Dr. Subhasree Ray Profile picture
RIL | Ph.D. | CDE | CBT Coach | Nutrition & Wellness | Creator: Holistic Nutrition Community @HiCommunities | Columns @ThePrintIndia @IndianExpress +
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Oct 10, 2021 8 tweets 2 min read
White sugar, honey, and jaggery, 3 different names of the same thing, 'sugar'. The later 2 have some micronutrients but there is a BIG 'but' to consider these 'healthy'. Thread #nutrition Jaggery is considered a better choice as compare to white/brown sugar because, it contains a small amount of B vitamins & minerals, including calcium, Iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium & sodium. 10 gm Jaggery provides 36 KCAL (minimal protein, no fat, and 8.5g carbs).
Apr 29, 2021 11 tweets 2 min read
📌The #COVID19 Vaccine: Myths & Facts

1. COVID-19 vaccines are unsafe because it was developed quickly.

Fact: The authorized vaccines are proven safe & effective. Although they were developed in record time, they have gone through the same rigorous approval process as others. 2. I have already had COVID once; why vaccinate now?

Fact: Those who have had COVID-19 in the past have no method to tell if reinfection of the COVID-19 virus will happen or not even if they have developed some natural immunity. So, it's important to take the vaccine.
Apr 18, 2021 5 tweets 2 min read
Jan 2, 2021 10 tweets 5 min read
✅Health Benefits of Yogurt: Yogurt, made by the bacterial fermentation of milk & a powerhouse of nutrients.

1 cup of yogurt provides:
49% of daily calcium need
38% of phosphorus
12% of magnesium etc.

Thread Explaining health benefits backed by science.
yogurtinnutrition.com/the-benefits-o… 1. Some types of probiotics found in yogurt, such as Bifidobacteria and Lactobacillus, have been shown to lessen the uncomfortable symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), which is a common disorder that affects the colon.
ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/P…
Nov 15, 2020 6 tweets 4 min read
#WorldDiabetesDay 2020: Information on Diabetes & management by making suitable lifestyle changes.

1. Understanding Diabetes - types, risk factors & how it occurs
2. Diagnosis of Diabetes Type 2 & Prediabetes - HbA1C, Fasting & post-meal
3. Effects of Diabetes on the body. (1/4) 4. How to prevent diabetes type 2?
5. Diet for Diabetes type 2: This is individualized. A low carb, moderate-protein diet plan is recommended for the Indian population. However, intermittent fasting & the Ketogenic diet are showing promising results in managing diabetes. (2/4)
Nov 15, 2020 4 tweets 1 min read
15 Nutrition Reminders: via @Healthline

1. You don't need to eat every 2-3 hours
2. Meat doesn't rot in your colon
3. Eggs are one of the healthy foods you can eat
4. Surgery drinks are the most fattening product in the modern diet. 5. Low fat doesn't mean healthy
6. Fruit juices aren't that different from soft drinks
7. Feeding your gut bacteria is critical
8. Cholesterol isn't the enemy
9. Weight loss supplements rarely work
10. Neither carbs nor fats make you fat.
Nov 9, 2020 16 tweets 8 min read
THREAD: #VitaminD and #COVID19 Studies (Series 2):

I have reported 16 articles before. Unfortunately, some still think there's a lack of 'evidence'. Reporting 8 more studies. Now we have 22 articles including an RCT. It's time to act. We have enough evidence to work on. 1. Study involving 185 Germans revealed 14.7 times more risk of death from #COVID19 patients with 12 ng/dl Vit-D level.
mdpi.com/2072-6643/12/9…
Nov 8, 2020 10 tweets 3 min read
Tomato:One of the most basic vegetables (originally a fruit) in Indian cuisine is a powerhouse of nutrients - Vitamin K1, B9, C, potassium, antioxidants - lycopene, beta-carotene, naringenin & chlorogenic acid.

Thread discussing the potential role of tomato in health promotion. 1. Nutritive value: 95% water & 5% carbs & fibre. A 100 g small raw tomato contains 1.5 g of insoluble fibres, great for our gut health.
Nov 5, 2020 15 tweets 9 min read
#VitaminD and Respiratory illness: Why D is crucial in #COVID19 management?

Evidence on Vitamin D physiology has revealed that Vitamin D not just plays a role in calcium homeostasis but a crucial component to prevent respiratory illnesses.

Thread with 12 studies. 1. Respiratory Tract Infection:

A. A study from India involving 80 cases & 70 controls, aged 2-60 months concluded that subclinical D def. & nonexclusive breastfeeding were significant risk factors for severe Acute Lower Respiratory Tract Infection.
nature.com/articles/16018…
Oct 30, 2020 7 tweets 2 min read
Thread: Basic information and myth-busting on #Ketogenic diet (KD):

1. It's NOT a fad diet. Wrongful practice by untrained professionals made the diet a fad
2. It's a high fat, normal protein, very low carbohydrate diet
3. Ketogenic diet doesn't include high protein. (1/6) 4. KD is ratio specific. The ratio between Fat: Carbs+Protein usually ranges from 1.5:1 to 4:1
5. Mostly used as a therapeutic diet for uncontrolled epileptic patients
6. Each recipe is hand calculated by a trained dietitian. (2/6)
Oct 29, 2020 4 tweets 3 min read
29th September is celebrated as #WorldStrokeDay. Diet & Nutrition is one of the major components to keep your heart healthy & prevent stroke. A thread with vital nutritional information.
1. 4 exotic vegetables that are packed with fiber, vitamins & antioxidant minerals. ImageImageImageImage 2. a. Healthy fats to protect your heart
b. 12 carbs containing foods and their nutritive values
c. How to swap snacks to save calories
d. List of healthy and unhealthy carbs. ImageImageImageImage
Oct 20, 2020 13 tweets 7 min read
Role of Zinc (Zn) during #COVID19: Probably The 2nd most important nutrient after #VitaminD. Zn is a must with antivirals in standard COVID care.

1. A study from Spain with 249 pts reported a zinc deficiency increased the risk of death by 2.3 times.
medicalxpress.com/news/2020-09-z… https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fimmu.2020.0171 2. A study from Japan reported Zn deficiency in 14% pts who remained mild to moderate & 84% among them later progressed into severe COVID 19.
ijidonline.com/article/S1201-…
Oct 19, 2020 4 tweets 4 min read
TRENDSETTER: In a scientific move, Vemulapalem Anganwadi, Gudur Mandal, #Nellore, Andhra Pradesh is providing 'Nandini Suraksha' milk & eggs to the kids. This milk is homogenized & fortified with Vitamin A & Vitamin D. Thanks @Bharat_J25 for sharing these. @ysjagan Kudos to the Anganwadi workers for understanding the importance of Vitamin A and D in a child's growth and development. Requesting relevant media houses to report this intelligent work. @xpressandhra @ThePrintIndia
Oct 18, 2020 17 tweets 9 min read
What do we know about Vitamin C and #COVID19 so far?

The role of #VitaminC goes beyond immunity-boosting & the micronutrient at high dose is crucial to prevent severity.

Making a case with 14 studies, postulating Vitamin C to be an integral part of COVID treatment. Direct Association:

1. August 2020 case study in a 74 years old COVID 19 patient with acute respiratory distress syndrome treated with oral vitamin C 1 g twice a day along with antivirals was able to be taken off mechanical ventilation within 5 days.
ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/P…
Oct 16, 2020 4 tweets 2 min read
On #WorldFoodDay2020, #WestBengal's Three Distinct Schemes:

1. 'Didir Rannaghar (Mamata's Kitchen):

a. In a kind gesture, WB CM @MamataOfficial is offering meals at just Rs. 5 to all migrant workers from 11 am to 3 pm with a new menu every day. (1/4)
sarkariyojana.com/mamata-kitchen… b. What else is included in 'Didir Rannaghar'?

- New clothes are also donated to the poor keeping the auspicious occasion of Durga Puja in mind.

- As per the guideline, hygiene and Social distancing are maintained with special attention. (2/4)
Oct 13, 2020 13 tweets 5 min read
Vitamin K & #COVID19:

Thrombosis is a major manifestation of COVID-19 that contributes to poor outcomes. Vitamin K plays a crucial role in the activation of both pro & anti-clotting factors in the liver, prevent elastic fiber degradation, possibly prevent comorbidities. THREAD Article source: https://www.cambridge.org/core/services/aop- 1. Matrix Gla protein (MGP) is a vitamin K-dependent inhibitor of soft tissue calcification & elastic fiber degradation. Severe extrahepatic vitamin K insufficiency is recently demonstrated in COVID-19 pts, w/high inactive MGP levels correlating w/elastic fiber degradation rates.
Oct 11, 2020 4 tweets 2 min read
Unique Initiative: As #COVID19 spreads to rural pockets of Delhi, Govt. to create task force called 'Nigrani Samiti' for effective containment of the virus and enforce COVID appropriate behaviour among the residents. (1/4) @ArvindKejriwal
google.com/amp/s/indianex… Image Delhi Disaster Management Authority stated every task force will be made up of a patwari, a local civil defence warden and two members of the village committee to assess the ground situation and submit its report regularly to the SDM/tehsildar concerned. (2/4)
Oct 8, 2020 17 tweets 8 min read
Thread: Antioxidant & Anti-inflammatory phytonutrients could target the pathogenesis of #COVID19.

Do phytonutrients have the capacity to enhance immunity? Existing literature and evidence to support the hypotheses for 4 phytonutrients & 2 micronutrients.
frontiersin.org/articles/10.33… 1. Curcumin:

a. Inhibits the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-6 and TNF- α) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated BV2 microglial cells and IL- 1β and IL-6 in TNF-α treated HaCaT cells via inhibiting the NF-κB and MAPK signaling pathways.
pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17883952/ https://www.spandidos-publications.com/ijmm/19/3/469
Oct 8, 2020 5 tweets 4 min read
Why bio-decomposer policy on stubble burning by Shri @ArvindKejriwal must be adopted by the neighboring states?

2018 study by @NASAEarth stated stubble burning from Punjab, Haryana not only pollutes Delhi but affects west & southern India too. (1/4)
hindustantimes.com/mumbai-news/st… A study by the International Food Policy Research Institute analyzed health data from more than 250,000 individuals of all ages residing in rural and urban areas in India and observed that crop burning worsened respiratory health in Haryana. (2/4)
academic.oup.com/ije/article/48…
Oct 8, 2020 6 tweets 2 min read
A thread on Mono Diet: Is it Healthy?

Definition:

A diet that recommends eating only one food or a group of foods for all meals throughout the day to lose weight. The most harmful side effect of this diet in long term is nutritional deficiencies. (1/7)
healthline.com/nutrition/mono… How people follow the diet?

On the mono diet, you should stick to just one food item or food group for each meal. Most people follow the mono diet for a few weeks before transitioning back to a healthy, balanced diet. This is mostly a quick fix to lose weight. (2/7)
Oct 6, 2020 11 tweets 7 min read
How does #VitaminD prevent complications in severely affected #COVID19 patients (approx. 20% of hospitalized patients develop serious symptoms) by managing the cytokine/bradykinin storm, ARDS, and organ damage? Thread 1. Cytokine Storm:

a. Vitamin D decreases the production of Th1 cells. Thus, it can suppress the progression of inflammation through reducing the generation of inflammatory cytokines such as IL-6, IL-8, IL-12, and IL-17.
pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16142846/
pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21047796/