Ugra Profile picture
10 Nov, 17 tweets, 3 min read
This image of Vishnu which is currently smuggled away in New York Metropolitan museum gets circulated a lot these days.

It is undoubtedly a murthi of Vishnu. But which form of Vishnu? The answer to this question is given the ancient Hindu iconometric text called Rupamandana (1)
The above murthi of Vishnu is part of what is known as Chaturvimshati Murtayah or 24 forms of Vishnu. All these 24 forms are very similar. They are all standing figures, with four arms, with no bends in the body, adorned with the same ornaments. (2)
The only difference between each of these 24 forms has to be made out from the order in which Vishnu wields the 4 objects in each of his 4 arms. In the above murthi the order is such:

1) upper right hand: Gada
2) upper left: Chakra
3) front left: Shanka
4) front right: Padma (3)
The Rupamandana identifies the above arrangement of as that of Trivikrama.

त्रिविक्रमोऽम्बुजगदाचक्रशकान्बिमर्ति यः ।

There are 24 such forms of Vishnu, with the only variable being the order in which he wields the objects. (4)
Lets take a look at each one of these 24 forms of Vishnu in the following tweets with the verses from Rupamandana. The order will be clockwise direction starting with upper right hand then upper left hand followed by front left & finally front right. (5)
1) Keshava : Shanka, Chakra, Gada, Padma

2) Narayana : Padma, Gada, Chakra, Shanka

केशवः कमलं कम्बु धत्ते चक्र गदामपि ।
नारायणः कम्बुपनगदाचक्रधरो भवेत् ॥ (6)
3) Madhava : Chakra, Shanka, Padma, Gada.

4) Govinda : Gada, Padma, Shanka, Chakra.

माधवस्तु गदा चक्रं शहं वहति परजम् ।
गोविन्दो धरते चक्र गदा पत्रं च कम्बुना ॥ (7)
5) Vishnu : Padma, Shanka, Chakra, Gada.

6) Madhusudana : Shanka, Padma, Gada, Chakra.

विष्णुः कौमोदकी पनं पाञ्चजन्यं सुदर्शनम् ।
मधुसूदनस्तु चक्र शङ्ख सरसिजं गदाम् ।। (8)
7) Trivikrama : Gada, Chakra, Shanka, Padma.

8) Vamana : Chakra, Gada, Padma, Shanka.

त्रिविक्रमोऽम्बुजगदाचक्रशकान्बिमति यः ।
वामनश्शचक्रगदापालसत्करः ॥ (9)
9) Shridhara : Chakra, Gada, Shanka, Padma.

10) Hrishikesha : Chakra, Padma, Shanka, Gada.

श्रीधरो वारिजं चक्र गदा शहं दधाति यः ।
हषीकेशो गदां चक्रं पचं शहं च धारयेत् ।। (10)
11) Padmanabha : Padma, Chakra, Gada, Shanka.

12) Damodara : Shanka, Gada, Chakra, Padma.

पचनाभः पावजन्यं पचं चक्र गदामपि ।
दामोदरोऽम्बुजं शई गदा धते सुदर्शनम् ॥ (11)
13) Samkarshana : Shanka, Padma, Chakra, Gada.

14) Vasudeva : Shanka, Chakra, Padma, Gada.

संकर्षणो गदाकम्युसरसीव्हचक्ररत् ।
वासुदेवो गदाशचक्रपमधरो मतः ।। (12)
15) Pradyumna : Shanka, Gada, Padma, Chakra.

16) Aniruddha : Gada, Shanka, Padma, Chakra.

प्रद्युम्नश्चक्रमच्छ गदाम्भोजानि पाणिमिः ।
अनिरुद्धो लसचक्रगदाशारविन्दवान् ।। (13)
17) Purushotthama : Padma, Shanka, Gada, Chakra.

18) Adhokshaja : Gada, Shanka, Chakra, Padma.

पुरुषोत्तमस्तु चक्रं पशगदा दधत् ।
अधोक्षजस्सरसिजं गदाशसुदर्शनम् ।। (14)
19) Narasimha : Padma, Gada, Shanka, Chakra.

20) Achyuta : Padma, Chakra, Shanka, Gada.

नरसिंहस्तु चक्राब्जगदाकम्बुविराजितः ।
अच्युतस्तु गदापनचक्रश समन्वितः ।। (15)
21) Janardhana : Chakra, Shanka, Gada, Padma.

22) Upendra : Gada, Chakra, Padma, Shanka.

जनार्दनोऽम्बुजं चक्रं कम्बु कौमोदकी दधत् ।
उपेन्द्रो वहते शवं गदां चक्रं कुशेशयम् ।। (16)
23) Hari : Chakra, Padma, Gada, Shanka.

24) Krishna : Gada, Padma, Chakra, Shanka.

हरिर्धारयते कम्बु चक्र तामरसं गदाम् ।
कृष्णः करैः पाचजन्यं गदामजं सुदर्शनम् ॥ (17)

• • •

Missing some Tweet in this thread? You can try to force a refresh

Keep Current with Ugra

Ugra Profile picture

Stay in touch and get notified when new unrolls are available from this author!

Read all threads

This Thread may be Removed Anytime!


Twitter may remove this content at anytime! Save it as PDF for later use!

Try unrolling a thread yourself!

how to unroll video
  1. Follow @ThreadReaderApp to mention us!

  2. From a Twitter thread mention us with a keyword "unroll"
@threadreaderapp unroll

Practice here first or read more on our help page!

More from @_ugra_

10 Nov
Description of Maha Sadashiva in the ancient Hindu text of Manasara Shilpa shastra.

प्रसन्नपचविंशकस्फुटाननं जटाधरं
सुपञ्चसप्ततीक्षणं कपोलकुण्डलाङ्कितम् ।
शतार्धहस्तभूषितं पराभयान्वितं सितं
मुजङ्गभूषणं परं भजे महासदाशिवम् ।।

Maha Sadashivamurti is depicted as having 25 heads and 50 arms. Maha Sadashivamurti is an expansive expression of Sadashiva who is depicted with 5 heads, each representing 5 aspects of Lord Shiva. Together these 5 aspects are known as Panchabrahmas (2)
Panchabrahmas are


While depicting Maha Sadashiva, each of these 5 Panchabrahmas are substituted with 5 heads each, making the total 25. The tattva behind Panchabrahma is extremely detailed & deserves a thread of its own (3)
Read 7 tweets
6 Nov
Between 1351 to 1506 CE, the Vijayanagara empire fought 13 bloody wars with the bahamani barbarians. Most of these wars were defensive in nature, often resulting in Vijayanagara suffering territorial losses, except the 7th & 13th(last) war that Vijayanagara won decisively(1)
Most of the defeats were as a result of the Vijayanagara rulers simply not going the whole hog. On the occasions that they did i.e. The 7th war under Deva Raya I in 1417 & the final war in 1506 under Narasimha Raya, it resulted in the complete decimation of the bahamanis.
Deva Raya I chased the turushka barbarian feroz shah into his own kingdom & inflicted such mayhem. It resulted in the words of chronicler ferishta:

"The result was that
Deva Raya made a general massacre of the mussalmans &
created a platform with their heads on the battlefield"
Read 13 tweets
5 Nov
Linguistic division of states was the biggest blunder ever. If southern states follow this move, there will be chaos in this country.

Look at our Puranas. When the Rishis classified regions of Bharat, it was never on the basis of language.

It was always river & mountain systems
Many of our Puranas speak in detail about the sacred geography of Bharat & its dwellers. There is NO mention of any language when describing the various people of Bharat. For example in the Markandeya Purana the various peoples living along the Vindhya range are described as:
इत्येते ह्यपरान्तश्च शृणु विन्ध्यनिवासिनः।
सरजाच करूषाच केरलाशोत्कलैः सह॥५३॥
उत्तमच दशाच भोज्याः किष्किन्धकैः सह।
तुम्बरुस्तुम्बुलाश्चैव पटवी नैषधैः सह॥५४॥
अन्नजास्तुष्टिकारश्च वीरहोत्रा हवन्तयः।
एते जनपदाः सर्वे विन्थ्यपृष्ठनिवासिनः॥५५॥
Read 6 tweets
5 Nov
This is probably the most exhaustive & detailed temple thread ever written on twitter. Its a result of several days of travel, several weeks of researching ancient texts like Devatamurthiprakaranam, Rupamandanam, Vishnudharmotthara, sritattvanidhi etc to put it together. (1)
I NEVER watermark any of my Temple photos. Its a principle I have always followed. I've also in the past put forward my reasoning as to why I don't watermark any of my Temple clicks. I do it in good faith. (2)

The info that I share here or on my Temple blog is free for anyone to share. I don't expect anyone to credit me for any of the information that I put out. Honestly what matters for me is the info to reach maximum people. Thats the sole aim. (3)
Read 6 tweets
30 Oct
This generation of Hindus has so much intellectual material to fall back on to dent the hostile anti-Hindu forces. All the hard labor & ground work has been laid before us by stalwarts of the past like Goel, Swarup etc. We are not in the unenviable position like they were once.
Hindu intellectuals of the past like SRG had to start from the scratch. They had to formulate & articulate all their thoughts in a manner to be understood by the largely ignorant & naive Hindu samaj of the past. They did so risking their own careers & lives.
Especially Sita Ram Goel, who was admonished by many within the sangh for stating the truth & facts without sugar coating them.

Yet it his voluminous works that most of us fall back on to make out our case. He was a visionary like none other.
Read 4 tweets
29 Oct
Read these 3 books. Will expose you to the realities of the world & remove any misplaced "vishwaguru" thoughts from your mind.

1)Hindu view of x'tianity & isl@m by Ram Swarup

2)Hindus & Hinduism: Manipulation & meanings by Sita Ram Goel

Contd... (1)
3) Jehad : the isl@mic doctrine of permanent war by Suhas Majumdar.

All these 3 books are very brief. Make some time & read them without fail.

After read this, you'll get an idea of what actually ails the average Hindu mind & the thought process.
Everyone in this country at the subconscious level thinks like ghandi. One may not like to acknowledge it, but it is the bitter truth. Its not your fault either. We've been programmed & manipulated from childhood to think & act like that. Setting us up for defeatist mindset.
Read 4 tweets

Did Thread Reader help you today?

Support us! We are indie developers!

This site is made by just two indie developers on a laptop doing marketing, support and development! Read more about the story.

Become a Premium Member ($3/month or $30/year) and get exclusive features!

Become Premium

Too expensive? Make a small donation by buying us coffee ($5) or help with server cost ($10)

Donate via Paypal Become our Patreon

Thank you for your support!

Follow Us on Twitter!