The month of April witnessed several forced displacement waves of Syrians, as part of #Assad regime, #Iran & #Russia's demographic change scheme in #Syria, and one of most striking examples was that in #Madaya and #Zabadani, under what was known as 'Four Towns Agreement'. 1/ 🧵
The 'Four Towns Agreement' – in its amended version – was signed between representatives of some opposition factions on one hand, #Iran and #Hezbollah, on the other hand, under the coverage of #Assad regime, yet in isolation from the UN, who was present in the first version. 2/
However, the second version that was signed completely disregarded the obligations of #Assad regime and #Iran in the first version, which included releasing a large number of detainees (1500 detainees) and not forcing the residents of the region to leave their homes. 3/
This agreement resulted in the forced displacement of a large number of residents of #Zabadani, including Madaya and Baqin. On the other side, residents of towns of Kafraya and Al-Foua, which are located within the areas controlled by Free Army factions, were displaced too. 4/
#Iran, the state directly implicated in the crime of displacement along with the regime, also included other cities and towns in the agreement in the north and south of the country. 5/
This displacement was not the only product of this political agreement, but also the siege and starvation policies pursued by #Hezbollah at the border, in addition to the indiscriminate bombing of civilians. 6/
This forced the people and the factions in those areas to leave their towns and cities. This siege and bombardment resulted in the death of more than 300 civilians, 84 who died of starvation. 7/
The strategic importance of the #Zabadani region for #Iran was demonstrated by the fact that the Syrian regime was completely distanced from the plans to control the region, as #Hezbollah managed the blockade and military operations on the ground. 8/
While #Iran led the negotiations to reach one of the most important demographic change processes that the country witnessed after the displacement of Qusayr, also adjacent to the Lebanese border, where Iran and #Hezbollah were heavily involved as well. 9/
#Iran forced the people of the two Shiite towns of Kafraya and Foua – which mostly support it and its ally, the Assad regime – to be displaced completely after completing the displacement of #Madaya and #Zabadani in about a year. 10/
This shows how #Assad regime and its allies, #Russia and #Iran, have adopted a policy of demographic engineering of the country by adopting the policies of siege, starvation and military escalation leading to displacement of hundreds of thousands of people from their areas. 11/
All this and more make the logical hope and objective opportunity for a dignified and safe return for the people of the region, even in the absence of the political and security conditions to achieve a safe environment almost non-existent. 12/
The regime in Damascus, supported by #Russia and #Iran, bears legal, moral and political responsibility for the crimes of starvation, siege, and forced displacement specifically in #Zabadani and #Madaya, not to mention denying citizens a dignified, safe and voluntary return. 13/
Any attempts to normalize with the #Assad regime will only reward #Russia and #Iran who have invested heavily in #Syria by oppressing, displacing, killing, torturing and destroying homes of Syrians. 14/14

Read more about Zabadani's displacement here:…

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More from @SyrianACD

Apr 11
“The main obstacle to a safe & dignified return is the way displaced Syrians are seen by the international community.”

@MD_Hosini, from SACD diplomatic outreach team, participated today in a panel discussion organized by @CarnegieMEC & here’s a🧵of most important points he made:
Syrians have been dehumanized for years by #Russia, #Iran and Assad regime, resulting in disastrous outcomes. While at the same time, the world froze, preventing necessary & sustainable solutions, based on our rights which are supposed to be universal, from being implemented. 2/
Yet we have seen how swiftly such solutions have been put into action immediately in #Ukraine, but in the case of #Syria, we are still suffering and very far from it. 3/
Read 26 tweets
Apr 8
“How can someone live without bread?” were the words of displaced Syrians in #Rukban camp, where all bakeries were recently shut down due to shortage in flour, leaving at least seven thousand people besieged in the camp and denied any humanitarian assistance. 1/ 🧵
In a remote area of abandoned desert, 1800 families are still suffering from international community’s negligence and apathy. At least seven thousand people, most of them women and children, were left to starve in #Rukban despite calls for help that span years of suffering. 2/
At the time when aid is flowing swiftly to support #Ukrainians forcibly displaced by #Russia, who supports Syrian regime & denies aid delivery to Rukban camp, people are left to choose between starving to death and dying for lack of medical care.. 3/…
Read 16 tweets
Aug 31, 2021
As we speak the people of #Daraa are dying under the barrage of rockets and artillery attacks by the Syrian regime forces and Iranian militias. The humanitarian and security situation is the worst ever since the siege began 70 days ago. 1/ #SyriaIsNotSafe
The militias of the Fourth Division and Iran are trying, to advance towards Daraa al-Balad and the refugee camps in Daraa under heavy cover of fire with “elephant” missiles and hundreds of rocket-propelled grenades. 2/
Hundreds of families have been displaced from Tafas and Jillin in west #Daraa as attacks intensify. 3/
Read 10 tweets
Aug 30, 2021
On #InternationalDayoftheDisappeared, we remember all Syrians arbitrarily detained and forcibly disappeared by Assad forces. Thousands of Syrian families have been living in unbearable pain for past years with no closure on whereabouts of their loved ones. 1/ #SyriaIsNotSafe
According to our latest study, 60% of respondents confirmed that at least one of their relatives was arbitrarily arrested between 2011 and 2020. This demonstrates the widespread impact and relevance of the detainee issue for Syrians who still hope to see their loved ones. 2/
While over half (53%) of the participants’ detained relatives are being held in unknown locations. Such detainees cannot be visited, and no information about their cases (or the reasons for their arrest) can be obtained. They simply go MIA. 3/
Read 5 tweets
Aug 29, 2021
The Lebanese authorities have confirmed that they arrested six men last seen entering the Syrian embassy in #Lebanon to pick up their passports. 1/…
Given the fact on the ground, it seems very likely that the Syrian embassy in Beirut is complicit in the arrest of its very own citizens as the arrested men where informed by the embassy to pick up their passports prior to their disappearance. 2/
We do acknowledge that those Syrians have entered Lebanon illegally, however we do understand that they were forced to flee #Daraa because of the worsening security situation and the imminent threat to their lives. 3/
Read 6 tweets
Dec 17, 2020
Syria’s cities have been one of Assad’s greatest challenges. Allowing Syria’s largest cities to fall posed a grave strategic risk to his rule. Once the initial crackdown failed to break the opposition’s resistance, the regime turned to siege tactics. 1/

Throughout the conflict, more than forty localities have been besieged, most in the suburbs of Damascus and Homs. Following Russia’s military intervention in 2015, and particularly from the summer of 2016, key sieges were intensified into air and ground assaults. 2/
The siege that broke Aleppo followed this pattern. It began in July with cutting off the crucial road leading into the northeast of the city and then tightened through the fall, before a heavy offensive forced the residents into an evacuation deal in midwinter. 3/
Read 8 tweets

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