Dr Rajendra Prasad, the President of the Constituent Assembly, said Rau “was the person who visualised the plan and laid the foundation” of the Indian Constitution.
Who was this Rau?
He is “The forgotten architect of Indian Constitution”
A tribute to
Kannadiga who incidentally was the most important person in drafting the constitution.
B.N.Rau (26 February 1887 – 30 November 1953) was born at Mangalore.

The Indian Constitution was drafted by a core committee of seven experts headed by Dr BR Ambedkar.
Ambedkar was chosen
the head because he had already served in various sub-committees, but before that he faced severe opposition from Abul Kalam and Nehru, but it was Rajendra Prasad who inducted him opposing the then President of Congress.
There is much talk about who really was the biggest brain
behind making the Constitution as knowledgeable people believe Ambedkar couldn’t have been the guy. Oldies with wisdom, who knew the India of those days, have said uni-vocally that BN Rau who was appointed as the adviser to the Constituent Assembly was the expert who did the
most job and worked out the democratic framework of the Constitution. He singlehandedly prepared the initial draft by February 1948, to be debated, revised and finally adopted by the team on November 26, 1949. The Drafting Committee, under the chairmanship of Ambedkar, declared
that the ‘Draft Constitution’ was being scrutinised thoroughly by adviser BN Rau for making it one of the world’s best Constitutions.

Rau was not a member of the Constitutional Assembly but was the most important expert who did the primary thinking and writing. He has been
religiously ignored by frontline politicians who never gave him his due space in history. Rau is the principal framer of the Indian Constitution; others only did the cosmetic jobs here and there. like they have forgotten VP Menon, Secretary of States, who drafted the
"Instrument of Accession" to force the 564 Princely States to merge with the Union of India, Rau is not remembered by the political bosses of today. Most of them do not even know who he is by name.

As Constitutional Advisor of the Constituent Assembly, Rau not only oversaw the
preparation of the draft electoral roll but also laid the groundwork for how members of the Constituent Assembly would draft India’s Constitution.
When he took over the position of Constitutional Advisor and led the establishment of the CAS in July 1946, he laid down firm
conditions before the Constituent Assembly.
“The whole organisation is non-political and non-party in character. Its services are equally available to every member, irrespective of party and creed,” he wrote.
“Rau was the leading authority in guiding the process of making the
universal franchise from a constitutional perspective.
Rau’s sense of justice and his pursuit of pragmatic, satisfying solutions under very difficult circumstances were the same qualities that he demonstrated when he found solutions to the problems of implementing the franchise"
Thus wrote Ornit Shani, a scholar of Indian politics and modern history, in her seminal book “How India Became Democratic”.
Before the Constituent Assembly prepared its first draft of the Constitution in October 1947, he wrote Constitutional Precedents—an in-depth analysis “
comparing the basic elements of the constitutions” of different nation states.
He also has the unique distinction of participating in the drafting a new Constitution for the then Union of Burma (Myanmar). For Constituent Assembly members in India, he took up the responsibility
of preparing all the necessary background materials.
Overseeing the drafting of the electoral roll since its inception in 1946 till 1948, Rau found solutions to some the most difficult logistical problems that arose from registering voters, particularly the refugees entering
India following Partition who weren’t technically ‘citizens’ and whose residential status was undetermined.
A firm believer of universal adult franchise, Rau believed that no Indian voter should be left behind in the process.

In a letter to Rajendra Prasad on May 12, 1948, he
said: “The electoral rolls now under preparation are merely the preliminary rolls. Before a general election is held on the basis of these new rolls, they will have to be…published and revised under the electoral law. There should, therefore, be no objection to ‘refugees’ being
registered in the rolls for their province on a mere declaration by them of their intention to reside permanently in the town or village concerned.”

He served as India’s representative in the United Nations Security Council from 1950 to 1952 before getting elected as a judge in
the International Court of Justice in The Hague—the first Indian to earn that position.
Unfortunately, he passed away on 30-11-1953 in Zurich, Switzerland.
Sir Benegal Narsing Rau, served as an Indian Civil Service officer, a jurist, a diplomat and a statesman of great repute.
Rau does not live in the hearts of Indians as the maker of the great Constitution of India. Ambedkar, who was placed as the team leader by Shrewd Politician Nehru is projected as the supreme brain who gave the Constitution. (Incidentally, Dr Ambedkar himself never boasted about
his position, all this kind of political gimmicks only happened after his death)
The Constituent Assembly’s resolution in setting up the Drafting Committee, under the chairmanship of B R Ambedkar, declared that it was being set up to “scrutinise the draft of the text of the
Constitution prepared by the Constitutional Adviser (B N Rau) giving effect to the decisions taken already in the Assembly,” which proves the fact that B N Rau was solely resonsible for the draft Constitution.
Another interesting aspect about Rau is that he offered his services
free of cost. The President of the Constituent Assembly Dr Rajendra Prasad, before signing the Constitution on November 26, 1949, thanked Rau for having “worked honorarily, assisting the Assembly not only with his knowledge and erudition but also enabled the other members to
perform their duties with thoroughness and intelligence by supplying them with the material on which they could work,” reads a report on Rau.


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More from @sheshapatangi1

27 Feb
If It Doesnt Enrage You, Then It Is Not Blood But Water In Your Veins.
Was Chandrashekhar Azad the first victim of Nehru’s Political Murders?
On his Balidan Divas, a small tribute to the legendary freedom fighter and a brief visit on his life and death. ImageImage
Azad's Nephew Sujit Azad claims that
1) Nehru informed British about Presence of Chandrasekhar Azad at Alfred Park, because other than Nehru & fellow HRA members nobody else knew that he was coming there.
2) Chandrasekhar Azad gave money to Nehru to release Bhagat Singh, but
Nehru had swallowed it.
(Link attached at the bottom of the post)
Azad rose to fame when he was a 15 year old kid and stood firm in front of magistrate.
He had shouted Azadi slogans & British arrested him.
When asked whats your name AZAD came the reply.
SWATANTRATA his fathers
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According to him, it was not suicide but leaving this earth towards Lord after fulfilling his duties.

From 01-02-1966 till 26-02-1966, he stopped consuming food and water.
#VinayakDamodarSavarkar attained Sadgati on this day.
Readers, The 1st 4 Images Are Important.
He was punished with Double Life Sentence and this happened to be the First of its kind in the British Judiciary.

Few Lesser Known Facts About The Legend #VeerSavarkar..

1) The first political leader to daringly set Absolute Political
Independence as India's goal (1900).
2)The first Indian political leader to daringly perform a bonfire of foreign (English) clothes (1905).
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4) The first Indian
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24 Feb
ಹೀಗೊಂದು ನನ್ನ ಅಭಿಪ್ರಾಯ.


ಕೆಲವರು ಇಲ್ಲಿ ಬ್ರಾಹ್ಮಣರು ಹಿಂದುಳಿದ ಜನಾಂಗವನ್ನು ನೂರಾರು ವರ್ಷಗಳ ಕಾಲ ತುಳಿದರು, ಆದುದರಿಂದ ಈ ಚಿತ್ರದಲ್ಲಿ ಅವರನ್ನು ತುಳಿಯುವುದು ತಪ್ಪೇ ಇಲ್ಲ ಅನ್ನುವ ಮಾತುಗಳನ್ನು ಆಡಿದ್ದಾರೆ.

ಇಂತಹ ಬುದ್ಧಿಮಾಂದ್ಯರಿಗೆ ಈ ಉತ್ತರ

ಸ್ವಾಮಿಗಳೇ, ಬ್ರಾಹ್ಮಣೇತರ ಮೇಲ್ಜಾತಿಗಳಾದ ಲಿಂಗಾಯತ, ಗೌಡ ಮುಂತಾದವು
ಶೋಷಿತ ಜನಾಂಗವನ್ನು ತುಳಿಯಲೇ ಇಲ್ಲವೇ?
ಒಂದು ಗ್ರಾಮದಲ್ಲಿ 100 ಮನೆ ಇದ್ದರೆ, ಬ್ರಾಹ್ಮಣರದು 05 ಅಥವಾ 06 ಇರಬಹುದು, ಮಿಕ್ಕ 70% ಮನೆಗಳು ಮೇಲ್ಜಾತಿಯವರದೇ ತಾನೇ.
ಈ 5,6 ಬ್ರಾಹ್ಮಣರು ಶೋಷಣೆ ಮಾಡುತ್ತಿದ್ದರೆ ನಿಮ್ಮವರು ಏನು ಮಾಡುತ್ತಿದ್ದರು? ಅವರು ಕೂಡಾ ಅದನ್ನೇ ಮಾಡುತ್ತಿದ್ದರು ತಾನೇ.

ಅದು ಹೋಗಲಿ, ಕಾಲಕಾಲಕ್ಕೆ ದಮನಿತರ ದನಿಯಾಗಿ ಬಂದ
ಎಷ್ಟೋ ಬ್ರಾಹ್ಮಣರನ್ನು ತಾವುಗಳು ಯಾಕೆ ಪರಿಗಣಿಸುವುದೇ ಇಲ್ಲ?

ಅಂದಿನ ರಾಮಾನುಜಾಚಾರ್ಯ ರಿಂದ ಹಿಡಿದು ಪೇಜಾವರ ಶ್ರೀಗಳ ವರೆಗೆ ಎಷ್ಟೋ ಮಂದಿ ಜಾತಿ ಭೇದ ಬಿಡಿಸಿ ಒಗ್ಗಟ್ಟಿನ ಮಂತ್ರವನ್ನು ಪ್ರಚಾರ ಮಾಡಿ ಹೋಗಿದ್ದಾರೆ...

ನಿಮ್ಮಂತಹವರೆಲ್ಲಾರೂ ಕೂಡಿಯೂ ಸಹ ಅವರು ಒಬ್ಬರು ಮಾಡಿರುವ ಕೆಲಸ ಜೀವನ ಪರ್ಯಂತ ಮಾಡಕ್ಕೆ ಆಗಲ್ಲ ಅಷ್ಟು ಮಾಡಿ ಹೋಗಿದ್ದಾರೆ
Read 4 tweets
30 Jan
Why Gandhi Will Never Be A Mahatma?

Some of the most interesting parts of @Ram_Guha book concern another group Gandhi sought to instruct: women. Two sections in particular are likely to raise eyebrows. The first is Guha’s account of Gandhi’s relationship with the writer and
singer Saraladevi Chaudhurani in 1919-20. Gandhi was, by then, celibate; both he and Sarala were married to other people. Yet their letters speak openly of desire — “You still continue to haunt me even in my sleep,” he wrote to her — and he told friends, “I call her my spiritual
wife.” He signed his letters to her Law Giver, which, as Guha observes, was “a self-regarding appellation that reveals his desire to have Sarala conform to his ways.” Gandhi’s friends appear to have talked him out of making this “spiritual marriage” public. Eventually he
Read 10 tweets
30 Jan
It was 1897, a Brahmin lawyer from Kudumul, a village near Mangalore established #Depressed_Classes_Mission in Mangalore for providing education, better housing, drinking water and empowering the backward classes socially by guarding them against exploitation by upper classes.
#Kudumul_Rangarao was born on 29 June 1859 and passed away on this day in 1928.
Rangarao completed his primary education in Kasaragod, before losing his father when he was 16. Moving to Mangalore in search of a job, he began working as a teacher for a monthly salary of ₹8.
Completing his matriculation amid financial difficulties through a correspondence course, he cleared the pleadership examination, that certified him argue for a client in courts. Following this, he began his career as a lawyer in Mangalore.
Rangarao as an advocate in profession
Read 9 tweets
29 Jan
Homage to BharataRatna deserving legend
#GeorgeFernandes on his Smaran Divas.


The Socialist Crusader, Who Left His Family For One Cause, Fight Against @INCIndia and @cpimspeak

The MAN Who Flew Sukhoi at his 70s.
The MAN Who Visited Siachen Thrice To Be With Soldier's
The MAN Whose Image Was Tarnished, Repeatedly Hounded
By Terrorists from Congress and Presstitutes For Being HONEST.

The FEARLESS Defence Minister, Who Possessed Nothing Except 3 Pairs of Jubba, Pyjama.

The Man, Remembered Nothing When He Passed Away On This Day 2 Years Ago,
Not Even The Supreme Court Verdict Which Exonerated Him.

The Shameless Media which castigated him 24/7 didn't tell the viewers & readers of this development.

But, The Legend Stays On Forever In The Minds Of Every Patriots.

George also recognised Antonio who was out to destroy
Read 6 tweets

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