History lover 🇵🇭 (#TodayinHistory/#HistorySpacePH). Geek 🖖🏻. Blogger. Finishing his grad studies. Young, restless, reformed. He/him. IG 📷: indiohistorian
Apr 9 • 13 tweets • 5 min read
We often wonder why #ArawngKagitingan happened the way it did. Why commemorate one of the most humiliating defeats in #PH#history & call it “Kagitingan” (Valor)?
History, military strategy, & geography provide the answer.
When the Japanese began its invasion of Southeast Asia in Dec 1941, it first attacked the US fleet in Pearl Harbor, crippling the only reinforcements for the defense of the islands. Hours after the Pearl Harbor attack, the Japanese began its invasion of #PH.
#TodayinHistory in 1978, after the elections for seats in the Interim Batasang Pambansa under Martial Law, incarcerated Ninoy Aquino, who ran for elections in a bid to oppose the dominant Kilusang Bagong Lipunan party, declared a "moral victory." THREAD. #PH#history
Upon Pres. Ferdinand Marcos' declaration of Martial Law on 23 Sept 1972, opposition senator, Ninoy Aquino, was top 1 in the list of people to be arrested, together w/ dissenting lawmakers, journalists, activists, etc.
#TodayinHistory in 1871, Epifanio de los Santos, pioneer Filipiniana collector, historian, writer, assemblyman & polyglot, was born in #Malabon#PH. By virtue of RA 2140, s. 1959, Highway 54 in Metro Manila was renamed Epifanio de los Santos Ave (#EDSA). THREAD.
Born to the wealthy couple, Escolastico de los Santos & Antonina Cristobal y Tongco, Epifanio used his privilege to educate himself for his people's benefit. He studied at @ateneodemanilau & earned his Law degree in @UST1611official. He was well versed in Spanish literature...
Mar 8 • 10 tweets • 7 min read
In celebration of #InternationalWomensDay & #WomensHistoryMonth , we once again honor all the women all throughout Philippine history. I am adding more snippet bios on this long thread on women's history in #PH from last yr. Truly the last man standing is a woman. THREAD.
Clemencia Lopez (1876-1963), travelled to the U.S. in 1902, amidst the Philippine-American War, exposing herself to the gender politics & racism of US empire to negotiate the release of her detained brothers, & broadcast to the American press the Filipino desire for independence.
Mar 7 • 4 tweets • 2 min read
This is the very thing that scares Leni’s opponents. It’s unprecedented, and they couldn’t figure out why or how. They try to explain it away by red tagging, or by accusing the campaign of vote buying, but deep down they are puzzled. This is something else—the People’s Campaign.
As @aidosepeda has rightfully put it, before, campaigns are directed by a small grp of people for the messaging, for strategy. Instruction goes from top-down. But w/ Leni’s campaign, it’s so organic, & passionate, the creativity well never dries out. Support comes frm everywhere!
Mar 7 • 11 tweets • 5 min read
#TodayinHistory in 1906, the First Battle of Bud Dajo ended between the Tausug resistance & American troops, w/ the utter defeat & massacre of the said group of approx. 600 to 1000 men, women, & children. THREAD. #history#PH
With the outbreak of the Philippine-American War in 1899, the US entered into an agreement w/ the Sultanate of Sulu, & other datus in Mindanao in an effort to temporarily stall a possible resistance to US rule in the south until resistance in Luzon & Panay have been quelled.
#TodayinHistory in 1879, Rosa Sevilla de Alvero, suffragette, feminist & educator, was born in Tondo, #Manila#PH. Her campaign led to the passage of women's suffrage in 1937 making #PH one of the few Asian countries to grant women's right to vote. THREAD. #WomensHistoryMonth
Born to Ambrosio Sevilla, a Spanish military officer, & Silvina Tolentino (related to revolutionary playwright & writer Aurelio Tolentino), she was reared in robust debate among Filipino intellectuals who were invited by her aunt into their home.
Mar 3 • 12 tweets • 7 min read
#TodayinHistory in 1894, Paz Márquez-Benítez, author of the very first #Filipino#shortstory in English, was born in Lucena City, Tayabas (now Quezon Province). She was a women's rights advocate, beauty queen, & a founder of #PH Women's University. THREAD. #WomensHistoryMonth
Born to the couple Gregorio Marquez & Maria Jurado, both educators, the Marquezes were a prominent family in Tayabas. She inherited from them a passion for learning, entering Tayabas High School (now Quezon National High School) at the young age of 9.
Mar 2 • 9 tweets • 6 min read
#TodayinHistory in 1847, Cayetano Arellano, 1st Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines, was born in Udyong (now Orion), Bataan, #PH. Although a controversial figure, Arellano set the foundation of the PH judiciary. THREAD. #history#kasaysayan
Born to Don Servando Arellano, a Spaniard, & Crisfora Lonzon of Bataan, Cayetano Arellano was a working student in his early years, finishing primary & secondary educ in @LetranOfficial, after w/c he finished Philosophy (1862), Theology (1867) & Laws (1876) at @UST1611official.
Feb 28 • 14 tweets • 7 min read
#TodayinHistory in 1986, 3 days after Corazon Aquino took her oath as 11th President of the Philippines, she issued EO No. 1, establishing the Presidential Commission on Good Government (PCGG). As of 2021, it has recovered 174 billion pesos of Marcos ill-gotten wealth. THREAD.
Beginning in 1968, under the names "William Saunders" & "Jane Ryan," Pres. Ferdinand Marcos & First Lady Imelda Marcos deposited $950k in @CreditSuisse, stolen from US war reparations to #PH. The trail was pursued from the papers discovered left behind in Malacañang in 1986.
Feb 25 • 24 tweets • 10 min read
#TodayinHistory in 1986, #EDSA#PeoplePower Revolution succeeded. Ferdinand Marcos lost control of the military. At 10:45 am, Cory Aquino took her oath as 11th #PH President. At 9:25 pm, Marcos & family left Malacañang & fled to Hawaii. The world was astonished. THREAD. #EDSA36
On 22 Feb, w/ the call of Jaime Cardinal Sin for people to form human barricades to protect the military defectors led by Defense Sec Juan Ponce Enrile & AFP Vice Chief of Staff Fidel Ramos, thousands responded, bringing w/ them donations, bibles, & rosaries.
Feb 24 • 18 tweets • 7 min read
#TodayinHistory in 1986, Marines broke thru Camp Aguinaldo's east wall, but hesitated due to civilian buffer. Soon, PH Air Force's 15th Strike Wing hovered. Crowd expected an attack but the airmen joined the crowd. Marcos issued kill order but it was not obeyed. THREAD. #EDSA36@RadyoVeritasPH provided a blow-by-blow account of #EDSA even as its transmission tower was compromised by the PH Constabulary attack, limiting its airing to Luzon. However, a mysterious radio station appeared at 12mn calling itself "Radyo Bandido."
#TodayinHistory in 1986, #Marcos sent 12 tanks to #EDSA led by Gen. Artemio Tadiar in an attempt to arrest the defectors & disperse the crowd. But the human barricades across the intersection of Ortigas & EDSA forced the marines to pull back. THREAD. #EDSA36#PH#history
The day prior, as news of the defection reached Cory Aquino, she was staying for the night in secret at the Carmelite monastery in Cebu. The sisters saw it their duty to protect her, believing that they were protecting the legit president.
#TodayinHistory in 1986, after a plot to assault Malacañang was uncovered, Defense Minister Juan Ponce Enrile & AFP Vice Chief-of-Staff Fidel V. Ramos held a press con announcing defection from Ferdinand Marcos. Cardinal Sin called on people to protect them. #EDSA36#History
In 1985, to placate the growing concern of the int'l community on #PH under Marcos, Marcos agreed to a Snap Elections on 7 Feb 1986. Corazon Aquino & Salvador Laurel ran as opposition.
#TodayinHistory in 1855, the Filipino painter, Félix Resurrección Hidalgo, was born in Binondo #Manila#PH. He, together w/ Juan Luna, was one of the leading Filipino painters of the late 19th century, associated w/ the Filipino reformist movement in Spain. THREAD. #history#art
Born to a wealthy lawyer & director of Dirreccion Provisional de la Sociedad Postas Generales de Luzon, Eduardo Resurrección Hidalgo, & merchant Maria Bárbara Padilla, Felix was 3rd of 7 children. He was educated in @ateneodemanilau, & @UST1611official where he learned to sketch.
Feb 9 • 11 tweets • 7 min read
#TodayinHistory in 1986, 35 election tabulators walked out of #PH International Convention Center (PICC) in protest of the glaring discrepancies in the vote count in the Snap Elections. Widespread vote-rigging in favor of Marcos was a factor that led to #EDSA. THREAD. #COMELEC35
In Nov 1985, aware of the dwindling support from the int'l community & #PH since the assassination of opposition leader Ninoy Aquino in 1983, worsening recession, & widespread poverty, Pres. Ferdinand Marcos announced Snap Elections slated for 7 Feb 1986.
Dec 20, 2021 • 10 tweets • 6 min read
#TodayinHistory in 1898, Emilio Aguinaldo, head of the #PH Revolutionary Government, decreed the commemoration of the martyrdom of Jose #Rizal every 30th of December, the first instance that it was officially instituted. THREAD. #Kasaysayan#RizalDay#History
A month before the promulgation of the Malolos Constitution of 1899 & the est. of the 1st #PH Republic, amidst the uneasy tension escalating bet. Filipino & American forces, the revolutionary government in Malolos decreed #onthisday#RizalDay every 30 Dec.
#TodayinHistory in 1899, Gen. Gregorio del Pilar & 60 Filipino troops made their last stand at Tirad Pass, Ilocos Sur vs. 300 US soldiers in a last ditch effort to delay the American pursuit of #PH Pres. Emilio Aguinaldo. Del Pilar was killed in action, at 24 yrs old.
Gregorio del Pilar was one of the youngest generals of the PH revolutionary army. He was the propagandist Marcelo H. Del Pilar's nephew. The abuses inflicted by the Spanish colonial gov on his family pushed him to join the Philippine Revolution at his young age.
Dec 2, 2021 • 8 tweets • 3 min read
Let’s be careful not to be clouded by our own biases when it comes to history.
Context is king.
1. The Katipunan revered Jose Rizal to the pt that he became an honorary member. It sought Rizal’s advise via Pio Valenzuela. Paciano, Trinidad & Josefa Rizal were active members.
2. The very first Rizal Day was commemorated on 30 Dec 1898 instituted by decree of Aguinaldo via the RevoGov in Malolos. This was after the Treaty of Paris was signed by Spain & US, after w/c Malolos protested the ceding of PH to the US. Rizal’s heroism was acknowledged.
Dec 1, 2021 • 10 tweets • 7 min read
#TodayinHistory in 1870, Jose Alejandrino (José Cándido Alejandrino y Magdangal), Filipino revolutionary general, writer, diplomat for the 1st #PH Republic, & framer of the 1899 & 1935 PH constitutions, was born in Arayat, Pampanga.
Born to a well-to-do family, Alejandrino was enrolled in the Ateneo de Municipal (now @ateneodemanilau), garnered his Bachelor of Arts in @UST1611official, & continued his studies in Spain. While in Spain, he became one of the writers of La Solidaridad...
#TodayinHistory in 1863, Andrés Bonifacio y de Castro, revolutionary leader & 3rd president of the revolutionary org, the #Katipunan, was born in Tondo, #Manila, #PH. Under his leadership, the Katipunan led an all-out revolution vs. Spain beginning Aug 1896. THREAD. #kasaysayan
Born to Santiago Bonifacio and Catalina de Castro, a tailor & a housewife, Andres was born to a poor family, & eldest of his siblings—Ciriaco, Procopio, Espiridiona, Troadio, & Maxima. Upon the death of their parents, Andres stood as breadwinner for the family.