtanamoogk: When Europe began to invade Turtle Island and upset the whole balance, we were thriving. Federal Indian policy and colonial policies of deprivation are being played out throughout the world currently. We are much more borderless than we are led to believe.
Gkisedtanamoogk: Most reservations are welfare states. Lack connection to their homelands. Protected by some treaties, perceived as lacking "legitimacy". No access to economic resources, so forced to be dependent.
Thanks to @joyce_rain18, Linda Coombs, Gkisedtanamoogk, Misha Lesser, @DawnNeptuneDNA, @BridgeStateU, @Plymouth_400 for this illuminating, sad, and infuriating session. So important to disrupt the normative narratives with these truths.
The next sessions of the Indigenous History Conference will be held next week Sunday Oct. 25. bridgew.edu/event/indigeno…

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More from @karlajstrand

17 Oct
Excited to be able to witness this today. May live tweet but not sure what to expect, so stay tuned!
Karissa Lewis starts off the afternoon with inspiring words about what is challenging for her, but what also inspires her. This will be a day of testimony from those on the front lines. #TheFreedomSide #risingmajority
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6 Oct
Will be live tweeting. Be sure to buy the book haymarketbooks.org/books/1555-how…
Suzanne Methot and the panelists begin with acknowledging the land they are on. She introduces the speakers whose narratives are included in the new @voiceofwitness @haymarketbooks book HOW WE GO HOME: VOICES FROM #INDIGENOUS NORTH AMERICA.
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4 Oct
Second panel at today's #Indigenous History Conference is on colonization in America and features Lisa Brooks (Abenaki), Marjorie O'Toole, Tyler Rogers (Narragansett), and Jason Mancini. #indigenoushistory @Plymouth_400
Lisa Brooks: What true history is buried beneath the narratives? It is emerging through the work of many people, including those we've heard this weekend. Discusses Weetamoo of the fertile land of the Pocasset in Wampanoag Territory.
Brooks: Native women planted fields in the area, they were leaders. Colonizers tried to say the lands weren't settled but they were. King Phillips War was one against women and their planting fields.
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4 Oct
Thomas Wickman is the first panelist of the first session, discussing wintering well in Native New England. 1300-1850 considered a Little Ice Age and the 1600s were among the coldest temps. Native communities were equipped to live well during these times. @Plymouth_400
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Wickman: Native oral histories, written texts allow us to learn about the true history. Wickman and others have been careful to challenge colonial archive to understand bias of European writers of source materials.
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4 Oct
Day 2 of the #Indigenous History Conference will feature panels on #colonization in American history. The first will include Jean O'Brien (Ojibwe), Tom Wickman, Darius Coombs (Mashpee Wampanoag), jessie little doe baird (Mashpee Wampanoag), and Robert Miller (Eastern Shawnee).
First, Mark Charles (Navajo) will be speaking on the doctrine of discovery. Many people in Native communities have researched and written on this in attempt to bring it to the forefront.
Charles: Doctrine of Discovery, (like one papal bull written in 1452 by Nicholas V.) Church in Europe commanded Europeans to colonize, take over, steal, conquer lands. That people inhabiting those lands are inhuman. @wirelesshogan
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