InsightsIAS Profile picture
Jan 19 12 tweets 3 min read
Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) 2022 was released yesterday.

The national survey sheds light on learning outcomes in schools & is led by the Pratham Foundation.

Here are a few statistics that you can use in the #UPSC Mains Exam!

A thread 🧵:
•Around 7 lakh candidates from 19,060 schools in 616 districts were surveyed to calculate the learning outcomes post-pandemic on school children.

Statistics to remember📝:

•Nearly all (98.4%) students in the age bracket of 6-14 years are now enrolled in schools.
Enrollment rate in 2022 HIGHEST since the introduction of the Right to Education Act in 2009. Eg:

•In 2010: 96.6%
•In 2014: 96.7%
•In 2018: 97.2%
•In 2022: 98.4%

•There has been an increase of 7.3% in government school enrollment in the period 2018 to 2022.

•Manipur had the lowest govt school enrollment rate among all NE states
SURGE IN STUDENTS ATTENDING TUITION CLASSES between 2018 & 2022 in all states:

•The state with highest % of students going for tuitions is Bihar (71.7%), followed by Manipur (53.4%) & Jharkhand (45.3%)

•The exceptions are Gujarat, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala & Tripura

•The attendance of students in rural areas was nearly 72%.

•UP, MP, Bihar,Tripura among states with lowest attendance rate

•Maharashtra, Karnataka & Tamil Nadu have over 86% enrolled students attending schools

•As per ASER 2021,1 in 3 students belonging to classes 1 & 2 didn’t attend school in person due to reasons like lack of digital access.

•In 2022,the availability of smartphones in homes of enrolled students has nearly doubled from⬇️
Smartphone availability in 2018: 36.5%

In 2021: 67.6%

But the rise has been highly uneven among states.

• It has dropped to 2% or below for the first time in 2022

•Even after prolonged school closures during the pandemic period, proportion of children not enrolled in school continued to decline between 2018 and 2022.
DIP IN READING & MATH ABILITIES of class 2 students:

• from 6.7 % in 2018 to 2.2 % in 2022

“This fall is a huge drop & confirms fears of large learning losses caused by the pandemic.”

•Around 68.9% schools have a playground, up slightly from 66.5% in 2018. 
Only minor difference in learning levels by gender:

•At an all India level,there’s little difference in the learning levels of children by their gender

•Variations exist across states. Eg:in all southern states & in Maharashtra,girls outperform boys in both reading & math⬇️

• • •

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More from @Insights_ias

Jan 20
Here are a few snippets about GOOD GOVERNANCE from the Union Home Minister’s speech, which will be useful in the #UPSC Mains Exam!

Save the terms, principles & acronyms to your notes 📝!

A thread 🧵:

1.Decentralisation of Development

2.Policy of Sabka Saath,Sabka Vikas aur Sabka Prayaas

3.Continuous improvement in performance based on COMPETITION

4.Improving implementation through the use of TECHNOLOGY
ASPIRATIONAL DISTRICTS were based on 5 basic principles:

1. Health and nutrition
2. Education
3. Agriculture & irrigation
4. Financial Inclusion
5. Basic infrastructure

On these 5 issues,several other issues were set up,on the basis of which HEALTHY COMPETITION was initiated
Read 12 tweets
Jan 18
Here are a few terms that link climate change, social justice & human rights! They will be useful in the #UPSC Exam, especially in GS-3!

Save them to your notes 📝!

A thread 🧵:

“Climate change is deeply intertwined with global patterns of inequality.The most vulnerable are often also disproportionately impacted by measures to address climate change.”
World Bank
1. Environmental racism:

•It was African American civil rights leader Benjamin Chavis who coined the term “environmental racism” in 1982.

• He described it as “racial discrimination in environmental policy-making,the enforcement of regulations & laws, ⬇️
Read 11 tweets
Jan 17
Let's break down the ABCs of climate change, starting with the 3As!
These acronyms will be useful while answering questions in the #UPSC Mains Exam, especially in GS-3!

Save them to your notes 📝!

A thread 🧵:
3As of Climate Change:


These are the three main strategies for addressing climate change.

-Abatement refers to reducing greenhouse gas emissions
-Adaptation refers to adjusting to the impacts of climate change that are already occurring or that are expected to occur in the future

-Assessment refers to evaluating the effectiveness of different strategies and identifying new opportunities for improvement.
Read 11 tweets
Jan 16
Here are a few important pointers about the Basic Structure Doctrine, which will be helpful in the #UPSC Exam, especially in GS-2!

Save them to your notes 📝!

A thread 🧵:

#BasicStructureDoctrine #UPSC2023 #upscprelims
The doctrine was enunciated in Kesavananda Bharati v. State of Kerala(1973)

•The 13-judge bench concluded with a 7-6 majority that the Constitution’s ‘basic structure’ is inviolable and cannot be altered by the Parliament.

“The amending power of the parliament is wide, but LIMITED. Parliament has no power to abrogate or emasculate the basic elements or the fundamental features of the constitution.”

•It’s a safety valve against majoritarian authoritarianism

Read 20 tweets
Dec 4, 2022
Here are a few important climate terminologies to learn & remember! They will be helpful in the #UPSC mains examination especially in subjects related to environment(GS-3)!

Thread 1🧵:
1. Ecoanxiety:
It’s defined as "a chronic fear of environmental doom".
It’s fuelled by climate inaction & disproportionately affects the younger generations.

It can be combated by taking meaningful action,such as campaigning or volunteering,that gives children a sense of agency.
2. Climate Overshoot:

The period of time in which warming is increasing past the 1.5°C mark and then cooling back down is called a climate overshoot.
Read 10 tweets
Dec 2, 2022
Few quotes that you can use in the #UPSC Mains Exam for Climate change & environment!

A thread 🧵:
“Our planet is fast approaching tipping points that will make climate chaos irreversible. We are on a highway to climate hell with our foot still on the accelerator."

- UN Secretary General
"Human activity is the cause of the climate problem.
So human action must be the

- UN Secretary General
Read 11 tweets

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