The #Pompeii Foro Boario vineyard opposite the amphitheatre is beautiful, but less known is the #Roman winemaking facility from 79 CE hidden in a small building at the back corner!

Almost always closed to the public, here’s a glimpse… 🧵 1/8 ImageImageImage
The vineyard entrance leads immediately into the small ‘cella vinaria’, with 10 ceramic dolia buried in the ground to keep a stable, cool fermentation and storage environment.
Even the specific ‘strawberry’ shape of dolia helps must circulate & aids fermentation. 2/8 Image
Some amazing details have been preserved: plastered channels leading from the press room into the cella vinaria, and smaller lead pipes leading through walls and into each jar. 3/8 ImageImageImage
There are signs of repair and reuse via lead clamps on dolia, and stamps indicating the workshops and makers of the jars. Dolia were expensive so had long and often complex use lifecycles, sometimes reused for 300+ years. 4/8 ImageImage
In the room immediately next door is the press - destroyed in the eruption, but beautifully and accurately reconstructed as a lever and winch type (nb. it could also have functioned with a screw and weightstone). 5/8 ImageImage
Grapes were first trod on the waterproofed plaster floor, then pressed under the lever, with must flowing into two collection vats on the left.

When ready, the collected must was channeled next door into the dolia for longer fermentation and storage. 6/8 ImageImage
Production on this relatively small scale AND within an urban environment is fascinating, presenting a very diff case to the more stereotypical villa rustica style (cf. image of industrial production at Villa Pisanella. 📷 1903 excavations, M. Cardone and PompeiiInPictures). 7/8 Image
Triclinia in the vineyard itself, a shopfront and a location next to the amphitheatre suggest that this owner had a thriving business selling wine on a local scale to patrons of gladiatorial games and passers by. 8/8
(📷 Mastroberardino) Image

• • •

Missing some Tweet in this thread? You can try to force a refresh

Keep Current with Dr Emlyn Dodd

Dr Emlyn Dodd Profile picture

Stay in touch and get notified when new unrolls are available from this author!

Read all threads

This Thread may be Removed Anytime!


Twitter may remove this content at anytime! Save it as PDF for later use!

Try unrolling a thread yourself!

how to unroll video
  1. Follow @ThreadReaderApp to mention us!

  2. From a Twitter thread mention us with a keyword "unroll"
@threadreaderapp unroll

Practice here first or read more on our help page!

More from @emlynkd

11 May
There is some great evidence emerging for local Bronze Age #viticulture and winemaking on peninsular #Italy - long before the traditionally accepted “Phoenician and Greek introduction”. 🍇🍷

A #thread on recent evidence supporting local Italian expertise... 🧵 Map showing some of the Bronze Age sites in north Italy withBacchus with Vesuvius clad in trellised vineyards.
Early evidence for wild grapevine and grape consumption appears at Epigravettian and #Mesolithic Grotta del Romito (Calabria) and Torre Canne (Apulia).
Localised domestication may have occurred in Neolithic S Italy and pollen indicates possible early grapevine cultivation c. 2000 BCE in the Massaciuccoli Basin, Tuscany.
Read 9 tweets
19 Jan
Can we *please* STOP saying that #ancient #wine was far more alcoholic than modern wine, and that’s why it was watered down 😬

A #thread why... 1/
While variable, most modern dry wines typically have an alcohol concentration of 10-14%.

Ancient wines were made with wild yeast - blowing around the vineyard & found on the skins of grapes. 2/
Many wild yeast strains are unable to continue converting to alcohol above 6%. Other yeasts then kick in.

The most favourable type of yeast to produce reliable & consistently good alcohol/wine is Saccharomyces cerevisiae - what most modern wines are inoculated with. 3/
Read 10 tweets

Did Thread Reader help you today?

Support us! We are indie developers!

This site is made by just two indie developers on a laptop doing marketing, support and development! Read more about the story.

Become a Premium Member ($3/month or $30/year) and get exclusive features!

Become Premium

Too expensive? Make a small donation by buying us coffee ($5) or help with server cost ($10)

Donate via Paypal

Thank you for your support!

Follow Us on Twitter!