A Thread.
Farewell Sermon of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ :
Prophet Muhammad ﷺ's final sermon was delivered during the Hajj of the year 632 C.E - the ninth day of Dhul Hijjah, the 12th month of the lunar year, at Arafat.
Prophet Muhammad ﷺ undertook his farewell pilgrimage in the year 10 A.H.
His farewell pilgrimage to Makkah is one of the most significant historical events, for it was the first and last pilgrimage made by Prophet Muhammad ﷺ.
After praising & thanking Allah, Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said:

"O People, lend me an attentive ear, for I know not whether after this year, I shall ever be amongst you again.
Therefore listen to what I am saying to you very carefully and take these words to those who couldn't be present here today.
O People, just as you regard this month, this day, this city as Sacred, so regard the life and property of every Muslim as a sacred trust.
Return the goods entrusted to you to their rightful owners. Hurt no one so that no one may hurt you.
Remember that you will indeed meet your Lord, & that He will indeed reckon your deeds.
Allah has forbidden you to take usury (interest), therefore all interest obligation shall henceforth be waived.
Your capital, however, is yours to keep. You will neither inflict nor suffer any inequity.
Allah has Judged that there shall be no interest and that all the interest due to Abbas ibn Abdul Muttalib (Prophet's uncle) shall henceforth be waived..
Beware of Satan, for the safety of your religion. He has lost all hope that he will ever be able to lead you astray in big things, so beware of following him in small things.
O People, it is true that you have certain rights with regard to your women, but they also have rights over you. Remember that you have taken them as your wives only under Allah's trust and with His permission.
If they abide by your right then to them belongs the right to be fed and clothed in kindness.
Do treat your women well and be kind to them for they are your partners and committed helpers.
And it is your right that they do not make friends with any one of whom you do not approve, as well as never to be unchaste.
O People, listen to me in earnest, worship Allah, say your five daily prayers (Salah), fast during the month of Ramadan, and give your wealth in Zakat. Perform Hajj if you can afford to.
All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a white has no superiority over black nor a black has any superiority over white except by piety and good action.
Learn that every Muslim is a brother to every Muslim and that the Muslims constitute one brotherhood. Nothing shall be legitimate to a Muslim which belongs to a fellow Muslim unless it was given freely and willingly. Do not, therefore, do injustice to yourselves.
Remember, one day you will appear before Allah and answer your deeds. So beware, do not stray from the path of righteousness after I am gone.
O People, no prophet or apostle will come after me and no new faith will be born. Reason well, therefore, O People, and understand words which I convey to you.
I leave behind me two things, the Quran and my example, the Sunnah and if you follow these you will never go astray.
All those who listen to me shall pass on my words to others and those to others again; and may the last ones understand my words better than those who listen to me directly. Be my witness, O Allah, that I have conveyed your message to your people".
Sections of the farewell sermon of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ are found scattered amongst various books.
Thus References are:

Sahih Bukhari: 1739, 1741,6043, 4406, etc.

Sahih Muslim: 1679.

Musnad Ahmad: 20386, 20695, 22978, 23489.

Tirmidhi: 1163, 2159, 3087.

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More from @Ubaidbinriyaz

6 Apr
@Hadithoftheday Mondays and Thursdays.

Aisha R.A reported:
The Prophet ﷺ was eager to fast on Monday and Thursday.
- Sunan al-Tirmidhī 745
@Hadithoftheday It was narrated from Abu Qataadah al-Ansaari that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ was asked about fasting on Mondays. He said: “On that day I was born, and on it the Revelation came to me.” Narrated by Muslim, 1162.
@Hadithoftheday Narrated from Abu Hurayrah R.A that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “Deeds are shown to Allah on Mondays and Thursdays, and I like my deeds to be shown when I am fasting.” - (Tirmidhi)
Read 19 tweets
5 Apr
@Hadithoftheday Dawood A.S
Narrated `` Abdullah bin `Amr:

Allah's Messenger ﷺ said to me, "The most beloved fasting to Allah was the fasting of the Prophet Dawood who used to fast on alternate days. (Bukhari 3420)
@Hadithoftheday The fasting of Prophet Dawood A.S is the best way of fasting. He used to fast every other day i.e Alternatively.
@Hadithoftheday Narrated `` Abdullah bin `Amr:

Allah's Messenger ﷺ told me, "The most beloved prayer to Allah is that of David & the most beloved fasts to Allah are those of David. +
Read 14 tweets
4 Apr
@Hadithoftheday No.
Allah says in Qur'an: 
"O you who have believed, decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may become righteous "
(Qur'an. Al-Baqara 2: Verse 183)
@Hadithoftheday Prophet Musa A.S fasted for 40 days and 40 nights when he was waiting for the revelation on the mountain of Sinai. It was after the period of fasting that Torah was revealed to Prophet Musa A.S.
@Hadithoftheday Prophet Isa A.S fasted for 40 days before he received the Gospel.
Fasting has been a gateway to the spiritual world for the prophets and a means to communicate with Allah. The act of fasting is closely associated with spirituality.
Read 5 tweets
2 Apr
@Hadithoftheday Ramadan.
Allah says in Qur'an:
"The month of Ramadan [is that] in which was revealed the Qur'an, a guidance for the people and clear proofs of guidance and criterion."
(Qur'an. Al-Baqara 2: Verse 185)
@Hadithoftheday Allah revealed Quran in Night of Al-Qadr i.e Night of Decree. Night of Decree is in Ramadan.
Allah says in Qur'an:
"Indeed, We sent the Qur'an down during the Night of Decree."
(Qur'an. Al-Qadr 97: Verse 1)
@Hadithoftheday The revelation of Qur'an began in the month of Ramadan. The night in which the Quran began to be revealed is referred in the Quran as the blessed night.
Allah says in Qur'an:
We sent it (the Quran) down on a blessed night or the night of Decree (44:2).
Read 10 tweets
1 Apr
@Hadithoftheday No.
One can't fast all year as there are two Eids in one year and it's Haram to fast in Eid Days.
Narrated Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri R.A:
The Prophet ﷺ forbade fasting on the day of al-Fitr and al-Nahr.” - (Bukhaari, 1992; Muslim, 827)
@Hadithoftheday It is also haraam to fast on the days of al-Tashreeq which are the three days after Eid al-Adha (the 11th, 12th and 13th of Dhu’l-Hijjah) because the Prophet ﷺ said: “The days of al-Tashreeq are days of eating, drinking and remembering Allaah.” Narrated by Muslim, 1141.
@Hadithoftheday Aside from the days on which it is forbidden to fast - the two days of Eid, the three days of Al-Tashreeq (11th, 12th, 13th of Dhul-Hijjah), the Prophet ﷺ would fast intermittently throughout the year. Based on one’s capacity, fasting is a beloved act of worship.
Read 15 tweets
31 Mar
@Hadithoftheday Umar Ibn Al Khattab R.A.
At his death bed, Abu Bakr R.A nominated Umar as his successor, who then became the Caliph in 13 AH (634 CE)
& ruled for ten years until 23 AH (644 CE)
Umar R.A was the first Muslim leader to be called "Ameer -Al-Muminin (the Commander of the Faithful)"
@Hadithoftheday Abu Bakr R.A led the Muslims for around two years.
When Abu Bakr R.A felt his own death approaching, he gathered his closest friends and advisers around him and informed them that their allegiance to him was over. +
@Hadithoftheday Abu Bakr R.A hoped that these men would choose his successor from among themselves. However, after much discussion Abu Bakr’s companions returned to him and asked him to choose for them for they trusted his choice beyond question. Abu Bakr R.A chose Umar R.A.
Read 12 tweets

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