Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #westerbork

Most recents (15)

80 jaar na de oorlog vervaagt bij een deel van de samenleving de herinnering aan de moord en genocide van de Nazi's.
6 miljoen Joden werden vermoord. 500.000 Sinti en Roma werden uitgeroeid.
Op #HolocaustMemorialDay staan wij opnieuw stil bij deze genocide.
In tal van kampen.
🧵 Image
In het vernietigingskamp #Belzec werden 434.508 Joden vermoord. Exact gedocumenteerd. Image
In #Treblinka werden 713.000 tot 1,1 miljoen personen om het leven gebracht. Image
Read 25 tweets
@AuschwitzMuseum (1/n) This young woman, called Suzie, was the daughter of Albert, born 12-04-1882 and Henriette, born 27-02-1893. Both born in Romania.
She had a sister Ruth, born 04-06-1924.
📷
1-Susanne with her dog Fosco
2-With her friend Kees Zuidweg
3-Sister Ruth
4-whole family
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@AuschwitzMuseum (2/n) The family was in #Westerbork probably from 01-09-1942. On the Jewish council card it says: Uitgesteld (Postponed) 01-09-1942, so they were probably first to be deported on 01-09-1942.
While on Westerbork Suzanne wrote at least 2 letters to her boyfriend Kees Zuidweg.
⬇️
@AuschwitzMuseum (3/n) These letters were given to the Joods Historisch Museum by the son of Kees. Kees died in 1955 at the age of 36 (not sure if he was Jewish). Kees wrote many letters to Suzie and supplied them with food and other things. He also took care of Suzie's dog Fosco.
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Read 8 tweets
Binnen de anti-#coronamaatregelen beweging zie je met enige regelmaat de vergelijking tussen de #lockdown en de #Holocaust.
Recentelijk maakt het kamerlid voor FvD Pepijn van Houwelingen die vergelijking opnieuw.
Het is een bewuste vertekening van de werkelijkheid.
Lees mee.
6 miljoen Joden werden vermoord. Overwegend #Joden.
In #Auschwitz vonden alleen al 1,1 - 1,5 miljoen onschuldigen de dood.
Maar er waren veel meer concentratie- en vernietigingskampen
In het vernietigingskamp #Belzec werden 434.508 Joden vermoord. Exact gedocumenteerd.
Read 19 tweets
(1/7) On 25-04-1924 Betje Judik Viool was born in Rotterdam. She was the daughter of Raphäel, born 04-12-1895 who was married to Sophia Viool nee Soesman, born 28-01-1895.
Betje had a younger sister Judik, born 04-05-1926. Both children were the daughters of Raphäel's first wife.
(2/7) Betje was a hairdresser. Betje's father was a pastry chef. The Viool family was a well known family and had several pastery shops in Rotterdam. Many family members worked in those shops.
They used to live in this house.
(3/7) How and when they were deported to #Westerbork is unclear to me. The date on the Jewish Council card says 10-04-1943 as first date. While in Westerbork Raphäel send a card to a nurse Knol in the hospital in Rotterdam.
I don't know if she is related or a good friend.
Read 7 tweets
(1/8) On 23-04-1911 Simon Looper was born in Amsterdam. He had 6 years of primary education and started his working life transporting loads by bicycle. He soon got his driver's license. Over time he became the owner of a moving and forwarding company. Image
(2/8) In 1932 he married Roza Rijne (📷with Nathan), born 24-10-1910. At that time she was pregnant. Nathan was born on 02-09-1932. A year later, on 03-12-1933 Nathan's brother Isaac was born.

Early 1941 there were anti-Semitic fights in Amsterdam. ImageImageImage
(3/8) Simon made one of his trucks available to the gangs formed by Jewish boys and men. The truck had been converted into a kind of 'robbery van' with which the boys could quickly be on the spot to act against the NSB (NSB was fascist party in the Netherlands).
Read 8 tweets
@AuschwitzMuseum (1/8) I knew the story of poor Little Edith as she lived here in Gouda.
Edith was the youngest child of Arnold and Clara Betsy nee de Jong. Her brother was Johan Rene Simon, born in 1930. The family lived in Gouda where Arnold, a doctor, had a medical practice📷.
⬇️ ImageImage
@AuschwitzMuseum (2/8) Edit went to the primary school in Gouda, but in 1941 she has to leave the school as Jewish children were no longer allowed to go to public schools. For a while she gets private lessons from one of her former teachers, a non-Jewish woman.
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@AuschwitzMuseum (3/8) In September 1942 the family decided to go into hiding. As finding locations was difficult they had to split up.
In a police report she and her family were ‘wanted’ for illegally changing place of residence without permission, an euphemism for going into hiding.🥺
Read 8 tweets
(1/10) On 21-04-1896 Truus Wijsmuller (born Meijer) was born.
Truus Wijsmuller, the woman who, with her 'big mouth', saved 10.000 Jewish children.
It starts in 1933, when Hitler came to power. She travels to Germany to pick up relatives of Jewish acquaintances.
(2/10) A few days after kristallnacht she travels to the Dutch-German border to see what is happening there. She takes a Yiddish-speaking Polish boy, under her skirts, to Amsterdam.
In November 1938, the British government decides they will take Jewish children for temporary stay
(3/10) So, on 02-12-1938, she is invited to visit the new Dutch Childrens Committee. They ask her to go to Vienna to meet a certain Dr. Eichmann.
As she is a woman, Eichmann at first snaps at her, but she meets him undaunted.
His reaction: 100% Aryan and yet so crazy.
Read 10 tweets
(1/8) On 19-04-1862 Helena Seijffers, or Leentje as she was called, was born in Den Bosch. She and her family moved in 1886 to Uden. She worked as a maid with Jewish families throughout the Netherlands. She remains unmarried.
📷Leentje on the right with her sister Rosa.
(2/8) From 1912 she continues to live in Uden for good. With her sister Rosa, brother-in-law Bram Wolf and their two children Cato and Louis. When Louis is married and Bram Wolf dies suddenly in 1933, the three women Rosa, Cato and Leentje continue to live in this house.
(3/8) It is 09-04-1943, 10 days before her 81st birthday, when a bus stops before their house. Leentje is picked up. She has difficulty walking. Her briefcase is thrown into the bus and Leentje herself is roughly picked up and pushed into the bus😠
Two neighbors watch it happen.
Read 8 tweets
(1/6) On 18-04-1925 Helmut Herz, a carpenter, was born. He was the son of Otto, born 24-03-1898 and Paula Rebecka nee Stern, born 30-11-1899.
Helmut had 3 siblings.
Renate Jenny Regine, born 03-02-1930 and the twins Samuel Paul Albert and Ursula Emma Hermine, born 21-02-1933. ImageImageImageImage
(2/6) The family lived in Schmallenberg, Germany. That's were all the children were also born. They moved to the Netherlands in 1938. Probably to escape fascism.
In Schmallenberg stolpersteine have been placed where they used to live.
In the Netherlands they lived in Dinxperlo. ImageImage
(3/6) Dinxperlo is located on the border with Germany. Together with the German town of Suderwick, it forms a continuous settlement (twin village) through which the border runs.
In the mid 30's many Jewish refugees entered the Netherlands via this border. ImageImage
Read 6 tweets
(1/9) After Bergen-Belsen was liberated on 15-04-1945, photographer George Rodger took this picture. A picture of a young boy walking along dead people, looking averted. For many years it was thought this was a German boy who walked carelessly past the corpses.
(2/9) But it was Dutch Jewish boy Sieg Maandag, born 24-08-1937 in Amsterdam. He is the son of Isaäc, who worked at the diamond exchange, born 14-05-1912 and Keetje nee Groen. He had a younger sister, Henneke, born 30-12-1938. Sieg was only 5 when he was deported.😢
(3/9) They probably arrived on 05-05-1943 in #Westerbork.
On 01-02-1944 they were all moved to Bergen Belsen 📷concentration camp. 10 months later, on 04-12-1944, Isaäc was deported to concentration camp Sachsenhausen and the next day Keetje was deported to Neuengamme camp.
Read 10 tweets
(1/4) On 14-04-1931 Sonja Koekoek (12yr) was born in Amsterdam. She was the daughter of Samuel, born 20-06-1902 and Jansje Koekoek nee Canes, born 04-09-1905.
Sonja had a younger brother Abraham or Appie as he was called, born 11-10-1935 (7yr).
(2/4) Samuel was a wholesaler of foodstuffs, or as his truck says "Groothandel in biscuits" or "wholesaler of biscuits". They used to lived in Amsterdam on the Plantage Franschelaan number 25, which was after the war renamed to Henri Polaklaan.
(3/4) They lived in the house with, what was called, the most beautiful balcony of Amsterdam.

In 1943 they were deported to #Westerbork.
According their Jewish Council Card they were probably in #Westerbork from 25-05-1943.
They 'lived' in barrack 62.
Read 4 tweets
(1/6) On my daily walk I just 'stumbled' over 2 new Stolpersteine here in Gouda.
The first is Basia (Basje) Austeiczer-Udler. She was born on 15-09-1872 in Kosmin (Poland) and was married to Max Austeiczer, born 22-07-1870 in Starokonstantinov (now Ukraine) who died in 1932.
(2/6) They had 2 daughters. Berta, born 25-07-1898 and Schrifa, born 06-07-1896. Both were born in Starokonstantinov.
In 1910 the family came to Rotterdam and lived there on several places. Schrifa, died 23-05-1935.
In 1943 Basje and Berta lived in Gouda.
(3/6) Berta was a lawyer and attorney.
Basje probably was in #Westerbork from 25-03-1943. Berta survived the war and maybe she tried to help her mother via her job. On Basjes Jewish Council Card(s) it says that the vice president of the Rotterdam court tried to get her on the...
Read 6 tweets
(1/4) On 12-04-1934 Jacob Groenteman was born.
Today he could have been 87 years old...
He is the son of Abraham, born 18-10-1910 and Marie Anna nee van der Goen, born 22-03-1910.
Jacob had a little sister Rosina, born 30-09-1936. ImageImageImage
(2/4) They used to live in Amsterdam in the Jodenbreestraat 62 (📷1909). It was a lively straat where many Jews lived. It was in the middle of the so called "JUDENVIERTEL"
In 1944 most of the Jews were deported (killed😢) and the houses in the Jodenbreestraat were empty. ImageImage
(3/4) Especially in the winter of 1944-1945, the so called 'hongerwinter' literally 'hunger winter' everything what could be burned was taken from the houses. After the war many of the dilapidated houses were demolished. So the street as it was before the war does no longer exist
Read 4 tweets
(1/5) 27-03-1926 Salomon Albert Izaks was born in Woerden. He was the son of Eliazar, born 01-10-1897 and Henriette nee Glaser, born 03-11-1894. He had 3 siblings:
> Gerson, born 28-03-1925 (18)
> Saartje Henriette, born 23-11-1929 (13)
> David Eduard, born 14-04-1933 (10)
(2/5) Eliazar had a butchery in Woerden. The Izaks family was completely assimilated, given that Izaks and his father ran an "electric beef, veal and pork butcher shop" at in Woerden, where Eliazar also lived with his family and his parents.
(3/5) This family picture was made shortly before they went to camp Vught. They were in Vught from 22-04-1943. On 07-06-1943 Henriette was deported with the 2 youngest children to #Westerbork. The next day they were deported to #Sobibor where they arrive on 11-06-1943.
Read 5 tweets
(1/7) Elias Bloemkoper could have celebrated his 86th birthday. He was born 26-03-1935 as the son of Victor Ephraim, 18-08-1909 and Jetje, 07-05-1910. Elias had 3 siblings:
> Jacob, born 22-04-1934
> Roza Marianne, born 06-10-1936
> Abraham, 04-09-1938
They lived in Leiden.
(2/7) Victor was cantor and religious teacher. The first year of the war life was quite normal. The children played with the other children in the street, but in 1941 it started to change. The children had to leave their own school.
(3/7) More and more things became forbidden for Jews. Early 1942 Elias drew this drawing of children in the playground.
He wrote on it "Voor Jooden verbooden" or "forbidden for Jews".😢
In the spring of 1943 they were advised to go into hiding.
Read 7 tweets

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