Dalmatia through history.
Part I: The Name

The name Dalmatia is today well known throughout the Globe. Average European knows for sure it is southern part of Croatia, a little less average don't know that „Croatian part“ but relate it as tourist brand and destination.⬇️ Dalmatia region and its cou...
Throughout the globe the term Dalmatia is recognized by one sort of dogs, a Dalmatian, which originates from it.

Walt Disney made this enormous free advertisement so even an average American at least heard of it.⬇️ ImageImageImageImage
Dalmatia indeed is a most southern and most beautiful region of Croatia with rich historical and cultural heritage.

In this thread you will read few interesting informations from the past of Dalmatia, maybe unknown to you. ⬇️
Origins of the name Dalmatia.

The name Dalmatia is of Roman origin, „born“ in 1st century AD.

But the core of this name is much much older; we don't know how much older. ⬇️
First written traces about this region were left by ancient Greeks.

They sailed into the Adriatic in the 4th century BC and founded several of their colonies, on the islands and the coast.

This is actually the beginning of the history of this area. ⬇️ ImageImage
Take a closer look at this map of the Greek colonies!

Do you see the similarity of today’s modern names after more than 2300 yrs have passed?

Korkyra=Korcula, Aspalathos=Split, Traugiron=Trogir, Pharos=Hvar, Issa=Vis, Buthoe=Budva, etc.

But, let's get back to Dalmatia... ⬇️ Image
The Greeks were not conquerors; they established colonies in areas not so densely populated and began (trade) interaction with the hinterland.

Someone had already lived in that hinterland before them, right? The natives.

Greeks used to call all these natives as ILLYRIANS. ⬇️
They were not one unique people, rather a lot of tribes, groups with different customs and different names.

But the Greeks called them with common mark/name – Illyrians.

The closest analogy would be the common name Indians for all native people of Northern America.⬇️
One of these Illyrian tribes were Delmats or Dalmats (Delmatae/Dalmatae).

They lived in central part of Adriatic coast, roughly between modern rivers of Krka and Cetina.

Although they were originally from hinterland (modern day Duvanjsko polje, engl. Field of Duvno). ⬇️ Image
Then we come to the Romans (ca. 2nd century BC).

They were not peaceful traders. When they came, their intention was to conquer.

And that means a lot of wars and fights with local tribes. Romans took over the Greek name for them – Illyrians. ⬇️ Image
The Roman armies were the most organized in then Europe (=World). "Illyrian" tribes fell one after another.

However, in contact with the Dalmats, the Romans felt what the term "to be punched in the head” means; their legions suffered several defeats. ⬇️ ImageClashes of Roman armies vs....
Yet, no one could resist the Roman army in long term then, not even the Illyrians.

Romans organized all conquered areas into provinces.

Our regions were organized into the province of Illyricum.

The name is, logically, derived from the conquered "Illyrians". ⬇️
Province of Illyricum grew with the Roman conquests.

By conquering and annexing the Pannonian plains into Illyricum, it became simply too large.

After the Illyrian uprising (6-9 AD), the Romans simply had to divide it into two smaller provinces for better organization. ⬇️
The northern part of Illyricum has since been organized as a province called Pannonia, after the Pannonian tribes. ⬇️ Image
And because the vivid memory of strong resistance and enormous courage of native Dalmats Romans decided to name the southern part of the province, the original Illyricum as DALMATIA.

It was the 9th. A.D. ⬇️ Image
And so DALMATIA came into being.

About the transformation of ancient Dalmatia into what Dalmatia is today in the following threads.

#historyofCroatia #historyofCroats #hrvatskapovijest #dalmatia #dalmacija #croatia #hrvatska

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More from @Antimon_Zg

14 Apr
Dalmatia through history.
Part III:

In previous 2 threads you could have read:
1) about the therm Dalmatia and what it meant in the time of creation
2) what was left of her after crash of Roman authority and arrival of Slavs

In this "sequel" we will see how Dalmatia, from the scattered cities and islands, has become what we consider Dalmatia today.

I will also explain where the historical pretensions of the Italians to Dalmatia came from.

Let's go in order.
Everything we do and don't know about Dalmatia in the period of 2 centuries after the arrival of the Slavs, ie the end of organized Roman rule and written news about the events in it can be underlined and summarized by the provisions of the Peace treaty in Aachen, signed in 812. ImageImage
Read 51 tweets
13 Apr
Malo o @Electrolux Hrvatska.

Možda ja krivo razmišljam, ali svejedno sam razočaran pa da se pojadam...

Od kad sredismo svoju gajbu, a ima tome više od desetljeća, skoro svi aparati u kući su Electrolux...
1. Indukcijska ploča Zanussi (isto njihova), zamijenjena nakon 12 godina
novom Electrolux
2. Pećnica
3. Perilica suđa
4. Perilica rublja
5. Sušilia rublja
6. Grill plata
7. Mikrovalka
8. Kuhalo za vodu...

I u svakoj kategoriji top uređaj.
I uglavnom sam zadovoljan; uređaji svi traju.

I pazi sad...
Sušilica rublja (ca. 5,5 THRK) rikne joj automatika točno nakon isteka 5 godina garancije.

Popravak 1800 kn.

Razmišljam neisplativo. Pa novi uređaji srednje njihove klase koštaju 3-3,5 THRK i imaju novih 5 godina garancije. Ovdje si opet na vjetrometini.

I odlučim im pisati.
Read 6 tweets
13 Apr
Ajmo Bayern... Image
Ove polušanse moraju se počet i zabijati... Image
Ili ovakve.. Image
Read 4 tweets
13 Apr
On April 13, 1221 pope Honorius III wrote to citizens of #Split inviting them to fight against pirates of #Omiš and that he sends them his legate Akoncius as suport in organisation of fight vs. pirates and heretics.
⬇️ Image
#Omiš then was managad by count Malduk and bis brothers, members of noble family #Kačić, one of 12 legendary Croatian noble families.

Citizens of Omiš had centuries long tradition of piracy and in those times it was not only local problem.
⬇️ ImageImage
Before that they plundered some Crusaders carrying supplies for Middle East and that caused fierce reaction from all sides.

Border of #Omiš county towards #Split and #Klis county was river #Žrnovnica then (m.d. city of Stobreč).
⬇️ Image
Read 5 tweets
12 Apr
On April 12, 1304 we have recorded presence of Mathew (emissary of Serbian king Stephen Uroš II Milutin) in #Dubrovnik passing by on a meeting with ban of #Croatia and #Bosnia and master of #Hum Paul I of family #Šubić for the interests of his realm ("na rabotu kraljevstva mi"). Image
Earlier that same month king Milutin wrote to Dubrovnik asking them to prepare a vessel for his emissary and to transport him to the city of #Skradin, where the seat of ban Paul was.
So, we know for a fact that there was a meeting between Croatian ban Paul and emissary of Serbian king Milutin at that time.

Unfortunately, sources don't discover us their true reason and subject.
Read 6 tweets
19 Jan
#Dalmatia through history.
Part II: How Dalmatia became #Croatia

In Part I (👇🏿) you could find out how the term Dalmatia originated and what it represented at the time of its origin (after 9 AD).

Now let's move on further.⬇️
The province of Dalmatia was large. It included the territories of modern states:
- Croatia
- Bosnia and Herzegovina (without Sava valley)
- Montenegro and
- (western) Serbia.

Well, how did we come from THAT Dalmatia to what we know today under the term Dalmatia? ⬇️ Image
The Romans ruled this area continuously for 411 years (until 480).

In those 400 years or so, there have been several territorial reorganizations and changes in borders, we have no room to list them all. But one was crucial... ⬇️ Image
Read 24 tweets

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