Sajjad Rizvi Profile picture
@exeterIAIS Islamic intellectual historian, commentator on Persianate and Shii Islam, philosophy and mysticism
23 Jun 20
My first encounter with the #Persian #Wittgenstein (1889-1951) in Iran was buying a copy of a translation of #PhilosophicalInvestigations at the Tehran book fair in 1999 - a thread on Wittgenstein in Iran 1/
This translation by Ferydoun Fatemi (d. 2008), a well-known translator of philosophical works with Nashr-e markaz seems to be based on the English 2/
Standard accounts of Wittgenstein do not tend to look at his reception beyond the English speaking context - but for that there are two two excellent introductions which partly problematise the 'early' vs 'late' and SEP entry plato.stanford.edu/entries/wittge… 3/
Read 25 tweets
18 Jun 20
Like many others who have taught contemporary (#Islamic) thought I have had occasion to discuss in class The Philosophical Discourse of Modernity of Jurgen Habermas (b. 1929) 1/
I always felt that within his theory of communicative reason and the intersubjective ethics of the public sphere his treatment of religion and culture was ever wanting 2/
While his attachment to modifying and rehabilitating the #Enlightenment project was understandable given his generation and the experience of post WW2 Europe 3/
Read 16 tweets
2 Jun 20
One of the leading figures of French #islamologie in modern times was Louis Massignon (1883-1962) chair at the Collège de France on #Islam and whose name is forever associated with the study of Sufism and an #empathetic study of #Islam 1/ ImageImageImageImage
In fact his turn to faith before WW1 followed a trip to #Iraq in 1907 and encounter with Muslim hospitality and spirituality reawakened his #Catholicism along with the #intercessionary friendship of Joris-Karl Huysmans (1838-1907) and the hermit Charles de Foucauld (1848-1916) 2/ ImageImage
After his own doubt, De Foucauld became a Trappist monk living in Morocco, Syria and then in the Algerian Sahara with the Tuareg when he was martyred in 1916 and is currently in the process of being canonised by Pope Francis vaticannews.va/en/vatican-cit… 2a/
Read 24 tweets
9 May 20
Recent works have raised interest in the #Shia of #SouthAsia especially the intellectual history of the elites - a thread on the #Shii religious establishment and elites in #SouthAsia 1/
For a long time the best and more comprehensive account was that of the Indian scholar based in Australia Saiyad Athar Abbas Rizvi (d. 1986) a two volume work 2/
But what is very helpful to understand the development of the religious establishment and its politics have been recent publications coming out of #Qum and #Najaf 3/
Read 10 tweets
29 Apr 20
#Corbin was one of a group of young #Protestant intellectuals in #Paris who discovered the work of #KarlBarth (1886-1968) the Swiss reformed theologian whom he met in Bonn in 1931 1/
Barth was known for his dialectical theology starting with his Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans (#DerRömerbrief) published in 1919; in 1934 he openly opposed Nazi authority insisting upon the absolute sovereignty of the divine and returned to Switzerland 2/
‘Faith is awe in the presence of the divine incognito; it is the love of God that is aware of the qualitative difference between God and man and God and the world’ 3/
Read 26 tweets
18 Apr 20
Most specialists of #Islamic #intellectual_history know about the connection between the philosopher and Orientalist specialist of philosophy in #Iran Henry Corbin (1903-1978) and the German philosopher #MartinHeidegger (1889-1973) - a short thread 1/
Corbin first met #Heidegger in #Freiburg in 1934 and took on the translation of Was ist Metaphysik? as well as some other works and entered into a correspondence and meetings on the work 2/
This was published in 1938 by #Gallimard in #Paris and reviewed in Revue neoscolastique 3/
Read 6 tweets
17 Apr 20
The Egyptian philosopher ʿAbd al-Rahman al-Badawi (1917-2002) is perhaps one of the most underrated thinkers of #ContemporaryArabThought - a major #Heideggerian_existentialist #Sufism and #IslamicPhilosophy specialist who studied at Fuad I (later #Cairo) University 1/
Many of us who study #IslamicThought know him for his editions of #ArabicAristotle #ArabicPlato #ArabicPlotinus as well as editions of the work of #Avicenna #IbnSabin #SiwanalHikma and others - without his efforts we would not have editions of the #PlotinianaArabica 2/
In the 1930s he studied in Cairo and obtained his PhD in 1944 supervised by #AlexandreKoyré (1892-1964) on the notion of 'existential time' that engages with #Heidegger - this like his other early works was published by #DaralNahdaalMisriya 3/
Read 15 tweets
17 Apr 20
Sayyid Jalalodin Ashtiyani (1925-2005) is probably one of the best exponents of the philosophy of #MullaSadra in recent history and the #Mashhad daily #Shahrara has a current special weekly supplement on him shahraranews.ir/fa/publication… 1/
Ashtiyani collaborated with Henry Corbin on an influential four volumes of philosophical texts from 1600-1800 in #Iran ashtiyani.irهمکاری-استاد-اشتیانی-وکربن
He not only edited texts but published an important volume in #existence in #MullaSadra as well as the #Avicennian and #mystical traditions and an intellectual biography of #MullaSadra #IslamicPhilosophy 3/ ashtiyani.irشرح-حال-و-آراي-فلسفي-ملاصدرا/
Read 9 tweets
9 Apr 20
Today is #15Shaban the traditional date of the birth of the 12th Imam in #ShiiIslam in the year 255/ 869 - a short thread on the #TwelfthImam 1/
One of the earliest texts is al-Imama wa-l-tabsira min al-hayra of Ali b. al-Husayn Ibn Babawayh (d. 329/941) that tried to collect all the reports on the Imam and his absence in a time of confusion alfeker.net/library.php?id… 2/
Other reports are in the chapter on the #TwelfthImam in #KitabalHujja of #alKafi by his contemporary Abu Jafar al-Kulayni (d. 329/941) 3/
Read 14 tweets
6 Apr 20
#IbnArabi (d. 1240) is famed for his monistic doctrine of #wahdatalwujud although #WilliamChittick ibnarabisociety.org/articles/qunaw… has pointed out he never used the term preferring al-wujud al-Haqq or similar #SufiMetaphysicsContested 1/
In the immediate generation after him the meaning of God as the only existent or rather the ‘absolute being’ (al-wujud al-mutlaq) was debated by his step-son Sadr al-Din Qunawi (d. 1274) with the Avicennian philosopher Nasir al-Din al Tusi (d. 1274) books.google.co.uk/books/about/al… 2/
Ibn ‘Arabi’s metaphysics were rapidly adopted by Persian poets like Maghribi (d. 1408) and by theologians leading to further contestations between Sa’d al-Din Taftazani (d. 1389) and ‘Ali al-Jurjani (d. 1413) the famous disputants at the court of Timur (d. 1405) 3/
Read 19 tweets
5 Apr 20
This intriguingly titled book on the #Shii nature of #IbnArabi is by Muhammad Hasan Vakili (b. 1980) a young mullah based in #Mashhad who defends Sufism and is associated with the school of #HusayniTihrani #ShiiSufism 1/
mhva.ir/about/ his own bio on his site makes major claims for him as a heir to the school of #HusayniTihrani which convinced him to go to the #hawza in #Mashhad 2/
Sayyid Muhammad Husayn Husayni Tihrani (1926-1995) is one of the more interesting and prolific writers on #ShiiSufism especially his biography of the Karbala based ‘mystic’ Sayyid Hashim Haddad (1900-1984) and on his own teacher ‘Allama Tabatabai (1899-1981) 3/
Read 14 tweets
18 Jan 20
#Shii_Islam in #SouthAsia seems to be increasingly in academic fashion these days. This is a thread linking the blogposts I put together on sources for #Shii #ulema and intellectual history 1/
mullasadra.blogspot.com/2016/11/source… especially on the Iraqi link 3/
Read 7 tweets