China's proposed Family Education Promotion Law got a lot of media coverage in the past few days. The reports all focus on a draft provision that supposedly would "punish" parents for their kids' "bad behavior." Just exactly what type of penalties & behavior? Here's a short 🧵:
First, some legislative history. The bill has been reviewed twice by the NPC Standing Committee in Jan and Aug. A draft was released for public comments after each review. The NPCSC is reviewing the bill again this week and is expected to pass it Saturday.…
In this thread, we rely on the second draft of the bill released in August. The NPC Standing Committee is discussing a newer draft, but we haven't seen reports that the provision we are about to discuss has been further amended, although additional changes are possible.
The provision at issue is art 45 of the second draft. It says that police, procuratorates, or courts may "admonish" the guardians of minors or order them to receive family education guidance, if the minors are found to have engaged in "serious misbehavior" or criminal conduct.
This art essentially repeats what's already been provided for in the 2020 Juvenile Delinquency Prevention Law. "Admonishments" aren't technically a type of penalty. They may negatively affect the guardians' reputation, but don't appear to carry other secondary legal consequences.
As for orders to receive family education guidance, the second draft didn't further elaborate. Under the first draft, which did include more detail, such guidance would be provided by community-based, quasi-gov't service stations, or private providers chosen by the authorities.
Under the 1st draft, such orders were coercive measures to be enforced in part by the police. Failure to abide by those orders would carry a max 1K RMB fine and up to 5 days of detention. BUT these penalties were removed in the 2nd draft because they were seen as too intrusive.
What about the kids "serious misbehavior" that would lead to admonishments or orders to receive family ed guidance? That phrase is a term of art. Per the Juvenile Delinquency Prevention Law, it refers to two types of conduct (see our previous explanation):…
So the takeaway is that (1) this provision in the draft Law isn't new; (2) it puts certain burden on parents only when their kids engage in criminal conduct or conduct of similar nature; and (3) the burden isn't technically punishment (though may still be onerous or intrusive).
Again, we want to emphasize that this thread is based on the second draft of the Family Education Promotion Law. There may be additional changes to this provision before the Law passes this Saturday. Remember to check this page for updates.

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More from @NPC_Observer

11 Mar
#BREAKING: @XHNews just released a summary of the contents of the new Hong Kong electoral reform decision. Here's a quick thread. Again, we are still waiting for the full text of the Decision before publishing an explainer.…
1. Election Committee

The Committee will be expanded to 1500 members (from 1200), with a new 5th sector, whose membership isn't yet clear, but will at least include HK members of the "relevant national organizations." Unclear if District Councilors would remain on the EC.
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4 Mar
Several HK media outlets have reported on the contents of the NPC's forthcoming decision to overhauling Hong Kong's electoral system. What do we know so far? A thread 🧵:
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A new body will be established to vet all candidates for elected offices (incl. the Chief Executive Election Committee, Legislative Council & District Councils) to ensure they are "patriots."
2. Changes to the Election Committee (EC)

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21 May 20
#BREAKING: The #2020NPC will review a draft Decision on Establishing & Improving the Legal System & Enforcement Mechanisms for Hong Kong to Safeguard National Security 关于建立健全香港特别行政区维护国家安全的法律制度和执行机制的决定

From the form of this bill—it's a decision, not a "law"—and what we can tell at this point from news reports, this Decision itself is NOT the future national security law for Hong Kong. Rather, it appears to be an authorization to the NPC Standing Committee to draft such a law.
It appears that after this Decision is adopted, the NPCSC would then adopt the actual Hong Kong National Security Law and list it in Annex III of the Basic Law so that it can be enforced in Hong Kong—bypassing the Hong Kong legislature.
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