Sajjad Rizvi سجاد رضوي Profile picture
May 15, 2020 20 tweets 16 min read Read on X
Henri Bergson (1859-1941) and his processual approach to self, matter, creativity, intuition and free will had an influence not just on continental philosophy but also on #existentialism and #personalism in the #Islamicate milieu - a thread on #postcolonial #Bergson 1/ ImageImageImage
I first came across #Bergson notions of creativity, duration and time in the work of Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938) in his Reconstruction (my copy as an undergrad) and Bedil in the Light of Bergson… 2/ ImageImageImage
Years later I came across the work of Souleymane Bachir Diagne and Abdennour Bidar (b. 1971) that indicated the abiding #postcolonial interest in #Bergson #Iqbal and #Lahbabi 3/ ImageImageImage
The #personalism of the Moroccan thinker Muhammad Aziz Lahbabi (1923-1993) was influenced by #Bergson… 4/
Lahbabi projects a form of humanism predicated upon the free will of the emergent self drawing on #Bergson notion of #duration within the context of being within the divine realm - a humanism with God 5/ Image
The continental interest in #Bergson grew especially out of #Bergsonism published in 1966 by Gilles #Deleuze (1925/1995) further influenced by the notion of duration and creative movement in his study of cinema 6/ ImageImageImage
Diagne (b. 1955) shows the influence beyond Europe in the thought of #Iqbal influenced by the notions of duration, time and creative movement for a renewal of Muslim selfhood in the modern age and 7/ Image
In Léopold Senghor (1906-2001) in his use of the notion of élan vital and intuition to understand aesthetics and selfhood in an #African context - in both cases #Bergson essential for understanding these #postcolonial accounts of #selfhood 8/ Image
#Bergson was initially influenced by Herbert Spencer (1829-1903) and John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) but later submitted two dissertations in 1888 on Aristotle on place and Time and free will to #Paris 9/ ImageImage
In 1896 he published his first major work Matière et mémoire which William James described as a revolution akin to Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason; it tries to grapple with the dualism of mind and matter and the way in which consciousness endures over time 10/ Image
Although it failed to obtain him a post at the #Sorbonne his dissertation won him the chair at the Collège de France in ancient philosophy in 1900 - in the same year he published a pioneering study of laughter Le Rire 11/ Image
After transferring to the chair of modern philosophy in 1904 he published Evolution créatrice in 1907 which was translated into English in 1911 and caught the attention of Bertrand Russell (1872-1970) among others and an honorary doctorate in #Oxford 12/ ImageImage
In 1914 he gave the #Gifford lectures at #Edinburgh on the problems of personality that no doubt later influenced #personalism 13/
More honours came with another honorary doctorate from #Cambridge 1920 and the #Nobel prize in literature for 1927… 14/
In 1932 and 1933 he published his last works Les deux sources de la morale et la religion and a collection of essays La pensée et le mouvant 15/ ImageImage
It would be interesting to see if there are traces of his later ideas on mysticism but certainly his earlier notions of free will, creative becoming of the self and duration had a lasting impact in #post colonial #Islamicate contexts 16/
It would be interesting to see what his notion of the free creative self mediating time and matter might mean in our current rather #virtual #covid19 times 17/
The dissertation on #Aristotle was published in Études Bergsoniennes vol 2, 1949 alongside an interesting study by Emile Bréhier on images in #Bergson and #Plotinus
here is a useful bibliography on #Bergson but it does not include the #postcolonial…
these lectures were published in Études Bergsoniennes 7, 1966 in a special issue of #Bergson in England 13a/

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More from @mullasadra

Aug 28, 2023
In a recent article on the canonisation of the #Nahj_al_Balāgha, Aun Hasan Ali cites the words of the eminent authority of contemporary #Shii_Islam Sayyid ʿAlī Sīstānī that advises believers to read this famous collection from the 11th century - a thread on the Nahj 1/
The article itself can be found here 2/…
While there is little doubt that the Nahj is popular in contemporary Shii households and lives - and increasingly also among Zaydī and Ismaili Shiʿa as well - how did it attain its status as the pre-eminent text after the Qurʾan since it is not normally considered canonical? 3/
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Jan 17, 2022
Any consideration of a #decolonial approach to #philosophy must engage with #Africana philosophy - but what is often occluded in that is the #Islamic element 1/
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Jan 17, 2022
The influence of Immanuel Kant on modern philosophy cannot be underestimated - a thread on #Kant in #Iran
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Oct 31, 2021
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Oct 16, 2021
With the recent passing of Āgha-ye Ḥasanzādeh Āmulī, mention was made of his teacher Mīrzā Abūʾl-Ḥasan Shaʿrānī (1903-1973) whom most Iranians know through his translation of the Qurʾan - a 🧵
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Sep 26, 2021
The seminarian philosopher and polymath Āqā-ye Ḥasan Ḥasanzāde Āmolī (b. 1307Sh/1928) passed away yesterday 25 September 2021 - a 🧵 on his life and works #ShiiPhilosophy #mysticism #ʿerfān #ḥekmat
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