"We find that, between 2009 and 2013, #tourism’s global #carbon #footprint has increased from 3.9 to 4.5 GtCO2e, four times more than previously estimated, accounting for about 8% of global greenhouse gas #emissions."

"The United States tops the carbon #footprint ranking (Fig. 1,top left) under both DBA (1,060 MtCO2e) and RBA (909 MtCO2e) accounting perspectives, followed by China (528/561 MtCO2e), Germany (305/329 MtCO2e) and India (268/240 MtCO2e)."
"The majority of these carbon #footprints are caused by domestic travel."
"‘net travellers’ such as Canadians, Swiss, Dutch, Danish and Norwegians exert a much higher carbon footprint elsewhere than others in their own country. In contrast, ‘net hosts’ such as islanders and residents of popular tourist destinations..."
... such as Croatia, Greece and Thailand shoulder much higher footprints from their visitors than they exert elsewhere"
"The map of global carbon movements shows that travelling is largely a high-income affair, and as a result carbon embodied in tourism flows mainly between high income countries acting both as traveller residence and destinations (Fig. 3 and Table 1)."
"In the case of #tourism, an annual 7% or 5-year 30% increase in tourism-related expenditure during 2009 2013 has cancelled out all carbon intensity reductions (- 2.7%/-12.9%), and caused the carbon footprint of global tourism to increase by 3.3% annually or 14% over the period"

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More from @AgathoniaMedia

Apr 22
To celebrate (stable) 500 followers, we dive into the archive for a little tweet-ping-pong featuring @ProfSteveKeen & Michael Hudson.

To my embarrassment I found them both around here.

However, maybe you are the next to discover them.

The one last standing wins, of course.
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Apr 22
"The #UnitedStates is experiencing an extreme teenage mental-health #crisis. From 2009 to 2021, the share of American high-school students who say they feel 'persistent feelings of sadness or hopelessness' rose from 26 percent to 44 percent"

theatlantic.com/newsletters/ar… #wellbeing
"More than 1 in 4 girls reported that they had seriously contemplated attempting suicide during the pandemic, which was twice the rate of boys. Nearly half of LGBTQ teens said they had contemplated suicide during the pandemic, compared with 14 percent of their heterosexual peers"
"But the big picture is the same across all categories: Almost every measure of mental health is getting worse, for every teenage demographic, and it’s happening all across the country."
Read 4 tweets
Apr 22
"Our results showed that (i) the #biodiversity loss per citizen shows large variations among countries, with higher values when per-capita income increases; (ii) the share of biodiversity losses due to GHG emissions in the ...

... #biodiversity #footprint increases with income; (iii) food consumption is the most important driver of biodiversity loss in most of the countries and regions, with a global average of 40%; ...
... (iv) more than 50% of the #biodiversity loss associated with consumption in developed economies occurs outside their territorial boundaries; and (v) the biodiversity footprint per dollar consumed is lower for wealthier countries.
Read 5 tweets
Apr 21
"Oxfam found that '13 out of the 15 #IMF loan programs negotiated during the second year of the #pandemic require new #austerity measures such as taxes on food and fuel or spending cuts that could put vital public services at risk.'"

"The Oxfam report notes that the conditions of a 2021 loan of $2.3 billion to #Kenya compelled the country to freeze public sector pay for three years, while mandating higher taxes on food and cooking gas"
"#Sudan has had to end fuel subsidies, a policy that has disproportionately affected the nearly 50% of the population that is impoverished."
Read 10 tweets
Apr 21
"We found that in total 83% of total regional species loss (4747 species) is incurred due to land use devoted for domestic consumption whereas 17% due to export production (a total of 969 species)."

sciencedirect.com/science/articl… #FoodSystems #BiodiversityCrisis #WorldSystem
"Fig. 1c shows that imports into the USA&China embody highest species lost. It is interesting to see that even countries with smaller populations such as Japan, Germany, South Korea,...—all cause high biodiversity loss abroad owing to their high per capita consumption and import"
".... For example, total German food consumption was estimated to result in 46 species lost, of which 43 are from imported food items."
Read 4 tweets
Apr 21
"Excluding invasive species, we found that 30% of global species threats are due to international trade."(2012)

#WorldSystem #systemism #BiodiversityCrisis #consumption
"Our results emphasize the importance of examining biodiversity loss as a global #systemic phenomenon, instead of looking at the degradingor polluting producers in isolation."
"German imports are linked to 395 species threats, and Malaysian exports to 276 species threats. Further details supporting Fig. 3 are given in Supplementary Information section 7."
Read 4 tweets

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