Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #Auschwitz

Most recents (24)

28 April 1930 | Jona Laks was born in Lodz, Poland

In 1944, Jona, her twin sister Miriam, and their elder sister Chana were deported to #Auschwitz. Both of their parents died in the War.

Jona survived. Today is her 92nd birthday. Please join us in wishing her a wonderful day!
Jona was 9 years old when Germany invaded Poland in September 1939. Jews were to identify themselves with a yellow badge and could not be on the street after 5pm. They were not allowed to attend school. Signs in all social places read, "Jews and dogs are not permitted to enter."
Jona's mother died of a heart attack shortly after the German invasion, and Jona and the rest of her family entered the Lodz Ghetto. In January 1942, the "final solution," the elimination of all Jews, was put forth. Thus began the liquidation of the ghetto.
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✨ Meet Kymberli Wregglesworth, our Fellow of the Week ✨ Image
.@MrsWreggs, one of our 2022 #Auschwitz Legacy Fellows, is a high school teacher from Michigan. She is a veteran social studies teacher with over 23 years of experience teaching world history, civics, and other social studies electives.
Kymberli’s entire teaching career has been spent at Onaway Secondary School in #Onaway, located on the northeast tip of Michigan’s lower peninsula.
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25 April 1942 | 100 Poles were registered in #Auschwitz. They were transferred to the camp by Sipo u. SD from Krakow. It was a group of arrested on 16 April at Café of Artists. Among them were four Polish painters: Tadeusz Mróz, Ludwik Puget, Tadeusz Różycki & Karol Siwek 1/5
Ludwik Puget (prisoner n. 33164) was born in Cracow on 21 June 1877. Sculptor, painter, art theoretician. Graduate of the Academy of Fine Arts in Cracow, founder of "Rzeźba" ('Sculpture') Association. In the camp from 25 April 1942. Shot in #Auschwitz on 27 May 1942. 2/5
Tadeusz Różycki (prisoner no. 33166) was born in Cracow on 15 March 1908. Graduate of the Academy of Fine Arts in Cracow. Student of Profs. Jarocki, Weiss & Laszczka. In the camp from 25 April 1942. Shot in #Auschwitz on 27 May 1942. 3/5
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17 April 1942 | A transport of 58 Polish people deported by Sipo & SD from Cracow arrived at #Auschwitz. 8 of them were Jews - all of them perished in the camp. Below we present three of them: Norbert Głuszecki and his two sons, Rudolf and Seweryn. 1/4 ImageImageImage
17 April 1942 | Norbert Głuszecki, a notary public born in Podwołoczyska near Tarnopol on 27 November 1886, received number 29801 at #Auschwitz. He perished in the camp on 13 May 1942. | His camp death certificate notes that he converted to Catholicism. 2/4 Image
17 April 1942 | Rudolf Głuszecki, a university student born in Tarnopol on 12 October 1921, received number 29802 at #Auschwitz. He perished in the camp on 24 June 1942. | His camp death certificate notes that he converted to Catholicism. 3/4 Image
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16 April 1947 | SS-Obersturmbannführer Rudolf Höss, the first commandant of the German #Auschwitz camp was hanged after he was sentenced to death by the Supreme National Tribunal in Warsaw.
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Rudolf Höss was born in Baden-Baden on 25 November 1901. He joined the Nazi Party in 1922 and the SS in 1934. He started his career in Dachau in December 1934, then he worked in KL Sachsenhausen. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rudolf_H%…
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In May 1940 Rudolf Höss was appointed by Heinrich Himmler as the commandant of a new concentration camp created in occupied Polish territory annexed to the Third Reich - #Auschwitz. 3/9
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The world lost another #Auschwitz survivor. With great sadness, we share that Michael Silberstein passed away Saturday evening, April 9.

May his memory be a blessing.

We took this photo of Michael in January 2020 at the 75th Anniversary of the Liberation at
@AuschwitzMuseum
On February 10, 1930, Michael was born in Grudziadz, a small Polish town. He was the youngest of 4 children, with 2 sisters & an older brother. Although the family was from Łódź, they moved to Grudziadz for better financial opportunities before Michael was born.
Michael’s father owned a successful dry goods store, allowing the family to live in comfort. Grudziadz had a small Jewish population. Many of the town’s residents were Germans due to its proximity to the German border. The city had an orthodox synagogue Michael's family attended.
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✨ Meet Tory Cook, our #Auschwitz Legacy Fellow of the Week ✨
Tory is a high school teacher from Salt Lake City. She teaches history and social studies at Bingham High School in South Jordan, Utah. She has been teaching for 15 years and has a B.A. in History Education and a Master’s Degree in American history.
Tory applied to the Auschwitz Legacy Fellowship because she was looking for ideas and topics that would help her change how she teaches the Holocaust and inspire students to act beyond the passive knowledge obtained in the classroom.
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11 April 1945 | American forces liberated the #Buchenwald concentration camp. Among liberated prisoners were those evacuated from #Auschwitz.

Between 1937-45 the Germans imprisoned in this camp almost 280,000 people. Over 56,000 of them were killed. buchenwald.de/en/72/
Read more about the chronology of liberation of KL Buchenwald: buchenwald.de/en/466/
"I have reported what I saw and heard, but only part of it. For most of it, I have no words."

CBS reporter Edward R. Morrow was the first reporter at Buchenwald after the liberation by @USArmy. Listen to his harrowing words on what he witnessed: collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog…
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6 April 1944 | The Gestapo under the direction of SS-Hauptsturmführer Klaus Barbie raided the Jewish orphanage in French town of #Izieu. 44 children and their 7 educators were taken to #Drancy & later deported to #Auschwitz. Only one person survived.
Beate and Serge Klarsfeld, who brought Klaus Barbie to justice in 1983, later wrote: "Forty-four children deported - no mere statistic, but rather forty-four tragedies which continue to cause us pain ..."
In this photo you can see the children on the balcony of the children's home in Izieu, summer 1943. Seated in the center, in the second row from the bottom is Laja Feldblum. She was the only survivor of the Gestapo raid on the children's home on 6 April 1944.
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#Threads
1. Il parlamento istituisce la "Giornata degli #Alpini" per celebrare la data della sconfitta dell'esercito di invasione nazifascista (con generosa partecipazione italiana) in #Russia durante la #WW2 ad opera dell'Armata Rossa. A quale "eroismo" ci si riferisce? Image
2. Il revisionismo di un Paese incapace di fare i conti con le proprie responsabilità storiche: il tema emerge ogni anno in occasione del #10febbraio - rimozione delle politiche di italianizzazione forzata e di sterminio commesse dagli italiani fin al 1918 in #Friuli e #Istria.
3. Ma che emerge anche nelle distorsioni: perché la #GiornataDellaMemoria è il 27 gennaio - liberazione di #Auschwitz da parte dei sovietici nel '45 - e non il 16 ottobre - rastrellamento ghetto ebraico di #Roma nel '43? E ora in questa "giornata degli alpini".
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While the focus is on #Putin's #UkrainianGenocide, let's not forget about #Xi's #UyghurGenocide and his support for Putin, Kim Jong-un, the Myanmar junta, MBS, and other tyrants. Xi Jinping is the world's #1 advocate for #HumanRightsViolations.

nytimes.com/2022/04/04/wor…
The #UyghurGenocide includes "internment, forced abortion, forced sterilization, forced birth control, forced labor, torture, brainwashing, rape, and gang rape" as policy. No one deserves to be subject to such grave #HumanRightsViolations. Xi ruined #HongKong. #Taiwan isn't safe.
Xi believes #China needs to be strong to avoid the trauma it inhereted from the "Century of Humiliation" at the hands of Western colonial powers and Japan. But in asserting China's strength, Xi sides with the worst of tyrants and crushes those who believe in #HumanRights.
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2 April 1942 | A transport of 30 Poles (incl. 14 Jews) arrived at #Auschwitz. They were sent to the camp by Sipo u. SD from Cracow. At least 27 of them were killed in the camp. In the thread we present four of them. 1/5
2 April 1942 | A Polish Jew Abram Mozes Beidner was registered in #Auschwitz. He was a railwayman born in Brzesko on 13 October 1920. He received numer 28746. He perished in the camp on 18 July 1942. 2/5
2 April 1942 | A Pole Edward Popiel was registered in #Auschwitz. He was a railwayman born in Lwów on 7 March 1895. He received numer 28743. He was shot in the camp on 17 June 1942. 3/5
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31 March 1943 | The Germans completed the construction of gas chamber & crematorium II at #Auschwitz II-Birkenau. Undressing space & 210 sq. meters gas chamber were located underground. Zyklon B was thrown through the holes in the ceiling into special wire mesh columns. 1/4 ImageImage
The crematorium located on the ground level designed by Topf und Söhne company from #Erfurt was equipped with five 3-muffles ovens connected to one chimney. According to the producers the ovens could burn 1,440 corpses every 24 hours. 2/4 Image
On 20 January 1945 - 7 days before the liberation of #Auschwitz the building was blew up with dynamite by the SS in order to destroy the evidence of mass murder. 3/4 Image
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#cejourla - 27 mars 1942 

A l’occasion de la #commémoration de la mémoire des déportés du #convoi n°1, #SergeKlarsfeld revient sur les raisons de ce départ du premier convoi de la France vers #Auschwitz.

🗓 Les noms des Juifs déportés du convoi n°1 seront lus ce dimanche 27 mars 2022 à 12h, au Mémorial de la Shoah de Paris.
Afin d’illustrer cette commémoration, découvrez le portrait de Motel Reznik et sa dernière carte écrite de Drancy à sa femme. Motel Reznika été déporté par le premier convoi parti de France pour Auschwitz. ImageImage
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26 March 1942 | First female prisoner arrived at #Auschwitz: 999 German women transferred from KL Ravensbrück & 999 Slovak Jewish women transported from Poprad. They were placed in 10 blocks of Auschwitz I camp (1-10) previously isolated from the rest of the camp with a wall.
The transport of Slovak Jewish women from Poprad was the first official transport of Jews deported to KL Auschwitz organized by the RSHA - the Reich Main Security Office.
Among some 400,000 people registered in #Auschwitz as prisoners of the concentration camp, there were ca. 131,000 women: 82,000 Jewish, 31,000 Polish, 11,000 Roma & Sinti as well as Russian, Belorussian, German, French, Czech & Yugoslavian.
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Jozef & Wiktoria Ulma risked their lives to help Jews during the #Holocaust. On 24 March 1944 the German police discovered the Jews in hiding.

The Jewish family was shot, as was the entire Ulma family - parents & 6 children. Wiktoria was 7 months pregnant.
March 24 - the anniversary of the murder of the Ulma family - is today in Poland the National Day of Remembrance of Poles who saved Jews during German occupiation. See this thread to learn 11 stories of #Righteous linked with #Auschwitz.
#Auschwitz prisoner Jerzy Radwanek helped many Jews in the camp. jfr.org/rescuer-storie…
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22 March 1943 | The Zentralbauleitung of the #Auschwitz camp (Central Construction office) completed the construction of gas chamber and crematorium IV at Auschwitz II-Birkenau camp. The undressing rooms, gas chamber and crematorium were located on the ground level. 1/5
The gas chamber space was divided into three smaller rooms and had a total of 236.78 square meters. The exterior walls had holes with gas proof trapdoors for inserting Zyklon B. 2/5
The crematorium was equipped with one eight-oven furnace. According to the calculations made German manufacturer Topf & Soehne, 768 corpses could be burned in this crematorium every 24 hours. 3/5
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12 March 1943 | A 14-year old Polish girl, Czesława Kwoka (camp no. 26947), was murdered in #Auschwitz with a phenol injection into the heart. She was deported by Germans from Zamość region as part of their plan of creating „living space” in the east. 1/4
According to the testimony of a survivor Wilhelm Brasse, who took the registration picture of Czesława Kwoka, just before it was taken, the girl was beaten by one of the guards. In the picture, you can see the cut in her lip.
Czesława Kwoka was born on 15 August 1928 in Wólka Złojecka, a village in the Zamość region. She arrived at #Auschwitz on 13 December 1942 in a transport of 318 women. Her mother Katarzyna was also deported. She received number 26949 & perished in the camp on 18 February 1943.
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1,3 million people were deported to Auschwitz. Among some 400,000 people registered as prisoners, there were 131,000 women: 82,000 Jewish, 31,000 Polish, 11,000 Roma as well as Russian, Belorussian, German, French, Czech & Yugoslavian. #InternationalWomensDay #WomensHistoryMonth ImageImageImageImage
#Women became prisoners of the German Nazi concentration camp #Auschwitz in late March 1942. The first two transports - of German female prisoners transferred from the Ravensbrück camp & Slovak Jewish women deported from Poprad - arrived on 26 March. #InternationalWomensDay Image
From transports of Jews deported by the Germans for extermination to #Auschwitz SS doctors selected hundreds of thousands of #women & girls to be murdered in gas chambers immediately after arrival. Pregnant women & mothers with babies were murdered too. #InternationalWomensDay ImageImageImageImage
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6 March marks the European Day of the Righteous, established in 2012 by the European Parliament.

See this thread to learn stories of Righteous Among the Nations recognized by @yadvashem linked with the history of the German Nazi camp #Auschwitz.
#Auschwitz prisoner Jerzy Radwanek helped many Jews in the camp. jfr.org/rescuer-storie…
#Auschwitz survivors Zofia Kossak-Szczucka and Władysław Bartoszewski were honoured for their work in "Żegota" - the Polish Council to Aid Jews en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C5%BBego…
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6 March 1939 | A Dutch Jewish boy, Willem Philip van Naarden, was born in Amsterdam.

In March 1944 he was deported to #Auschwitz and murdered in a gas chamber after selection.
Willem Philip van Naarden was a son of Levie and Elisabeth. In 1943 they decided to go into hiding. Willem was placed with a family of 7 children in Bennebroek.
At some point Betty wanted to check how her son was doing, and asked a family friend, who worked for an organization that helped Jews in hiding, about him. The brother of this person most probably denounced Willem. In mid-November 1943 Willem was arrested.
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Auch das Internationale #Auschwitz Komitee verurteilt den Angriff #Putin s auf die #Ukraine: bit.ly/3M3JBH9 #UkraineWar #UkraineRussiaWar
2/ Heubner betonte, mit besonderer Empörung stellten die Überlebenden des #Holocaust fest, dass #Putin zur Begründung seines Krieges immer wieder die Begriffe »Völkermord« und »Entnazifizierung« heranziehe.
3/ Sie empfinden dies als eine zynische und tückische Lüge, die nicht nur die Überlebenden des #Holocaust sondern auch all die Menschen missbraucht, die als sowjetische Kriegsgefangene in deutschen Konzentrationslagern gelitten
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23 February 1943 | SS guards transferred 39 prisoners (13 to 17 years old) from Auschwitz II-Birkenau to #Auschwitz I and placed them in Block 20, one of the infirmary buildings. In the evening of this day, they were all killed with phenol injections. 1/4
The injections were administered by SS-Unterscharführer Herbert Scherpe, the Second Medical Officer. Some of the boys arrived with their parents on December 13 and 16, 1942 and February 5, 1943, in transports of Poles expelled by Germans from the Zamość Region. 2/4
After the end of the war Herber Scherpe initially stayed in a POW camp, then lived in Mannheim. In 1961 he was arrested by the West German authorities. During the second Auschwitz trial, he was sentenced by the court in Frankfurt am Main to four and a half years in prison. 3/4
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A Norwegian Jew, David Becker.

He was born in Drammen. He perished in the German Nazi camp #Auschwitz on 17 February 1943.
He was 44.
David Becker was born on June 24, 1898 in Drammen. His parents were Mina (nee Hirschhorn, born in 1869 in Latvia) and Mendel Davidor Becker (b. 1862 in Lithuania). He had six siblings. David was a merchant.
He married Signe Paula Saposnikoff (b. 1902 in Sweden). They had three children; Sigurd (b. 1924), Ivar (b. 1929) and Sonja Rita (b. 1931). David was arrested on June 2, 1942 and transported to Grini. In August, he was sent to Kvænangen in northern Norway for forced labor.
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