Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #PH

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1) Welcome to a new #accredited #tweetorial about an important complication of #pulmonaryembolism (#PE): chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension #CTEPH. Follow this thread to earn 0.75h CE/#CME #physicians #physicianassociates #NPs #nurses #pharmacists.
2) I am Jason Weatherald @AlbertaPHdoc of @UAlberta and you may recall my previous tweetorial in this feed. It's still available for credit at @cardiomet_CE is your ONLY home for earning CE/#CME entirely on Twitter! Howdy to @vic_tapson @lauralynndonah1 Image
3) This program is intended for #healthcare providers and is supported by educational grants from Actelion, Bayer, Chiesi, & AstraZeneca. Faculty disclosures are listed at Prior programs, still available for credit, are at
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We often wonder why #ArawngKagitingan happened the way it did. Why commemorate one of the most humiliating defeats in #PH #history & call it “Kagitingan” (Valor)?

History, military strategy, & geography provide the answer.

When the Japanese began its invasion of Southeast Asia in Dec 1941, it first attacked the US fleet in Pearl Harbor, crippling the only reinforcements for the defense of the islands. Hours after the Pearl Harbor attack, the Japanese began its invasion of #PH.
W/ the war machine sustained as Japanese marched from Bicol, Lingayen, and Ilocos towards Manila, to discourage attacks in the capital, Gen. Douglas MacArthur issued his War Plan Orange (WPO-3), gathering all Filipino & American forces in the Bataan peninsula.
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#TodayinHistory in 1978, after the elections for seats in the Interim Batasang Pambansa under Martial Law, incarcerated Ninoy Aquino, who ran for elections in a bid to oppose the dominant Kilusang Bagong Lipunan party, declared a "moral victory." THREAD. #PH #history
Upon Pres. Ferdinand Marcos' declaration of Martial Law on 23 Sept 1972, opposition senator, Ninoy Aquino, was top 1 in the list of people to be arrested, together w/ dissenting lawmakers, journalists, activists, etc.
W/ SC affirming the 1973 Consti giving Marcos both Executive & Legislative powers, the Consti mandated a transitionary unicameral legislature, the Interim Batasang Pambansa, as #PH shifted from presidential to presidential-parliamentary form of gov.
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#TodayinHistory in 1871, Epifanio de los Santos, pioneer Filipiniana collector, historian, writer, assemblyman & polyglot, was born in #Malabon #PH. By virtue of RA 2140, s. 1959, Highway 54 in Metro Manila was renamed Epifanio de los Santos Ave (#EDSA). THREAD. Image
Born to the wealthy couple, Escolastico de los Santos & Antonina Cristobal y Tongco, Epifanio used his privilege to educate himself for his people's benefit. He studied at @ateneodemanilau & earned his Law degree in @UST1611official. He was well versed in Spanish literature...
...finding Juan Valera's novel, "Pepita Jimenez," moving. He sympathized w/ the Ilustrado reformist campaign, & actively supported the #PH Revolution vs Spain on its resumption in 1898. He was an editor for La Independencia, & was columnist for...
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In celebration of #InternationalWomensDay & #WomensHistoryMonth , we once again honor all the women all throughout Philippine history. I am adding more snippet bios on this long thread on women's history in #PH from last yr. Truly the last man standing is a woman. THREAD.
Clemencia Lopez (1876-1963), travelled to the U.S. in 1902, amidst the Philippine-American War, exposing herself to the gender politics & racism of US empire to negotiate the release of her detained brothers, & broadcast to the American press the Filipino desire for independence.
Pura Villanueva-Kalaw (1886-1954), journalist & feminist, was the first Manila Carnival Queen in 1908. She used this platform for women's rights in society, primarily suffrage & women's welfare. She est. the Asociacion Feminista Ilonga, 1st feminist org in PH founded by women.
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#TodayinHistory in 1906, the First Battle of Bud Dajo ended between the Tausug resistance & American troops, w/ the utter defeat & massacre of the said group of approx. 600 to 1000 men, women, & children. THREAD. #history #PH
With the outbreak of the Philippine-American War in 1899, the US entered into an agreement w/ the Sultanate of Sulu, & other datus in Mindanao in an effort to temporarily stall a possible resistance to US rule in the south until resistance in Luzon & Panay have been quelled.
In late Feb 1906, 5 years after the Philippine-American War ended w/ the capitulation of the 1st #PH Republic & its remnant forces, around 1000 aggrieved Tausugs moved up to Mt. Dajo, a dormant volcano near Jolo, in defiance of American authorities.
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#TodayinHistory in 1879, Rosa Sevilla de Alvero, suffragette, feminist & educator, was born in Tondo, #Manila #PH. Her campaign led to the passage of women's suffrage in 1937 making #PH one of the few Asian countries to grant women's right to vote. THREAD. #WomensHistoryMonth
Born to Ambrosio Sevilla, a Spanish military officer, & Silvina Tolentino (related to revolutionary playwright & writer Aurelio Tolentino), she was reared in robust debate among Filipino intellectuals who were invited by her aunt into their home.
In 1899, she was part of the editorial staff of Antonio Luna's, La Independencia, w/c was one of the Filipino newspapers providing political commentary & news at the time when the fledgling 1st #PH Republic was seeking int'l recognition & est. authority.
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#TodayinHistory in 1894, Paz Márquez-Benítez, author of the very first #Filipino #shortstory in English, was born in Lucena City, Tayabas (now Quezon Province). She was a women's rights advocate, beauty queen, & a founder of #PH Women's University. THREAD. #WomensHistoryMonth
Born to the couple Gregorio Marquez & Maria Jurado, both educators, the Marquezes were a prominent family in Tayabas. She inherited from them a passion for learning, entering Tayabas High School (now Quezon National High School) at the young age of 9.
Living at the turn of the 20th c. when #PH was ceded to the U.S., & PH-US War broke out, Paz was part of 1st gen of Filipinos educated in the ways & inclinations of America. Her Spanish became "ceremonial," Tagalog "utilitarian", w/ English becoming "the language of her heart."
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#TodayinHistory in 1847, Cayetano Arellano, 1st Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines, was born in Udyong (now Orion), Bataan, #PH. Although a controversial figure, Arellano set the foundation of the PH judiciary. THREAD. #history #kasaysayan Image
Born to Don Servando Arellano, a Spaniard, & Crisfora Lonzon of Bataan, Cayetano Arellano was a working student in his early years, finishing primary & secondary educ in @LetranOfficial, after w/c he finished Philosophy (1862), Theology (1867) & Laws (1876) at @UST1611official.
Arellano became instructor at the UST teaching Civil Law. Soon, he served as member ("regidor") of the council of the City of Manila (#Intramuros) from 1887 to 1889. He was soon appointed by the colonial gov as Magistrado Suplente of the Audiencia Territorial de Manila.
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#TodayinHistory in 1986, 3 days after Corazon Aquino took her oath as 11th President of the Philippines, she issued EO No. 1, establishing the Presidential Commission on Good Government (PCGG). As of 2021, it has recovered 174 billion pesos of Marcos ill-gotten wealth. THREAD.
Beginning in 1968, under the names "William Saunders" & "Jane Ryan," Pres. Ferdinand Marcos & First Lady Imelda Marcos deposited $950k in @CreditSuisse, stolen from US war reparations to #PH. The trail was pursued from the papers discovered left behind in Malacañang in 1986.
A month prior to the Ninoy Aquino assassination in 1983, the Marcoses purchased art pieces by renowned artists like Coffermans, Degas, Veronese, de Zurban and della Robbia, w/ value amounting to $2.2M. There are other artworks yet to be recovered.
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#TodayinHistory in 1986, #EDSA #PeoplePower Revolution succeeded. Ferdinand Marcos lost control of the military. At 10:45 am, Cory Aquino took her oath as 11th #PH President. At 9:25 pm, Marcos & family left Malacañang & fled to Hawaii. The world was astonished. THREAD. #EDSA36
On 22 Feb, w/ the call of Jaime Cardinal Sin for people to form human barricades to protect the military defectors led by Defense Sec Juan Ponce Enrile & AFP Vice Chief of Staff Fidel Ramos, thousands responded, bringing w/ them donations, bibles, & rosaries.
On 23 Feb, the 1st attempt to arrest the defectors were repelled by civilians who braved their bare bodies at risk of being crushed by metal tanks or being shot at.
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#TodayinHistory in 1986, #Marcos sent 12 tanks to #EDSA led by Gen. Artemio Tadiar in an attempt to arrest the defectors & disperse the crowd. But the human barricades across the intersection of Ortigas & EDSA forced the marines to pull back. THREAD. #EDSA36 #PH #history
The day prior, as news of the defection reached Cory Aquino, she was staying for the night in secret at the Carmelite monastery in Cebu. The sisters saw it their duty to protect her, believing that they were protecting the legit president.
At dawn, via @RadyoVeritasPH, Enrile & Ramos began calling for Marcos' ouster. At 5:30 am, PH Constabulary attacked Radyo Veritas limiting its airing to Luzon only. A few hours later, men began cutting down trees & used these as barricade on roads near Camps Crame & Aguinaldo.
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#TodayinHistory in 1986, after a plot to assault Malacañang was uncovered, Defense Minister Juan Ponce Enrile & AFP Vice Chief-of-Staff Fidel V. Ramos held a press con announcing defection from Ferdinand Marcos. Cardinal Sin called on people to protect them. #EDSA36 #History Image
In 1985, to placate the growing concern of the int'l community on #PH under Marcos, Marcos agreed to a Snap Elections on 7 Feb 1986. Corazon Aquino & Salvador Laurel ran as opposition.
On election day, & days that followed for tally & canvassing of votes, int'l observers note widespread fraud & violence threatening the integrity of the elections. Upon announcement in Batasan that Marcos won, majority of people boycotted crony companies.
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#TodayinHistory in 1855, the Filipino painter, Félix Resurrección Hidalgo, was born in Binondo #Manila #PH. He, together w/ Juan Luna, was one of the leading Filipino painters of the late 19th century, associated w/ the Filipino reformist movement in Spain. THREAD. #history #art
Born to a wealthy lawyer & director of Dirreccion Provisional de la Sociedad Postas Generales de Luzon, Eduardo Resurrección Hidalgo, & merchant Maria Bárbara Padilla, Felix was 3rd of 7 children. He was educated in @ateneodemanilau, & @UST1611official where he learned to sketch.
Initially pursuing Law but losing interest in it, Hidalgo pursued art studies in Escuela de Dibujo y Pintura, under Spanish artist Agustin Saez. His talents were honed here. His first paintings were displayed & praised in the Universal Exposition of Philadelphia, U.S., in 1879.
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#TodayinHistory in 1986, 35 election tabulators walked out of #PH International Convention Center (PICC) in protest of the glaring discrepancies in the vote count in the Snap Elections. Widespread vote-rigging in favor of Marcos was a factor that led to #EDSA. THREAD. #COMELEC35 Image
In Nov 1985, aware of the dwindling support from the int'l community & #PH since the assassination of opposition leader Ninoy Aquino in 1983, worsening recession, & widespread poverty, Pres. Ferdinand Marcos announced Snap Elections slated for 7 Feb 1986.
On 3 Dec 1985, the day after the acquittal of those accused of involvement in the Aquino assassination, Ninoy's widow, Corazon Aquino, & Salvador Laurel filed their certificate of candidacy for President & Vice President respectively.
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#TodayinHistory in 1898, Emilio Aguinaldo, head of the #PH Revolutionary Government, decreed the commemoration of the martyrdom of Jose #Rizal every 30th of December, the first instance that it was officially instituted. THREAD. #Kasaysayan #RizalDay #History
A month before the promulgation of the Malolos Constitution of 1899 & the est. of the 1st #PH Republic, amidst the uneasy tension escalating bet. Filipino & American forces, the revolutionary government in Malolos decreed #onthisday #RizalDay every 30 Dec.
The decree may have been penned by Apolinario Mabini as Aguinaldo's adviser. It was an acknowledgment of the shared reverence of Filipinos on #Rizal's heroism 2 years after his execution.
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1/ After having so much fun during my #Pulmonary consults block, I decided to put together some of my favorite reads during this rotation. No specific order, a mix of guidelines, reviews, and trials that I found helpful. #Sharingiscaring
2/ Cavitary Lung Diseases: A Clinical-Radiologic Algorithmic Approach - @journal_CHEST -

An algorithmic approach for the evaluation of cavitary lung disease; full of CT-images, definitions, and important clinical aspects.
3/ High-Resolution CT of the Lung: Patterns of Disease and Differential Diagnoses -

A Bible during my consult rotation, a comprehensive combination of HRCT with pathology of an infinite numerous of lung diseases. Great resource to build differentials.
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#TodayinHistory in 1899, Gen. Gregorio del Pilar & 60 Filipino troops made their last stand at Tirad Pass, Ilocos Sur vs. 300 US soldiers in a last ditch effort to delay the American pursuit of #PH Pres. Emilio Aguinaldo. Del Pilar was killed in action, at 24 yrs old.

Gregorio del Pilar was one of the youngest generals of the PH revolutionary army. He was the propagandist Marcelo H. Del Pilar's nephew. The abuses inflicted by the Spanish colonial gov on his family pushed him to join the Philippine Revolution at his young age.
Born in 14 Nov 1875 to couple Fernando H. del Pilar & Felipa Sempio in San Jose, Bulacan, "Goyo" studied in the Ateneo Municipal (now @ateneodemanilau) while staying w/ Deodato Arellano, husband to his aunt Hilaria del Pilar. He helped Arellano distribute reformist fliers.
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#TodayinHistory in 1870, Jose Alejandrino (José Cándido Alejandrino y Magdangal), Filipino revolutionary general, writer, diplomat for the 1st #PH Republic, & framer of the 1899 & 1935 PH constitutions, was born in Arayat, Pampanga.


#history #kasaysayan Image
Born to a well-to-do family, Alejandrino was enrolled in the Ateneo de Municipal (now @ateneodemanilau), garnered his Bachelor of Arts in @UST1611official, & continued his studies in Spain. While in Spain, he became one of the writers of La Solidaridad...
...& was an activist for the Propaganda Movement, campaigning for Filipino representation in the Spanish Cortes. Alejandrino was instrumental in copyediting the manuscript of his friend, Rizal's "El filibusterismo" before it was published in Ghent in 1891.
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#TodayinHistory in 1863, Andrés Bonifacio y de Castro, revolutionary leader & 3rd president of the revolutionary org, the #Katipunan, was born in Tondo, #Manila, #PH. Under his leadership, the Katipunan led an all-out revolution vs. Spain beginning Aug 1896. THREAD. #kasaysayan Image
Born to Santiago Bonifacio and Catalina de Castro, a tailor & a housewife, Andres was born to a poor family, & eldest of his siblings—Ciriaco, Procopio, Espiridiona, Troadio, & Maxima. Upon the death of their parents, Andres stood as breadwinner for the family.
First selling canes and paper fans, & juggling several jobs, Andres Bonifacio was employed as clerk & liaison for the British company Fleming & Co in Manila. He eventually became an agent of the company, but soon decided to switch to the German company, Fressel & Co. Image
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#TodayinHistory in 1848, Trinidad Tecson, the fierce Filipina revolutionary leader & an #Eskrima fighter, was born in San Miguel de Mayumo (now San Miguel), Bulacan #PH. A veteran in combat, she joined the Katipunan in 1895 & fought in the PH Revolution & Phil-Am War.

Born as the daughter of the wealthy couple Rafael Tecson & Monica Perez, she was educated under the tutelage of a certain teacher of her town named Quintino. During her younger years, Bulacan had many bandits, so she trained on Eskrima under eskrimador Juan Zeto.
So good was her skill in combat that at one time, at night, a stranger trespassed at their farm. She took a bolo and hit the trespasser on the head. The man went away bleeding. Another incident was when an alferez who asked for her hand in marriage but was rejected sent...
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#TodayinHistory in 1869, the Suez Canal opened, enabling #PH to have faster exchange of info & gain direct economic relations w/ Spain w/c used to be via Mexico. It shortened travel time bet PH & Spain for passenger & cargo transport from approx 2 mo. to 30 days. THREAD. #History Image
The opening of the Suez Canal brought liberal ideas faster to PH w/c would be the seed of the #PH Revolution of 1896. Prior to this, Spain was embroiled in revolutions & civil wars, beginning w/ the drafting of the historic Spanish Constitution of Cadiz in 1812. Image
The consti instituted that all in Spanish Empire (including inhabitants of #PH) were Spaniards entitled to representation in the Cortes (legislature). The consti would soon be rescinded, plunging Spain into civil war. These events divided Spain into liberals vs. absolutists. Image
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#TodayinHistory in 1890, Elpidio Quirino, the 6th President of the #Philippines, was born in Vigan, Ilocos Sur #PH. While his admin after #WWII was challenged by agrarian unrest, he sought to restore the public's trust in government. THREAD. #kasaysayan #history Image
Born as the 3rd child of Don Mariano Quebral Quirino & Doña Gregoria Mendoza Rivera, he was born in prison premises, as his father then served as warden of the Vigan town jail 6 years before #PH Revolution erupted.
He worked as tutor, then as clerk in the #PH Constabulary, while completing his secondary education. He entered UP College of Law and passed the Bar in 1916. He tried campaigning for a seat in the House of Representatives in 1919 & won as rep for Ilocos Sur's 1st District.
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#TodayinHistory in 1972, Martial Law in #PH began. TV screens were on static. Long distance calls were severed. Arrests were made from midnight to dawn. From morning to evening, panic ensued. Then at 7:15 pm, Ferdinand Marcos appeared on live TV announcing Martial Law.

A day prior, at arnd 8pm, a staged ambush on Enrile's convoy was set-up to become the pretext for Martial Law. Prior to this, bombings have been staged in diff parts of Metro Manila. After the ambush, the military was deployed at 9pm to begin arrests.
At 12:10 am, the 1st to be arrested was Sen. Ninoy Aquino. He was taken from the Manila Hilton Hotel by a truckload of soldiers/

At 12:30 am, PH Army took over MERALCO.

Sometime bet. 1:00 to 3:00 am, Sen. Jose W. Diokno was arrested at his home in Roxas Blvd, Manila.
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