Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #nutrition

Most recents (24)

This one found that the consumption of skimmed milk after exercise may reduce subsequent energy intake, such that total energy intake is not different from a low-energy placebo beverage and reduced relative to a sucrose beverage.
"The main finding was that ad-libitum energy intake 60 min after beverage ingestion was reduced following skimmed milk compared to a sucrose beverage and tended to be reduced for skimmed milk compared to the placebo beverage...
"...This meant that total energy intake (ad-libitum energy intake plus the energy provided in the post-exercise beverage) was lower following skimmed milk and placebo compared to after ingestion of the sucrose beverage...
Read 6 tweets
Food myth busted: Potato is not bad for diabetics

1. Potato has got a bad name, and diabetics are advised to avoid it because of its high glycemic index. However, findings of a recent research busts this myth.

#nutrition #healthyfood #diet #MedTwitter #diabetes #weightloss
2. This was an 8-week randomized, controlled feeding study comparing Potato and Bean diets (50-55% carbohydrate, 30-35% fat, 15-20% protein).
Thirty-six participants (18-60 years, BMI: 25-40 kg/m2) with insulin resistance were enrolled.
3. Among study completers, HOMA-Insulin resistance in the bean group showed an average decrease of 1.4 from baseline (P = .02 ); a similar decrease of 1.3 occurred in the potato group (P < .05) with no significant difference between the two diets.
Read 5 tweets
This one suggests that a higher genetic predisposition to gut microbial relative abundance is associated with greater reductions in central adiposity and body composition in response to weight-loss diet interventions, an effect that may be modified by dietary protein. Image
- In this large dietary intervention trial, a higher GRS for gut microbial relative abundance was associated with 2 year reductions in waist circumference and body composition.
- The relations of the gut microbial abundance GRS with changes in fat mass were modified by the dietary protein intake at 6 months.
Read 7 tweets
This one found that Sicilian long-lived individuals have changes in circulatory fatty acids status with advancing age, characterized by a reduction in blood levels of total PUFA and trans FA with age, whereas total SFA remained unchanged throughout life. Image
- This fatty acid profle characterized by high MUFA content may indicate reduced peroxidation while maintaining membrane fluidity.
- "We suppose that the high consumption of the extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) may have infuenced this datum"
Read 4 tweets
This narrative review explores the mechanisms of action and efficacy of caffeine and the potential for combinations of caffeine and other dietary compounds to exert psychological effects in excess of those expected following caffeine alone.
Key Points:
- Caffeine, when taken alone, is associated with reasonably consistent ergogenic and psychological benefits. However, its effects on mental performance are limited, and do not encompass benefits to several sport-relevant cognitive domains.
Read 8 tweets
This systematic review and meta-analysis suggests that CoQ10 supplementation is likely to improve lipid profiles in adults, with the optimal dose being 400-500mg/day.
- CoQ10 supplementation is likely to decrease total cholesterol, LDL-c, and TG and increase HDL-c levels in the adult population.
- Dose–response analysis revealed an inverse J-shaped nonlinear pattern between CoQ10 supplementation and TC, in which the optimal dose was 400 to 500 mg/day.
Read 4 tweets
Here, the consumption of caffeinated coffee was inversely associated with the risk of type 2 diabetes among US nurses with a history of gestational diabetes, with higher intakes being associated with a more favorable glucose metabolic profile among the type 2 diabetes-free women.
A few other notable findings:
- "This current study presents complementary findings on the inverse associations of coffee, particularly caffeinated coffee, with T2D progression for high-risk individuals with a history of GDM...
Read 9 tweets
This study in twins found that how effectively an individual awakens in the hours following sleep is associated with sleep quantity/quality the night before, physical activity the day prior, a breakfast rich in carbohydrate, and a lower blood glucose response following breakfast.
- Nights when an individual slept longer than their own typical sleep amount (rather than a standardised sleep amount), were associated with a superior (i.e., higher) degree of next-morning alertness.
- More than just sleep duration, however, sleeping later into the morning than is typical for a given individual (which in part, can give rise to longer sleep duration), predicted higher levels of alertness that following morning.
Read 13 tweets
In this one, mice fed an obesogenic high starch diet, although exhibited hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia, remained glucose tolerant and insulin sensitive despite having excess adipose tissue, in contrast to mice fed an obesogenic high-fat diet.
This is a pretty cool study delving further into the connection between ceramides, de novo lipogenesis and liver, muscle fat infiltration, the relationship between body fat content and insulin action and the effects of dietary manipulation in these factors.
- The current study reports on a dietary intervention that produces significant obesity but maintains normal insulin action in mice providing some mechanistic understanding of the phenomenon of obesity with preserved insulin sensitivity.
Read 32 tweets
Now that's interesting.

This one in mice suggests that chronic glucagon agonist-mediated weight loss is due to low plasma amino acid availability, which results in increased energy expenditure and subsequent body weight loss. Image
- A long-acting glucagon analog led to glucagon-mediated body weight loss which was intrinsically linked to hypoaminoacidemia.
- Low plasma amino acids were found to be a pre-requisite for this glucagon-mediated energy expenditure and weight loss.
Read 8 tweets
This one found that individuals without obesity who follow a healthy diet and are physically active are likely to have the lowest risk of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, but adhering to either one of the aforementioned healthy behaviors may still confer risk reduction.
- A 21, 16, and 9 percentage risk reduction in all-cause mortality in individuals who engaged in both healthy behaviors, only physical activity, and only a healthy diet was observed, respectively.
- Individuals who both followed a healthy diet, and were active and females who were active only showed a 26 and 17% decrease in cardiovascular disease mortality respectively, whereas no statistically significant associations were observed for those following a healthy diet only.
Read 4 tweets
The findings of this one support that even plant-based unhealthy dietary choices can be harmful towards metabolic health, as they exhibit a positive association with liver steatosis prevalence.
- The overall plant-based dietary index (PDI), the healthful plant-based dietary index (hPDI) and the unhealthful plant-based dietary index (uPDI) were used to assess one's diet.
- The PDI corresponds to the overall adherence to a plant-based dietary pattern irrespective to the quality of plant-based products consumed.
Read 20 tweets
This systematic review and meta-analysis suggests that nut consumption is likely to reduce serum triglycerides in healthy adults with overweight/obesity, and LDL-c when incorporated in one's habitual diet.
- "Subgroup analyses for serum lipids revealed that the favorable effect of nuts on serum TG was more pronounced in population with a mean BMI <30 kg/m2 and in a follow-up duration <12 weeks...
"...Moreover, in the subgroup analysis based on the type of diet, nut consumption led to a significant decrease in LDL-C in those following a normocaloric diet."
Read 5 tweets
This one in Iranian adults found higher dietary oxalate intakes to be associated with an increased risk of developing hypertension and chronic kidney disease, especially when consuming lower calcium intakes.
- Compared to high-calcium consumers, subjects with lower calcium intake (< 1180 mg/d) had a higher risk of both CKD and hypertension.
- Interestingly enough, no statistically significant association was observed between dietary oxalate and the outcomes in subjects who consumed dietary calcium above the median.
Read 4 tweets
This one found an inverse association between folate intake and colorectal cancer risk, while identifying 3 genes with suggestive interactive effects between total folate consumption and colerectal cancer risk: GSTA1, TONSL, and AGA.
- An inverse association between folate intake and colorectal cancer risk was observed.
- The study also identified 3 genes with suggestive interactive effects between total folate consumption and colorectal cancer risk: GSTA1, TONSL, and AGA.
Read 8 tweets
This one found Spanish university students with a higher meat consumption to be more likely to have a higher muscle strength index, but with total protein intake and lean mass completely mediating this effect.
- University students with high meat (total, red, processed, and white and fish) consumption were more likely to have a higher muscle strength index than their peers with lower meat consumption.
- When total protein intake and lean mass percent were added to the statistical model, these associations lost statistical significance.
Read 8 tweets
This one suggests that just one single meal lower in protein content may lead to increases in daily total caloric consumption in order to experience the same level of fullness and hunger suppression. ImageImage
- "Indeed, we found that the average macronutrient composition of the SSMD (Self-Selected Meal Day) meals was lower in both protein and carbohydrate, and higher in fat, than the study diet...
"...In addition, the daily caloric intake on the SSMD was 14% higher (or an average of an extra 262 total daily calories, P<0.001) than baseline daily intake...
Read 14 tweets
What can patients do to lower #cholesterol levels, if they can not take #statin due to any reason?

1. They can take #garlic and #lemon juice, if statins are contraindicated or causing any #adverse effects such as myalgia or muscle weakness.
2. High cholesterol level is a risk factor for stroke and heart attacks. Statins are commonly prescribed drugs to lower cholesterol levels. However, some patients can not take statins due to adverse effects such as muscle pain and muscle weakness.
#Diet #nutrition #healthydiet
3. In a study, 20 gram of raw garlic and one tablespoon of lemon juice was given daily for 8 weeks in people with high chol. Total cholesterol reduced by 41 mg/dl, LDL cholesterol reduced by 30 mg/dl and BMI reduced by 1.6. (Ref: International Journal of Preventive Medicine 2016)
Read 4 tweets
Slide summary from my presentation at #COP27 about the Unique Role of Nutrient-Dense Animal Proteins for Sustainable Food Security. (thread) #meat #livestock #foodsystems #nutrition #climatechange #malnutrition #hiddenhunger #foodsecurity Image
Are the charges against meat and livestock justified? Are we looking at this debate in a holistic way? Are we certain of the evidence against meat? Image
Or are policymakers afflicted by "Carbon Tunnel Vision" and not taking into account the multidimensional value livestock have to human health, rural livelihoods and ecosystem function? Image
Read 15 tweets

Winter is coming.

Here’s how to optimize your supplement stack to boost your immune system & stop getting sick. 🧵👇

#vitamins #supplements #health #wellness #biohacking #fitness #nutrition Image
Taking care of your immune system means eating healthy, getting enough quality sleep, and managing daily stress.

We can also use an immune boosting protocol to give us that extra edge against infections. Image
The best immune support supplements provide targeted support to help strengthen immune function, protect cells & boost energy levels.

To do this, we’re going to stack:

Vitamin D
Vitamin K
Vitamin C
Vitamin A
Zinc + copper

Let’s dig in 👇👇👇 Image
Read 25 tweets
This one in individuals at clinical high-risk for psychosis suggests that the beneficial impact of omega-3 PUFAs on clinical symptoms in psychosis is mediated, at least in part, through the complement and coagulation pathway proteins.
- The complement system is a network of proteins that play an important role in host defense and inflammation.
- The coagulation system, you guessed it, is the good ol' system that is made up of blood cells and proteins, responsible for creating blood clots to allow for rapid healing and prevention of excessive bleeding.
Read 9 tweets
Testimony of a cancer conqueror regarding benefits of intermittent fasting
Story of Sejal Bhavin Upadhyay, 50 yrs
Her world shattered when she was diagnosed to have multiple myeloma in August 2020.
She started 16 hour fasting (8 hour eating window) on a daily basis.
Her disease was brought under control within third cycle of chemotherapy. She has continued to practice intermittent fasting since then (>2 yrs).
She also practices complete fasting for 48 hours at the time of #chemotherapy.
#fasting #nutrition #diet
She practices intermittent fasting (+complete fasting for 2 days every 15 days), ensuring she doesn't lose weight. (Her weight is ideal for her height). Lower body weight (than ideal) can lower immunity.
She also practiced fasting during Navratri, inspired by @narendramodi ji
Read 5 tweets
In this one in mice, branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) ingestion suppressed chronic detraining-induced reductions of skeletal muscle mitochondrial content.
- The BCAA dose was 0.6 mg/g of body weight twice daily for 2 mouse weeks of detraining, which translates roughly into ~50 mg/kg of body weight for 560 human days of detraining.
- BCAA supplementation suppressed the reduction of mitochondrial enzyme activities and protein content in skeletal muscle.
Read 20 tweets
In this one in mice, branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) ingestion suppressed chronic detraining-induced reductions of skeletal muscle mitochondrial content.
- The BCAA dose was 0.6 mg/g of body weight twice daily for 2 mouse weeks of detraining, which translates roughly into ~50 mg/kg of body weight for 560 human days of detraining.
- BCAA supplementation suppressed the reduction of mitochondrial enzyme activities and protein content in skeletal muscle.
Read 20 tweets

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