#options #notes
The days of relatively higher implied volatility seems to have come to an end now.
Bank nifty historical IV is now in 30s. IVP is now in the 50s.
Nifty is even lower. Historical IV around 20. IVP in 40s.

It’s like the days of Iron Vertical spreads and IB are on.
#options #notes
SBIN is at IV of late 40s. IVP around 50.
ITC is at IV late 30s. IVP just above 60.
NTPC is at IV 40s. IVP in 60s.
COALINDIA IV 40s IVP around 60.
Reliance IV around 40 IVP around 60.
LT IV 30s.

NMDC IV 50s, but it’s very illiquid.
#options #notes

The thing is that 45 day trades are becoming very tough now.

With US elections possibly going to have an impact, indices are not that safe and stock options (the few ones that are liquid enough) are not that good for a 45 day duration.
#options #notes
Volatility, whether implied or historical, captures the sense of the market.
It’s not your friend nor your enemy, like road traffic is not there to harm you or sud you. It’s just there.
You have to find your own way through it.
#options #notes
Volatility is about what the market expects. A lot of expectations is based on our past experiences. We see sudden moves, we fear how much more things can go wrong. We see calm markets, we fear how long this peace will last.
#options #notes
The market also has a sense of where it would like to be.
In general, we believe that future is going to be better than the present. Companies will do well and its stock price will appreciate.
A composite index will go up because the economy is bound to improve.
#options #notes
We also know that markets are like drunkards. They will reach the destination, but they will never walk straight.

Volatility captures how straight the drunkard is walking. It’s not about destination.
#options #notes
When we assess a stock or a group of stocks (index), we should have a general sense of where the market is headed. The drunkard May reach his building but may knock on the wrong door. We don’t know. The drunkard himself doesn’t know.
Uncertainty drives volatility.
#options #notes
Mathematically, historical volatility captures expected move based on past experience. Implied volatility captures how options traders are expecting the future to look like.
The past may decide today’s values to a fair degree, to some extent the future values.
#options #notes
Today’s prices is a reflection of how much a trader is willing to pay for the risks attached.
A 40% IV means that the price one year down the line has a high probability to be within +/-40% of current price.
#options #notes
When we say Nifty has an IV of 20 and nifty is at around 11750(ATM strike), what we mean is that after 1 year, we expect nifty to be about 9,400-14,100 with a high probability of 68%.
+/- Price*IV*sqrt(fraction of time left in the year) captures the price range.
#options #notes
After 6 months, nifty at 11750 and IV 20 will be in the range: 11750*20%*sqrt(6 months/12 months)=> 11750+/-1661 or 10,500-13,500.(rounded to next multiple of 500).

For 2 weeks, it’s 11750*.2*sqrt(2/52)=> 11,250-12,250.

Reference: optionsanimal.com/using-implied-…
#options #notes
This view is based on how the prices have moved on the past.
Now, let’s get practical. At Friday(16/10/2020) close, oct nifty monthly(29th October) is 13 days away.
So, 11762.45*.19*sqrt(13/365)=> +/-422. 11,300-12,200.
11300 put->40.4
12200 call->21.0
#options #notes
As the premiums show, people are willing to pay 40.4 for a move down and only 21 for a move up.
40.4 caputures the willingness to pay 20 extra to protect a move below 11300.
Or, people don’t mind nifty to move above 12200 and are willing to only pay 21 for that.
#options #notes
In an ideal world, the premia at 11300 and 12200 should be roughly the same. This huge difference is what we call the skew.
Generally, since the fear is for the underlying nifty to fall down, premium is higher in the put side.
#options #notes
If the fear (or strong expectation) is for an upside move, the call premiums will be higher.
Example: NMDC.
Price is 82.95. IV is about 49. Same formula says +/-7.67 or a 75-92.5 range.
75 put is at 0.5
92.5 call is at 0.75
(Lot size 6700)
Or ₹3350 and ₹5025
#options #notes
The put-call ratio(PCR) is a good approximation for the skew.
If price is expected to stay same, equal number of people will sell on both put side(downside) and call side(upside).
For the nifty example, PCR>1.(more puts)
For the NMDC example, PCR<1.(more calls)
#options #notes
In general, when volatility is higher, a premium seller will be able to earn more and at a farther away strike than when volatility is lower.
Other factors that matter: liquidity(difference between bid price and ask price)
Volume/open interest.(ppl are buying it)
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More from @muralipiyer

17 Oct
This is a perspective.
Everyone should watch this because it’s a bit more balanced.
The minor place where I disagree with @vagishasoni:
The response to the ad is political. In terms of western equivalence, it’s like black people slamming an ad for praising slavery.
The key visual cue here is pregnancy. The girl is forced to accept terms because of pregnancy.
Pregnancy makes the ad look like glorifying what’s seen as love jihad, or forceful use of premarital relationships to trap esp Hindu girls.
Essentially, the ad was politically insensitive. The ornaments worn are typically Hindu. This makes the ad more one sided.
Read 4 tweets
1 Oct
72. #Options #Notes
After spending two months on actual trading of options(I am 7 trades wiser for which my tuition fees is close to ₹8000), it’s time to add a few more notes to this thread.
73. #Options #Notes
For a beginner who just wants to try out how options work, the command line interface type of learning is to go for currency options. You have to manually calculate everything. The payout is not in any easily viewable chart. It’s very taxing. But loss is tiny
74. #Options #Notes
My style of learning has always been about daring to make mistakes and learning from them.
Of the ₹8000 loss, one of the trades i deliberately allowed loss to go down to ₹5000. That one trade actually cost me a lot, but the learnings were wonderful.
Read 35 tweets
1 Oct
Read this thread.
This had to be said because we have too many “uneducated literates”
in this country.
It’s important to see the data, appreciate the context and think about the available options without the benefit of hindsight.

India had done a pretty decent job so far.
What @oommen explicitly didn’t say:
In Jan-Feb, the babus must have had a tough time figuring out what’s going on. WHO was saying one thing. The Embassy in China, Vietnam, etc was hearing something else.
The administration had earlier experience with SARS(again a chinese virus).
At that time, we figured out that WHO can’t be trusted.

Countries like India don’t have the bandwidth or the resources like WHO. And we had to do the whole heavy lifting. As more information started trickling in, we were getting better prepared.

But we still had several issues
Read 9 tweets
29 Sep
I don’t want to call this an #options #tradenotes. Nor do I really want to call it currency1.
Did a bull put spread on USD-INR atm.
73.75 at .1075
73.5 at .0375
Just 1 lot.
Worst I can only lose ₹300.
I can gain only ₹70.
I think fees is ₹27.
This is merely a test trade.
I missed a 0 in 300.
For buy I spent 37.5
For sell I got 107.5.
premium recieved = 70
Different in strike is 0.25.
BEP must be 73.75-.07
That’s like 73.68
I have about .18 in the remaining gap.
Lot size I believe is 1000.
For gap of .25, max is 250.
Then fees paid.

These are things I want to confirm
Read 4 tweets
29 Sep
I wish I had read this article before.
It’s 3 years old, but it’s still very relevant.

This gives me some extra insight.
There is a reason we use the pejorative term “code coolie”. No, it’s not about getting paid peanuts for doing all the heavy lifting.
It’s got more to do with the skills, or the level of skills.

Let me add a bit of Bloom’s taxonomy here. I will use the revised 4 domain model.

Just a quick intro. There are 4 domains:
Psychomotor—getting your hands dirty
Knowledge—well, knowledge.
Each domain has 5 levels.
Level 1 is lowest.
Read 23 tweets
27 Sep
I respect him for his brief interventions in the house.
Most may not know that he was honoured as the outstanding parliamentarian in 2001. He was always very pleasing to listen in the House. A very old school Parliamentarian.
The nation shall always be indebted to #JaswantSingh for his contributions. To me, the biggest contribution by him was this one bill:
Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Bill(and now Act).
Just giving the link to the introductory speech.

loksabhaph.nic.in/Debates/Result… Image
Read 7 tweets

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