Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #computationalneuroscience

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Interested in reconstructing computational dynamics from neural data using RNNs?

Here we review dynamical systems (DS) concepts, recent #ML/ #AI methods for recovering DS from data, evaluation, interpretation, analysis, & applic. in #Neuroscience:…
A 🧵... Image
Some important take homes:
1) To formally constitute a true state space or reconstructed DS, some math. conditions need to be met. PCA and other dim. reduc. tools often won’t give you a state space in the DS sense (may even destroy it). Just training an RNN on data may not either Image
2) For DS reconstruction (DSR), a trained RNN should be able to reproduce *invariant geometrical and temporal properties* of the underlying system when run on its own. Image
Read 12 tweets
#radioactive commentary, w/ apologies to all admirable people of #BrainSTOA working hard on #DataSharing. This highlights a need to broaden #sharing to #computations & #insights. Premises were clear in Ngai’s “data resource development”, Bjaalie’s “modeling workflow” #Teamscience
Data sharing is good. Too much data creation, objectionable. Overreliance of data might be used to obfuscate gaps in theory, analysis and interpretation. Data is also a currency for misused scientific power. #InclusiveScience
At this point, we should also focus on sharing #ComputationalTools (and explaining them, and building expertise in using them). #ComputationalNeuroscience.

We should enhance collective vetting of our interpretations of their meaning.
Read 8 tweets
Chapter 4: Head rotation sensation is a splendid example of dynamic #Bayesian multisensory fusion since it involves several sensors with different dynamics. These sensor can be put in conflict or switched on/ off experimentally. Follow the tour! #vestibular
2/ We have (at least) 3 rotations sensors with different dynamics: the inner ear's canals detect acceleration; vision velocity, and graviceptors position (when rotating in vertical planes). The brain also relies on a zero velocity prior. Looks like a job for a #Kalmanfilter!
3/ I will explain (&simulate) motion perception during constant velocity rotations (starting from 0 velocity at t=0). Each sensor can report the motion, or 0, or be off altogether. There's experiments in the literature covering nearly all combinations! This will be a long thread!
Read 29 tweets
Chapter 1: Why do we feel #dizzy when turning? This is because of how out inner ear’s rotation sensors (#vestibular semi-circular canals) work, from a mechanical point of view. Watch these movies and the next for explanations.
2/ The inner ear's #vestibular semi-circular canals are liquid-filled tubes. When the head rotates, the liquid stays in place and flows in the canal. This activates hair cells (in a structure called cupula) that sense the rotation.
3/ However, when turning too much, the liquid starts to rotate with the canal and the rotation signal fades out. Furthermore, when the rotation stops, the liquid keeps flowing and creates a rotation after-effect.
Read 10 tweets

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