Everyone knows Brahma and Shiva are great gods. But Yama is only next to them in greatness of knowledge. As a dedication to Lord Yama, here is a translation of the beautiful yamāṣtaka by Savitri from brahmavaivarta purāṇa. Translation done in a hurry, so excuse errors if any.+
harērutkīrtanaṃ dharma svakulōddhārakāraṇam| śrōtlṇāṃ caiva vaktlṇāṃ janmamṛtyujarāharam

[Savitri: Yama, who are Dharma personified! Praise of Hari, speaking about his stories or listening to them, result in purification of one's lineage. It removes birth & death.]+
dānānāṃ ca vratānāṃ ca siddhīnāṃ tapasāṃ param| yōgānāṃ caiva vēdānāṃ sēvanaṃ kīrtanaṃ harēḥ||

[Higher than charity, vows, sacrifices, penances, meditation, study of the Vedas is the praise of Lord Hari]+
muktatvamamaratvaṃ ca sarvasiddhitvamēva vā| śrīkṛṣṇasēvanasyaiva kalāṃ nārhanti ṣōḍaśīm

[Bliss of individual self gained by freedom from distress of prakrti, devatva & yoga-siddhi is not equal to 1/16th part of services to Lord of Sri who sports in bliss of creation]+
bhajāmi kēna vidhinā śrīkṛṣṇaṃ prakṛtēḥ param| mūḍhāṃ māmabalāṃ tāta vada vēdavidāṃ vara

[Lord who knows the Veda! Please tell me about method for worship of that Lord of Sri w/ a blackish complexion. To me who am ignorant & without eligibility as I am a woman]+
ityuktvā sā satī brahman bhaktinamrātmakandharā| tuṣṭāva dharmarājaṃ ca vēdōktēna stavēna ca|

[Thus speaking, that noble woman Savitri bowed down her head in devotion to Dharmarāja and offered praise to him]+

Note: Actual stuti begins from here onwards.
tapasā dharmamārādhya puṣkarē bhāskaraḥ purā| dharmāṃśaṃ yaṃ sutaṃ prāpa dharmarājaṃ namāmyaham|

[Long ago, Sūrya went to Puṣkara Kshetra & meditated on Lord Nārāyaṇa called “dharma” as he is the means. He got a son who is an amśa of Nārāyaṇa, called dharmarāja.]+
samatā sarvabhūtēṣu yasya sarvasya sākṣiṇaḥ| atō yannāma śamanamiti taṃ praṇamāmyaham|

[Lord Yama has impartiality towards all beings despite dispensing punishment and he sees the merits and demerits of all (thus reckons their punishments).....]
[...He is thus known as “Saman” or one who calms the minds of all by his instructions on Hari. I bow to him]

The idea is, as he knows the natures of all, and is impartial, he is an ideal one to be resorted to for knowledge.+
yēnāntaśca kṛtō viśvē sarvēṣāṃ jīvināṃ param| karmānurūpakālēna taṃ kṛtāntaṃ namāmyaham||

[He who ends lives of beings in the world by his assistant Mrityu, He who by virtue of measuring punishments acc to karmas, brings their sinful actions to an end, I worship him.]+
bibharti daṇḍaṃ daṇḍyāya pāpināṃ śuddhihētavē| namāmi taṃ daṇḍadharaṃ yaḥ śāstā sarvakarmaṇām

[He bears the rod of authority (to dole out punishments) & is the rod of chastisement for sinners as a means to purify them....]+
[... I worship he who sustains “daṇḍa” (daṇḍadharaṃ) which is the administration of rules of dharma, the Ruler of all beings whose actions are sinful.]+
viśvē ca kalayatyēva sarvāyuścāpi santatam| atīva durnivāryaṃ ca taṃ kālaṃ praṇamāmyaham||

[He who measures actions of all beings in the Universe (as sinful or not) & their lives (by his assistant Mrtiyu), who is irresistible for sinnes, I bow down to that Lord of Death]+
tapasvī vaiṣṇavō dharmī yaḥ saṃyamī vijitēndriyaḥ| jīvināṃ karmaphaladaṃ taṃ yamaṃ praṇamāmyaham||13||

[He (ie, Nārāyaṇa) provides fruits of actions for those doing austerities to attain svarga etc (tapasvī), those meditating on Viṣṇu (Vaiṣṇava)...]+
[...those doing karma yoga to realize the self (dharmī), jnāna-yogīs with controlled internal senses & organs to meditate on the self (saṃyamī vijitēndriyaḥ). I bow down to the controller of all (Yama), who gives the fruits of actions to the bound selves.]+
That shloka superimposed qualities of Brahman (Nārāyaṇa) on Yama as it talked about mokshaphala as well. The brahma sūtra brahmadhrṣtiutkarṣāt says that any pure object can be meditated as a symbol of Brahman by superimposing qualities on it.+
If you are wondering how a woman can meditate in such manner as she lacks eligibility, ans is she is not doing that meditation but merely showing Yama can be meditated as a symbol. Next shloka states he can be meditated as Brahman since he is pure, on account of being a devotee+
svātmārāmaśca sarvajñō mitraṃ puṇyakṛtāṃ bhavēt| pāpināṃ klēśadō yasya puṇyaṃ mitraṃ namāmyaham

[The one who is contented in experience of his own self that is Nārāyaṇa, cognizant of all dharmās, an ally to all as he advises them on Brahman, who does pure acts...]+
[...I bow to that Lord whose friend or well-wisher (in the form of giving approval for action) is Nārāyaṇa called “puṇya”, giving anguish to sinners.]+
yajjanma brahmaṇō vaṃśē jvalantaṃ brahmatējasā| yō dhyāyati paraṃ brahma brahmavaṃśaṃ namāmyaham||

[I bow down to He who is in the lineage of brahmā, full of the radiance arising from knowledge of the Vedas...]
[...who is always meditating on Nārāyaṇa (param brahma), who is aiding the Universe by his acts (brahmavaṃśaṃ)]

Note: brahmavaṃśa – “van” root – sambhaktau – to aid, “brahma” – the Universe.+
ityuktvā sā ca sāvitrī praṇanāma yamaṃ munē| yamastāṃ viṣṇubhajanaṃ karmapākamuvāca ha||

[Thus speaking, Savitri bowed in reverence to Yama, upon her praise of Viṣṇu (as Yama’s innerself) which is a fruit of her actions dedicated to the Lord….]

Thus ends the stuti.+
Small dedication to the Lord of Death, who gives knowledge of Hari, instructed Nachiketa, Savitri and Mudgala and who is also recognized by the Azhwars as a knower of Brahman.//

• • •

Missing some Tweet in this thread? You can try to force a refresh

Keep Current with Dark Saint

Dark Saint Profile picture

Stay in touch and get notified when new unrolls are available from this author!

Read all threads

This Thread may be Removed Anytime!


Twitter may remove this content at anytime! Save it as PDF for later use!

Try unrolling a thread yourself!

how to unroll video
  1. Follow @ThreadReaderApp to mention us!

  2. From a Twitter thread mention us with a keyword "unroll"
@threadreaderapp unroll

Practice here first or read more on our help page!

More from @DefiledGod

13 Oct
Some pointed out 108 names of rAma in padma purANa as describing Sivalinga prathiShTa. I had a look at the section:

sarvayajñādhipō yajvā jarāmaraṇavarjitaḥ ।
śivaliṅgapratiṣṭhātā sarvāvaguṇavarjitaḥ ॥

This interested me so I went through the section. Genuine enough+
If you take the time to understand that names in sahasranAmAs & shatanAmAs are not random but telling a story, ie, onnected to each other, you would understand that it is not proper to jump into a name and interpret it as per layman understanding. So let me explain these names+
sarvayajñādhipō yajvā jarāmaraṇavarjitaḥ ।

[The One who presides over all sacrifices (as the object of worship), the One who performs sacrifices for those who cannot do so (as the means of worship), who is devoid of birth and death despite being the antaryAmin]+

Exp below+
Read 11 tweets
12 Oct
A few simple points I will summarize for the benefit of those who have an open mind. You can always ask if you have Qs without a prejudice.

1) sthala purANAs do not have equal authority as main texts & must be gauged on their merit to see if they agree with higher texts
2) rAma did not worship Shiva at rAmeShvara as per Valmiki, though he did invoke shiva in his nitya-naimittika karmAs. That is proper.

3) nArAyaNa is a term that denotes only Parabrahman everywhere. In contrast, terms like Rudra, Insra, Chandra etc, denote various objects+
4) As an example, rudra denotes the state of experience of the self in Vayu purANa and desire (kAma) in MB (kAShyapa-Aila samvAda). "bhava" and "sharva" denote mind and intellect in atharva Veda. In contrast, nArAyaNa only denotes the supreme Brahman.+
Read 8 tweets
12 Oct
--- Praise of Tirumala in Rg Veda ---

The sūkta beginning with “arāyi kāṇe” is considered by vedāntins historically to describe the Lord of Tirumala.+

#RigVeda #Tirumala #Hinduism #Vedas
The Veda Puruṣa, like azhwars often do, advises his mind to go dwell in Tirumala, the beauty of the surroundings and the Lord there. First rk,

arāyi kāṇe vikaṭe giriṃ gaccha sadānve śirimbiṭhasyasatvabhistebhiṣ ṭvā cātayāmasi ||

#RigVeda #Hinduism #Vedas
[Mind without wealth (intellect), whose eye is shut (not seeing Brahman)! Go to the beautiful hill, crying out (his name). We will cause you to hide from Saṃsāra, by these Tīrthās of the hill that withers all karmas.]

#Hinduism #Vedas #SanatanaDharma #RigVeda #Tirupati
Read 29 tweets
11 Oct
One should understand that we have no agendas in saying rAma did not worship Shiva as per VR. It doesn't matter to us who he worshipped, since Valmiki is clear about his supremacy. But we have to follow what the text says, the context & the commentaries+

The rAmeShvara linga prathiShta only occurs in the sthala-purANa of the Shiva temple as well some of the Shaiva purANaAs. Commentors of the rAmAyaNa like Govindaraja declare that it is merely said in those purANAs to exalt Shiva and not to declare historicity of the event+
The only possible shloka which may be construed in such a vein is when rAma tells sIta how he managed to construct setu - atra puurvaM mahAdevaH prasAdamakarotprabhuH 

We look at two commentators here - Maheshvara Tirtha (advaitin) and Govindaraja (Vishishtadvaitain)+
Read 7 tweets
13 Sep
A few more samples from sanat sujAtiyam on the nature of the individual self, as a continuation to this thread:

pramAdAd vA asurAh parAbhavan apramAdAd brahmabhUtAh surASca

[AsurAs failed to realize true nature of the self due to error of considering body as the self (pramAda). Devas, by careful discrimination of self & body (apramAda) attained the nature of the self, similar to Brahman]+
The above describes the episode of Indra and Virochana learning from PrajApati in the Chandogya (pratyagAtma vidya). Virochana mistook the teachings as self = body, while Indra understood the self as different from the body.+
Read 17 tweets
11 Sep
As I said here, the sanat sujAtiyam discourses on nature of the jIvAtman. ParamAtman is described too, but only as a means to attain jIvAnubhava. A few tongue twisting shlokAs that some have tried to interpret (unsuccessfully) - advaita-vedanta.org/archives/advai…
Due to the beautiful construction of the shlokAs, I decided to have a go. First one:

na vedAnAm veditA kaScidasti vedena vedam na vidurna vedyam |+

#Hinduism #Mahabharata #SanatanaDharma #Sanatsujatiyam #Vedas
[Not any acts like seeing, speaking, hearing about jIvAtma (vedAnAm), is capable of knowing it truly. By knowledge in form of seeing differences (vedena), one can't know the nature of self that is identical in all (vedam) & the body belonging to it, so distinct from it (vedyam)]+
Read 17 tweets

Did Thread Reader help you today?

Support us! We are indie developers!

This site is made by just two indie developers on a laptop doing marketing, support and development! Read more about the story.

Become a Premium Member ($3/month or $30/year) and get exclusive features!

Become Premium

Too expensive? Make a small donation by buying us coffee ($5) or help with server cost ($10)

Donate via Paypal Become our Patreon

Thank you for your support!

Follow Us on Twitter!