Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #TodayInHistory

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#OTD in 1861 Confederate Vice President Alexander Stevens delivered what became known as the Cornerstone Speech. Stevens stated plainly that the sole purpose of the Confederacy was to create a slave republic and that any threat the institution of slavery justified secession. Image
He professed, "Our new government['s]...foundations are laid, its cornerstone rests upon the great truth, that the negro is not equal to the white man; that slavery—subordination to the superior race—is his natural and normal condition."

#thecivilwardoc #thecivilwar #civilwar
Stevens continued, "This, our new government, is the first, in the history of the world, based upon this great physical, philosophical, and moral truth."

Confederates fired on Ft. Sumter approximately three weeks later.

#OnThisDay #onthisdayinhistory #todayinhistory
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Harriet Beecher Stowe's influential book Uncle Tom's Cabin was published #OTD in 1852. Stowe's anti-slavery novel was a huge success and pushed many Americans to reassess their attitudes toward slavery. Only the Bible sold more copies than Uncle Tom's Cabin during the 19 century.
Although Uncle Tom's Cabin had a profound effect on the anti-slavery movement, it did have flaws. For instance, Stowe developed the characters around negative Black stereotypes that eventually became standard talking points for proslavery supporters and white supremacists.
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#TodayinHistory in 1986, Marines broke thru Camp Aguinaldo's east wall, but hesitated due to civilian buffer. Soon, PH Air Force's 15th Strike Wing hovered. Crowd expected an attack but the airmen joined the crowd. Marcos issued kill order but it was not obeyed. THREAD. #EDSA37 Image
Radyo Veritas provided a blow-by-blow account of #EDSA even as its transmission tower was compromised by the PH Constabulary attack, limiting its airing to Luzon. However, a mysterious radio station appeared at 12mn calling itself "Radyo Bandido."
Listeners tuned in, as Radyo Bandido (@DZRJ810AM) station played the Mambo Magsaysay jingle, making people realize that it was really Radyo Veritas gone rogue.…
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#TodayinHistory in 1986, #Marcos Sr. sent 12 tanks to #EDSA led by Gen. Artemio Tadiar in an attempt to arrest the defectors & disperse the crowd. But the human barricades across the intersection of Ortigas & EDSA forced the marines to pull back. THREAD. #EDSA37 #PH #history
The day prior, as news of Ramos and Enrile’s defection reached Cory Aquino, she was staying for the night in secret at the Carmelite monastery in Cebu. The sisters saw it their moral duty to protect her, w/ conviction that they’re protecting the legitimately elected president.
At dawn, via Radyo Veritas, Enrile & Ramos began calling again for Marcos' ouster. At 5:30am, PH Constabulary attacked Radyo Veritas limiting its airing to Luzon only. A few hours later, men began cutting down trees & used these as barricade on roads near Camps Crame & Aguinaldo.
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#TodayinHistory in 1986, after a plot to assault Malacañang was foiled, Defense Minister Juan Ponce Enrile & AFP Vice Chief-of-Staff Fidel V. Ramos held a press con announcing defection from Ferdinand Marcos Sr.

Jaime Cardinal Sin urged people to protect them. #EDSA37 #History Image
In 1985, to placate the growing concern of the int'l community on #PH under Marcos, Marcos agreed to a Snap Elections on 7 Feb 1986. Corazon Aquino & Salvador Laurel ran as opposition.
On election day, & days that followed for tally & canvassing of votes, int'l observers note widespread fraud & violence threatening the integrity of the elections. Upon announcement in Batasan that Marcos won, majority of people boycotted crony companies.
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#TodayInHistory The Naval Ratings Mutiny begins in 1946, as Indian naval officers, sailors revolt against the British, in one of the biggest challenges ever they faced. A forgotten mutiny that deserves to be known more about. Image
Royal Naval Ratings Mutiny, or what is often called the forgotten mutiny in India’s history, an event which unlike the 1857 revolt or the Quit India movement, does not really strike much resonance, except among hard core historians.
Like the 1857 Revolt, the 1946 Royal Naval ratings mutiny had a rather mundane beginning. It was not an overnight event however, the resentment was building up among the naval ratings, and other Indian members of the Army.
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#TodayInHistory The Allies launch an offensive on Monte Cassino in 1944, as the mountain top town is bombed to rubble, including the renowned Saint Benedict Abbey , inviting criticism from the Pope. One of the bloodiest battles of the War, that included a series of assaults.
The objective of the assault on Monte Cassino, was to break through the Winter Line in Italy held by the Axis forces, that was acting like a barrier to Rome. In a 6 month long offensive, the Allies launched a series of assaults on the town, facing stiff resistance.
The first and second assaults failed, with the Allies suffering heavy casualties. It was the final assault on May 16, primarily by Polish II Corps, that ultimately helped them to secure the town, as the Senger Line was breached.
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#TodayInHistory Singapore falls to the Japanese forces in 1942, as the British General Arthur Percival surrenders in one of the Allies worst defeat ever. Around 80,000 British, Indian and Australian soldiers become POWs, which is one of the largest surrender ever.
Why did Singapore end up becoming one of the darkest hours for the Allies during WWII along with Dunkirk, as Churchill put it?
Couple of reasons out here.
Thailand was looking for an opportunity to avenge its humiliation by France in 1893,1904, when the boundaries were redrawn by a series of treaties. After France fell to the Nazis, the Thai government sought the assistance of the Japanese in its war with now Vichy France.
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11:00am, February 11, 1940

The main Soviet offensive of the Winter War against the Mannerheim Line on the Karelian Isthmus begins.

The attack was preceded by a 10 day bombardment with more than 300,000 shells raining down on 🇫🇮defenses in the 1st 24 hours.

Army Commander 1st Class Timoshenko's offensive tasked the Soviet 100th Rifle Division with taking Summa while 123rd Division was tasked with seized the 'Millionaire' & 'Poppius' bunkers of the Mannerheim Line.
The Soviet suffered heavy losses, but eventually managed to break through forcing the Finns to abandon the Mannerheim Line. Good 🧵👇
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#TodayinHistory in 1890, poet, nationalist, political thinker, jurist, & statesman, Claro M. Recto, was born in Tiaong, Quezon Province. Recto reshaped modern #PH political thought, pushing for nationalist policies when the U.S. heavily influenced post-war PH affairs. THREAD.
Born to Don Claro Recto Sr. of Rosario Batangas & Doña Micaela Mayo of Lipa, among 5 other siblings, 3 of whom died, Claro lived in a generation of great awakening. In 6 years time after his birth, #PH Revolution vs. Spain broke out.
Recto studied Latin at Instituto de Rizal in Lipa, Batangas from 1900 to 1901 & pursued Bachelor og Arts in 1905 at @ateneodemanilau, achieving the highest grade—maxima cum laude. He pursued Law in 1909 at @UST1611official & wrote for several newspapers to support his education.
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#TodayinHistory in 1986, the consequential Snap Elections began. The 2 contenders for the presidency were Ferdinand Marcos Sr. & Corazon C. Aquino. It is one of the landmark events that led to the EDSA People Power Revolution 3 weeks later. THREAD. #history #kasaysayan
After the assassination of Ninoy Aquino in 1983, int'l support on Marcos Sr. waned. It was in Nov 1985 that Marcos Sr. was interviewed in the David Brinkley's show & said: "... all these childish claims to popularity on both sides have to be settled, then I think...
"... we better settle it by calling an election... And we will invite the members of the American Congress to please come and see what is happening here. All this talk about fraud... that's sourgrapes."

Corazon Aquino, after much thought and consultation accepted the challenge.
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#TodayinHistory in 1964, Emilio Aguinaldo, president of La republica filipina, & first President of the Philippines in the official roster, died #of coronary thrombosis at the Veterans Memorial Hospital in Quezon City. He was 94. THREAD. #kasaysayan #history Image
Born on 22 March 1869, at Cavite El Viejo (now Kawit) to gobernadorcillo Carlos Aguinaldo & Trinidad Famy, Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy was seventh of 8 children, and the youngest of 4 boys. He was manager of the family's farms when his father died, & was into interisland trading. Image
Aguinaldo served as cabeza de barangay of Binakayan, Kawit, then capitan municipal of Kawit, & was involved in the Katipunan. Upon the coordinated open revolt in Aug 1896, he led the Katipuneros in Kawit as revo general.
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#TodayInHistory King Leopold II of Belgium establishes the Congo Free State in 1885, effectively making it his personal fiefdom, that would begin a reign of Terror, where natives were massacred, tortured, starved to death,and it's resources looted.
Leopold ran Congo using his own military force, to oversee the large rubber plantations. Workers who failed to meet the specific rubber quota, were either killed or had their hands chopped off. The precious ivory was looted in large numbers.
Leopold enriched his personal fortune, looting the Congo dry of it's resources, first it was ivory, and later rubber. The cultivation was done using forced labor, the rubber plantation atrocities were as terrible as those of the slaves on US plantations.
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#TodayInHistory The epic battle of Sinhagad, takes place in 1670, when Tanaji Malusare, and his Maval army capture the fort from the Mughals, in one of the most daring assaults ever in history. #JaiBhavani #JaiShivaji
When you walk around Pune , and the surrounding areas, you feel the valor of the Marathas at every step. Pune itself home of the Peshwas, Raigad where Shivaji was coronated, Purandhar, Pratapgarh , all those names resonate with the glory of one of India’s greatest sons.
But it is Sinhagad , which takes your breath away, with it’s sheer grandeur, originally called as Kondhana, around 25 km northwest of Pune, located at an altitude of around 4400 m above sea level.
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#TodayInHistory Shivaji Maharaj defeats the Mughal army under Kartalab Khan in a narrow gorge at the Battle of Umberkhind in 1661, a decisive victorythat further consolidated his position and strengthened the Marathas.
Around 4 km from Khemabari village in the Khalapur taluk of Raigad district, on the Khapoli-Poli road, is located a small tri junction at Chavani. The Amba river here originates from the foot of a small cone, near to Kurnawade village in the Maval Taluka.
The river passes by Umarkhandi along the Garmal valley, and merging with the Nagothane creek, before it merges into the sea.Umberkhind is one of the many ghats in the Nain-Maval area, located right below Kurnawade Ghat.
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#OTD in 1871 the US Senate passed a resolution creating the Select Committee to Investigate Alleged Outrages in the Southern States. The select committee investigated white supremacist violence in North Carolina and was pivotal to the passing of the Second Enforcement act.
The select committee was made up of five Republicans and two Democrats and held hearings in Washington D.C. to investigate Klan violence in North Carolina during the Kirk-Holden War.
The two Democrats concluded that the racial violence in NC was carried out by Northern "carpetbaggers" while the five Republicans rightfully determined that the Klan “sought to carry out its purpose by murders, whippings, intimidations, and violence, against its opponents.”
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On this day in 1912, Africa's oldest liberation movement, the African National Congress (ANC) - which inspired formation of other parties to fight for freedom - was founded in Bloemfontein.
It won freedom for South Africa after 82 years of bitter struggle.
Following many years and wars
of resistance against colonial invaders and white settlerism, which had started in 1652,
on 8 January 1912, chiefs, representatives of people’s and church organisations, and other prominent individuals gathered in Bloemfontein to form the ANC.
In 1652, Dutch colonial pioneer Jan van Riebeeck established a small colony on the Cape of
Good Hope (Cape Town) as a refreshment station for the Dutch East India Company.
It soon became a town as Dutch settlers sought to grab land and establish themselves through farming.
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#TodayInHistory Shivaji Maharaj routs the Adil Shahi forces once again at the Battle of Kolhapur in 1659, as their commander Rustom Zaman flees the battlefield. This victory would make Aurangzeb take notice of him.
Panhala literally meaning “Home of Serpents” was one of the 15 forts built by Bhoja II, the Shilhara ruler between 1178 and 1209 AD. The famous aphorism of Raja Bhoj, Gangu Teli is believed to have been associated with this fort.
Apparently, when the walls of the fort repeatedly collapsed during construction, and the king’s astrologer, recommended the sacrifice of a woman and her newly born to appease the gods. This was when Gangu Teli, offered to sacrifice his wife Jakkubai and her newborn.
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#TodayinHistory Nicolae Caesescu is caught and executed in 1989 along with his wife Elena, bringing a long dictatorship in Romania to a bloody end, after violent protests against his regime, that started around December 16.
The revolt had it's beginning in the city of Timisoara on December 16, when the Hungarian minority rose in protest over the Govt's decision to deport Pastor László Tőkés, that soon led to ordinary Romanians coming out in revolt against Ceaușescu's regime.
The notorious Securitate, that had earlier managed to suppress dissent using strong arm tactics, proved to be incapable of stopping the revolt. Basically the austerity measures imposed by Ceaușescu to repay the debts, caused a lot of economic hardship.
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#TodayinHistory Swami Shraddhananda is shot dead by a fanatic Abdul Rashid in 1926 in 1926. One of the great leaders of modern India, who awoke the Indian consciousness and called out the dangers of pan Islamism.
Thread on him.
Swami Shraddhanand, also known as Mahatma Munshi Ram. It is ironical though, that his early life showed no signs of greatness to come. He was an atheist, got addicted to gambling, drinking, lust.
In a sense Shraddhanand’s early life had some parallels with that of Swami Dayananda. Born in a well to do family in Jalandhar district of Punjab, in 1856, his real name was Munshi Ram Vij
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#TodayInHistory Nicolae Ceaușescu is overthrown in Romania in 1989, as the protestors take over Bucharest and other cities, bringing a bloody revolt to an end. He and his wife Elena would be later captured and shot dead on Christmas Day.
Ceaușescu had tried to pacify the protestors addressing a 100,000 strong crowd to condemn the uprising in Timișoara. However with the crowd jeering,booing him, he knew his time was up. And it soon turned into a full fledged riot.
Protestors took over Bucharest, as they waved the Romanian national flag, with the Communist insignia cut out. The protestors were shot at by the armed guards, beaten up and arrested, as the violence spiralled out of control.
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#Todayinhistory Anant Kanhere assassinates Arthur Jackson, the Collector of Nashik in 1909.

Thread 🧵 on another not so well known revolutionary who gave up his life for freedom at a young age. Image
Arthur Jackson was the collector of Nashik since 1907, a mild mannered man, proficient in Sanskrit and Marathi. Also a learned Indologist, who wrote many papers on Indian history and culture, affectionately called as Pandit Jackson by the locals.
Fond of the beauty of the Godavari, and the richness of Sanskrit, he often felt that he must have been a Shastri at Nashik in his earlier life.
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#OTD in 1864 Brig. Gen. Henry H. Lockwood wrote to his superiors about his concerns regarding Maryland's apprenticeship system, especially as it applied to newly emancipated children. Lockwood explained how former enslavers were exploiting the system to their own advantage. Image
#Slavery was abolished in #Maryland on November 1, 1864, when the state legislature adopted a new state constitution. The new constitution did not outlaw forced labor. Children of "unfit" parents could legally forced into apprenticeships that often times resembled slavery.
The children of newly emancipated people were overwhelmingly subject to forced apprenticeships, often times being forced to work for the people that formerly enslaved them and their parents. This development was concerning to General Lockwood.
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#TodayInHistory Operation Trident takes place during the 1971 War when the Indian Navy carries out a surprise raid on Karachi port, dealing a devastating blow to the Pakistani Navy. This date is observed as #NavyDay annually.
The 1971 War was where the Indian Navy came into it's own and played a major part, unlike 1962, 1965 that were primarily land and air based. It was one of the finest hours of the Indian Navy to date. #NavyDay
The 1971 War, started on December 3, 1971, when the Pakistani air forced, launched Operation Chengiz Khan, a series of pre emptive attacks on the Indian air force bases in Pathankot, Agra, Ambala, that fortunately did not cause any major damage.
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