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Today is #NationalDogDay! Lets examine what roles our 4-legged friends have played in #DisHist!
Artistic representations of dogs accompanying #blind singers, beggars etc from across the world suggests that they have often worked and lived alongside #disabled handlers..1/ The blind man wears patched clothing and seems to be a beggar: he is led by a skinny dog with its ribs showing. The blind man appears to be holding a stick to guide him as well.A medieval color illustration from the Book of Hours shows a blind man receives sight from Christ while his dog looks on.
In this #earlymodern illustration of the Dance of Death, Death cuts the rope that links the blind man and his dog: “I cut you off from your guide.”
The blind man responds, saying, “I cannot take a step without my dog (hund).”
#DisHist #NationalDogDay..2/ The engraved illustration shows Death on the left as a skeleton, confronting a man with a hat and cloak, who appears to be a blind and is led by a dog. Death is using scissors to cut the rope used to lead the dog.
For more on #DisHist and good doggos in medieval illustrations, read @drkmurch's blog here:

kristamurchison.com/medieval-guide…

...3/
@drkmurch These later artistic representations continue to show the blind artistic subject with small dogs leading them in public spaces. These dogs were possibility performers, protectors, companions & guides.
Image: #19thc engraving, Le chien de l'aveugle.
#DisHist ....4/ Eugene Aubert, Le Chien De L’Aveugle (Dog of the Blind Musician)  the New York Public Library
In this #17thc Japanese print, a blind beggar is shown with a stick and dog, from the @nypl, while the other image shows a 'leper' accompanied by 'pariah dogs' in British India.
#DisHist #NationalDogDay #envhist ...5/ The image shows a bald and blind man dressed in ochre robes with a raised stick and a grey and white and black dog at his feet.The black and white engraving shows 'Outcastes' (A begging leper and pariah dogs)
Dogs often worked with #disabled performers.
In this illustration, the dog leads a Blind performer, who extends a begging bowl and has a child on his back.
The dog himself holds a begging bowl in his mouth.
#DisHist #ArtHistory #NationalDogDay #NationalDogDay2019...6/ A blind man holding out a begging bowl and supported by a stick is carrying a small child in a basket on his back.
It is WWI that really changes the ways in which dogs begin to be trained to support disabled people of all kinds.
The first TRAINED guide dogs for the blind were in streets, factories & public transport in Europe & the Americas by the 1920s & 30s.
#DisHist #NationalDogDay ..7/ Creator Byron Company (New York, N.Y.) Title New York Assoc. for the Blind, Mr. Himmel and his Dog. Date 1929, Source: ArtstorThe black and white image shows a disabled veteran in a chair, with a cane, and a man in a german military uniform with his hand on a medium sized black dog.Ad for The Seeing Eye from The Seer, Vol 1, No. 1, Feb 1931 for the Seeing Eye
Although guide dogs for the blind are more common, signal dogs, #HearingDogs, or 'Audio dogs' were advertised in #Deaf publications in North America & Europe as 'hearing aids' for the #Deaf by the 1980s to help alert handlers to sirens, doorbells.
#DisHist #NationalDogDay2019..8/
As much as these 4-legged creatures have been much beloved companions, they now play an important role in the lives of many disabled people, and are trained for handlers with disabilities including diabetes, epilepsy, PTSD.
So MANY GOOD DOGS.
#DisHist #NationalDogDay
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