Dr Sudhir Kumar MD DM Profile picture
Neurologist, Apollo Hospitals Hyderabad #running #fitness #Equity /On a mission to prevent people from becoming patients/ Online consultation: Apollo 24/7 app
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Aug 6 7 tweets 2 min read
Tips for NMDC Hyderabad Half Marathon

Hyderabad marathon is scheduled on August 27th (3 weeks from now). It is one of the most popular marathons in the country and many of you may be planning to run here. I have done two half marathons on this route.
Sharing my experience
1/n https://t.co/0XGzatZkIatwitter.com/i/web/status/1…
Image The HM flag off time is 6 AM. Location is near Necklace road (Hussain Sagar lake, Secunderabad). Since one needs to assemble by 5 AM, it would be wiser to stay closer to this location, or make advance transport arrangements accordingly. Ample parking space is available.
Jul 13 8 tweets 2 min read
A woman whose head dropped and eyes closed after talking to someone for 30 minutes or more

1. 49-year old Mrs Jhuma consulted me with a strange problem for one month. Whenever she talked with a friend or family member for 30 min or more, her head dropped forwards.
#MedTwitter twitter.com/i/web/status/1… 2. In addition, her eyes closed. She could not voluntarily raise her head or open her eyes. However, after taking rest for a few minutes, she was able to raise her head & open eyes.
She had no other problems.
She consulted local doctors without any success.
Jul 3 14 tweets 3 min read
Neurological problems that occur or get worse with sleep
1. In addition to providing relaxation and rest, sleep has many health-related benefits. However, there are some problems that occur only during sleep (or they get aggravated in relation to sleep). Here are some of them: twitter.com/i/web/status/1… 2. Hypnic jerks
As one is falling asleep (period of transition from wakeful to sleepy state), about 70% people experience brief jerky movements of arm or leg (like a twitch). It is usually mild, however in some, it can be so severe as to disrupt the sleep of person or partner.
Jul 2 7 tweets 2 min read
Long siesta (napping) is associated with obesity & metabolic syndrome

1. In a recent cross sectional study, the association between siesta- no siesta, short siesta (<30 min) and long siesta (>30 min)- and diabetes, obesity, hypertension and metabolic syndrome (MetS) was studied. twitter.com/i/web/status/1… 2. Compared with the no-siesta group, long siestas were associated with higher values of Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), fasting glucose, systolic blood pressure (SBP), and diastolic blood pressure, as well as with a higher prevalence of MetS.
Jul 1 8 tweets 2 min read
An accidental doctor

1. I remember my first day in college-eight of us seated around a table, with a cadaver (with strong smell of chemicals used to preserve dead body) placed on it, ready to learn anatomy (of human body) by dissecting various parts, under guidance of a tutor. 2. This is not the kind of “welcome” that I had imagined (on day 1 in MBBS). I had no clue what to expect, as no one in my family was a doctor. I had taken the long journey (from Bihar to CMC Vellore) to become the first doctor among our extended family.
Jul 1 6 tweets 1 min read
Nagging pain in the neck could be a symptom of migraine

1. Headache is the commonest symptom of #migraine. Other recognized symptoms are nausea, vomiting, hypersensitivity to bright lights and noise.
Neck pain is often attributed to slipped disc in neck region or muscle spasm. 2. I routinely see patients, in whom, the main problem is neck pain, or their pain starts in the neck, which radiates to head (usually frontal region and around eyes).
Both these situations can commonly occur with migraine.
#MedTwitter #neurotwitter
Jun 30 12 tweets 3 min read
When Manya paused after taking only five phere with her husband-to-be…
1. Manya was excited as she was getting married to Sanju, her childhood crush.
Wedding preparations, including shopping had gone on for 6 months. The week preceding the wedding day had been hectic for Manya. twitter.com/i/web/status/1… 2. The wedding ceremony was going well with friends & family from both sides meeting each other after long (due to intervening Covid). There was happiness & smiles all around.
Manya & Sanju were tired after night-long rituals, however, it was nearing the end with saat phere.
Jun 29 6 tweets 2 min read
2016: Age 45; Wt: 99 Kg, finished 10 Km run in 70 min 28 sec
2023: Age 52; Wt 70 Kg, finished 10 Km run in 49 min 16 sec

Here I briefly outline how I made it possible:
#runningmotivation #running #weightloss #fitness #fitnessjourney https://t.co/NPF1xtOKUUtwitter.com/i/web/status/1…
1. Work life balance
*Reduced working hours to 8-9 hours (from 12-13 hours)
*Increased sleeping time to 7-8 hours (from 5-6 hours)
*Preponed dinner time to 7 PM instead of 10 PM
*Started sleeping at 10 PM instead of 1 AM, and getting up at 5 AM instead of 7 AM
Jun 28 15 tweets 3 min read
1. Ms Shivi to me: “Dr. I am a burden on my parents. I am good for nothing. I have wasted my parents’ hard-earned money. All my friends are better than me. I wish I could just die so that my parents would be relieved.”
#MedTwitter #NeuroTwitter #psychtwitter twitter.com/i/web/status/1… 2. 18-year old Shivi was brought to OPD with repeated convulsions for 3 days. She was taken to physician in her village, who started her on anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs). Despite being on two AEDs at maximum doses, her convulsions continued. Physician referred her to a neurologist.
Jun 26 9 tweets 2 min read
Exercise may erase the genetic risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D)
1. Exercise reduces the risk of developing T2D.
A recent research looked at the association between types (moderate-vigorous versus light) & duration of physical activity on risk of developing T2D.
#diabetes #exercise twitter.com/i/web/status/1… 2. 68.4 min/day of moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) was associated with a 74% lower risk of developing T2D when compared with participants who spent less than 5.2 min in MVPA.
Jun 19 8 tweets 2 min read
Less common symptoms of stroke

1. Weakness of one side of face, arm or leg; and speech impairment are the commonest symptoms of stroke.
However, it is important to be aware of lesser known symptoms of stroke, so that an early diagnosis can be made.
#MedTwitter #stroke twitter.com/i/web/status/1… 2. Sudden onset Confusion- due to involvement of speech area (located in left side of brain) concerned with comprehension of spoken words. Patients are unable to appropriately respond to queries and keep talking something that doesn't make sense. (Sensory or Wernicke's aphasia).
Jun 17 10 tweets 3 min read
10 commonly asked questions about stroke answered

1. Stroke affects heart
#stroke affects brain and causes paralysis.
#heart attack is known by the term myocardial infarction.
#MedTwitter #NeuroTwitter twitter.com/i/web/status/1… 2. Common symptoms of stroke:
*Weakness of arm, leg or face, usually on one side
*Inability to understand spoken words or to speak
*Imbalance while walking
*Reduced vision on one half or in one eye
*Sudden onset severe headache
Jun 17 5 tweets 2 min read
Patients with Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) have a higher risk of suffering a stroke

1. Persons with Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis have an increased risk of developing thrombo-embolic events. A recently published study looked at the association between IBD & stroke. twitter.com/i/web/status/1… 2. >85,000 patients with IBD were followed up long-term (1969-2019), and the risk of stroke in them was compared to those without IBD.
Patients with IBD had 14% higher risk of suffering from ischemic stroke during follow up.
#MedTwitter #stroke #IBD
Jun 14 15 tweets 4 min read
Investment tips for doctors

It is a fact that most of us lack the basics of managing our finances. It is not unusual to come across doctors who have little awareness about their income, expenses & future goals (for which money is needed). Here are some tips that could help. twitter.com/i/web/status/1… 1. Life insurance: If you have dependents (children, spouse), life insurance is a must to safeguard their future in case of any unexpected incidents. Life #insurance is to protect the risk, and not an investment to get returns. Term plans are good.
Jun 13 12 tweets 3 min read
1. Mr Hari to his wife Mrs. Rani: "Have you lost all shame? Why are you changing dress in the living room, where our driver is waiting?"

Mr Hari had noted instances of mood swings in his 55-year old wife for the past six months but today's incident was shocking.
#MedTwitter twitter.com/i/web/status/1… 2. Mrs Rani was otherwise a pleasant woman, however, she had become irritable for the past few months. She would get agitated over small issues and go into a shell (for several hours) on many occasions. She would refuse to talk to her husband and even refuse food.
Jun 12 6 tweets 3 min read
Lower resting HR and its benefits

1. Today's resting HR was in 30s (39 bpm) again (usually it is 40-42 bpm). My original resting HR (in Nov 2020) was 72 bpm (prior to taking up running). With consistent running, resting HR dropped by about 30 bpm in about two years.
#Heartbeat twitter.com/i/web/status/1… Image 2. In the general population without known coronary artery disease and heart rate lowering medication, elevated resting HR (RHR) is an independent risk marker for all-cause mortality (death).
Jun 9 13 tweets 4 min read
Ten lesser-known symptoms that could point towards a diagnosis of brain tumor

June 8th is celebrated as “World brain tumor day” to raise awareness about brain tumors. I would like to focus on the symptoms, presence of which, can make one suspect the presence of brain tumor. twitter.com/i/web/status/1… Common symptoms of brain tumor include headache, vomiting, reduced alertness, fits & paralysis. However, in several cases, these classical symptoms may be missing. It is important to know the lesser-known symptoms of brain tumors so that they can be diagnosed & treated early.
Jun 8 11 tweets 2 min read
Litchi encephalitis (chamki bukhar): Facts and Myths

1. Lychee (or litchi) is a fruit, mostly grown in China, India and rest of Southeast Asia. Fruit ripening coincides with Indian summer (May-June).
There is a concern that eating litchi can cause brain fever and death. 2. Litchi does not cause "encephalitis" (brain fever).
No infective agent (virus or other pathogen) has been isolated from CSF or blood of any victim of litchi encephalitis.
Also, it does not spread from person-to-person (what is expected in an infection).
Jun 2 11 tweets 3 min read
10 commonly asked questions about migraine answered
1. Is migraine hereditary?
Migraine is hereditary, so if one or both of your parents have it, there is a 50-75% chance you will too. However, in many patients, there is no family history of migraine.
#MedTwitter #migraine twitter.com/i/web/status/1… 2. Can children get migraine?
Ans: Yes. Migraine occurs in about 3% of preschool children, 4-11% of elementary school-aged children, and 8-15% of high school-aged children. Incidence of migraine increases in adolescence.
Jun 2 6 tweets 2 min read
Adverse effects of commonly used medicines (at their usual therapeutic doses)

1. Every medicine has adverse effects, especially if taken in higher doses. Some drugs can cause allergic reactions at the usual dose too. Here I describe non-allergic side effects of a few medicines. twitter.com/i/web/status/1… 2. Vitamin B12 deficiency- can occur due to Metformin use for diabetes.
3. Headache and cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (clotting of blood in brain veins)- can occur in women after using hormonal pills (OCPs)
4. Confusion, disorientation and seizures with levofloxacin & similar+
May 31 7 tweets 3 min read
A. Today, one person who recently turned 50 consulted me in OPD. He has no symptoms & is healthy. He has no known diseases. He wanted a check up & advice to ensure he does not convert into a patient for as long as possible. I love this concept of disease prevention.
#MedTwitter B. It is possible to prevent most of the serious diseases by following healthy lifestyle and proper medical care.
These include:
1. Regular sleep: 7-8 hours per night
2. Regular exercise: 30-40 minutes daily for 5 or more days a week; 9-10 k steps/day; strength training