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21 Nov, 46 tweets, 17 min read
Next up: very excited for the plenary panel on Race, Racism, & Racialization in Sign Language Research and Deaf Studies, moderated by @linasigns (who i’m fortunate to call my collaborator!) & @jaceyhill! panelists: Anna Lim, Dominic Harrison, & David Player #HDLS14
In this conf so far, we’ve been doing a lot of making explicit, examining, and jettisoning problematic assumptions in our linguistic theories/analyses, and i am looking forward to continuing that in this session as well #HDLS14
@linasigns opens with an acknowledgment of the effects of white supremacy, settler colonialism, COVID, and police brutality against Black people, and presents along with the names and affiliations of the panelists, also the Native custodians of the lands they’re on #HDLS14
@linasigns asks us to transform our thinking and actions through scholarly work and activism in the academy #HDLS14
David Player begins “Examining Racism in Deaf Communities” with a discussion of intersectionality (Crenshaw 1989), Critical Race Theory, & 6 dif frameworks which have combined these with disability studies #HDLS14
Player’s discusses how the original conception of Critical Race Theory has been expanded to include perspectives beyond those of the original authors (Derrick Bell and Alan Freeman), including AsianCrit, LatCrit, Deaf Crit, and DisCrit #HDLS14
Player discusses how the “Deaf First” framing in many deaf spaces has resulted in erasure of Black identity, and shares several Black Deaf stories which felt empowering to him #HDLS14
Player: Between Stokoe and Hill, what was happening??? So much research is missing! #HDLS14
Player discusses the vast variation in Black Dead experiences. There is so much to study, and yet the preponderance of work is white researchers studying white asl — basically Prof Hill is out here on his own in working on Black ASL #HDLS14
You can read more of David's work here:… and…
omg BLACK DEAFFFFFF not DEADDD (I was just talking with @jahochcam about how this is a very common typo in student writing and also in auto-craptions and my autocorrect betrayed me)
Player calls for more resources and mentorship, and he asks us to look beyond sources which are labeled "academic", and he gives us a TON of resources -- check out his slides here:! #HDLS14
Next up is Anna Lim, with a gorgeous title (she called it a "mouthful, or handful" haha!) "The Labyrinthine, Escheresque, and Matryoshkan Nature of the Immigrant Deaf BIIPOC Experience in the US Education" #HDLS14
Lim discusses how Immigrant Deaf BIPOC students are often left out of academic, political, etc. conversations. In addition, White hearing women are about 90% of those in education... (SN: hmmm...) #HDLS14
Lim: there are increasing numbers of Immigrant Deaf BIPOC students in the US education system, but the systems/individuals they encounter when they get to the US aren't necessarily culturally responsive to this #HDLS14
Lim: I am an Immigrant Deaf BIPOC (IDBIPOC) student, and I frame this issue with a critical onto-epistemological lens.

She is studying the language learning context of IDBIPOC students, how coming to the US and learning English and ASL is politicized in this context #HDLS14
Lim shows us a quote which states that IDBIPOC students come to the US with "atypical use of ASL" -- Lim problematizes this. "What IS typical use of ASL?". She shows how teachers' ideologies of "typical use" of ASL are basically standards set by the white deaf elite #HDLS14
Connecting this to raciolinguistic ideologies, Lim shares how no matter how proficient IDBIPOC students become in ASL, they are still seen as less-than due to how they and their language is racialized #HDLS14
(my side-note: this is certainly a space where linguists have much to work on, repair, and push against, in our *theorizing* and practice. deficit models abound. #HDLS14)
I meant to post these earlier -- here are Lim's slides:
Lim discussed how addressing multilingualism is not sufficient to address the unique challenges faced by Immigrant Deaf BIPOC students -- home discourses vary, age and context of immigration matter. #HDLS14
Lim: The variations in cultural views of deafness are crucial to understanding the experiences of IDBIPOC students. #HDLS14
Lim: IDBIPOC students are often coming in with 2 modalities and at least 4 languages, and there are not sufficient interpretation resources.

IDBIPOC students' language use is pathologized (ahem, sound familiar?) and treated as ELL #HDLS14
Dominic Harrison rounds up the panel with a talk entitled "Raciolinguistic Lens: Race and Racialization in Deaf Studies" -- he's focusing on the *racialization* part! #HDLS14
Harrison starts w/how positionality and privilege intersect with culture in Deaf studies. He shares (some of) his own positionalities & walks us thru how this is crucial when relating to "individual[s] who [are] in need of a relational infrastructure and guidance" #HDLS14
Harrison makes such clear connections between theory and practice, how showing how we bring these ideas into mentoring practices/other spaces #HDLS14
Harrison: Languaging is whiteness-based. White ASL is hegemonic as compared to all the other varieties which are less standardized. Programs are designed with whiteness in mind #HDLS14
Harrison contrasts Cultural Assimilation with Cultural Pluralism, and encourages us to focus on Pluralism. Assimilationism is insidious. #HDLS14
Harrison brings it home with raciolinguistic ideologies (@DrJonathanRosa @nelsonlflores) -- what do we mean by "languaging is whiteness?" Race shapes what is and is not accepted as ASL. #HDLS14
Harrison: Hill and McCaskill have shown there is prestige in Black ASL. What about other ASLs? We don't know. There's a lack of representation. #HDLS14
Harrison: When we DO have POC in institutions, they are light-skinned POCs. #HDLS14
Harrison: ASL is still being measured based on white ideals. What do to? Read beyond our fields, and bring these ideas into our scholarship. #HDLS14
Here are Harrison's slides: #HDLS14
Finally, @jaceyhill, #CHAMP, closes us out. He highlights main lessons for (sign language) linguistics/linguists, such as intersectionality, and he connects to the *material* consequences (wages, employment) #HDLS14
Hill asks us to consider: What *IS* ASL??? Who uses ASL? Who are Deaf signers? Do we separate lgs based on race/ethnicity? What biases are we overlooking? What are the positionalities of the researchers in the studies? #HDLS14
Hill discusses the low number of Deaf POC recipients of PhDs and EdDs, and highlights various barriers (incl the overwhelmingly high percentage of white interpreters). #HDLS14
Hill: Finding an interpreter who has familiarity with my work as well as who shares some of my identities is a huge challenge #HDLS14
Hill discusses how he was motivated not just by curiosity, but also by a deep sense of responsibility to my community. #HDLS14
Hill: many white people are not aware of micro/macro aggressions and the deep structural barriers. We need to change the way that things are. #HDLS14
Here are all of the slides from these talks -- such important resources: #HDLS
Q: How to recruit Deaf POC students? A from Lim: gotta be proactive. A from Harrison: classes and resources should be inclusive so students see a place for themselves #HDLS14
Harrison continues: Promote the diversity that exists, and make space for others to contribute and add to the field #HDLS14
Lim adds: share info about resources, network with one another. We need to get resources to do the type of work that we want to do! #HDLS14
Q: How can we talk about ASL and connect to what's happening in the Global South?
A from @linasigns: we need to talk about ASL not just in North America, but we need to examine the variation around the world! Lots to explore! #HDLS14
Q about interpreters:
Harrison: When I am in classes which are about whiteness and race/racism, I carefully consider the identities of the interpreters. Some of these concepts are not easy to interpret if you don't understand them #HDLS14
Lim: Sometimes someone is brought in who "looks like me", and so it's assumed that this will be sufficient. But it's not clear that this is the case. Much more to be explored and broken down. #HDLS14

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More from @dapiridoobman

22 Nov
Final #HDLS14 plenary: Catherine Rhodes, UNM prof, on Institutionalizing jach maaya in the Yucatan Today — as language fortification (cf revitalization); these languages are VITAL, but they’re being FORTIFIED
Rhodes starts with a DOPE vignette about jach maaya, or pure maaya; she used one term for airplane, her interlocutor used a spanish-origin term & commented “oh you use jach maaya [pure maaya]”
I yelped in excitement, as I investigate analogous discourses in Malayalam! #HDLS14
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21 Nov
Next up: Dr Melanie McKay-Cody “Our Past and Present in Linguistic Study of Intergenerational Transmission of North American Indian Sign Language” #HDLS14
McKay-Cody starts with a petroglyph which represented a sign used by Plains peoples for prayer. She then shows us a sign dated back to 6000 BCE for "hunger" which is still used in Plains and Great Basin communities #HDLS14
I had to take a calm-dog-down break while i prep to see @MaureenKosse & @rebeccalee345 but now my dog is straight up freaking out so i’m down a hand for tweeting 😭
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21 Nov
Alexander Rice presents a corpus study of a gesture in Quichua which looks to American English speakers as “kinda” (5 HS, radial twist), but cocurrs with “absence”; it seems to be an emblem in Ecuador, and it is present across lg communities, incl Ecuadorian Sign Lg #HDLS14
Lauren Clark presents on Altaic influences in Mandarin Chinese word order: she argues that SVO & SOV shouldn’t be thought of categorically! (along the lines of what Natalia Levshina, Alex Kramer, and I + colleagues argued in our SLE workshop & in an upcoming consensus paper!)
Tasheney Francis does a multimodal analysis of avoidance strategies/demotion of credibility in witnesses of a Jamaican Truth Commission; she argues these are face-saving strategies #HDLS14
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21 Nov
Keynote by @ryanlepic now! @ErinWilkinson let’s us KNOW how our influential our Youthful Ryan’s work on ASL morphology had been, especially his excellent @glossa_oa paper!

This is Ryan’s 4th #HDLS, and it’s his fave conf (he’s been trying to get me to go for yearsss)
I’m glad that Ryan’s mic is muted bc I’m laughing with joy and glee at this loving intro by Erin! #HDLS14
pardon the photo of the chat but this is iconic lina posts a link to ryan’s paper, julie says that OT prof
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21 Nov
I was in too many places at once yesterday to livetweet #HDLS14, but i’m gonna try today! i’m especially looking forward to my collaborator/roommate @ryanlepic’s keynote, @c_borstell + @fbisnath’s talk on islands (not that kind!), and @MaureenKosse’s talk on dogwhistles!!
first up today @jahochcam, Becker, & Catt on ASL Signbank (funfact: the pronunciation of julie’s last name in Eng. was variable/Germany amongst us hearings, but then my husband @mlipkin interviewed her for @MarketplaceTech & he had to ask her how they should say it (hock-sang!)
@jahochcam starts by telling us about the etymology of Signbank 🤩, & focused on the methodological challenges of capturing phonological and semantic relations, which we know are dynamic, in a static-y format! #HDLS14
Read 8 tweets

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