The hunchback of "Notre-Dame" who led the French army to victory against Europe.

Story in the evening ...
François-Henri de Montmorency-Bouteville was born in 1628 to François de Montmorency, Count of Bouteville, and Élisabeth Angélique de Vienne. Born posthumously, he was raised by a relative, Charlotte de Montmorency and her husband Henri de Bourbon, Prince de Condé. 1/10
Henri de Bourbon's son, Louis de Bourbon, was one of major generals of France. Though François-Henri was physically weak and hunchbacked, he grew under Condé's wing. Siding with Condé in the Fronde as a rebel, François-Henri went on exile after defeat. 2/10,_Grand_Cond%C3%A9#/media
It was only in 1659 that both Condé and François-Henri could return to France. François-Henri married an heiress, Duchess Madeleine of Piney-Luxembourg, in 1661. In 1668, Condé pulled François-Henri as his deputy as France went to war against Spain over the Low Countries. 3/10
In 1672, François-Henri had his own command, when France went to war against the Dutch. He was put in charge of the Dutch city of Utrecht, which had surrendered to the French King. But soon François-Henri was faced with a Dutch army more than three times bigger than his own. 4/10
But François-Henri managed to lead his forces out of the city earning him laurels. He was made Marshal of France in 1675 and replaced Condé as the head of the French army of the Rhine. He was, however, unable to prevent the imperial capture of Philipsburg in 1676. 5/10
With victories at Valenciennes and Cassel in 1677, François-Henri had cemented his position as the better generals of France on the battlefield. The battle between the French and Dutch ended in 1678 at Nijmegen, with France getting minor gains in the Low Countries. 6/10
Peacetime saw Marshal de Luxembourg (as François-Henri was now better known) briefly in prison for sorcery, but was soon released and made the Captain of the Royal Guard in 1681. The peacetime also saw France's enemies regrouping slowly against them. 7/10
In 1689, Willem Hendrik, Prince of Orange, whom the Luxembourg had defeated earlier on battlefield, became the King of England. He rallied rest of Europe to form a grand alliance and go to war against France. Luxembourg was given the command of the French army. 8/10
Despite the numerical strength of their enemies, France came out stronger gaining the upper hand over its enemies. But the war had to be closed as Europe had to prepare for another war, one over Spain as their heirless King was dying setting stage for a succession battle. 9/10
Luxembourg led France to victories at Fleurus, Leuze, Steenkerque & Landen capturing flags to be hung at Notre-Dame, for which he was called Le Tapissier de Notre-Dame (Upholsterer of Notre-Dame). He died in 1695 after which the fight slowed down to the Peace at Ryswick. 10/10

• • •

Missing some Tweet in this thread? You can try to force a refresh

Keep Current with Ranjith Kollannur

Ranjith Kollannur Profile picture

Stay in touch and get notified when new unrolls are available from this author!

Read all threads

This Thread may be Removed Anytime!


Twitter may remove this content at anytime! Save it as PDF for later use!

Try unrolling a thread yourself!

how to unroll video
  1. Follow @ThreadReaderApp to mention us!

  2. From a Twitter thread mention us with a keyword "unroll"
@threadreaderapp unroll

Practice here first or read more on our help page!

More from @Arby_K

26 Feb
A prince destined for greatness, heir to an empire where the sun never set, including one nation still named after him. But his autocratic style would lead to his dominion's collapse, though well after his death.

Story in the evening ...
Felipe was born in 1527 to Holy Roman Emperor Karl and Isabel de Portugal. Emperor Karl was also the King of Spain, Naples, Sicily and Sardinia, Lord of Seventeen Provinces in the Low Countries and Archduke of Austria. Isabel was the daughter of the Portuguese King. 1/10
In 1542, a Spanish explorer arrived at an archipelago in Asia, which he named after Felipe. The archipelago later became a Spanish colony for centuries. Between 1554 and 1556, Emperor Karl divided his realm between his son Felipe and brother Ferdinand. 2/10
Read 11 tweets
23 Feb
An unwanted princess, ignored by her father and imprisoned by her sister, a queen who steered the course of her nation towards greatness.

Story in the evening ...
Elizabeth was born in 1533 to English King Henry VIII & Anne Boleyn. Henry had married Anne after breaking away from the Roman Church, annulling his earlier marriage. Unable to sire a male heir, Henry had Anne killed in 1536 for treason, declaring their marriage invalid. 1/10
Though the invalidation of the marriage made her illegitimate, Elizabeth grew up as a princess of England. The birth of a brother in 1537 relieved the inheritance stress on her father and their father's death in 1547 brought young Edward to the throne. 2/10
Read 11 tweets
19 Feb
A new monarch inheriting a mighty nation on the verge of an embarassing defeat, a reformer who reformed too much or too little and an assassination to end all of it.

Story of the evening ...
Aleksándr Nikolayevich was born in 1818 to Nikolai Pávlovich and Princess Charlotte of Prussia. His uncle's death in 1825 brought his father, Nikolai, to the Russian throne. The young Tsarevich grew in a Europe of revolutions, exposed to ideas not common for Russian princes. 1/10,q:85/46/13546-004-483D
Emperor Nikolai saw the beginning of the slow end of the Ottoman Empire as the Balkan states broke away from it, at times with Russian help. The occupation of Danubian principalities by Russia in 1853 saw Ottomans declare war against Russia. Russia responded in strength. 2/10
Read 11 tweets
16 Feb
A prince brought to the throne by the people who killed his father. Pushed into a continental war that would see the burning of his nation's most famous city, he would leave behind a crown that no one wanted.

Story in the evening ...
Aleksándr Pávlovich was born in 1777 to Pavel Petrovich and Maria Feodorvna. Pavel was the son of the Russian Empress Ekaterina II. Unhappy with her son's views, the Empress tried to get Aleksándr nominated as her heir, bringing him tutors from across Europe. 1/10
As a result, Prince Aleksándr was exposed to liberal ideals at a young age. When his grandmother died in 1796 however, it was his father Pavel who succeeded. But the rule would not be long. Unpopular in Russia, he would be killed by a group of nobles in 1801. 2/10
Read 11 tweets
12 Feb
An heir destined to rule two nations, but becoming King in another three and uniting them under a single monarch (for most part) for the next 400 years.

Story in the evening...
Władysław was born in 1456 to Kazimierz, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania and Elisabeth von Habsburg. Władysław's mother was the sister of Ladislaus, King of Bohemia, Hungary & Croatia. As the eldest son among 6 (and 5 sisters), he was educated to become a ruler. 1/10
When Ladislaus died childless in 1457, Władysław's parents attempted to claim the thrones. Their claims were rejected, and Hungary (and Croatia, since their crowns were in union) elected Mátyás "Corvinus" Hunyadi as King, while Bohemia elected Jiři Podiebrad. 2/10
Read 11 tweets
9 Feb
A multi lingual heir with ancestries from many nations, a law that gave stability to a nation in times of uncertainty and a resurgence of an empire and a nation.

Story in the evening ...
Václav was born in 1316 to King Jean de Luxembourg of Bohemia and Eliska. He grew up in the French royal court while his father ruled from Prague in Bohemia. His mother was from the last legitimate generation of the Přemyslid dynasty that had ruled Bohemia from beginning. 1/10,_Holy_Roman_Emperor
His stint in France gave Václav a new name - Karl, and a wife, Blanche de Valois, sister of the future French King Philippe VI. The influential Archbishop of Trier, Baudouin de Luxembourg, took interest in his great nephew's training. 2/10
Read 11 tweets

Did Thread Reader help you today?

Support us! We are indie developers!

This site is made by just two indie developers on a laptop doing marketing, support and development! Read more about the story.

Become a Premium Member ($3/month or $30/year) and get exclusive features!

Become Premium

Too expensive? Make a small donation by buying us coffee ($5) or help with server cost ($10)

Donate via Paypal Become our Patreon

Thank you for your support!

Follow Us on Twitter!