#TodayinHistory in 1601, the Colegio de San Jose was established by the Jesuits in Manila (#Intramuros). It is now known as the San Jose Seminary at the Ateneo de Manila University in Quezon City. (THREAD) ImageImage
The Society of Jesus (members known as Jesuits), a priestly order in the Catholic Church, was founded by Ignatius of Loyola and approved by the Pope in 1540. In the backdrop of the Protestant Reformation, the Jesuits were instrumental in the Counter-Reformation efforts in Europe. Image
The #Jesuit order arrived in #PH from Mexico in 1581 led by their Superior, Antonio Sedeño. From his group's pioneering efforts, Jesuit mission stations & schools were established. Sedeño founded the Universidad de San Ignacio in Intramuros in 1590.
As a proponents of what would be the Ratio Studiorum in 1599, the the school advocated 4 core subjects: theology, philosophy, Latin & Greek. The Colegio de San Jose, also located in Intramuros but on another loc, was the univ's extension school to prepare boys for the priesthood. Image
In 1773 Europe, accused of the assassination of monarchs & embroiled in financial controversies, the Jesuits were ordered suppressed & abolished by Pope Clement XIV. King Carlos III of Spain followed suit, expelling the Jesuits in the Spanish Empire including #PH by 1768.
The Jesuits had to let go of 7 colleges, 10 Jesuit residences w/ their own parishes, including the 2 missions in Marinduque & Negros. The university ceased to exist upon their expulsion, but its extension, Colegio de San Jose, was given to the secular priests, then Dominicans.
Upon the return of the Jesuits in #PH in 1859, they brought w/ them progressive ideas in the arts, humanities, and the sciences. They established what would be the @ateneodemanilau, but ownership of San Jose college would be fought in the courts vs. the Dominicans, from 1901-05.
The Colegio, now the San Jose Seminary, was relocated several times until 1964, when it got its permanent home inside the Ateneo campus in Quezon City. Image
Photos:
- Colegio de San Jose in 1887 (LEFT) & courtyard depicted on a postcard (RIGHT), from HeritageIsPeople.Blogspot, & Presidential Museum and Library, respectively
- Ignatius of Loyola (CTTO)
- Ratio Studiorum cover (CTTO)
- San Jose Seminary, from @ateneodemanilau

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