Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #TodayInHistory

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#TodayInHistory The Battle of Sinhgad, takes place in 1670 AD, when Tanaji Malusare, one of Shivaji Maharaj's finest generals, undertakes one of the greatest military operations in the history of India. An inspiring tale of courage, tactics and heroism.
Sinhagad was originally called as Kondhana , and is located around 12 miles from Pune. Located on the eastern side of the great Sahayadri range, it is connected to Purandar on the east and west by very high ridges, and on the north and south, there is a huge rugged mountain.
The fort is located on the mountain with a sheer vertical drop and and it has a strong wall, flanked by towers. The only entrance to the fort is by the gates. Shivaji was forced to surrender this fort to Raja Jai Singh, by the Treaty of Purandar.
Read 26 tweets
#TodayInHistory Chattrapati Shivaji routs the Adil Shahi forces at the Battle of Kolhapur in 1659, a victory that gave him a decisive edge over Bijapur, as well as consolidating his hold. A victory won by rapid movements of flanks taking enemy by surprise.
After Shivaji's first major victory over the Adilshahis at the Battle of Pratapgarh, and the killing of Afzal Khan, he forayed further into enemy territory, capturing fort after fort, till he came to the historic fort of Panhala, located near to Kolhapur.
Built by Shilhara ruler Bhoja II, during the early 13th century, Panhala Fort, later passed into the hands of the Yadavas of Devagiri, and during the Adilshahi rule in Bijapur, it became one of their major forts, which they fortified extensively.
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#TodayInHistory Operation Trident, the Indian Navy launches a surprise attack on Karachi harbor, pulling off one of the greatest Naval victories in military history. This occasion is celebrated as #NavyDay every year, to commemorate the great victory.
The 1971 War was one in which the Indian Navy played an equally important role, unlike the 1962, 1965 Wars, that were primarily land based. In 1965,the Navy had more of a support role, but here it was one of the important aspects of the War.
The 1971 War, started on December 3, 1971, when the Pakistani air forced, launched Operation Chengiz Khan, a series of pre emptive attacks on the Indian air force bases in Pathankot, Agra, Ambala, that fortunately did not cause any major damage.
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#TodayInHistory The Battle of Cajamarca takes place in 1532, when the Incan ruler Atahualpa is ambushed and captured by a small Spanish force led by Francisco Pizzaro. It would begin the process of destruction of one of the richest empires in the world, the Incas.
One of the most sordid chapters in the history of European colonialism and Christiantity is the total destruction of native Indian civilizations in the Americas, though far more devastating in Latin America, where once mighty empires- Incas, Aztecs, Mayas were totally destroyed.
When one looks at pre Columbian Americas, 3 of the biggest empires and civilizations were the Incas, Mayas, Aztecs. The Inca Empire was the largest of the lot, and also the most advanced too, with a strong political and administrative structure, primarily centered in the Andes.
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Nov. 11 1918: The last Austro-Hungarian Emperor Charles I signs a proclamation in which he "relinquish(ed) every participation in the administration of the State" marking the end of the 600-year rule of the Habsburgs over #Austria. #TodayInHistory #ArmisticeDay100 #Armistice100
On 13 November, Charles IV issued a similar (Eckartsau) proclamation for #Hungary. In neither declaration did the emperor use the word 'abdication'. Indeed, he tried to reclaim the Hungarian throne twice in 1921. "I did not abdicate, and never will," he wrote to a confidant.
Altogether the losses of Austria-Hungary during #WW1 can be estimated at around 2 million (excluding direct civilian war deaths). #ArmisticeDay100 #ArmisticeDay
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#TodayInHistory Shivaji kills the Bijapur general Afzal Khan at the Battle of Pratapgarh in 1659, the first major victory for him. With Shivaji's growing influence in Maval region, the Adilshahi regime in Bijapur wanted to curb his activities.
Afzal Khan was the commander of the Adilshahi forces,noted for his towering presence, led the campaign against Shivaji. His strategy was to bring Shivaji out into the plains,where he held an advantage, compared to the rocky Deccan terrain.
Afzal Khan attacked the holy town of Pandharpur, and later demolished the temple of Bhavani at Tuljapur to bring Shivaji out. He had a mighty army, with around 12,000 cavalry, 10,000 infantry, around 80-90 cannons, and assistance from Siddi of Janjira.
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#TodayInHistory The Indian Army captures the town of Dograi, comming within striking range of Lahore, during the 1965 War, and had it not been for an impending ceasefire, would have captured the city too. This however was a follow up to the Battle of Burki.
While the Battle of Asal Uttar is well known during the 1965 War, another equally significant one is the Battle of Burki. where the Indian Army advance very close to Lahore, almost to the verge of capturing it. It was once again a decisive victory.
Burki is a small village, quite close to Lahore, connected to it by the Ichogil canal. This canal was actually built by residents of the city, to protect themselves from future Indian aggressions, and goes all the way up to the Sutlej river. Also called the BRB Canal.
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#TodayInHistory #OTD 1929: 67 Jews murdered in #Hebron, second holy city of Judaism, ending 3000 years of Jewish presence.
False rumors and inflammatory sermons in mosques in the previous weeks had already caused Jewish deaths and wounded in the Old City of #Jerusalem.
The Jewish community of Hebron was around 700 people out of 20,000.
False rumors of a massacre of Arabs in Jerusalem spread by infamous Mufti of Jerusalem Amin Al-Husseini, who would be the host of Hitler during WW II, triggered the #pogrom in Hebron.
The killings started on the 23rd, with the attack by a mob of the Hebron Yeshiva.
On the 24th morning, a mob started attacking Jewish homes, murdering, raping and beating Jewish residents.
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#TodayInHistory Francis Day of East India Company gets a small strip of land from Peda Venkata Raya of Chandragiri, grandson of Aliya Rama Raya, to build a factory and warehouse in 1639 AD. That strip would become the metropolis known as Chennai. Happy #MadrasDay
Chennai, the city where I started my career, stayed there for a year, been there many times after that too. A city close to my heart, of which have some great memories. A city of culture, tradition, and a rather laidback lifestyle. Happy #MadrasDay
Spencer's Plaza in Mount Road, one of our favorite hangout joints. Much before malls became common in India, this was one of the more well known ones. Of course more often than not came here to beat the heat. Not sure if it is still as popular now #MadrasDay
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#TodayInHistory The Battle of Colachel takes place in 1741, when the Travancore Kingdom under Marthanda Varma , defeated the Dutch East India company, in a pitched naval battle, putting an end to their plans to establish themselves in India.
Battle of Colachel is significant in many ways, it was the first time a European colonial power( Dutch), would be defeated by an Asian kingdom( Travancore), though Japan would be the first Asian nation to defeat a European power( Russia) at Battle of Port Arthur.
More than that Battle of Colachel, foiled the plans of the Dutch to establish themselves in India, as Prof Sreedhara Menon noted, it was a disaster of the first magnitude for them, and a death blow to their plans to set themselves up on the West Coast.
Read 24 tweets
#TodayInHistory Pakistan begins Operation Gibraltar, that involved settling large number of infiltrators in the Kashmir valley and fomenting a large scale insurgency against the Indian state in 1965. In a way this was the start of the '65 war too.
Operation Gibraltar was first found out by Gujjar lad Mohammed Din, who was tending to his flock of cattle and approached by 2 strange looking men on Aug 5, 1965. They offered money for information on the deployment of Indian troops.
.The boy immediately reported the matter to the local police station at Tanmarg, following which an Army patrol was despatched and seven infiltrators were killed. There was a similar encounter at Galuthi in the Mendhar sector.
Read 36 tweets

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