I wrote a comprehensive literature review of AGP in grad school, including reading/analyzing Blanchard’s original study & conclusions.

The study design— garbage. The instrument design— garbage. And the conclusions were hilariously flawed.

Everything that’s followed is nonsense.
To briefly summarize without digging out my paper

1. Blanchard’s study was TERRIBLY underpowered, his subject selection criteria contained tons of bias, & he utterly failed to account for social desirability biases. All things that any undergrad social science student could see
2. Blanchard’s: AGP survey instrument was based in yes/no questions. Like “have you you ever aroused by ___?”, so even a single instance of what we now refer to as “female embodiment fantasy” is scored as “positive” for AGP behavior.

Its designing for his desired conclusion.
3. Blanchard infers a broad typology of transsexuality based on his data...but his own data betrays his typology.

His own study showed a significant percentage of gynephilic trans women without female embodiment fantasy (FEF), and many androphilic trans women WITH FEF.

He also makes clear two more personal biases.

-He declares that true bisexual trans women cannot exist, calling them “pseudobisexual” & declaring their attraction to men an artifact of their AGP.

-He declares that reportedly asexual trans women are just excessive masturbators
So, in summary:

He designed a shitty study, with an instrument designed to get the answer he wanted.

And even then, he had to do A LOT of hand-waving of his data to make it fit his hilariously arbitrary and pathologizing typology.

Fuck Ray Blanchard.
It probably would have been a gross niche theory that people ignored.

But noted creepjob J. Michael Bailey at at Northwestern latched onto the theory and wrote a SUPER creepy book while trolling gay bars in Boystown in Chicago, and made a career out of defending it.
The book is so terrible that Bailey purportedly only narrowly avoided serious ethical and sexual misconduct sanctions by claiming that the book was never meant to be “scientific” and that the research involved was more akin to journalism.
As someone who studied queer theory and sexology in graduate school, it’s my firm belief that autogynephilia is essentially nothing more than a projection of cis straight men’s obsessive view of womanhood as existing solely to be objectified by men.
They literally cannot conceive of womanhood outside of being a sexual object for men. Therefore, in their minds, the only valid reason for transsexuality is to have sex with men.

(Blanchard & Bailey believe straight trans women are really just “extremely gay men.”)
Neither of them can imagine any reason for transitioning outside the lurid, & therefore assume that all trans women who say otherwise are lying or self-deluded.

It’s their own perverse sexualizing view of us combined with male arrogance & empathy failure.

That’s not good theory
Anyway, if you like these threads, drop me a few bucks in my tip jar so I can put a tiny dent in my 6 figure student loan debt?


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More from @MariBrighe

24 May
Sorry to nest threads, but this is important to consider about the “kink at pride” discourse.

Sex-negativity and trans-exclusion rhetoric are closely bound, as the original T*RF movement grew from 2nd wave sex-neg camp. It’s not *universal* but it is *common*.
This is also why SW*RF and T*RF are so often two sides of the same coin. You essentially won’t find anti-trans rhetoric without sex-negativity. (The racist/fascist connects are newer.)

There are definitely exceptions in the sex-neg root material. MacKinnon was trans-affirming.
It’s interesting to see that sex-neg rhetoric filter through Gen Z as a reaction to the Gen X and Millennial highly sex-pos attitudes (drawing its roots from 2nd wave sex-pos, who really did “win” the Sex Wars).

They pick up more on respectability and “protecting people”.

Read 13 tweets
9 Apr

One of the most fascinating manifestations of transmisogyny is the way it shapes the public discourse on transness overall.

In many ways, the wider public perceives trans women as the “source” or “root” of transgender phenomenon. We are to “blame” for this “deviance”.
Because of this, most discourse and policy actions on trans issues is framed in a peculiar way:

People/society need to be protected from trans women, but AFAB people need to be protected from the corrupting influence of transness *itself*.

I’ll tell you why that’s interesting
It becomes a lens to understand the difference between transmisogyny and garden-variety misogyny.

In this scenario, trans women are demonized, but AFAB trans people are infantilized.

Transness isn’t something AFAB trans folk are, it’s something that *happens* to them.
Read 16 tweets
30 Mar
If the identity terms I use for myself offend you, I kindly invite you to Get Fucked.

Yes, I identify as transsexual, which I recognize as existing under the wider transgender umbrella. I identify this way because my experience of transness is rooted in physical dysphoria.
My needs as a trans woman centered around physical/medical transition. That is MY experience. Transsexual as an identity gives me space to both honor that specific experience and advocate for those needs.

It has *nothing* to do with having or needing bottom surgery to be trans
MANY trans women have reclaimed transsexual as an identity that they find affirming for their experiences.

Please don’t project *your* baggage with terminology onto others, or make ridiculous, facile assumptions about my beliefs based on a single word in my profiles
Read 4 tweets
30 Mar
Heteropatriachy says the two worst things a woman can be are:

1. Unfuckable
2. Fuckable but unavailable
This is so much the case that heteropatriachy tries to define womanhood essentially by whether a woman is fuckable & available to them.

Which is why lesbians, fat women, Black women, trans women, sex workers, disabled women all so easily get shunted to “unwoman” so often.
For trans women, you can see this manifest in Harry Benjamin’s insistence “true transsexual” were attracted to men.

You can see it in Blanchard and Bailey’s “autogynephilia” obsession...insisting womanhood without sexual availability to men must be a paraphilia.
Read 26 tweets
29 Mar
Trans rights are not just for unobtrusive AFAB non-binary people and trans men who uphold traditional patriarchal paradigms

Being feminine & cis-passing has never gotten me any rights, just creepers, objectification, & accusations of “deception”

Smacks of femmephobia & misogyny
Trans women continue to be primary target of transphobic harassment, and the most vitriolic hate is reserved for us. That’s life under transmisogyny, and how pretty you are matters very little. Whiteness and wealth might protect a little.

But we are still villains, each of us.
Transmisogyny-exempt folk are written off as merely misguided...brainwashed by the Agenda.

Trans women are castigated as perverts, r*pists, deviants, & child-abusers...orchestrators of a grand sexual conspiracy to undermine society & ruin the youth

Passing isn’t armor from that
Read 4 tweets
18 Nov 20
I know I’ve said this before, but:

We are absolutely not prepared for the aftermath of the collective trauma experienced by healthcare workers during this pandemic.
My colleagues across functional areas and allied professions are so far beyond their limits. Not just doctors and nurses, but laboratory, radiology, respiratory therapy, transport, pharmacy, housekeeping, nutrition, physical plant, clerics, etc. It’s ALL OF US.
It’s also important to understand that most healthcare & hospital workers are women. Many are BIPOC and/or immigrants. Many of us are from poor/working class backgrounds bc healthcare was an accessible path to employment stability/benefits.

We’re people the world tends to ignore
Read 8 tweets

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