1. fight the virus and keep it from replicating
2. dampen the immune system, which may be responsible for much of the damage late in the disease.
In the end a combination of the two might be needed.
1a. attack the virus directly, i.e. block the proteins that the virus itself produces and uses. That is what drugs like remdesivir or kaletra are supposed to do.
1b. Block something in us, the host. As Nevan Krogan (@KroganLab) told me: “The virus can’t live by itself, right? It needs our genes and proteins in order to live and to replicate.” So find something the virus needs (and we don’t desperately need) and block that.