Get your popcorn ready because this is going to be quite the learning contest. #CHEST2020

The webinar is LIVE in T - 5mins, speakers are checking their 🎤🎤

We are only a tiny bit biased towards our co-chair @GallodeMoraesMD!
Dr. Mathews: Starts with sharing what drives ventilation-induced lung injury. This is "leak" is likely more pronounced in #COVID19

Dr. Mathews: ARMA supported LTVV in ARDS with significantly improved mortality. LTVV has been since found to be beneficial in non ARDS situations. #CHEST2020
PReVENT trial: Low vs intermediate TV strategy in patients with non ARDS. No diff in vent free days.

However, limitations:
- No diff in sedation use
- Poor separation in terms of TV b/w groups
- Low enrollment

LUNG-SAFE: We are bad at recognizing #ARDS and then implementing LTVV.

Needham et al showed the initial TV being low matters too.

That's why Dr. M makes a point to use LTV early and across the spectrum.

Also, despite nudges, 1/3rd patients did not get LTVV.

Hence changing the "default" management i.e. early ARDS recognition and implementation of LTVV is important, Dr. M advocates!

Dr. M: Remember other factors affecting the vent settings:
- Place of intubation
- Who's implementing settings
- Work load
- Cognitive load

Hence standardized implementation of LTVV is important.

Dr. M reminds everyone to implement LTVV for #COVID19 as well.

I should clarify. She's advocating for Lung Protective Settings (<= 66 cc/kg) across the board and LTVV (<= 6 cc/kg) for critically ill esp with ARDS!

#CHEST2020 #CHESTCritCare
And now @roeckler will argue that "One size does not fit all" when it comes to lung-protective ventilation across the board.


"Are we still talking about Vt in 2020?"
.@roeckler: Is low Vt just the normal Vt. Not sure why LUNG-SAFE and other studies are even looking at the "high" Vt.

Remind us: Atheletes don't get injured with taking huge volumes so clearly it's the local milieu contributing to the injury.
.@roeckler: PBW does not scale to the size of the baby lung in their study. So the Vt does not help across various individuals.

He is advocating for scaling the Vt to the lung compliance of the baby lung instead, not the PBW/IBW.


Quotes supplement of the Amato paper.

No improvement in mortality with decreasing Vt but look at that improvement with optimizing DP.

In LUNG-SAFE: Looks like driving DP and Pplat down is where the answer is. However, at some point, oxygenation and ventilation becomes mutually exclusive in resp failure esp with that increased dead space. (esp in #COVID19)

So need to find balance between LTV and DP.

.@roeckler @GallodeMoraesMD and their trainees presented at #CHEST2020: The relationship of lung volume to pulm vascular resistance. This could explain why there are PEEP "responders" and "non responders". We don't have a great way to assessing PVR continuously

Their poster right here is available to review where they are using speckled tracking and RV #POCUS to get a sense of the PVR at bedside. This might be the missing piece in ARDS care!

.@roeckler out. #CHEST2020
.@GallodeMoraesMD: Is up next defending LOW DP!

Lung injury is not homogenous.

So even "lung protective injury" can aggravate lung injury.


Amato et al advicated of adapting Vt to compliance for better outcomes.

Question: What is DP.

Tip: Ensure passive patient without auto-PEEP.

.@GallodeMoraesMD: Amato's study:

Higher PEEP not always protective
Higher Pplat not always injurious
As long as DP is low.

DP < 15 preferred, < 13 is better!


In pts that survived ARDS

Patients with LOW DP, at 1 month post D/C, had more lung function recovery as well as of density on imaging compared to those where DP were high.

annndddd mic drop Dr. Gallo.

.@DavidBowton will now rebut the idea of LOW DP pressures being beneficial.

CXR and P/F can't distinguish involvement of lungs in #ARDS. So balancing recruitment and overinflation HARD to do without CT scans. Though EIT could change this at bedside.

.@DavidBowton: opening up new lung units can hide overdistention of open lung units. However, per studies quoted by Dr. Gallo, DP IS good. But what's the "right" DP?

Dr. Bowton shares that there are no good prospective trials to find the "cutoffs" for benefit.


How we measure DP also needs to be standardized. Changing insp pause from 0.5 to 2 sec could change DP by 2 - 3 CMW and that is a big deal when making clinical changes to vent.

.@DavidBowton Stress Index and DP can diverge at different Tidal Volumes. And how do we reconcile these differences.

Dr. B also reminds us there are other factors that impact TPP and that changes DP, then hard to interpret.

@DavidBowton: Esp in obese patients (esp abdominal obesity), DP not associated with improved outcomes, likely due to miscalculation of the DP. So the DP < 15 can't be extrapolated across the board.

So basically @DavidBowton agrees with @GallodeMoraesMD that DP < 15 is likely beneficial but reminds us to keep caveats in mind:
- divergence with stress index
- special patient populations

OK folks, heading to my own session now. @virenkaul out!
Link to the The Clinical Effect of an Early, Protocolized Approach to Mechanical Ventilation for Severe and Refractory Hypoxemia

Mentioned in the session by Dr. Oeckler…

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More from @CHESTCritCare

21 Oct
Join us now to learn about Sepsis Antibiotics and Fluids!

Moderated by our co-chair @virenkaul

Up first is Dr. Angel Coz

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Why broad spectrum antibiotics?? This means:

- not the same for every patient
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And comparison of COVID-19 VTE and historical ICU co-horts. Thrombosis in COVID higher in well matched ARDS patients and also higher than in patients with flu. @accpchest #CHEST2020 #CHESTCritCare
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20 Oct
@GallodeMoraesMD will be live tweeting the #PICS talk @accp #CHESTCritCare
@crit_caring_MD @GioraNetzer @itsradu @ICU_Recovery are talking about #PICS now!
At 12 months only 44% of ICU survivors are PICS-free, being cognitive a significative part of the post-ICU impairment. With more ICU survivors, we will likely be seeing more PICS. #CHEST2020 #CHESTCritCare
The lack of visitors in the COVID-19 era, will likely contribute to higher number of survivors with PICS #CHEST2020 #CHESTCritCare
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19 Oct
Starting soon, Sepsis: Most Recent Advances

#CHESTCritCare is going to be Tweeting hightlights live by @crit_caring_MD

Up first, Dr. Matthew Churpek discussing machine learning and big data.

Trade off between high sensitivity and high specificity depending on if you use SIRS vs. qSOFA.

NEWS and MEWS much more acute tools for predicting mortality.

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19 Oct
First up: Props to #CHEST2020 learning partners for that amazing wait music. Ne'er been a fan of wait music. But this is ... well .. peppy. Am in the mood to learn about #AirwayManagement!

Speakers: @Chaeface @J_Mendelson_MD @KDoerschug

Coverage: @virenkaul

.@J_Mendelson_MD: HFNC and proning in severe hypoxic resp failure:

- Can reduce dead space ventilation, assist with WOB, improved resp mechanics
- Pre-COVID data: Can be successful in potentially preventing invasive ventilation vs NIV and low flow O2

#CHEST2020 #CHESTCritCare Image
.@Chaeface: Pre-oxygenation modifications to reduce aerosolization

Use V-E technique vs C-E technique for rescue BMV. Improved efficacy for ventilation and better seal. (Lower picture):

#CHEST2020 #COVID19 Image
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18 Oct
Vitamins in Critical Illness starting now!

Discussing: Vitamin C, Vitamin B12, Vitamin D

#CHEST2020 Image
Vitamin B12 up first by Dr. Jayshil Patel.
#CHEST2020 Image
There are elevated hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in early sepsis.
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