Paul Morgan🥋🥊 Profile picture
Eberly Fellow, Professor of Education & Demography, Dept. of Education Policy Studies, Director, Center for Educational Disparities Research, Penn State.
24 Sep 19
We had a new study published today in Exceptional Children. We synthesized the existing empirical studies to evaluate whether and to what U.S. schools are discriminating when suspending or otherwise disciplining students with #disabilities (SWD) 1/N. journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.11…
SWD have been reported to be more likely to be suspended, leading to suggestions that schools use discriminatory #discipline practices. Ensuring that SWD are not being unfairly suspended is important because of suspension's associations with many life course adversities 2/N
Because schools may legally suspend SWD, disparities between SWD and SWOD is insufficient to infer discriminatory practices. It may instead be that SWD more often engage in the behaviors that result in suspension (e.g., fighting) including due to academic difficulties. 3/N
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19 Aug 19
We have a new study forthcoming in Exceptional Children. We examine whether students of color are more or less likely to be identified as having #disabilities in U.S. states with histories of de jure and de facto racial #segregation. (1)
Special education has been theorized to have been used as an alternative legal strategy for schools to avoid racial integration. This prior work was historical and descriptive. Others have suggested that over-identification might be especially likely to occur in the South. (2)
Yet other work suggests that students of color may be under-identified as having disabilities in the U.S. South, incl. due to political and economic factors. Mechanisms hypothesized to result in under-identification nationally may also be operating similarly in the South. (3)
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16 Aug 19
Hi #pediatricians, our work on #disparities in #disability id. was just cited by the @AmerAcadPeds in their #policy statement on the impact of #racism on children's health. Our most recent study was cited. If helpful, here is a thread of our work to date. #RacismAndHealth (1)
@AmerAcadPeds Here is the abstract and link the the study cited in the @AmerAcadPeds policy statement. journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.310…. We find that children of color are less likely to be identified as having disabilities than similarly situated students who are White in U.S. schools (2)
@AmerAcadPeds Here is an example finding. Of U.S. 4th grade students displaying clinically significant reading difficulties, 74% of White students are receiving special education. The contrasting percentages for Black, Hispanic, and American Indian students? 44%, 43%, and 48%, respectively (3)
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