1) Inherent Contempt
—Authority of Congress
2) Criminal Contempt
—Authority of Executive
3) Civil Contempt
—Authority of Judiciary
a) Pelosi schedules full House vote on Barr Contempt citation.
b) If approved, citation is sent to US Attorney for DC, Jessie Liu.
c) Liu decides whether to prosecute her boss, Atty-Gen Barr.
d) If Liu prosecutes, she presents Contempt citation to DC Grand Jury.
House has brought five criminal #ContemptOfCongress citations against Executive Branch officials since 1982.
In all five cases, US Attorney for DC declined to prosecute (four on basis of Prosecutorial Discretion).
Bottom line: all recent Contempt cases involving executive privilege essentially stopped Congressional subpoena process in its tracks.
So why didn't delay work for Nixon?
As noted in Tweet 1 of this thread, Congress invokes Inherent Contempt under authority of its own constitutional power.
Answer: Because optimal use of Inherent Contempt is during the Special Cmte proceedings of an active impeachment inquiry (eg, Senate Ervin Cmte; Nixon Impeachment).
Holder got two Contempt citations: criminal & civil—Barr only got one today: criminal (vote pending). Holder criminal case died on the vine (as will Barr's).
This settlement is for civil case.