Joe Profile picture
22 Oct, 14 tweets, 3 min read
While this article on #Dune only scratches the surface of the book and it's themes, the author rightfully frames it as a personal reflection on the book by a Muslim, rather than an analysis of what Herbert was trying to achieve by mentioning religion in it.
A few observations:
One thing that stood out from the article is the idea of offense. That the use of some "Islamic" terms may be contentious if not condescending and insulting to Muslims, such as Auliya, and I'm imagining many others as well.
I feel this contention is a bit shortsighted; many of these concepts are not exclusive to Islam.Auliya is abtemr used in Arabic Christian workz. Phonetically it's a familiar term, in Dune it's used for something entirely different.
In Dune Auliya is a proper name, one used for the mother-god in the Zensunni religion's trinity of male-female-neuter. It has nothing to do with Islam, because for Herbert there has already been thousands of religions and prophets (Islams, Buddhisms, etc) that have come and gone.
Another is the use of the term Muadd'ib. To me it has a double meaning. In the Fremen language it's the kangaroo mouse, a very resourceful desert animal. So not every word that sounds Arabic is used as such, as this animal in Arabic is the Yarbū'.
Perhaps the foriegn terms are intended, Muadd'ib sounds close to the Arabic مؤدب, a teacher instructing in the ways of the world, correcting his subjects for their mistakes. Part of this was through language and literature, thus "Adab" as literature.
Linguistically it comes from the idea to coalesce and gather, being one who gathers good character in his pupils, which for Paul Atreides is interesting, as he is resourceful like the desert mouse, natural in his environment despite his diminutive stature and perceived weakness.
Paul also gathers the Fremen, and they coalesce around him, taking the "Peace of Muadd'ib" to countless worlds, punishing millions through Muadd'ib's Jihad. Although Paul is opposed to this and attempts to prevent it, he is unable.
Interesting as well is Paul being labeled Mahdi. (Herbert modeled this on the Sudanese Mahdi, Muhammad b. Ahmad Abdallah). The religious & historical parallels show the shortsightedness of some painting Dune as a "White Savior narrative" when Paul is no where near a savior.
Paul refuses to do what's necessary to avoid the path to extinction, something that his son Leto II accepts his *Golden Path" (apparently from ancient Egyptian). This made Leto II the true "Kwisatz Haderach" (a Hebrew term) who shorten the way to "new age of greatness."
Interesting as well is that the Kwisatz Haderach, the Mahdi, Etc are all narratives planted in people's minds by the Bene Gesserit sisterhood for the purpose of control by them that leads to peace, saving humanity from itself.
Other terms and concepts are universal, and like the people of Dune universe are an amalgam of an evolved human race (10k years+ into future), the religious concepts are as well.
End of the Day, Herbert weaves a cautionary tale about abuse of religious narrative, aggrandizing messianic figures, the over/ under reliance on technology, interactions btw politics, ecology, and power; this is less about one religion and more about "Religion" in general.
So if you're person of faith watching the new #DuneMovie or reading the books for the first time, take notice of the metanarratives the books try to convey, using familiar words and concepts as proxies for that narrative. /end

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More from @joebradford

11 Oct
Everyone keeps asking and I'm here telling:
- Forex is Haram for numerous reasons, it's all bets on someone else's CFD (Contract for Difference), plus the whole compensation model is Riba based.
- Anyone flexing like this is full of 💩 & most likely broke or a fraud.
Imagine you're let into a 2 horse race. You don't own the horses, and a person let's you in for free but he says: I can't let you in on the race, but if you can guess what point of the track the horse is at at a given minute, I'll give you a cut AFTER I take mine. 1/
So you put down $100 that the horse will be at point 4. You were right, so he takes the first $50, you take $150.
The guy that didn't guess it lost his $100. You don't own the horses. He doesn't either, nor does the guy that let you in! You made $50 on a guess. /2
Read 9 tweets
12 Aug
As I sat with my mother today & spoke about life, a verse came to mind:
(یَوۡمَ لَا یَنفَعُ مَالࣱ وَلَا بَنُونَ ۝ إِلَّا مَنۡ أَتَى ٱللَّهَ بِقَلۡبࣲ سَلِیمࣲ) "On a day when not wealth nor children will benefit; but only one who comes to God with a sound heart."
[Shu'ara 88-89]/1
The word sound here is what caught my eye. Saleem is the word in Arabic. Saleem is one of those words used to refer to a person who has healed. It's also used to refer to an ill person whose healing is hoped for. /2
The Arabs would often use terms to refer to their opposites, as a way of injecting optimism into the conversation. For example, a long arduous and dangerous trek was called a "Victory Lap" (Arabic: Mafawiz) instead of a "Death hike". (Arabic: Mahalik). /3
Read 6 tweets
10 Aug
Don't let your self-loathing get the best of you. Being the average of your amazing peer group may make you think you're less than. You're still doing better than most *simply because you're in better company.* /1
A man saw a gathering. People were sitting remembering God's blessing and praising Him. He sat with them.

God sent angels to bless the gathering with forgiveness.. When they arrived, they found this man. /2
They went back and said "There's this guy. He just showed up and sat down. What about him?"

God said "I've forgiven him too. These are people who even the person who sits with them won't despair." (You can read the full narration in Bukhari). /3
Read 4 tweets
8 Jul
The following is a translation of "The description of the believing man and believing women" by Dhun-Nūn al-Masri (d. 245).
I'll be tweeting it out over the next few weeks. Image
A description of the believing man: His joy is in his face & his sorrow in his heart. He has the most open chest & most humbled soul; abstinent from ever harm, present for every good. Not envious or spiteful; he does not pummel, curse, chastize, or backbite others. /1 Image
He dislikes haughtiness and despises ostentation. His sorrow is long and his worries reach far. His silence is much; he is dignified, evocative, patient, and grateful. /2 Image
Read 12 tweets
12 Apr
Let's talk Zakat on Assets:
- 1st, assets you do not pay Zakat on.
- 2nd, assets you do pay Zakat on.
- 3rd, deductions and expenses that lower your Zakat liability.
A thread 🧵:
1st: There some types of assets that you will not pay Zakat on.
A- Personal assets: things like personal items, you home, car, etc. All of these items are not liable for Zakat.
B- Bad debts: Amounts that you have loaned to others & cannot be repaid due to default or denial.
C- Lost, Frozen, or Inaccessible wealth: this includes things like frozen bank accounts, money that you have lost, or amounts that you can't access due to contract or penalty.
Read 20 tweets
22 Aug 20
The following are some notes I wrote up a few years ago when researching dispute resolution under Islamic Law.
A number of these points are lost on people assuming the roles of mediators in the community, and I beleive there are two chief reasons for this:
1) They've only ever read about judges and therefore look to adjudication as the sole role that one plays in settling disputes.

2) Emotionally, as humans we are are attuned to retribution instead of reconciliation. Placing yourself in a position of power is ingratiating.
An important difference between a mediator and adjudicator:
- A mediator looks for cause and how to reconcile differences.
- An adjudicator looks for fault and how damages are remedied.
Read 9 tweets

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