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24 Sep, 24 tweets, 19 min read
--- Fivefold forms of Brahman in Rg Veda ---

“janma karma ca me divyam” - One must know inner meanings of his acts & forms he assumes during avatārās. This is called “avatāra rahasyam” by ācāryās & is fhe intent of this sūkta: sacred-texts.com/hin/rigveda/rv…

Who are these gods in these mantras? Well, these rks are not describing various gods, but various forms of the same god.+

#Hinduism #Vedas #SanatanaDharma #RigVeda #Sanatani #SanatanDharm #Hindus #Vedanta
This god takes a fivefold form – para (supreme abode), vyūha (among the devas), vibhava (among us), antaryāmin (in all beings) and arca (visible to all in temples). Of these, vibhava is further divided 3-fold and antaryāmin as 2-fold, which we will see+

#Hinduism #Vedas
As the Puruṣa Sūkta says, “ajāyamāno bahudhā vijāyate” – Unborn, he is born in many ways. Exactly what “bahudhā” is, is explained here in these rks+

#Hinduism #Vedas #SanatanaDharma #Vedic #RigVeda #RigVed
A small note: The translation of the rk is provided in the tweets. For explanation of how the translation is derived, refer the short notes in the attached screenshots for each tweet.

We start now with 1st of 5 forms, viz., paravāsudeva in the Supreme Abode, as below+

babhrureko viṣuṇaḥ sūnaro yuvāñjyaṅkte hiraṇyayam

[One (Paravāsudeva) is supporter (of muktas), of nature distinct from & higher to all, with imperishable agreeable kalyaṇa guṇās, ever young, applies ointment (knowledge or literal) to mukta desirous to him like gold]+ Image
From paravāsudeva, come the vyūhās, each with 2 of the 6 major attributes. Next 3 rks describe the 3 vyūha forms – Pradyumna (Aiśvarya & Vīrya), Aniruddha (Sakti and Tejas) and Sankarśana (Jñāṇa & Bala) as below. Refer screenshots for description in each tweet:+

yonimeka ā sasāda dyotano.antardeveṣu medhiraḥ

[One (Pradyumna) is seated in Brahmā who is cause/abode of the Jagat, shines unchanged despite act of creation, abiding as innerself of propagators of Sāstra (Manu, Vyāsa etc), possessing knowledge as he instructs the Veda]+ Image
vāśīmeko bibharti hasta āyasīmantardeveṣu nidhruviḥ

[One (Aniruddha) bears a weapon of iron (signifying strength/sturdiness) in his hand for protection of the gods, residing among the gods in the milky ocean, firm as the basis or support for maintenance of the Universe]+ Image
vajrameko bibharti hasta āhitaṃ tena vṛtrāṇi jighnate

[One (Sankarshana) holds the Chakra which is the “vajra” in his hand, by which the karmas that cover knowledge (vṛtrāṇi) are destroyed, having deposited the selves in himself during pralaya (āhitaṃ).]+

#Hinduism Image
From Aniruddha, arise the antaryāmin, vibhava and arca. First, the antaryāmin – this is two-fold. The first is the form of the Lord in the lotus of the heart, as meditated by the Yogins. As below+

#Hinduism #Vedas #SanatanaDharma #Vedic #Sanatani #RigVeda
tighmameko bibharti hasta āyudhaṃ śucirughro jalāṣabheṣajaḥ

[One (in the heart), bears a sharp weapon in his hand, pure (subhāśraya), formidable (to the karmas), the soothing medicine for the distress of saṃsāra.]+

#Hinduism #Vedas #SanatanaDharma #Sanatani #Vedic Image
The second form of antaryāmin is the form that pervades all the sentient and insentient beings as their innerself and is also present in each and every entity. It is important to understand this distinction. As below+

#Hinduism #Vedas #SanatanaDharma #SanatanDharm #RigVeda
patha ekaḥ pīpāya taskaro yathā eṣa veda nidhīnām

[One (as the innerself of all), (hiding) like a thief, protecting the paths of the transmigrating selves – devāyaṇa and pityaṇa, always perceiving these selves that are receptacles of karmas.]

Explained in screenshot👇+ Image
Now, from Aniruddha again, come vibhava forms which are threefold - pūrṇāvatara (Lord himself), śaktyāveśa (Lord investing powers/śaktīs in a jīva) and svarūpāveśa (Lord himself entering a jīva by svarūpa and acting through it). Next rk describes a pūrṇāvatara +

trīṇyeka urughāyo vi cakrame yatra devāso madanti

[One (Trivikrama) with his unlimited capacity for movement, made three steps in order that his devotees delight (gain happiness).]+

#Hinduism #Vedas #SanatanaDharma #Sanatani #SanatanDharm #RigVeda
The above rk chooses Trivikrama as the best example of pūrṇāvatara. Why? How did he cause happiness for his devotees? Refer this thread where I had discussed the significance of this avatāra on the occasion of Onam:

#Hinduism #Vedas #SanatanaDharma
vibhirdvā carata ekayā saha pra pravāseva vasataḥ

[Two, distinct in natures, qualities, actions etc (Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa) move (in the forest) with the matchless among women, viz., Sīta (ekayā) abiding as if dwelling away from home (as ascetics).]+

This is for śaktyāveśa👇 Image
The intent of above rk is to actually include Lakṣmaṇa, a śaktyāveśa. But since he appeared along with Rāma, both have been described together with Sīta. Similarly, next rk describes a svarūpāveśa (Balarāma). But as he appeared with Krishna, both have been described as below +
sado dvā cakrāte upamā divi samrājā sarpirāsutī

[Two (Krishna and Balarāma) have made their dwelling (Dvāraka) in likeness to Svarga (divi), the two soveriegns ruling all, worshipped with or partaking of ghee (services pleasurable like ghee).]+


#Hinduism Image
The final and greatest form of the Lord is the arca, again coming from Aniruddha. As below. Make sure to read the screenshot attached to it as the meanings are truly delightful+

#Hinduism #Vedas #SanatanaDharma #Vedic #RigVeda
arcanta eke mahi sāma manvata tena sūryamarocayan

[Shining out (making manifest) the One (form in temples), that is great due to accessibility & equal to Paravāsudeva, conceived by uninterrupted contemplation in the form of desire...+

#Hinduism #Vedas #SanatanaDharma
...by which, the Lord who moves towards his devotees (Sūrya) is made to shine (ie, appear with same qualities & activities being thought of).]+

Screenshot below with explanation👇

#Hinduism #Vedas #SanatanaDharma #RigVeda Image
Thus, this sūkta describes the fivefold forms of the Lord, and ends with the declaration that the arca form in temples is superior to all other forms.

Hope this was insightful//

#Hinduism #Vedas #SanatanaDharma #Vedic #RigVeda

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More from @DefiledGod

2 Nov
There are so many pAsurams where azhwar advises the mind, just like those mantras did. Few:

uLan kaNdaay nan nenjE! utthaman enRum/

Oh my auspicious Mind! Realise that there is One; who is the Greatest Lord! - PoigaiAzhwar

Sudaradi thozhudhu yezhu en mananE

Seek his divine feet, my mind! - Nammazhwar+
kEttAyE mada nenjE – Azhwar talks to his mind - "Thinking about the great object of attainment at ThiruvAttAru, that Lord Keshava we have acquired, have you become proud that we have attained what is impossible to attain? Are you enjoying this?"+
Read 4 tweets
2 Nov
Atharva Veda (kAnda 6) has a small set of mantras praising the mind (as a symbol of Brahman) for aiding the upAsaka in his Yoga. Again, a similarity to Nammazhwar always hailing his mind in terms such as "kettAye mada nenje" and so on. Here is a brief translation+
namo devavadhebhyo namo rAjavadhebhyaH |

[Salutations to mind associated with desireless activities (karma yoga) that destroy hankerings of sense objects and meditations of the self that destroy desires ruling over the self (jnAna yoga).]+
“deva” refers to contemplations that shine out sense objects, quelled by karma yoga. rAja is lust, that rules over the self, which are destroyed by jnAna yoga or meditation on the self that removes such desires.+
Read 10 tweets
30 Oct
Producing commentary of shrimad vIrarAghavAchArya, a great Sri vaishnava guru on the bhAgavata shloka 8.7.33+
evaMbhUtaM tvAM ye nindanti te mUrkhAH ityAha -- ye tviti | ye tu tvAm umayA bhavAnyA saha charantaM nitarAM kAminaM katthante pralapanti tathA shmashAne charantamugraM krUraM paruShaM hiMsraM cha katthante, kathaMbhUtam? +
"Those who belittle you (Shiva), who are of (exalted) nature are fools. Those who call you promiscuous for giving umA your body, by calling your activity (of taking away lives) as fierce, your residing in graveyard as uncultured -- what are these type of people? (they are fools)"
Read 8 tweets
30 Oct
--- Thread on Meditation of 18 purANAs ---

padma purANa visualizes 18 purANAs as various body parts of Hari. It is clear that each part corresponds to the starting inquiry of the purANa. I will not post sanskrit here, rough translation of each query+

brahma purANa is mUrdha (head). It begins with Q “You know deeds of devAs & dAnavAs, tell us how Universe with devas etc arises & into whom will it dissolve”. So, purANa asks how Brahman is the source of glory of devAs etc. It is the head of viShNu as he is at the crest of all.
Padma purANa is the heart. It begins with Q, “How was the lotus along with brahmA produced”. In rAmAyaNa, brahmA tells rAma, “ahaM te hR^idayaM”. In vedic parlance, “heart” stands for “putra” & shows brahmA is an effect of bhagavAn. This purANa is the heart, due to this Q.+
Read 26 tweets
14 Oct
Everyone knows Brahma and Shiva are great gods. But Yama is only next to them in greatness of knowledge. As a dedication to Lord Yama, here is a translation of the beautiful yamāṣtaka by Savitri from brahmavaivarta purāṇa. Translation done in a hurry, so excuse errors if any.+
harērutkīrtanaṃ dharma svakulōddhārakāraṇam| śrōtlṇāṃ caiva vaktlṇāṃ janmamṛtyujarāharam

[Savitri: Yama, who are Dharma personified! Praise of Hari, speaking about his stories or listening to them, result in purification of one's lineage. It removes birth & death.]+
dānānāṃ ca vratānāṃ ca siddhīnāṃ tapasāṃ param| yōgānāṃ caiva vēdānāṃ sēvanaṃ kīrtanaṃ harēḥ||

[Higher than charity, vows, sacrifices, penances, meditation, study of the Vedas is the praise of Lord Hari]+
Read 23 tweets
13 Oct
Some pointed out 108 names of rAma in padma purANa as describing Sivalinga prathiShTa. I had a look at the section:

sarvayajñādhipō yajvā jarāmaraṇavarjitaḥ ।
śivaliṅgapratiṣṭhātā sarvāvaguṇavarjitaḥ ॥

This interested me so I went through the section. Genuine enough+
If you take the time to understand that names in sahasranAmAs & shatanAmAs are not random but telling a story, ie, onnected to each other, you would understand that it is not proper to jump into a name and interpret it as per layman understanding. So let me explain these names+
sarvayajñādhipō yajvā jarāmaraṇavarjitaḥ ।

[The One who presides over all sacrifices (as the object of worship), the One who performs sacrifices for those who cannot do so (as the means of worship), who is devoid of birth and death despite being the antaryAmin]+

Exp below+
Read 11 tweets

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