Shannon Fiume Profile picture
Entrepreneur, freelance sci. seeks 0ºC relative to preindustrial for maximum biodiversity. https://t.co/qXsyVENgxN End racism globally.
24 Sep 20
@iAyori No, but I usually make into a tomato marinara sauce base. Can be used for pasta and pizza, and any other recipe that uses tomato/tomato paste/etc.
@iAyori I'll have to remember the proportions...
spices: oregano, marjoram, italian parsley, thyme, 1 tiny bit of rosemary if fresh
1/4 onion, 3-5 cloves garlic, add spices, light sautée reduction in EVOO low then med heat,
(pinch of all the spices, adjust per dish) ...
@iAyori Cook till garlic is golden brown,
Pull the garlic pending on dish, (more garlic flavor, leave it in, otherwise its a chef's appetizer.)
Then add tomatoes, stir, and simmer.
If the dish doesn't need further cooking then med simmer till tomatoes & spices and oil are fully mixed.
Read 6 tweets
23 Sep 20
1/ I took a look at the poll data taken 09/8-09/9 2020, just as the epic smoke started to hit the entire West Coast.

(West Coast NOAA Data 9/9)
2/ The details of the poll are fascinating! There's actually a majority to 60-70% majority for many pro-climate topics. Remember, this poll was taken as the smoke started to hit the entire West Coast. I'm not sure how many west coast ppl were participants.
3/ Question 11 is a beauty!

See page 45! Majority support to supermajority support for GND, decarbonizing the grid by 2035.
Read 22 tweets
18 Sep 20
1/ I was tracing out how much carbon we should remove to get a nice climate by 2100, & found that we should realistically remove all we've emitted based cumulative emissions listed in the Global Carbon Project and wrote about it in my preprint paper: doi.org/10.1002/essoar…
2/ The paper says if we act fast enough (i.e. before setting off more tipping points), we just need to remove all the CO₂ we've emitted. I ended up seeing in the experiments, was we must also stop using fossil fuels, to get to about <0.1ºC by 2100. bit.ly/cdrmexprj Image
3/ The 15 tipping elements are outlined: doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1… & quantified in the supplemental materials. Additionally, an older tipping point was highlighted by @DrJamesEHansen which is that we should definitely not exceed 450 ppm. doi.org/10.2174/187428…
Read 17 tweets
16 Sep 20
An interesting article and thread showing how women can improve productivity for Japan.
'Japanese workers simply waste a lot of time. Crushingly long hours in the office leave them too exhausted to be fully productive. Companies tend to value employees based on how much time they put in, not how much they actually get done.' @Noahpinion
A bit shocked to see the percentages below 30% for women in government. Hopefully, ppl will make headway towards equality.
Read 4 tweets
11 Sep 20
So, yesterday I feel like I snuck out of the house... I went riding to Mt. Tam. I talked to no one. My only interaction was with the road, traffic, smokey air, touchless paying for gas w/ my phone as I had full protective gear. Felt like discovering a new country. ...
I would visit this area often as a child and teen, so to see the low visibility from ash and smoke, mixed with the marine layer was rather new. It didn't feel like those childhood memories, the majestic cannons that meet Muir Woods now obscured by smog. ... ImageImageImageImage
It felt like we burned Endor. The acrid smokey air mixed with the lush backdrop of overgrown evergreen forests. COVID lockdowns, and rains have really made the entire area extra lush. Under the ashy-smokey air, you could feel the forests breathing. ImageImageImageImage
Read 6 tweets
10 Sep 20
Megafires and Climate Change thread
Active Pacific Tipping Points:
* Pacific West Forests destruction, from Washington State to Mexico, a larger forest area than just Boreal forests
* El Niño-Southern Oscillation
climate.gov/enso
doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1…
1/4
Climate change cause: red and brown bars, Fossil Fuel emissions since 1750, and land-use change since 1750. CO₂ Emissions get absorbed by either land in green, or oceans and air in blues. Oceans & air increase in CO₂ concentration cause warming and ocean acidification.
2/4 ImageImage
Some of the earlier pink bars are El Nino years.

These should not be seen as a safe target to return to.
By 2100 we should reach for the bars in darker blue not just salmon which is <1.5ºC.
3/4 Image
Read 5 tweets
19 Aug 20
Decarbonization explainer thread:
Here I'll explain decarbonization, net-zero, carbon-neutral, CDR, NETs, NBSs, or decarbonizing the electric grid and how those come together to help stop the climate crisis. Depending on how much we act, we might be able to reverse the crisis.
Decarbonization means stop using fossil fuels (FF) and it may mean to remove some or all of human-caused (anthropogenic) emissions. We use FFs in electricity, transportation, and heat for buildings & making building materials: metals & rock. Decarbonization would be to move ...
... most if not all of those on to renewable sources.
Net-zero aka carbon-neutral (for yearly emissions) means no new anthropogenic emissions for the year.
Negative Emissions Technologies - NETs
Carbon Dioxide Removal - CDR
Nature Base Solutions - NBSs
Are all major ...
Read 18 tweets
13 Aug 20
How to get out of lower classes faster? How to shore up the sagging middle class? How to breath fresh life into the American Dream:

"Copious research has already shown that a strong social safety net tends to increase entrepreneurship." @Noahpinion
And extra income can be an emergency stopgap to avert escalations that lead to abuse. It can allow extra padding to get out of an abusive relationship or circumstance. & allows one to not have to risk abusive ppl when trying risky or unknown endeavors like startups.
Many nonleft heavily oppose social svcs as they worry it doesn’t inspire people to continually better themselves. Yet @Noahpinion shows these fears are unfounded for universal Medicare bloomberg.com/opinion/articl… & baby bonds, as those would have a net improvement to the economy.
Read 4 tweets
12 Aug 20
Thread on Kamala's pre-VP nominee Climate Plan.

Plan highlights:
Climate Equity Act to enact #ClimateJustice
Net-zero economy by 2045
#carbonneutral electric grid, vehicles, new buildings by 2030
End to fossil fuel subsidies
$10 Trillion investment
kamalaharris.org/policies/clima…
End to FF extraction in public lands
Rollback Trump environmental deregulation
Science-based agricultural conservation practices by 2040
Seek at least 75% of zero-waste
Mfg Jobs, and job (re)training
Reinvigorate national lab R&D & STEM jobs
$60 B to Black universities & colleges
"Leading the world in the technologies and innovations that will help us achieve a clean economy starts with fully funding our federal science and research agencies, national labs, and partnerships. ...
Read 6 tweets
4 Aug 20
We have to decouple human population growth from exacerbating the #climatecrisis.
sdgs.un.org/goals/goal13
We can do this by stop using fossil fuels because we (will have) made renewables cheap and plentiful. (#STEM jobs)
We can do this when we also retool our industrialization to remove carbon from the air/seas and store it (and some in products we use and will trap emissions when recycled). (more jobs here)
Read 6 tweets
2 Aug 20
In, 'Keeping Options Alive: The Scientific Basis for Conserving Biodiversity' I found the first pic:
It looks like starting in 1850 you see a dramatic increase in extinctions over early & preindustrial times.
It's a zoom-in of the second picture from: grimstad.uia.no/puls/climatech…. ImageImage
It's pretty clear extinctions follow CO2 emissions. This makes me wonder, is only seeking just below 1.5ºC by 2100 good enough?
What about going lower? What about returning to the climate (minus the unseasonable cold) of the 1750-1820s?
I did this in MAGICC, and again in pymagicc. When I modeled it a few years ago, I modeled CDR assuming we'd have peak emissions in 2020 and go sharply negative. I was able to hit close to 0.1ºC. But there are problems with this experiment. Image
Read 5 tweets
21 Jul 20
VOTE 2020!
This thread outlines Trump & GOP campaigning corruption to tip the election. GOP has used highly targeted ads, memes, bots & trolls finding turnable voters. Expect psychological propaganda and disinformation crafted to block ppl from voting.

21%+72% = 93% of 362 polled
24%+67% = 91% of 430 polled
9% likely Biden didn't vote in poll to 6% likely Trump w/ margin of error at ±6%. More likely Biden voters might switch or not vote. Image
2016 swing state voter difference was 80K (or less). Dems at min need to sweep all swing states or reform electoral college. 9 said no to reform. Senate GOP said no to HR1.
In 2016: Washington Post 80K: washingtonpost.com/news/the-fix/w…
NPR 50K were Sanders voters: npr.org/2017/08/24/545…
Read 11 tweets
12 Jul 20
I figured out why when I extrapolated the Keeling curve (inc updated for corona lockdowns) I achieved a later year for 450 ppm and exceeding the IPCC carbon budget. The IPCC carbon budget is predicted to be exceeded in a minimum of 7.5 years, or earliest reach at about 2028.
When I extrapolated the Keeling curve to 450 ppm, I extrapolated carbon increases to atmospheric and ocean inventories from fossil fuel emissions increases. The IPCC carbon budget includes the land sink inventory. (Note, I included a declining 1%-.8% growth FF and COVID pause.)
My experimental model runs in MAGICC and pymagicc weren't affected as they are static and drop before exceeding the IPCC carbon budget (very hard, well worth it hypothetical model goal.) github.com/hsbay/cdrmex
Read 4 tweets
10 Jul 20
If we went hit net-zero or carbon neutral today, how much carbon do we need to remove to maximize diversity and climate restoration by 2100? See thread for more info on #beyondneutral #climateaction #climatejustice @ExtinctionR
Fossil fuel emissions since 1750, have spread between the air, oceans, and land. By the latest count per the globalcarbonproject.org, the distribution looks like the linked chart. Multiply by 3.664 to convert the amounts to gigatonnes carbon dioxide. (1.7 Tt CO₂ & 2.4 Tt CO₂) Image
How big is this amount? The brown+red bars equals about 656 Gt Carbon by weight which is about 2M Empire State buildings. This amount is roughly equal to all green and blue bars and should be removed to restore the planet. bluebulbprojects.com/measureofthing…
Read 21 tweets
10 Jul 20
SR 1.5 recommended we stay below 1.5ºC by 2100, yet oddly allowed for overshoot pathways. An overshoot would cost us in biodiversity and global food security, as well as further weaken the climate by accelerating warming past more tipping elements. Image
To avoid hitting more tipping elements, we need to switch from fossil fuels to renewables asap, increase energy efficiency, & deploy more renewable power. All the while increase DAC R&D. Tons of room for innovation here! IEA is already planing iea.li/2VQB0Pn
Read 7 tweets
19 Jun 20
I want Earth's climate to be the way it:
Opt 1, leave it the way it is. Requires us to reach carbon neutral. The climate is prone to storms & more warming. It's activated the first set, some of the second set tipping elements, & Arctic Winter sea-ice and permafrost due to local warming. doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1… Image
Option 2, requires us to reach carbon neutral (aka stop emitting ghgs) & remove some of the cumulative carbon in the atmosphere. Some climate models show this is roughly a target of holding below 1.5ºC.
Read 12 tweets
28 May 20
No human deserves a death penalty and justice preempted because of their skin color. Why is this still happening in America in 2020? MLK had a dream, this nightmare is far from it.
#Iamnotok, until there is justice for Mr. George Floyd. US Democracy is NOT OK, until there is justice for Mr. George Floyd, Mr. Ahmaud Arbery, Ms. Brianna Taylor & others. Until due process & justice is restored, we are not a free nation. Tyranny to the few is tyranny for all.
Read 4 tweets
27 May 20
We need to go carbon neutral by:
We need to go carbon neutral by:
Never; climate change is a hoax; love the Exxon & the carbon majors
By 2040; still exceeds 450ppm. Exceeds most tipping elements, accelerates warming
By 2030; doesn’t exceed 450ppm nor largest tipping elements
ASAP; stops exceeding tipping points.
2040, provides smaller carbon budget overshoot yet it still exceeds 450ppm. It also exceeds most tipping elements except largest tipping elements.
Read 12 tweets
22 Sep 19
1/How much Carbon needs to get removed from the air (and oceans) reach pre-Anthropocene, CO₂ 281 ppm?
A)At 2018, latest emissions reported from Global Carbon Budget Project bit.ly/31gq2TV, we need to remove about 460 Gt Carbon or ≈1.6 Tt CO₂.
bit.ly/2m7GNB3
2/And what’s the fastest rate could we pull this out of the atmosphere?
This question isn’t simple, as we don’t know what’s the optimal rate to pull Carbon out of the atmosphere.
2.1/Here are some hypotheticals. If were to remove all Carbon from human emissions, in the next twenty-five years, we’d need a fast rate of removal, say slightly over 18 gigatonnes of Carbon (or about 67 gigatonnes of CO₂) per year.
Read 21 tweets