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#TodayInHistory The epic battle of Haldighati takes place in 1576 when Rana Pratap took on the mighty Mughal Army. A tale of bravery, courage that remains an inspiration to date. This thread takes a look at the backdrop and the battle. ImageImageImageImage
A narrow mountain pass n the Arravallis located around 40 Km from Udaipur, connecting the districts of Rajsamand and Pali. Haldighati is believed to have got it’s name from the turmeric colored soil here. Image
Rana Pratap took over as ruler of Mewar, in not exactly the best of circumstances. He had to fight a bitter succession battle, against his brother Jagmal to become the ruler.
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Desh Bandhu Chittaranjan Das, mentor to Netaji, defended Aurobindo Ghosh in the Alipore Bomb trial, co founded the Swaraj Party with Motilal Nehru, a brilliant writer and thinker.
Thread on his death anniversary today.
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Chittaranjan Das was born in Bikrampur, now located near Dhaka, associated with the Pala empire . A small town in which such legendary figures like J.C.Bose, P.C.Mahalanobis were born as well as the trio of Binoy, Badal and Dinesh.
He was born into a well off Brahmo family, to Bhuban Mohan Das and Nistarini Debi on November 5,1870. His uncle was the prominent Brahmo social reformer Durga Mohan Das.
Read 26 tweets
Bhagavan Birsa Munda who led a tribal uprising against the British rule in Jharkhand, only tribal leader whose portrait hangs in Central Hall of Parliament and whose Jayanti is celebrated as #JharkhandDay. Thread on his death anniversary today.
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Jharkhand whose name literally means “Bush land” or “Forest land” had a long history of resistance to the British colonial rule. Among the numerous tribes that make up the state, the Santhals are one of the dominant ones. #BirsaMunda
The Santhals are located primarily in the south eastern part of the Chotanagpur plateau and Midnapore in West Bengal. While they lived in the valley, the Mal Paharias primarily inhabited the hills.
Read 39 tweets
Peshwa Baji Rao 1, one of the greatest warriors ever in Indian history, a man who never lost a battle, a man who conceived of a Hindu Pad Padshahi, and expanded the Maratha empire beyond Deccan.
Thread on his death anniversary today. #Bajirao
The son of an equally illustrious father Peshwa Balaji Vishwanath, Baji Rao was rated on par with the great US Civil War general William Sherman by Field Marshal Bernard Montogomery in his book a History of Warfare.
Baji Rao was born into the Bhat family on August 18, his younger brother Chimaji Appa, would prove to be an equally renowned warrior. He grew up in Saswad, now a suburb of Pune and their family’s personal fiefdom too.
Read 36 tweets
Lachit Borphukan, the great Ahom general who beat back the mighty Mughal army at the Battle of Saraighat and thwarted Aurangzeb's ambition of expanding the Mughal empire into Assam.
Thread on his death anniversary today.
While a lot is known about the Marathas, and the valor of Shivaji, not much is really known about the Ahoms, and their spirited resistance to the Mughals.
From 1615 when the Mughal Army attacked the Ahom Kingdom to the Battle of Itakhuli in 1682 that saw a decisive Ahom victory, which resulted in the Mughal retreat.
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With the celebrations for #veerkunwarsingh Vijayutsav going on in Bihar, my thread on one of the greatest heroes of the 1857 revolt, who gave the toughest fight to the British at the age of 80, and remained undefeated. Image
Vaise it's not #VeerKunwarSingh Jayanti as being claimed by some, that falls in November, while his death anniversary is on April 26. The Vijayutsav is more to celebrate his capture of Jagadishpur from the British.
Kunwar Singh belonged to the Ujjainiya Rajput clan, who are primarily found in Bihar- Eastern UP. They claim descent from Raja Bhoj, and in fact Bhojpur region gets it's name from this. Most of the Purbiya soldiers known for their martial skills were from this clan.
Read 36 tweets
Kodendara Subbayya Thimayya, nicknamed as Timmy, served as Chief of Army Staff from 1957-61 in the years leading up to the war with China. .Known for his quick wit, fiery temper, a no nonsense attitude, and an independent stance.
Thread on his Jayanti today.
The only Indian to command an infantry brigade during World War II, and dealt with the repatriation of POWs as head of an UN after the Korean War. Thimayya was also the first to point out the threat from China to Nehru, that was predictably ignored.
Belonging to the same Kodendera clan of Cariappa, he was born in Madikeri, into a well to do family of coffee planters on March 31, 1906. His mother Sitamma,was well educated and a social worker, while his father Subbayya was another of the well known coffee plantation owners.
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Shyamji Krishna Varma, mentor to many leading lights of India’s revolutionary movement, ranging from Veer Savarkar to Lala Hardayal to Madame Bhikaji Cama. Founded India House in London.
Thread on his death anniversary today.
Shyamji Krishna Varma, one of the most brilliant minds of the modern era, a selfless patriot, who gave his everything for the nation’s freedom. He was deeply influenced by the views of Swami Dayanand Saraswati’s teachings, as well as that of Herbert Spencer.
Shyamji Krishna Varma was born in the year of India’s great mutiny, 1857 on October 4, in Mandvi, Kutch to Krushnadas Bhanushali, a laborer in a cotton press and Gomatibai. His ancestors were from Bhachunda, a village now located in Abdasa taluk of Kutch.
Read 25 tweets
Typically when we speak of Mewar, it usually ends with Rana Pratap and the Battle of Haldighati. Not much is really known about his succesors, nor his son Amar Singh,who like his father, fought 17 battles with the Mughals, winning a good many of them.
While Rana Pratap’s rivalry with Akbar is well known and chronicled, not known is the fact that his son Amar Singh fought an equally long war with Jahangir, before he was forced to surrender.
Sadly many historians evaluated him on the basis of the treaty with Jahangir, not understanding the fact that it was a rather painful decision, and even that treaty was not complete surrender.
Read 29 tweets
Nana Fadnavis, the Maratha Chanakya, who as Prime Minister of the Maratha confederacy, he bought it back to the days of glory after the humiliating rout at Panipat. A man who defeated the British twice with his intelligence and diplomacy.
Thread on his death anniversary today.
Wai is a small town located in the Satara district of Maharashtra, on the banks of the Krishna river. Surrounded by the Sahayadris, the town is famous for it’s numerous ghats on the Krishna river, and the old temples here.
It also gave rise to two of the most important families in Indian history. One the Tambe family here , the daughter of Moropant Tambe, went on to become a certain Rani of Jhansi. The other from the Raste family, Gopikabai, was the wife of the 3rd Peshwa, Nana Saheb.
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#TodayInHistory Chattrapathi Sambhaji Maharaj was brutally tortured and executed by Aurangzeb in 1689. Thread on a hero who has not really got his due. #LestWeForget #sambhajimaharaj Image
Mrutyuche aavhaan peluni, toch varasa aamhaala dila l
Shivrayaancha Shambhu chaava, Hindu mhanuni amar jahala ll
Coming from the same legacy that confronted death,
Shivaji’s son Shambhu, became immortal as a Hindu.
Quite often, growing up in the shadow of a banyan tree can be quite inhibiting, however much you grow, and you shall always look small against the banyan. In a sense that was what happened to Sambhaji, the son of Shivaji Maharaj.
Read 33 tweets
“Behind every successful man is a woman” so goes the common saying. While we are familiar with Veer Savarkar, not many know about the woman in his life, Yamunabai Savarkar or more affectionately known as Mai.
Thread on the eve of his death anniversary tomorrow.
Her real name was Yashoda, and she came from a background, totally different to that of Veer Savarkar’s. Where her husband came from a modest family, supported by his elder brother, she came from a rich and influential family.
Born to Ramchandra Trimbak aka Bhaurao and Lakshmibai aka Manutai Chiplunkar in Thane district on December 4,1888, her real name was Yashoda. Her father Bhaurao Chiplunkar was the Dewan of the principality of Jawahar in Thane District, and she grew up in the lap of luxury.
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Swami Shraddhanand, One of the great leaders of modern India, who awoke the Indian consciousness and called out the dangers of pan Islamism, paid with his life for this.
Thread on his Jayanti today.
Swami Shraddhanand, also known as Mahatma Munshi Ram. It is ironical though, that his early life showed no signs of greatness to come. He was an atheist, got addicted to gambling, drinking, lust.
In a sense Shraddhanand’s early life had some parallels with that of Swami Dayananda. Born in a well to do family in Jalandhar district of Punjab, in 1856, his real name was Munshi Ram Vij
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Nana Fadnavis, the Maratha Chanakya, who as Prime Minister of the Maratha confederacy, he bought it back to the days of glory after the humiliating rout at Panipat. A man who defeated the British twice with his intelligence and diplomacy.
Thread on his Jayanti today.
Wai is a small town located in the Satara district of Maharashtra, on the banks of the Krishna river. Surrounded by the Sahayadris, the town is famous for it’s numerous ghats on the Krishna river, and the old temples here.
It also gave rise to two of the most important families in Indian history. One the Tambe family here , the daughter of Moropant Tambe, went on to become a certain Rani of Jhansi. The other from the Raste family, Gopikabai, was the wife of the 3rd Peshwa, Nana Saheb.
Read 32 tweets
Major Somnath Sharma, the first recipient of the Param Veer Chakra, who saved Srinagar from falling to Pakistani hands during the Battle of Badgam in the 1947 War.
Thread on his Jayanti today.
Major Somnath Sharma, born in the Kangra valley of Himachal Pradesh in 1923, came from a family with a military background. His father Major General Amarnath Sharma, was the first director general of Armed Medical Services post Independence.
Growing up with his grandfather Pandit Daulat Ram, he would often listen to the Gita and Krishna’s teaching to Arjun influenced him a lot. His maternal uncle Capt. Krishna Dutt Vasudev, had earlier died in WWII, defending a bridge in Malaya from the Japanese.
Read 26 tweets
Typically when we speak of Mewar, it usually ends with Rana Pratap and the Battle of Haldighati. Not much is really known about his succesors, nor his son Amar Singh,who like his father, fought 17 battles with the Mughals, winning a good many of them.
While Rana Pratap’s rivalry with Akbar is well known and chronicled, not known is the fact that his son Amar Singh fought an equally long war with Jahangir, before he was forced to surrender.
Sadly many historians evaluated him on the basis of the treaty with Jahangir, not understanding the fact that it was a rather painful decision, and even that treaty was not complete surrender.
Read 29 tweets
Krantiveera Sangoli Rayanna
Born-August 15, 1798
Died- January 26, 1831
A great revolutionary not known outside of Karnataka, but whose story we should all be knowing. #RepublicDay2022
Sangoli Rayanna,was the loyal general of Kittur Rani Chenamma, who fought by her side in her resistance to the British rule. Even after Kittur fell, and the Rani was captured, he still continued his struggle against the British before he was finally captured and executed.
Kittur is located in the district of Belgavi, in Northern Karnataka. The town would however earn a place in Indian history for the resistance against the East India Company by Rani Chenamma in 1824 when the British threatened to annex her kingdom over the Doctrine of Lapse.
Read 24 tweets
Rash Behari Bose, founder of INA, mentor to Netaji. a brilliant revolutionary, entrepreneur who set up the first Indian restaurant in Japan, the brains behind the entire INA movement.
Thread on his death anniversary today
#RashBehariBose
There is a whole lot to Rash Behari Bose, one of the masterminds behind the plan to assassinate Lord Hardinge, the Viceroy, a key mover in the Ghadr conspiracy, meant to weaken the British army from inside, a master of disguise, camouflage and the founder of the INA
In many ways Rash Behari was the opposite of his more famed namesake, Subash Chandra Bose. Netaji was a brilliant orator, charismatic leader, who cud sway the masses. Rash Behari on the other hand was more subdued, the brains behind the scene, a strategist.
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Maharana Pratap passes away on this date in 1597, at his capital Chavand, one of the greatest Hindu warriors ever, a man who has been an inspiration to so many warriors and revolutionaries, the lone Rajput ruler who refused to bow to Akbar. #MaharanaPratap
What do you make of a man who refused to bow before the mighty Mughal emperor Akbar, when all other Rajput rulers did? When his own brothers sided with Akbar, leaving him virtually alone? #MaharanaPratap
Of a man, who preferred to face hardships in the jungles of Aravalli, than live a life of comfort, by surrendering to Akbar. It is not without reason, that Maharana Pratap is regarded as one of the the greatest heroes of India. #MaharanaPratap
Read 45 tweets
Sri Krishna Deva Raya, under whose reign Vijayanagara attained greatest heights. His reign was marked by military conquests, patronage of arts and culture and flourishing of literature, and regarded as the Empire's Golden Age.
Thread on his Jayanti today.
His father Tuluva Narasa Nayaka, a former Bunt chieftain, who became the commander, and later rose to power, founding the Tuluva dynasty, was a formidable warrior, and ruler himself.
Much before Sri Krishna Deva Raya ascended the throne, however his elder brother Vira Narasimha Raya ruled for a brief period of 4 yrs between 1505 and 1509. Not really is known much about him except that he spent a good amount of his reign in fighting off rebellious chieftains
Read 56 tweets
Tilka Manjhi, who led the first major tribal revolt against the British rule primarily in and around Bhagalpur. Another hero whose story deserves to be known more.
Thread.
Jharkhand whose name literally means “Bush land” or “Forest land” had a long history of resistance to the British colonial rule. Among the numerous tribes that make up the state, the Santhals are one of the dominant ones.
The Santhals are located mostly in south eastern part of the Chotanagpur plateau and Midnapore in West Bengal. While they lived in the valley, the Mal Paharias primarily inhabited the hills.
Read 26 tweets
#TodayInHistory Sadashiv Rao Bhau, commander of the Maratha army at Panipat dies like a true warrior on the battlefield in 1761, fighting till the end. A true hero who has often been judged too harshly. #LestWeForget
Sadashiv Rao Bhau, has often been judged harshly by historians for the failure at Panipat , but he was the same person who also expanded the Maratha empire, consolidating on Baji Rao's conquests.
When one looks at the history of the Maratha Empire, two people who have been judged harshly, one is Sambhaji and the other one has been Sadashiv Rao Bhau. The former had to live up to the legacy of his legendary father, which was not an easy task at all.
Read 44 tweets
Vasudev Balwant Phadke, often called as the father of the Indian armed revolt. He was an inspiration for Bankim Chandra Chatterjee’s landmark novel Anand Math, which incorporated many references from his life.
Thread on his Jayanti today. Image
A Chitpavan Brahmin from Konkan, who rallied the lower peasant castes like Dhangars, Kolis, Bhils as well as warrior communities like Ramoshis against British rule. He often attacked rich English businessmen or zamindars, to raise funds for his liberation struggle.
Phadke was born in the coastal Konkan village of Shirdhon, in Raigad district, on November 4, 1845. He showed no interest in regular school education, and preferred to learn wrestling, horse riding.
Read 24 tweets

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