Political Tribes by @amychua in 2018. She's the author of the Tiger Mum book, and my interest was piqued when I heard her on @GadSaad's podcast yesterday.

Let's see what she's got to say about tribalism.…
Populism, Chavez, Brexit, Trump. You've got my attention.

Chua has a theory about how it all comes together, and how failing to take into account tribalism has resulted in serious US foreign policy blunders.…
We are tribal, and it is hidden. It's about excluding and including. It's about shared bonds and shared identities.

I see this in medicine all the time. E.g. the way ICU and emergency medicine trainees are treated by anaesthesia departments.
Chua thinks that US foreign policy overlooks tribalism because it thinks other countries are homogenous, and have strong bonds that make them nationalistic. But tribalism often trumps national allegience.…
Power imbalances often result in friction and resentment between tribes. Market-dominant minorities (think Jewish and Chinese, or whites in Zimbabwe and South Africa) with disproportionate wealth cause tribal tensions.
But when you overthrow or remove a market-dominant minority (like the Tajik in Afghanistan), what should replace it? The common answer has been democracy, but as we have seen, this can lead to more troubles. (Mugabe in Zimbabwe comes to mind.)…
"The United States has committed numerous foreign policy mistakes by failing to pay enough attention to political tribalism." Or is it a case of a Western power seeing things through a western lens and trying to impose western norms?
Chua uses Vietnam as an example of US missteps. According to her, the Chinese in Vietnam were the market-dominant minority, and many of them fled south when Ho Chi Minh took power. When the US aligned with the south, they aligned themselves with this MDM and alienated Vietnamese.
This is fascinating. I've never quite understood the Vietnamese war, and the ethnic/tribal tensions underlying it.…
Chua turns her attention to the Iraq war. Here the MDM was the Sunni Muslims. The Sunnis were furious when the majority Shia came into power, and this eventually let to ISIS.…
Terrorist groups are "often led by well-educated and wealthy members of tribes whose power has been undermined in their own countries. That means they’re very effective at tapping into feelings of alienation and frustration among fellow tribe members."
"In Western countries, the poor treatment of Muslims leaves this minority group feeling isolated. Thus, many Muslims long for an environment in which they feel respected and powerful.

"This creates a vicious cycle. Populist politicians target entire Muslim communities", etc.…
Chua puts the current problems in the US down to political tribalism and identity politics. The white left champions minorities, while the working-class whites feel left behind and disenfranchised.
This leads to the rise of politicians like Trump. They position the "coastal elite" as the MDM. Both tribes pour scourn on each other.

I wonder if the next blinks contain any potential solutions.…
“To see the divisiveness in today’s America – and the forces that brought about Trump’s election – as solely about racism, while ignoring the role of inequality, misses too much of the picture.”…
"We have to learn to understand people from other tribes on a more human level.

"Members of a tribe regard nonmembers with contempt... But, if we want the world to be a more peaceful place, we have to learn to overcome such knee-jerk reactions."
This is why I think we need more empathy and curiosity. We need more posts ending with questions rather than more twitter rants to attract likes. We need to seek understanding before we give our opinion. We need to search for the good in people, not demonise them.
So this has been a fascinating read. I've learnt about market-dominant minorities, to which I belong. It also complements the identity formation ideas I've been reading about. @threadreaderapp please unroll.

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More from @DrAndrewHuang

13 Nov…
Collaborative Intelligence by Dawn Markova and @AngieMcAr, CEOs of Professional Thinking Partner.

I'm intrigued by the title.…
Life doesn't have to be dog-eat-dog. It can be where people share ideas.

This reminds me of this morning's run where Jim was telling me about how TV developed, and like all things in engineering, there was incremental change, and shared or stolen IP.…
"In a world where value is not just placed on things but also on ideas, collaboration has become the most important skill."

Our education has let us down by training us to be individuals rather than working in teams. Just think about all those exams...
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11 Nov…
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The story of WeWork is that of a "glorified real estate company" that was selling itself as a tech company/startup. It all came crashing down in 2019.…
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OK. Restarting this thread after almost 2 years.

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It took me a good 15-30 minutes of detective work to find it.

I've backtracked to the start of the chapter because it's been so long. Schon is highlighting the tension between discipline and practice-orientations to education. He menions Veblen.
And again on the page 308. What is Veblen's ancient hierarchy of knowledge? Who was Veblen?
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Not today - 9 habits of extreme productivity by Erica and Mike Schultz.

This should be the counterpoint to Rest (I think)
The authors think that productivity can be learned. I think they're probably right. Being productive is a skill, and I think most if not all skills can be learned and improved upon.…
The authors had a son with a health condition. They kept working to maintain their health insurance. They also had two more kids AND grew their business.

OK. So what's their secret sauce?
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3 Oct…
Another book by Gottman of the @GottmanInst.

We can all improve our relationships.
Seven principles in total. Let's see where this goes.…
We form love maps of information on our partner. It contains our partner's and our own aspirations and life philosophies.

Love maps are dynamic too. They change over time and with the season of life we go through. e.g. having kids can change your map.
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This book by John Gottman of @GottmanInst will be interesting. They're trying to answer this question: "What's the secret to having a happy, healthy, and close relationship with another person?"

Let's see what they've got to say...
Gottman set up the "Love lab". Must have been an observational study. What they found was that how the couples communicated was not important, not what was said.…
Gottman developed the concept of a "bid". A Bid is an attempt to establish an emotional connection and can be verbal or non-verbal. It's a way of saying "Hey, I'd like to connect with you".

Gottman found that responses fell into three categories.
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