Gave a talk on Nanasaheb Peshwa (Peshwa Bajirao's son) yesterday at his samadhi. Also stressed on the water supply arrangements he engineered for Pune. A system which continued to function for well over 150 years.

It was during his reign that Pune truly became a capital city of the Maratha Empire. New peths were established - Ganj , Vetal (now Guruvar peth) and others. Traders invited to set up business and orders given for expanding existing areas.
Like many cities before and after, a steady supply of clean water troubled 18th century town planners too.The man for the moment was Naro Appaji Tulshibaugwale.

Existing supplies were not sufficient or not tapped conveniently enough.

Hence the need for a new system.
It was decided to Dam the Ambhil Odha (stream) some miles away from the Shaniwarwada at Katraj. Two lakes were built, the upper for silt and lower for supply. Let's remember, there is no machinery in existence. They have only gravity as their friend (or enemy)
From Katraj, the water was led to the city and was said to power even the Hazari Karanja at Shaniwarwada.
The most interesting part of this project was a large lake built at the bottom of Parvati hill. Now completely filled up and known to us as Sarasbaug.
You can still see the original lake marked as " Parbati tank " in this 1924 map. (By which time it was mostly dry or filled with slush)
The tank served as both a sump for dissipating the shock of a flood and providing emergency supply in case the dam dried up.

Quite ingenious.
The canal provided a steady supply for many years after. It was fully functional till much of its work was taken over by the new Khadakwasla Dam (1869)
Upto 1915, some of the Katraj tank water was being tapped by modern pipes in the Bibwewadi area.

The defunct canal once more became important in 1961.

When the newly built Panshet dam burst.…
Here is Pune Municipal Corporation original plans for Sarasbaug (1950s)

A detailed description in Gazzetteer of 1885
Lake at base of Parvati

Sarasbaug was originally a small island + garden and temple in middle of lake. It has since become name of the whole garden. An echo of the old times lives on in the nickname " talyatla Ganpati"

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More from @authorAneesh

22 Feb
Madari Mehtar is a fictional character.

Thanks to @padmadurg for Marathi original, posting English translation for everyone's benefit

With all due respect to Guruji Golwalkar , he was no authority on history.
There is no mention of Madari Mehtar till some document found in 1917, which refers to him. There is no indication when or who or what purpose this doc was created.

It has fantastic passages - each more impossible than the other.
Read 10 tweets
20 Feb
Ashtapradhan :

1. Moropant Pingale - Brahmin.
2. Ramchandrapant Bawdekar - Brahmin
3. Annaji Datto - Brahmin
4. Sonopant Vishwanath - Brahmin
5. Panditrao ( so much anti Brahminism) - Raghunath Panditrao.

Muslims in Ashtapradhan mandal - Zero.
Adopted Brahmanical Sanskrit language and threw out Persian. Commissioned Rajvyawhar kosh.
And since Aurangzeb only imprisoned him it doesnt count.

Also getting besieged by Siddi Johar or having to cede 23 forts to Diler Khan.
Read 14 tweets
1 Jan
There were only about 7-8 Peshwas

From where did the remaining 27990 come ? 🤣🤣🤣
So basically you are celebrating a British victory over an Indian power.
Muslims supported the Brahmin Peshwa
Read 9 tweets
24 Dec 20
India's history syllabus is Mughal centric , Delhi centric and doesn't provide sufficient space to Indian heroes is something we have been hammering at on SM for past 15 years now.
Everyone providing their squirrel's share has made some dent in this medieval history narrative.

Another narrative which we have missed out - is the history of India's Industrial progress.
1. Britain GAVE US industrial progress and industries.

2. Indian Industrialists were basically people in cahoots with the goras.

👆Our textbooks describing India's industrial progress.
Read 20 tweets
24 Dec 20
Pune was one of the fastest growing cities in India in the late 19th and early twentieth century.

Two maps - one of 1883, other of 1924
Bhamburda (Shivajinagar) and Gultekdi in 1890. Erandwane and surrounding area - 1910, Koregaon Park in 1920 : main additions to existing city.
This period - 1883 to 1924 saw Fergusson College , Agriculture College, Reay Market ( Mandai ) , BORI were built
Read 5 tweets
23 Aug 20
Mixes up Narayanrao Peshwa who was assassinated with Madhavrao Peshwa who died of Tuberculosis.

Declares the Marathas defeated in Bengal when infact they annexed Odisha and took 12 lakh chauth.

Top historian and best Publishing House at work😁

Somewhere deep inside the book he mentions Marathas, but to Scroll -
Never mind Marathas and others who shook off the Mughals.

"Our realm has touched the Yamuna" - Peshwa Bajirao

"Like Satara, Delhi is within our rule" - Nana Phadnavis.
Read 14 tweets

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