1/ History of DSM. During WWII US psychiatrists, clinical psychologists & other medical personnel realized they did not share a common terminology to discuss syndromes & diagnoses. The APA created the first Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-1) in 1952. #DroptheDisorder2/ Since 1952 the DSM has been revised 6 times. 2013 - the DSM-V. The DSM is political, not scientific. For example, diagnostic labels create the illusion of an explanation but in reality, they are scientifically meaningless & can create stigma and prejudice. #DroptheDisorder
Private education in Kenya has no value for money when compared to other options. And now we are free to explore new options.
2/ The best thing #COVID19KE has shown our family is the private school our kids were attending pre-COVID19 was not offering value for money. 5th grade, we were paying around 800,000ksh a year and for 8th grade, we were paying 900,000 a year. There are about 90 students per grade
The #ACEs studies conducted by the #CDC and Kaiser Permanente demonstrated that traumatic experiences in
childhood are a prime source of physical, psychological, and behavioral problems throughout life. #traumainformedKE#ACEs also provided a new scientific basis for approaching human development through what the #WHO terms #biopsychosocial approaches. Moreover, they show that traumatic experiences tend to occur in highly interrelated clusters, rarely alone. #DevelopmentTrauma