We love getting questions about mining, minerals and geology! We were asked about the historic #NewCampbellton coal mine in #VictoriaCounty.
#nspoli #cbpoli #novascotia #capebreton #nshistory
@JaimeBattiste ImageImage
The New Campbellton coal mine was opened in 1862 by Charles J. Campbell, a former Member of Parliament, Member of the Legislative Assembly and executive council member. The community had been named Kelly’s Cove but was changed to New Campbellton in 1862 in honour of Mr. Campbell. Image
A sample of New Campbellton’s coal was sent to the 1865 Dublin Exhibition and “was very favorably noticed by the Judges,” according to a report.
#nspoli #cbpoli #novascotia #capebreton #nshistory Image
Production at New Campbellton declined after Britain’s (and therefore Canada’s) reciprocity/trade agreement with the United States was scrapped in 1866. The end of the deal hurt exports and demand for Nova Scotia coal dropped. New Campbellton stopped producing in 1870.
#nspoli Image
Operations started again in 1873 with modest production – only 457 tons compared to 4033 tons in 1867 – but the mine produced 5961 tons in 1874 and continued producing several thousand tons of coal per year until production slowed again in 1878 to 538 tons.
#nspoli #cbpoli Image
An 1874 report said there was a railway ran from the mine to the wharf at Kelly’s Cove, 1.25 miles away. The railway was pulled by horses in the early years but a light locomotive was purchased in 1874 to haul the mine’s 40 or 50 wagons. Each wagon could hold 1.5 tons of coal. Image
The wharf was substantial and could load three ships at a time.
The report is a reminder of how self-sufficient people and companies had to be back then.
#nspoli #cbpoli #novascotia #capebreton #nshistory Image
In its three-square mile area, the mine’s assets also included housing for miners and managers, store houses, a powder magazine, blacksmith shop and a 120 acre farm adjacent to the wharf which was partially-cultivated.
#nspoli #cbpoli #novascotia #capebreton #nshistory Image
The property also had sandstone, limestone, sand, clay, slate and other materials that were important to building and running the operation.
#nspoli #cbpoli #novascotia #capebreton #nshistory Image
An 1880 Inspector of Mines report said the mine had a shed that could hold 2000 tons of coal and pipes to a pond 1500 feet away to supply water.
The mine’s production continued to swing, from 4925 tons in 1880 to no recorded production in 1882-83.
#nspoli #cbpoli #novascotia Image
In 1893 the Burchell Brothers, who had previously operated the Gardner Mines, re-opened the colliery and ran it until late 1903. The company’s coal sales were reportedly impacted by the closure of the St. Peter’s Canal for repairs in 1895...
#nspoli #cbpoli #novascotia Image
...which suggests the majority of their coal was probably being exported to New England. Still, business must have been pretty good – the mine produced 16,483 tons in 1896.
#nspoli #cbpoli #novascotia #capebreton #nshistory Image
The Burchells formed a company called the Dominion Lime & Quarry Company and opened a dolomite mine 800 metres northwest of the coal mine. A rail branch was built to it in 1897 so the dolomite could be shipped from the coal wharves in Kelly’s Cove.
#nspoli #cbpoli #novascotia Image
After closing in December 1903, the coal mine reopened in April 1904 but closed again in 1907.
It reopened in 1919 at which time the Anglo Coal Company, reportedly owned by lawyer and former Glace Bay Mayor and federal MP John C. Douglas, had taken over.
#nspoli #cbpoli Image
The mine closed again in 1924.
It was reported that an attempt was made to reopen the colliery in 1928, but work was soon abandoned.
In 1963 a proposal was made by Charles Smith of New Campbellton to extract 5,000 tons of near-surface coal but the work never took place.
#nspoli Image
Charles Campbell (1819-1906) was born in Scotland and immigrated to Nova Scotia in 1830. In addition to his political career and opening the New Campbellton coal mine, he was also a successful merchant and shipbuilder in #Baddeck...
#nspoli #cbpoli #novascotia #capebreton Image
...where he is credited with playing an important role in the growth of the town.
Campbell’s face is carved in stone above the entrance to #Baddeck’s Gilbert H. Grosvenor Hall. The building was constructed in 1885-1886 with sandstone barged in from nearby #BoularderieIsland. ImageImage
It was originally Baddeck's post office and customs house. The post office was moved in 1956 and the building housed #Baddeck’s public library until the 1980s. It’s now home to the Bras d'Or Lakes and Watershed Interpretive Centre.
#nspoli #cbpoli #novascotia #capebreton ImageImage

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More from @MiningNS

25 Feb
@nsgov announced new rebates for electric vehicles yesterday. Mining makes #greentech like electric cars possible because they are mostly made of minerals and metals.
#nspoli @KeithIrvingNS @IainTRankin @NS_Energy_Mines @ns_environment @ChenderMLA @AllanMacMaster @MLAChuckPorter Image
For example, an e-car has 183 pounds of copper wiring in it because copper is used in every major component from the motor to the inverter and the electrical wiring. There is about four times more copper in an e-car than in a car with an internal combustion engine.
There are about 400 electric cars on Nova Scotia roads - a total of over 73,000 pounds of copper!
An electric car uses 25-50 grams of silver, so Nova Scotia’s 400 e-cars contain about 15,000 grams of it.
Read 9 tweets
23 Sep 20
The Morris Street Engine House has been declared a municipal heritage property!
#Halifax’s Fire Station #2, as it is also called, was built 1907-08 of reinforced concrete.
Here's the story!
#nspoli @HFXFireHistory @HRMFireNews @hfxfire @HFXFirefighters @hfxgov @MikeSavageHFX
Concrete is a mixture of aggregates and paste. The aggregates are sand and gravel or crushed stone; the paste is water and portland cement. (The terms cement and concrete are often used interchangeably, but cement is actually an ingredient of concrete...
...Cement is the glue that holds concrete together.)
Reinforced concrete means the concrete is poured over a frame, usually steel bars, that give the structure greater strength.
Read 12 tweets
21 Sep 20
We love getting questions about mining, minerals and geology! We were asked about sinkholes and whether they are a risk when walking in the woods.
#nspoli #cbpoli #novascotia #capebreton @oxfordsinkhole ImageImage
The short answer is yes, sinkholes are real but no, they are not a major risk and should not prevent you from enjoying outdoor activities.
Most natural sinkholes are caused by groundwater naturally eroding rocks like gypsum, salt and limestone which are water-soluble.
#nspoli Image
The water erodes the rock, leaving an underground cavern. Eventually, the weight of the rock and earth above the cavern causes the sinkhole to form. Sinkholes can form either gradually (i.e. a small depression appears and perhaps grows larger over time) or by sudden collapse. Image
Read 18 tweets
19 Sep 20
Mining built #NovaScotia!
#Halifax was founded in 1749 and its first court house is reported to have been built by 1754 on the northeastern corner of Buckingham + Argyle streets. After the building burned in 1789, the courts were temporarily housed in various buildings.
#nspoli ImageImage
In April 1851 a bill to provide Halifax with a county court house was passed. Mr. H.G. Hill, a prominent #Halifax architect, prepared a plan for a wooden building.
However, since the records of the county, wills, deeds and other papers of public office were...
#nspoli #novascotia Image
...to be stored in the court house, it was important that the building be fire-proof. Also, a number of serious fires in #Halifax in 1857 led to the passage of a bylaw that required large buildings be made of stone or brick, so Hill's plans for a wooden building were abandoned. Image
Read 10 tweets
18 Sep 20
The Sullivan Creek #coal mine, before and after!
It's one of several mines reclaimed around #AlderPoint #CapeBreton in the late 1900s/early 2000s - examples of how mining makes temporary use of land and then land can be used other ways.
#nspoli #cbpoli #novascotia @JaimeBattiste ImageImage
The first mine in the area was the Scotia Mine, or #NovaScotia Steel & Coal Company No. 4 Colliery, on Toronto Road, which operated on the Sydney Main (Harbour) Seam from 1915 to 1921.
#nspoli #cbpoli #novascotia @JaimeBattiste ImageImage
Coal quality and structural issues (including water inflow) plague the Harbour Seam west of Florence so upon closure of the colliery, production on the Harbour Seam was limited to the Company’s No. 3 Colliery in Florence, which had opened in 1902...
#nspoli #cbpoli #novascotia ImageImage
Read 19 tweets
16 Sep 20
We love getting questions about mining, minerals and geology! We were asked if we know what these intriguing circles are in #Walton, #HantsCounty.

#nspoli #cbpoli #novascotia @MLAChuckPorter @EastHantsNS #easthants ImageImage
The person who asked isn’t the only one who has noticed the circles. With satellite images so easy to access on the Internet, others have also noticed them, including the excellent staff @NS_Energy_Mines.
#nspoli #cbpoli @MLAChuckPorter @EastHantsNS Image
They investigated them in the early 2000s, thinking they could be sand/mud volcanoes.
A sand volcano is a cone-shaped landform created by liquefied sand being expelled from underground onto the surface.
#nspoli #cbpoli #novascotia @MLAChuckPorter @EastHantsNS Image
Read 11 tweets

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