Ugra Profile picture
18 Jan, 31 tweets, 12 min read

Surya Temples mentioned in the map are no ordinary teerthas. They find mention in the Skandapuranam.The sthalapurana of each one of these temples is explained in detail by Skanda to Agastya muni. Its worth having a look at the puranic description of each of these teerthas
Lolarka is considered to be the foremost among of Surya teerthas at Kashi. It came to be known by that name since Surya was very eager to see Kashi when he came down to test the then ruler of Kashi, Divodasa. Its exact location is given in the below shloka (2)
As the above Shloka mentions,Lolarka was established in the southern direction of Kashi at the confluence of Asi river & Ganga. Skanda also mentions a number of benefits to be had by having a Darshana of Lolarka. A darshana of Lolarka on Rathasaptami removes all paapa. (3)
Uttararka is the next important teertha. As mentioned by TI, the temple has since been destroyed by turuskas. The Sthalapurana of this teertha is that of an orphaned girl named Sulakshana who was left devastated by the untimely death of her parents. (4)
The kindhearted Sulakshana to overcome her sorrow sits on a penance at Uttararka. During her penance she used to observe a goat calf which used to come there everyday & stand still in front of her. In the evening it used to eat grass & leaves & drink the water from the pool. (5)
The same goat calf visited her everyday for many years during her penance. Eventually pleased with Sulakshana's devotion, Shiva & Parvathi grant her a darshan & ask her to choose a boon. (6)
The kind & largehearted Sulakshana before asking for the boon thought to herself that the goat calf, which had been visiting her everyday for many years was equally deserving as her to be blessed, that since it being an animal didn't have a mouth to ask for anything. (7)
Sulakshana requests that the goat calf be blessed instead. Shiva & Parvathi are left even more pleased by Sulakshana's conduct & kind nature. Eventually Sulakshana's becomes one of the companion of Parvathi along with jaya,Vijaya,Jayantika,Subha & others & goes to kailasha. (8)
The goat calf meanwhile is blessed by Lord Shiva to be born as the princess of Kashi in its next birth. The teertha has also since then came to be known as "Barkari" Kunda. Below shloka says annual pilgrimage of Uttararka should be performed on a Sunday in the month of Pushya (9)
The next great Surya teertha is Sambaditya. Sambha, the son of Bhagavan Krishna, after being cursed by his father to suffer from leprosy when the he intrudes unannounced into Krishna's private residence. Krishna then advises Sambha to go to Kashi to rid of the curse. (10)
On the advise of his father, Sambha reaches Kashi & performs severe austerities to please Surya. As a result he is cured of his condition (leprosy)

Ever since, Sambaditya has become dispeller of all diseases. Anyone taking a dip at the kunda here is free from all ailments. (11)
The 4th great Surya Teertha is Draupadaditya. It is here that the Pandavas receive the Akshayapatra from Bhagavan Suryanarayana. Draupathi performs severe vratas at this very spot to attain it.The original temple has been destroyed.The present structure is a modest structure (12)
The 5th great Surya teertha is Mayukhaditya.This is where Lord Shiva grants Surya a number of Varas.The Mangalashtakam(recited at marriages) was composed by Lord Surya in praise of Gowri at this very spot. The present day Mayukhaditya shrine is inside the Mangala devi temple(13)
The 6th great Surya teertha is Khakholkaditya. This teertha is closely associated with the story of Kadru & Vinata, mother of Nagas & Garuda. Its where Kadru tricks Vinata into thinking the color of Surya's horse, Uchchaihshravas was not pure white in colour. (14)
Kadru instructs her snake children to camouflage Surya's horse (especially its tail) in order to make it look discoloured. Thus Vinata loses the bet & is forced to serve under Kadru as a slave. (This is very popular story told to many of us during childhood) (15)
Why Vinata was destined to serve as a slave under kadru? We'll see in the later tweets during the description of the next Surya Temple, i.e. Arunaditya.

Vinata in order to rid of her paapa performs penance to Surya, who grants her the boon to destroy all paapa. (16)
Khakholkaditya also came to be known as Vinataditya. The below sholkas mention that merely by the sight of Vinataditya, they are freed from all paapa. That one attains whatever they think of. They also instantaneously become free from any illness. (17)
The 7th great Surya teertha is Arunaditya. The sthalapurana of this teertha again relates to Vinata. Eager to have a son, she breaks open her egg prematurely (800 yrs instead of a 1000). Thus was born a child who was incompletely developed from thighs downwards (18)
The underdeveloped child with a bright red face(Aruna) curses his mother for her hasty action of prematurely breaking open the egg & leaving him crippled.. He curses that Vinata in the future will be forced to serve as a slave under Kadru & her children. (Ref tweet 16)

Worried & wanting to perform Prayaschitta for her actions, Vinata asks Aruna what to do next. Aruna instructs her not to break open the next egg prematurely. That the one born from that egg will free her from enslavement. (Garuda frees his mother from enslavement eventually) (20)
Aruna was also known by the name of Anuru because he had no thighs. He was known as Aruna because his face had become red due to anger. He went to Kashi to perform severe austerities to Surya who blessed Aruna & made him his charioteer. This is the story of Arunaditya. (21)
The 8th great Surya teertha is Vrddhaditya. The temple is located to the south of Kashi Vishalakshi temple. There once was a old Rishi by the name Harita who was deeply into performing penance. As a result of old age, it was increasingly becoming difficult for him to do so (22)
In order to perform penance properly, Rishi Harita requests Surya to grant him back his youth. Surya obliges. The rishi is happy & performs a fierce penance again. Since then this teertha came to be known as Vrddhaditya, who is the destroyer of old age, misery & ailments. (23)
The next great Surya teertha is Keshavaditya. Once Adi Keshava Vishnu was seen by Surya worshiping a Shiva-linga. On inquiry by Surya, Vishnu explains the significance of Shiva worship at Kashi. In a series of shlokas, Keshava praises Shiva to the hilt (24)
On hearing Vishnu's words, Surya creates a Spatika (crystal) linga. Since then this particular teertha came to be known as Keshavaditya, since Surya chose Keshava as his guru. By having a darshana of Keshavaditya, one acquires highest wisdom. (25)
The 10th great Surya teertha is Vimaladitya. It is here that a Kshatriya by the name Vimala was cured of his all his health ailments after performing a series of Vratas. Since then the teertha came to be known as Vimaladitya. A darshana here will cure one of all ailments. (26)
The 11th great Surya teertha is called Gangaditya. Surya positioned himself at this spot in order to welcome Ganga as she was being brought down to Bhoolokha by the great Bhagiratha. It is said one who has darshana of Gangaditya never falls ill. Surya is very fond of Ganga. (27)
The 12th great Surya teertha is Yamaditya. It is said one becomes free of all indebtedness to the ancestors by offering Tarpanam to Pitrs on a Mangalavara ,Chaturdashi having Bharani nakshatra. It is also said a darshana of Yamaditya will keep anyone away from Yamaloka. (28)
The above are the 12 most significant Surya teerthas in Kashi. Subramanya also says there are more Sun temples like Guhyakarka installed by devotees of Surya. Just by listening to the origin of these Sun Temples of Kashi, a person does NOT fall into Naraka (29)
All the information on the 12 Sun Temples of Kashi are spread over 7 Adhyayas of both the Purvardha & Uttarardha bhaga of the Kashi Khanda in the Skandapuranam. I've tried to squeeze as much relevant info into this thread as possible. (30)
Skanda says by listening to these Adhyayas explaining the 12 Adityas & by narrating them to others, a person accumulates maha punya & so does the listener.

Let Suryanarayana bless us all with strength & might to reclaim & restore all his Temples at Kashi & all of Bharat.


• • •

Missing some Tweet in this thread? You can try to force a refresh

Keep Current with Ugra

Ugra Profile picture

Stay in touch and get notified when new unrolls are available from this author!

Read all threads

This Thread may be Removed Anytime!


Twitter may remove this content at anytime! Save it as PDF for later use!

Try unrolling a thread yourself!

how to unroll video
  1. Follow @ThreadReaderApp to mention us!

  2. From a Twitter thread mention us with a keyword "unroll"
@threadreaderapp unroll

Practice here first or read more on our help page!

More from @_ugra_

18 Jan
Hindu rulers of the past knew how to punish lowly mlecchas when they overstepped the line & insulted our faith.There was in instance where Aliya Ramaraya of Vijayanagara, who was actually very tolerant of turushkas,actually punished them in a fitting way for insulting our deities
Aliya Ramaraya recruited a large number of turushkas into the Vijayanagara army. There was an occasion where 2 such turushka officials came to the capital in order to receive payments for the services which was due to them.
During that time the turushkas were seated in the durbar & a wild boar passed them at a distance outside. At the sight of the boar the two turushkas spat on the ground. The boar as we know is not only avatara but was also part of the royal insignia of the Vijayanagara empire.
Read 9 tweets
9 Jan
Bhandaru Lakshminarayana, a musicologist during the reign of Shri Krishnadevaraya records in his work, the Sangitasuryodaya on how the great Hindu king crossed the Krishna river & burnt down the whole of the यवनजनपदं (muhammadan kingdom) & captured the 3 sons of the sultan.
The Sangitasuryodaya is one among the 9 important musicological treatises written during the Vijayanagara era. The others are Sangitasara by Vidhyaranya, Taladipika by Tippendra, Sangitakalanidi by Kallinatha, Bhandaru Vittaleshwara's commentary on Sarangadeva's Sangeetaratnakara
Bhandaru Lakshminarayana's Sangitasuryodaya, Achyutadevaraya's Talakalavriddhi, Ramamatya's Swaramelakalanidhi. Carnatic music owes a lot to all the above works. Among all the works,the Sangeetaratnakara deserves a special mention? Why? Because it was almost lost due to invasions
Read 5 tweets
9 Jan
The Darkest Chapter of Indian History : The plunder of Vijayanagara.…

Read & share.
Historian MH Rama Sharma's account of the plunder of Hampi.

"The arrival of the mussalman army on the 6th day(after Talikota war)
sealed the fate of Vijayanagar and its citizens. The gathering
gloom soon burst upon them in a storm by opening the flood
gates of hate and lust.(2)
No quarter was given and no pity shown.
Neither age nor position nor sex was excepted. Day after day
the slaughter of civilians went on unchecked till blood ran into
rivers. Then the victors turned to despoil the palaces and dese-
crate the pagodas(Temples) (3)
Read 7 tweets
4 Jan
A THREAD detailing the daily routine of Hindu emperors of the past during peace time. Once we are done through with the thread, one will realize what a contrast the present day secular state is to the Hindu Samrajyas of the past. As to how far we've moved away from tradition (1)
As an example we'll have a look at the life of Vijayanagara samrat Vira Narasimharaya. He was the elder brother of the great Shri Krishnadevaraya. Each aspect of Narasimharaya's life has been chronicled in detail in the Raayavacakam (2)
The day of Narasimharaya started with him waking up during the auspicious Brahma muhurta time (between 4:30 am to 6 am). First thing in the morning he'd listen to reading of books both on Dharma & statecraft. He'd then proceed to look at his own reflection in the mirror (3)
Read 21 tweets
3 Jan
For the assertive Hindu one thing must be very clear.That Hindu samaj can be destroyed only from within, by "Hindus" themselves.The fastest way to destroy us is by undermining the things that we cherish the most.Our traditions,Temples & festivals. Including veneration for the Cow
Hindus didn't face this kind of a predicament even during the medieval period when some of the worst atrocities were commited. Those were commited by external aggressors.More often than not,Hindus responded fittingly to Temple desecration & Gohatya by paying back in the same coin
There are umpteen examples of Hindu kings of the medieval age punishing Temple breaking cow eating mlecchas. From Rana Kumbha of Mewar to Devaraya I of Vijayanagara to the Marathas. They didn't have to deal with beef eating HINO types.
Read 4 tweets
3 Jan
Guru Sitaram Goel explains away the mindset & psyche of the "beef eating Hindu" types in his own unique & distinctive style in his book "Hindu Society Under Siege". No one puts it across with such piercing clarity as guru SRG does. I'll just quote him in the next few tweets (1)
"The Hindu who is addicted to Macaulayism lives in a world of his own which has hardly any contact with the traditional Hindu society. He looks forward to the day when India will become a society like societies in the West where the rate of growth, the gross national product..(2)
...and the standard of living are the only criteria of progress. He is tolerant towards religion to the extent that it remains a matter of private indulgence and does not interfere with the smooth unfoldment of the socio-political scene... (3)
Read 9 tweets

Did Thread Reader help you today?

Support us! We are indie developers!

This site is made by just two indie developers on a laptop doing marketing, support and development! Read more about the story.

Become a Premium Member ($3/month or $30/year) and get exclusive features!

Become Premium

Too expensive? Make a small donation by buying us coffee ($5) or help with server cost ($10)

Donate via Paypal Become our Patreon

Thank you for your support!

Follow Us on Twitter!