First, the article suggests that the metric by which the July 2021 “deal” to drop mandatory, bipartisan Congressional sanctions to stop the Kremlin-backed #NordStream2 pipeline was an agreement focused such that if Putin invaded Ukraine, Berlin would stop the project:
May 14 • 26 tweets • 8 min read
🧵 The Kremlin & other defenders of #Russia’s state-owned oil & gas firms have long claimed variations on the theme that #Moscow’s energy projects are “just commercial” & “Russia has always been a reliable energy supplier”
🧵  JUST OUT: The 2nd report I’ve coauthored with the recently-formed International Working Group on Russia Sanctions, coordinated by @FSIStanford@McFaul outlining urgent comprehensive energy embargoes & sanctions on Putin’s regime.
🧵  ALERT: Kremlin-controlled #Gazprom informed #Polish & #Bulgarian officials that it suspended natural gas deliveries to both countries, once again demonstrating how #Moscow continues to weaponize energy against Europe.
👇Details below & in thread👇
 👀 First, the latest flow rates reported by the EU @ENTSOG natural gas network flow transparency portal. According to ENTSOG, Gazprom physical flows at the Kondratki entry point to the Yamal transmission pipeline at the Poland-Belarus border is near zero:
Apr 20 • 20 tweets • 9 min read
JUST OUT: Report that I’ve coauthored with the recently-formed International Working Group on Russia Sanctions, coordinated by @FSIStanford@McFaul outlining an urgent comprehensive sanctions package on the Putin regime.
 🚨THREAD🚨 According to @NesteGlobal, Russian Urals crude oil continues to crater in price compared to the Brent crude benchmark. Trading at -$5.65 per barrel on 5 day average.
What does this mean? And how can corporate responsibility urgently support Ukraine? Please read👇
 Energy traders still assess sanctions & reputational risk of importing Russian oil, & are avoiding oil tanker calls at Baltic & Black Sea Russian ports due to security & sanctions risk.
Turkish owned ship was struck by a shell in Black Sea today.
 🇺🇸🇩🇪🇪🇺🇺🇦 Germany’s announcement it has suspended certification of Kremlin’s #NordStream2 pipeline was an urgently needed step given Russia’s overt invasion of Ukraine’s Donbas region. Welcome & long overdue.
 Suspending the certification process for #NordStream2 should be seen as a first step by Berlin in deterring further Russian military action against Ukraine, followed by further action to block the pipeline for good.
Jan 13 • 32 tweets • 11 min read
🇺🇸🇪🇺  With Washington once again focusing on policy options to stop the Kremlin-backed NordStream2 pipeline this week, my attempt at a (hopefully thoughtful) thread to help provide context:
 The framing of NordStream2 sanctions has suddenly (and unfortunately) become partisan, but in fact, opposition to NS2 has been bipartisan since 2015, and support for sanctions has been led by Democrats and Republicans since 2017.