Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #naman

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Prafulla Chandra Ray, aka P.C.Ray. The father of modern Indian Chemistry, the first Indian to set up a pharma company, and a pioneer of modern chemical industries in India.
Thread on his death anniversary today. Image
But Ray was more than just a mere chemist, he worked actively in the fields of education reforms, employment generation, political advancement too. He was a social reformer, fought against casteism, advocated the use of mother tongue as medium of instruction
He was elected as President of the Bangiya Sahitya Parishad, for his contribution to Bengali language. A man of simplicity who had no worldly possesions, lived in a single room all his life at the University College of Science in Kolkata.
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“Sarfarosh ki Tamanna ab hamare dil mein hai, dekhna ki zor kitna baazu-e-qatil mein hai”
Ram Prasad Bismil , one of the great revolutionaries in the Indian freedom struggle, the mastermind behind Kakori.
Thread on his Jayanti today. Image
Though Sarfarosh ki Tamanna was written by Bismil Azimbadi , it was Ram Prasad Bismil who made that popular, and it became a rallying cry for the revolutionaries.
Ram Prasad Bismil was born in Shajahanpur in 1887, his ancestors hailed from Gwalior, and his native village was close to the Chambal valley. His father was a clerk in the Municipality, and later started a small business lending out money on interest.
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Bhagavan Birsa Munda who led a tribal uprising against the British rule in Jharkhand, only tribal leader whose portrait hangs in Central Hall of Parliament and whose Jayanti is celebrated as #JharkhandDay. Thread on his death anniversary today. Image
Jharkhand whose name literally means “Bush land” or “Forest land” had a long history of resistance to the British colonial rule. Among the numerous tribes that make up the state, the Santhals are one of the dominant ones. #BirsaMunda
The Santhals are located primarily in the south eastern part of the Chotanagpur plateau and Midnapore in West Bengal. While they lived in the valley, the Mal Paharias primarily inhabited the hills.
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Hari Singh Nalwa, commander in chief of the Sikh Khalsa army, the sword arm of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. The man who conquered most of North West from Afghans, expanded Sikh empire right up to Khyber Pass.
Thread on his death anniversary today. Image
“Hari Ragla” two words that struck terror in the hearts of Afghans. Two words that made Afghan mothers put their kids to sleep with. Two words that just about summed up the man, who was a terror to the Afghans, dealt a death blow to their plans of territorial expansion.
A man who stood out like a colossus in the court of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, that itself was a galaxy of stellar personalities. A hero who even in death, frightened the Afghans, to the extent they fled from the battlefield than face him.
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Tatya Tope,one of the greatest heroes of the 1857 Revolt who waged a long guerrilla war even after it was suppressed.
Thread on a hero regarded as the most dangerous rebel of all. Image
Consider this the 1857 Revolt was effectively over, all it's main leaders killed or deposed. But one man refused to give up Tatya Tope as he began a 10 month long struggle against the British.
For close to 10 months Tatya Tope led the British on a wild goose chase over Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan evading them at every turn. He planned to take the Revolt all the way down South, but unfortunately could not.
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#TodayInHistory Anant Kanhere is hanged to death in 1910 for his assasination of Collector Jackson in Nashik.
Thread on another not so well known revolutionary who gave up his life for freedom at a young age. Image
Arthur Jackson was the collector of Nashik since 1907, a mild mannered man, proficient in Sanskrit and Marathi. Also a learned Indologist, who wrote many papers on Indian history and culture, affectionately called as Pandit Jackson by the locals.
Fond of the beauty of the Godavari, and the richness of Sanskrit, he often felt that he must have been a Shastri at Nashik in his earlier life.
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Dhondo Keshav Karve, also known affectionately as Annasaheb, educationist, social reformer, activist, whose yeoman efforts in women's education in Maharashtra, and campaign for widow remarriages would forever be remembered.
Thread on his Jayanti today. Image
“It is better to light a lamp in the darkness, than curse it” and that is what Karve did. For the 100 odd years of his life on earth, he lit the lamps in the lives of many a child widow, and women, fought for their emancipation.
Like a lamp that keeps glowing till it’s end, to give light to others, Maharshi Karve, lived for others, spread light in their lives and wore himself out slowly.
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Mokshagundam Viswesarayya, one of the builders of modern India, an engineering genius, and one of the greatest Indians of modern era, founder of the modern Mysore State, whose legacy lives on todate.
Thread on his death anniversary today. Image
Every where you go in Mysore region, you can find his legacy, be it the mighty Krishna Raja Sagar Dam or institutions like State Bank of Mysore or the Bhadravati Steel Factory.
He was born in Mudenahalli, now located in Chikballapur district on Sept 15,1861 to Srinivasa Sastry and (Venkachamma) Venkatalakshmamma. His father was a well known Sanskrit scholar, from whom he learnt to respect the culture and traditions of Bharat.
Read 36 tweets
#TodayInHistory Operation Meghdoot, the Indian Army operation to secure Siachen glacier in 1984, one of the most significant one ever, takes place. Image
Siachen, which ironically means “Rose Garden” in local Balti language, located in Eastern Karakoram, is 75 km long, and is the highest battlefield in the world. The 110 KM line beyond NJ9842 is called the Actual Position Ground Line. Image
The genesis of the Siachen conflict lay in Partition, after the first Indo-Pak war, the 2 nations agreed on the ceasefire line. The problem is that the line was not demarcated beyond a point NJ9842, as it was an inhospitable area
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Rana Sanga one of the great Ranas of Mewar, who battled against all odds to expand Mewar to it's largest extent, formed a confederacy of Rajput clans.
Thread on one of the great Hindu rulers on his Jayanti today. Image
Rana Sanga's life was a battle against all odds, had to fight his brothers for the throne, blinded in one eye, lost an arm, injured in a leg, yet united all the Rajput clans, routed the Sultans of Malwa, Gujarat, and the Lodhis in Delhi.
Sadly historians judge Rana Sanga on his loss to Babur at the Battle of Khanwa, though it was under him that Mewar reached it's largest extent, and he was one of the greatest warriors in battle.
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Kodendara Subbayya Thimayya, nicknamed as Timmy, served as Chief of Army Staff from 1957-61 in the years leading up to the war with China. .Known for his quick wit, fiery temper, a no nonsense attitude, and an independent stance.
Thread on his Jayanti today.
The only Indian to command an infantry brigade during World War II, and dealt with the repatriation of POWs as head of an UN after the Korean War. Thimayya was also the first to point out the threat from China to Nehru, that was predictably ignored.
Belonging to the same Kodendera clan of Cariappa, he was born in Madikeri, into a well to do family of coffee planters on March 30, 1906. His mother Sitamma,was well educated and a social worker, while his father Subbayya was another of the well known coffee plantation owners.
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Shyamji Krishna Varma, mentor to many leading lights of India’s revolutionary movement, ranging from Veer Savarkar to Lala Hardayal to Madame Bhikaji Cama. Founded India House in London.
Thread on his death anniversary today.
Shyamji Krishna Varma, one of the most brilliant minds of the modern era, a selfless patriot, who gave his everything for the nation’s freedom. He was deeply influenced by the views of Swami Dayanand Saraswati’s teachings, as well as that of Herbert Spencer.
Shyamji Krishna Varma was born in the year of India’s great mutiny, 1857 on October 4, in Mandvi, Kutch to Krushnadas Bhanushali, a laborer in a cotton press and Gomatibai. His ancestors were from Bhachunda, a village now located in Abdasa taluk of Kutch.
Read 26 tweets
Malhar Rao Holkar, founder of the Holkar dynasty, developed Indore into a major city. One of the powerful Maratha leaders who asserted themselves post Panipat, when the Marathas became a confederacy of various other kingdoms. Thread on his Jayanti today.
After the disaster at Panipat, Madhavrao I, became the Peshwa on June 23, 1761, at a very young age of 16. He managed to bring the administration back into track, and also secured the treasury that was being looted. He had the unenviable task of rebuilding the Maratha Empire.
Madhavrao I’s reign however would be remembered for the creation of the semi autonomous Maratha states in the Deccan and the North, it was a tactical decision to keep the Maratha empire intact.
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While most of us know the story of Maharana Pratap and Haldighati, not many know the story of his son Rana Amar Singh, who like his father, fought 17 battles with the Mughals, winning a good many of them.
Thread on a forgotten hero.
While Rana Pratap’s rivalry with Akbar is well known and chronicled, not known is the fact that his son Amar Singh fought an equally long war with Jahangir, before he was forced to surrender.
Sadly many historians evaluated him on the basis of the treaty with Jahangir, not understanding the fact that it was a rather painful decision, and even that treaty was not complete surrender.
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Biju Patnaik, aviator, politician, freedom fighter, the Utkala Shanda, who built modern Odisha, it's tallest political leader to date. #BijuPatnaik
Thread on his Jayanti today. Image
What does one make of a man who flew a daring sortie into Dutch occupied Indonesia and sneaked away their Prime Minister? Or made equally daring sorties into Kashmir during the first India Pakistan war in 1947? #BijuPatnaik
Or a man who set up industries all over Odisha? Biju Patnaik was not just a political leader, he was also an aeronautical engineer, a fighter pilot, an industrialist and fought for freedom too. #BijuPatnaik
Read 38 tweets
Swami Shraddhanand, One of the great leaders of modern India, who awoke the Indian consciousness and called out the dangers of pan Islamism, paid with his life for this.
Thread on his Jayanti today.
Swami Shraddhanand, also known as Mahatma Munshi Ram. It is ironical though, that his early life showed no signs of greatness to come. He was an atheist, got addicted to gambling, drinking, lust.
In a sense Shraddhanand’s early life had some parallels with that of Swami Dayananda. Born in a well to do family in Jalandhar district of Punjab, on February 21, 1856, his real name was Munshi Ram Vij
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Rani Rashmoni founder of the Dakshineshwar Temple in Kolkata, a lady whom Sri Ramakrishna Paramahansa regarded as his own mother, a woman who took on the British, and in a way contributed to the Bengal Renaissance.
Thread on her.
The widow of a wealthy businessman, Raja Chandra Das, Rashmoni was born into a humble Mahishya family on September 28, 1793 near Halisahar in the Northern Paraganas, to Harekrishna Biswas and Rampyari Devi.
With her mother passing away when she was just 7 years old, Rashmoni was married off at 11 years to a much older Raja Chandra Das, of Janbazaar, one of Kolkata’s wealthy zamindars, and a successful businessman too.
Read 38 tweets
Kanappa one of the 64 Nayanars, regarded as one of Shiva's greatest devotees ever. In the Sri Kaalahasti temple, the Mahashivratri festivites begin by worshipping at his shrine. A story of true devotion and faith. ImageImage
Sri Kalahasti is one of the Panchabhuta Kshetras where Shiva is worshipped as Vayu Lingeswara, the others being Tiruvannamalai(Fire), Chidambaram(Space), Kanchi(Earth) and Jambukeswara(Water).
It gets it's name from the story that Shiva was worshipped here by a spider(Sri), snake(Kala) and elephant(Hasti). The spider used to weave webs around the Shiva Linga here.
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Vasudev Balwant Phadke, often called as the father of the Indian armed revolt, passes away on this date in 1883 in a prison in Aden.
Thread on a great revolutionary.
A Chitpavan Brahmin from Konkan, who rallied peasant castes like Dhangars, Kolis, Bhils as well as warrior communities like Ramoshis against British rule. He often attacked rich English businessmen or zamindars, to raise funds for his liberation struggle.
Phadke was born in the coastal Konkan village of Shirdhon, in Raigad district, on November 4, 1845. He showed no interest in regular school education, and preferred to learn wrestling, horse riding.
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Meghnad Saha, whose Theory of Thermal Ionisation, is one of the landmarks of modern astronomy. Also introduced nuclear physics as a discipline in India. One of the great Indian scientists of modern era. Thread on his death anniversary today.
One of the most important scientific theories during the 20th century, has been the theory of thermal ionization. Basically an expression, that relates the ionization state of a gas, in thermal equilibrium to the temperature and pressure.
It combined the theories of quantum mechanics and statistical mechanics and is used to explain the spectral classification of stars. Arthur Stanley Eddington, called it as one of the most important landmark in the history of astronomy.
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Peshwa Madhav Rao, who bought the Maratha Empire back to it's glory after the debacle at Panipat, and played a major role in stabilizing the empire. A truly great ruler, who died too young, else would have been an even greater influence. Thread on his Jayanti today. Image
Panipat was one of the worst blows ever to the Maratha empire, the Peshwa Balaji Baji Rao, could not recover from the debacle and died broken hearted spending his last days in the Parvati temple, in Pune, a city he had built up so much.
The Marathas lost the entire Northern territories of India from Delhi onwards, and the empire ran up into huge debts. And yet it was after this darkest hour, that the Maratha empire came back once again to it’s true glory, in what was called the Maratha Resurrection.
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Nana Fadnavis, the Maratha Chanakya, who as Prime Minister of the Maratha confederacy, he bought it back to the days of glory after the humiliating rout at Panipat. A man who defeated the British twice with his intelligence and diplomacy.
Thread on him.
Wai is a small town located in the Satara district of Maharashtra, on the banks of the Krishna river. Surrounded by the Sahayadris, the town is famous for it’s numerous ghats on the Krishna river, and the old temples here.
It also gave rise to two of the most important families in Indian history. One the Tambe family here , the daughter of Moropant Tambe, went on to become a certain Rani of Jhansi. The other from the Raste family, Gopikabai, was the wife of the 3rd Peshwa, Nana Saheb.
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Manmath Nath Gupta, born February 7, 1908, Varanasi.
Sachindranath Sanyal, died February 7, 1942, Gorakhpur.
Two freedom fighters both associated with HRA, Kakori, who have not really received their due recognition.
Manmath Nath Gupta's book They Lived Dangerously is one of the best accounts of the Hindustan Republican Association, the Kakori plot, while Sachindranath Sanyal's Bandi Jeevan is an excellent depiction of Cellular Jail, where he was a prisoner.
Typically when it comes to Kakori, here are many an illustrious name associated with it, Ram Prasad Bismil, Ashfaqulla Khan, Chandrashekhar Azad, Rajendra Lahiri, Sachindra Bakshi to name some.
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#TodayInHistory The epic battle of Sinhagad, takes place in 1670, when Tanaji Malusare, and his Maval army capture the fort from the Mughals, in one of the most daring assaults ever in history. #JaiBhavani #JaiShivaji
When you walk around Pune , and the surrounding areas, you feel the valor of the Marathas at every step. Pune itself home of the Peshwas, Raigad where Shivaji was coronated, Purandhar, Pratapgarh , all those names resonate with the glory of one of India’s greatest sons.
But it is Sinhagad , which takes your breath away, with it’s sheer grandeur, originally called as Kondhana, around 25 km northwest of Pune, located at an altitude of around 4400 m above sea level.
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